The most universally collected statistic is circulation. Virtually every library records how many items are checked out and by whom to ensure that materials are eventually returned. Larger libraries have automated circulation systems, but some very small libraries still keep these records manually. Therefore, little additional effort is required to calculate an annual circulation value for a library. If the library has more than one outlet (e.g., a branch or bookmobile), data are often aggregated by the jurisdiction’s automated system, where such systems are in use, or to comply with reporting purposes of local and state funders, in the absence of automated systems. This aggregated data then provide a summary of library use (circulation) at the jurisdiction level. Because of its widespread availability, these data are often used to measure the effectiveness and value of library service to a community.
Web usability is a technique which refers to methods for improving ease-of-use during the design process (Nielsen, 2003). This technique is being widely used in communication, consumer electronic and knowledge transfer objects. To evaluate the website, there is no need of specialized training. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) defines usability of a product as “the extent to which the product can be used by specific users to achieve specified goals with ‘effectiveness,’ ‘efficiency’ and ‘satisfaction’ in a specified context of use.” “The emphasis on usability evaluation has increased recently in the library field with the predominance of information technology tools, gadgets, hardware, software and programs applications” (Oulanov & Pajarillo, 2001). According to Nielsen (1999) “with the swift development and increasing use of the World Wide Web as both information-seeking and an electronic commerce tool, web user interface studies grow in significance. Poor interface functionality is one potential cause for web usability meltdown.”
The details of the latest status of Library and InformationScience courses in Indian Universities are given below. Table 1 shows the list of universities providing LIS course through regular mode and Table 2 shows those providing through distance mode. The asterisked ones are providing the same through both regular and distance modes.
d) Application form completed in all respects should reach, The Co-ordinator, Library & InformationScience Course, Central Library Building, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand by hand/speed post/ registered post on or before 30 th June,2014. The Library and Information Course, Central Library Building, Sleepy Hollow, Kumaun University, Nainital, -236001 shall not be responsible for any postal delay.
quality faculty. Student evaluation of faculty must be encouraged to keep the faculty agile. LIS courses must be based upon the leading edge, feedback from the alumni, and needs of the existing and emerging job markets. The cutting edge concepts, such as knowledge management, knowledge organization, information literacy, open source software, institutional resources, change management, time management, mind management, stress management and evaluation of web based resources and services must be included in the LIS courses. Students must be trained in online searching, information literacy, interpersonal skills, research skills, communication skills and leadership competencies. Concerted efforts are needed to ensure excellence in LIS Courses and also to develop collaboration among developed and developed countries of the world. There must be fair balance between the relics and harbingers of the LIS education. The LIS courses must be regularly fine tuned with the changing times and the LIS students must be equipped with the employable skills. That is the only way to make LIS courses consistent with the existing and emerging job market and develop confidence among the budding LIS professionals.
A quantitative five point rating scale was designed based on intensity scale suggested by Taylor- Powell 24 “to range from ‘very high’ to ‘very low’ to rank” the LIS blogs under study. The five- point rating scale was fixed equally based on the maximum score of 110 points. Range (Score): 89-110 - Very High; 67-88- High; 45-66- Medium; 23-44- Low; and 01-22- Very Low. “Its purpose is best served when comparing and ranking” 20 the LIS blogs in India. Table 6 reveals that out of the seven LIS blogs under study, none of them received a ‘very high’ ranking; three of them received a ‘high’, and the remaining are ranked with a ‘medium’. Table 4 depicts 42.85 % of the LIS blogs are ranked “high” and the remaining 52.14 % were ranked medium. The LIS Friends scored the highest points with 80 out of 110. The LIS Friends (80) along with The Co- Professionals LIS (73) and Library soup (71) were ranked “High” from among the seven LIS Blogs. LIS CAFÉ scoring (65) along with DrLibSc - Desk of Research in LibraryScience (63), LIS Information portal (58) and Library and InformationScience Alarm (LIS Alarm) (57) ranked “Medium”. Surprisingly, no studied LIS blog is good enough to be ranked “Very High” and poor to be ranked “Very Low”.
Some years later, the concepts of the 'Fourth Revolution' and the 'infosphere' became more widely known as associated with PI (Floridi 2009), enhancing its appeal to those in LIS, and were reflected in 2008-09, with two special issues of Ethics and Information Technology (volume 10, issue 2-3, on 'Luciano Floridi's Philosophy of Information and Information Ethics: critical reflections and the state of the art') and of The Information Society (volume 25, issue 3, 2009, on 'The philosophy of information, its nature, and future developments') were devoted to PI. Although not strictly within the LIS literature, these illustrated the developing reach of PI into areas of clear relevance to LIS: IE and law, and the nature of modern information-based society. In particular, Burk (2008) noted the potential of Floridi's IE for revising legal codes relating to data, information and documents in various ways, Tavani (2008) commended the theory of privacy emerging from PI as particularly relevant for the new digital environment, while Briggle and Mitcham (2009) argued that PI could be extended to encompass information culture. Capurro (2008) took a more critical view, arguing, in a somewhat similar vein to Cornelius, for a more humanistic and hermeneutic approach, and expressing a particular concern that that PI's emphasis on the intrinsic informational value of all entities undermines a concern for humans.
807221 Information Sources: (3 credit hours) Importance and types of printed and audiovisual information sources, information sources in humanities, social sciences, pure sciences, and applied sciences. Environment, electronic libraries, electronic publishing, the concept of electronic information sources and their importance in libraries and information centers. Types of electronic information sources on the Internet: methods of selection, acquisition, retrieval, and evaluation. Databases and online searching, information networks, information communication and exchange, information security and secrecy, rights of intellectual property. Practicum.
In the initial eight library legislations drafted by S. R Ranganathan, a local library authority in each district was incorporated in the library bills to ensure autonomy and facilitating local-level administration to a decentra- lized purchasing policy without state government control (Hashmi, 1983). Besides the library cess, patrons had to pay a refundable deposit towards library services and borrowing privileges. Nowadays, public library authorities levy membership fees, and patrons pay annual subscription besides the cess . 24 The Connemara Public Library Website says children under the age of 17 are not permitted. 25 The Indian government needs to initiate reforms, liberalization and public–private partnerships mode of operations to establish more public libraries in order to reach all citizens. The Raja Rammohun Roy Library Foundation is engaged in public library development. However, its organizational structure and responsibilities need to be broader than supplying books and grants to include building libraries across the states, strengthening libraries through collaboration, partnership and outreach programmes, and collaboration with the National Book Trust, Sahitya Akadamies and regional language councils to yield continual beneﬁts.
1. I also graduated with a creative writing degree and knew I wasn’t going to get a job with that, I was very well aware. In fear of my student loan corporations coming to find me I just decided to go to graduate school and I got my degree in children’s literature. So I liked it, it was fun, it was interesting, it was what I was good at. I was thinking that I wanted to be a librarian so I tried out a year of Americorps running a bookmobile, which was a large eye-opener in how much I did not actually like children. While I was there I began volunteering in a couple of public libraries, doing basic grunt working, shelf reading, checking stuff in and out, finding lost books, putting things away. As much as I enjoy the public library, and I do genuinely enjoy the public library, I only enjoy it when it’s run well, and too much time with teenagers is just too much time with teenagers. They just don’t stop talking. They never shut up. I like people to shut up. You’re not supposed to tell them to shut up. So I decided that an academic librarian track was probably more for me and that to soothe my soul with needing to be involved in public libraries I would just continue to volunteer and be a little grunt helper and then one day when I’m fifty I can retire and hopefully have paid off my student loans and then I can get a job in a public library and do what I really want to do. I do not genuinely enjoy being in libraries by and large; I like to take my books and scurry away. I don’t like people, they’re annoying. I have to fight for the books that I want.
Requirements; Inquisitiveness; Infrastructure environment; Work Environment; Professional Challenges and Future Skill Capacity to determine the viability of the skills for the booming of library and informationscience professionals. This study carried out to identify the Key Requirements for professional skill and to identify the Inquisitiveness in developing the skill. Further the impact of Infrastructure environment and work environment in developing the skill were also identified. This study was carried out among 210LIS professionals of 76 engineering institutions in 8 districts (Ariyalur, Cuddalore, Nagapattinam, Perambalur, Thanjavur, Tiruvannamalai, Tiruvarur, and Villupuram) under the affiliation of Anna University. Out of 210 distributed 157 responded. The response rate works out to 74.76%. The Professionals aware that there exist
In 1986, an ALA commission published the study New Directions in Library and InformationScience Education(8) that analyses the education curricula in training the specialists for all kinds of libraries: university, public, school, medical, of firms, and specialists in museums, archives, publishing houses, data bases and information centers, as well. These programs include in their essence: acquisition, cataloguing and classification, book circulation, collection development, indexing and summary, interlibrary loans, references and serials control.
its own discipline. A particularly vivid place to see this is in LIS citation rates to other fields. Bracken and Tucker found that in bibliographic instruction literature, authors cite literature within the libraryscience field three times as often as literature outside of the field. This represents an increase in same-field citation rate from previous studies. Gatten supported this conclusion when he looked at the intersection of libraryscience and sociology in terms of the sociological aspects of libraries. He found that libraryscience cited far less sociology research then sociology cited libraryscience literature when dealing with this topic. Julien and Duggan also found a mean of only 25% of the total citations, in their examined information needs and use articles, were to fields outside LIS, the highest proportion, 42.9%, going to the social sciences (Julien and Duggan, 2000). Interestingly, however, in Pettigrew’s study of theory presence, only 29.9% of the theories cited originated in the IS literature, whereas 45.4% came from the social
Haustein, S., Bowman, T. D., Holmberg, K., Tsou, A., Sugimoto, C. R., & Larivière, V. (2016). Tweets as impact indicators: Examining the implications of automated “bot” accounts on Twitter: Tweets as Impact Indicators: Examining the Implications of Automated “bot” Accounts on Twitter. Journal of the Association for InformationScience and Technology, 67(1), 232–238.
education and training programmes and at the same time local considerations and constraints cannot be overlooked. Infrastructure is the important component for providing qualitative education. A number of studies reveal that many LIS schools in India do not have good infrastructure. These schools do not have separate building, class rooms, IT laboratory, adequate furniture, teaching equipment, tools for cataloguing and classification, over head and LCD projectors and even well maintained black and white boards along with chalks and dusters (Kanjilal, 1997; Kumar & Sharma, 2008). Regarding library facilities available in the departments, results of a study reveal that most of the LIS departments in India do not have an adequate library facility in the departments (Dasgupta, 2009). Students selected for different courses in LIS courses also have impact on the quality of LIS education. Students with good qualification sometimes join the course but many of them are not enthusiastic in continuing it and leave it when they get any other choice. Therefore “more attention towards selection criteria is needed to attract the best brains” (Singh, 2003). Faculty teaching students in the departments play an important role in determining the quality of education. Any nation, that engages weak teachers will, sooner or later, destroy itself. In India, LIS education is marred by burning problem of insufficient faculty strength (Jagtar & Begum, 2009). Information and communication technology has penetrated deeply in every facet of libraries and information centers. Use of Information and communication Technology in the libraries has a direct impact on the LIS education. Departments concerned with teaching of LIS must be equipped with latest technologies like
Subject repositories are growing rapidly throughout the World. The domain of LIS is no exceptions. Need for cooperation between LIS education programs has been highlighted by various studies (Chaudhry, 2007; Lin, 2004). It offers much to the respective researchers in a field and a window to research as it happens. This type of repositories can be useful for LIS education in many ways. It will alert teachers, instructors, library professionals about new developments and will keep them up to date with the latest technologies being applied in the field. Students and research scholars will get tutorials, lecture notes, presentations, question papers and other supplementary readings from the repositories. Chaudhry & Khoo (2006) suggests that these subject repositories are expected to facilitate and to advance sharing of digitized teaching materials within the LIS academic community across Asia whereas Chaudhry (2007) put emphasis on identifying experts in this field working in the same area as well as in different areas of LIS. Chaudhry (2007) further reported that such efforts help in sharing teaching materials and faculty development with possible involvement of international forums for improving LIS education. And thus making regional and international collaboration of LIS communities and networks, it will enrich quality of LIS education at national and international arena (Chaudhry, 2007). It is widely acknowledged that authors prefer SRs to IRs, despite a persistent effort to develop institution-specific repositories (Cervone, 2008; Kingsley, 2008). Because authors identify with their discipline rather than the university social system, they are more likely to use a SR that explicitly collects in their research area. Roy & Mukhopadhyay (2011) advocated for repositories in LIS discipline for various reasons – i) widening access of LIS literature; ii) supporting community and promoting sharing & reuse of open access contents; iii) helping to identify experts in the LIS field; iv) alerting about latest developments in courses; v) increasing the quality of content as well as research outputs; vi) improving global access to local research and; vii) ability to serve a large number of scholars at a potentially reduced cost.
carried out by project work and investigation is a valid research activity. Once learning is a research activity, curriculum designing and framing a syllabus has more fundamental role to play . Today, library is a part of worldwide network and the requirements of the users cannot be predicted with absolute certainty. Therefore, LibraryScience Education needs to be structured in such a way that the professionals develop necessary abilities and skills to withstand the pressures, while they are in learning process.