logistics models

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A decision-making model for controlling logistics costs

A decision-making model for controlling logistics costs

Employees at lower levels of the organizational hierarchy who make operational decisions that must also be supported by adequate decision-making tools, are excluded from this decision-making process. A second limitation relates to the applicability of logistics models in practice, since logistics cost models have developed beyond what would be considered user-friendly by potential users in companies. The logistics cost models examined introduce important mathematical solutions in terms of solving complex logistical problems. However, the knowledge delivered by the development of various heuristic approaches and algorithmic structured models is accessible and useful to a small circle of experts. This knowledge is less accessible to ordinary users who work in companies and want to find out how their decisions affect the quality of the logistics process and the overall logistics costs for a given product. The purpose of our research was to create a generally applicable model which merges the decision-making process into a single criterion of strategic, tactical and operational decision making. The Systematic Logistics Decision-Making Model (SLDM) is easy to use and is available to employees at different hierarchical levels within organizations and for different business functions, with the purpose of managing the total logistics costs of the company.
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A Review on Quantitative Models for Sustainable Food Logistics Management

A Review on Quantitative Models for Sustainable Food Logistics Management

In this paper, we have reviewed quantitative studies in FLM in a structured way. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first literature review on SFLM that has covered the contributions considering the development from SCM to FSCM towards SFSCM. We can conclude from this work that the research on SFLM has been developing according to the needs of the food industry. The number of studies that consider KPIs and logistics system scope issues regarding recent needs of the food sector has been increasing. However, are these studies adequate to aid decision making process and capture FSC dynamics? We highlight that current FLM literature is insufficient to respond to these practical needs. Generally, the intrinsic characteristics of food products and processes have not been handled properly in the studies. The majority of the works reviewed have not contemplated on sustainability problems, apart from a few recent studies. To conclude, new and advanced models for SFLM are needed that take specific requirements from practice into consideration to support business decisions and capture FSC dynamics. Better logistics models can improve food quality and safety, availability of food, and create sustainable and efficient business networks, which are the main issues faced by stakeholders in FSCs.
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Analysis of supply system models for planning construction project logistics

Analysis of supply system models for planning construction project logistics

The results of the quantitative analysis of supply logistics models in the aspect of costs presented in the paper indicates that there exist methods to reduce ex- penses. One of the bases of potential savings is integra- tion of logistic processes and benefiting from the econo- mies of scale. The choice of supply model and method of material flow control also influence cost levels. An- other effective way to make a project cost-effective is to co-ordinate and plan logistic processes involving each project participant on every stage of the project [22]. An efficient logistic plan is to consider relations of all project actors starting from the employer, designers and contractors to financial institutions and regulatory bodies. It is clear that there is no typical or best system of project’s logistics. In a longer perspective each system must be readjusted to the external conditions or even completely reconstructed. New effective solutions have to be implemented to reach the expected efficiency of a project. Considering supply system, which is only one of many elements of project logistics, the following models are possible:
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Determinants Of Access To Credit By The Small Business At Binh Thuy District, Can Tho City, Vietnam

Determinants Of Access To Credit By The Small Business At Binh Thuy District, Can Tho City, Vietnam

This paper investigates the “Determinants of households’ business access to bank credit in Binh Thuy district, Can Tho city” which is performed by using the method of directly interviewing 240 business households in 8 wards in Binh Thuy district. By using the Logistics models, the finding show that the access to credit by small business households are significantly affected by education level of householders, capital of household businesses, collateral and income of businesses household. In addition, based on given results, possible solutions to improve the access to credit for business households at Binh Thuy district, Can Tho city have been considered.
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Determinants of Access to Credit by the Small Business at Binh Thuy District, Can Tho City, Vietnam

Determinants of Access to Credit by the Small Business at Binh Thuy District, Can Tho City, Vietnam

This paper investigates the “Determinants of households’ business access to bank credit in Binh Thuy district, Can Tho city” which is performed by using the method of directly interviewing 240 business households in 8 wards in Binh Thuy district. By using the Logistics models, the finding show that the access to credit by small business households are significantly affected by education level of householders, capital of household businesses, collateral and income of businesses household. In addition, based on given results, possible solutions to improve the access to credit for business households at Binh Thuy district, Can Tho city have been considered.
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A fuzzy-random programming for integrated closed-loop logistics network design by using priority-based genetic algorithm   Pages 139-154
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A fuzzy-random programming for integrated closed-loop logistics network design by using priority-based genetic algorithm Pages 139-154 Download PDF

Recovery of used products has steadily become interesting issue for research due to economic reasons and growing environmental or legislative concern. This paper presents a closed-loop logistics network design based on reverse logistics models. A mixed integer linear programming model is implemented to integrate logistics network design in order to prevent the sub-optimality caused by the separate design of the forward and reverse networks. The study presents a single product and multi-stage logistics network problem for the new and return products not only to determine subsets of logistics centers to be opened, but also to determine transportation strategy, which satisfies demand imposed by facilities and minimizes fixed opening and total shipping costs. Since the deterministic estimation of some parameters such as demand and rate of return of used products in closed loop logistics models is impractical, an uncertain programming is proposed. In this case, we assume there are several economic conditions with predefined probabilities calculated from historical data. Then by means of expert's opinion, a fuzzy variable is offered as customer's demand under each economic condition. In addition, demand and rate of return of products for each customer zone is presented by fuzzy-random variables, similarly. Therefore, a fuzzy-random programming is used and a priority-based genetic algorithm is proposed to solve large-scale problems.
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Measuring Environmental Performance across a Green Supply Chain: A Managerial Overview of Environmental Indicators

Measuring Environmental Performance across a Green Supply Chain: A Managerial Overview of Environmental Indicators

The concept of green supply chains is now accepted in many corporate organizations in Asia. Since the early nineties, when industry became aware of the increasing relevance of sustainable development, many business enterprises in Asia have adopted environmental initiatives as an integral part of their business practices. In time these organizations came to realize that the environmental initiatives needed to encompass not only the organization’s own business practices but also the entire stretch of operations across the supply chain. In other words, they felt the need to include the employees, suppliers, customers, waste han- dlers, and other business partners in the greening process (Bacallan, 2000). Thus, an inte- grated supply chain approach was called for. Such an approach should be able to identify the environmental aspects at every stage, assess the environmental impacts associated with these aspects, prioritize them, and design action plans to mitigate their adverse effects on the environment if any. An integrated green supply chain approach would take into consid- eration the inbound logistics phase of the supply chain, the production or internal supply chain, the outbound logistics phase, and the reverse logistics phase (Rao & Holt, 2005; Sarkis, 1999; Seuring & Muller, 2007). For many organizations in Asia, the green supply chain approach has also emerged as a way to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability (Seuring et al., 2008).
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MBA in HRM for Asia Region

MBA in HRM for Asia Region

This course covers the major elements of logistics management including gaining competitive advantages through logistics and supply chain, the customer service dimension of logistics, [r]

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On the System Dynamics of the Logistic Risk of Marketing Channels

On the System Dynamics of the Logistic Risk of Marketing Channels

Logistics system for a enterprise or a society is very important. There are many uncertain factors causing risks in the logistics system. Like the logistics service provider, it is so difficult to choose correct provider that brings out logistics service quality risks, so reference [1] proposed an improved FCM algorithm to segment logistics service providers in order to achieve customer segmentation properly. Information is also the key factor influencing the logistics effect, and reference [2] proposed an dynamic risk management model for the information security management in IC manufacturing industry, that model had been successfully applied to guide the information security management practices in IC manufacturing companies, and offers a comprehensive and practical solution. Reference [3] also proposed that logistics tasks heavily depended on reliable shipment and accurate tracking information, so it investigated how RFID technology was implemented and adopted in
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Council PerspectivesTM

Council PerspectivesTM

Logistics (logistics strategy, planning for inbound material flow, warehousing, outbound transportation, and managing returns and reverse logistics) Standard KPIs for product delivery include order fill rate, pick-to-ship cycle times for customer orders, total cost of outbound transportation process per $1,000 in revenue, number of FTEs required to operate out- bound transportation per $1 billion in revenue, the percentage of sales order line items not fulfilled due to stock-outs, the percentage of full-load trailer/container capacity used per shipment, and the percentage of orders expedited. Examples of KPIs for logistics/warehousing as a whole include total logistics costs as a percentage of revenue, freight costs as a percentage of revenue, the percentage of sales orders delivered on time, the number of FTEs for the logistics function per $1 billion in revenue, and the ratio of premium freight charges to total freight charges.
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Survey on Logistics Service Mode Based on Cloud Computing

Survey on Logistics Service Mode Based on Cloud Computing

(3) Logistics tasks are complex and different, and the logistics task may performed by multiple enterprises. Different logistics task subjects complete the task through cooperation. Logistics task collaborative is an important issue. Cloud service composition is the process to meet user needs and complete the logistics task by dynamically discover from various cloud services and assembling into a more value- added, large-granularity of the service or system. For complex logistics tasks, a single cloud service is difficult to meet the requirements of complex logistics tasks independently. So we need a variety of different levels of cloud services by combining together to complete the task.
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Research on the Cultivation of Logistics Engineering Application Talents By the Diversification School-enterprise Cooperation

Research on the Cultivation of Logistics Engineering Application Talents By the Diversification School-enterprise Cooperation

In China, logistics professional education started late, the rapid development of our high-level logistics education began in 2001. Before that, in our higher education, there is not yet appear to the professional discipline named by “logistics". In order to adjust to the deep development of theory and practice of logistics, and the booming demand of talented people from all social levels, the education ministry approved the addition of logistics management in 2001 and logistics engineering in 2002. In recent years, with the deepening of the reform of the economic management system and enhanced awareness of the importance of logistics, logistics education has developed very quickly. Currently it has initially formed a education system with the different levels of doctor, master, undergraduate, college, secondary.
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The significance of 'relationship management' as a driver of retention of clients in third party logistics (3PL) : a case study in New Zealand : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Logistics and Supply

The significance of 'relationship management' as a driver of retention of clients in third party logistics (3PL) : a case study in New Zealand : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Logistics and Supply Chain Management at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand

The principal objective of this research was to explore the trend and the role relationship management plays in keeping the Third Party Logistics (3PL) outsourcing businesses together. This research also aimed at highlighting the underlying factors in the business relationships among parties involved in Third Party Logistics (3PL) business, specifically in the New Zealand logistics industry. A literature review was conducted on a significant number of related articles to justify the research objective. This multi-case study has eight participant companies who were selected as representatives of the industry; a majority of them either market leaders or have a significant role in their business category. The eight case participants were classified into two groups: logistics service provider and logistics clients. Due to their unique operational and logistics activities, some participants fell in both categories. In-depth, face-to-face interviews were conducted using semi-structured questionnaires with open-ended questions to tap into the vast industry knowledge and logistics expertise of the participants. Given the infrastructure of the Australasian logistics outsourcing industry, the result of this multi-case study has supported the results, finding, and theories of the previous researchers and academics that relationship management is the key to retaining a loyal customer base and a successful business arrangement between 3PL service providers and their clients.
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A holistic approach to visualizing business models for the internet of things

A holistic approach to visualizing business models for the internet of things

There are various ways to represent a business model both at enterprise level and in- dustry level. The most common ways at an enterprise level include the Value Chain [14], Strategy Map [15], Four-Box Business Model [16], and Business Model Canvas [12], and at an industry level include Five Forces [17], Value Net [18], Supply Chain [19], and Business Model Environment [12]. Among these models, Value Chain and Business Model Canvas are more widely used in both academic circles and practical circles. The Business Model Canvas provides a very visual approach since it can be printed out on a large surface for people to understand, discuss, create, and analyze their business activities while designing a business model with the four elements of value proposition, infrastructure, customers, and finances.
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Logistics. Hungary. Logistics in Hungary

Logistics. Hungary. Logistics in Hungary

3 Transportation Infrastructure KASSA felé SK SK A A SLO SLO HR HR YU YU RO RO UA UA Rábafüzes Rábafüzes Parassapuszta Parassapuszta Vác Vác Tornyosnémeti Tornyosnémeti Röszke Röszke Ilo[r]

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Location and Logistics

Location and Logistics

Major driving forces behind reverse logistics activities include economical factors, legislations, and environmental consciousness. As stated by De Brito and Dekker (2004) companies become active in reverse logistics because they can make a profit and/or because they are forced to focus on such functions, and/or because they feel socially motivated. These factors are usually intertwined. For example, a company can be compelled to reuse a certain percentage of components in order to achieve a recovery target set by the legislation. This will lead to a decrease in the cost of purchasing components and in waste generation. Jayaraman and Luo (2007) suggest that proper management of reverse logistics operations can lead to greater profitability and customer satisfaction, and at the same time be beneficial for the environment. Many actors are involved in the design and operation of a reverse logistics network. Even though extended producer responsibilities present in the legislations in various countries give the responsibility of recovering used products to original equipment manufacturers, governments need to establish the necessary infrastructure. Responsibilities can be shared among different parties, such as producers, distributors, third-party logistics providers, or municipalities, in designing and operating the reverse logistics networks.
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Reverse logistics network: A literature review

Reverse logistics network: A literature review

By studying a case of photocopier remanufacturing and a case of paper recycling, Fleischmann pointed out that there is possibility for cost savings if one undertook an integrated view rather than a sequential design of the forward and reverse distribution networks [4] . A hybrid method was developed to establish a closed-loop supply chain model for spent batteries. The model includes a two-stage facility location optimization problem and was applied under different scenarios for a steel making process [32] . A linear multi objective programming model was formulated to optimize the operations of both integrated logistics and corresponding used-product reverse logistics in a given green-supply chain, with the consideration of the used product return ratio and corresponding subsidies from governmental [37] . A generic stochastic model was presented for the design of networks comprising both supply and return channels in a closed loop system, which is solved by the integer L-shaped method [43] . A two (0, 1) level mixed integer programming model of an uncapacitated facility location was proposed, in which simultaneously forward and reverse flows and their mutual interactions were considered [44] . The logistics network design for end-of-lease computer products was discussed and a determined programming model for systematically managing forward and reverses logistics flows was developed [27] . An integrated model for supply chain management was proposed, where the operation of the reverse chain had been built based on the existing processes of the forward chain, and this model had been validated in a company from the metal-mechanic sector [14] . A facility location-allocation model for redesigning closed-loop service network of a computer manufacturer was developed. The model considered the possibility of the network spanning across several countries and multi-period planning horizons [48] . A closed loop mixed integer linear programming model was developed to determine raw material level, production level, distribution and inventory level, disposal level, and recycling level at different facilities with the objective of minimizing the total supply chain cost [38] .
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Logistics Mall A Cloud Platform for Logistics

Logistics Mall A Cloud Platform for Logistics

For a common understanding we adopt the working de fi nition of NIST [3] that de fi nes cloud computing as “ a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of con fi gurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model promotes availability and is composed of fi ve essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models. ” The basic characteristics are on- demand self-service for consumers, broad network access, resource pooling to serve multiple consumers using a multi-tenant model, rapid elasticity of resources and metering capabilities for service provision. The identi fi ed service delivery models are software-as-a-service (SaaS) where consumers use a provider ’ s application running on a cloud infrastructure, platform-as-a-service (PaaS) where a consumer can deploy an application on a cloud infrastructure using a provider ’ s tools and platform, and infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) where a consumer can run arbitrary software on a provided cloud infrastructure.
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Innovation in logistics services – halal logistics

Innovation in logistics services – halal logistics

As the demand for a syariah compliance handling and storage of halal food is increasing, ABC needs to be innovative in offering an exceptional value of logistics service to the customers, in which they introduce samak service on containers. Samak is an Islamic term referring to ritual cleansing. Purification or toharah plays a very important role in Islam. A Muslim’s ibadah (worship) prayer may be rejected if toharah is being neglected. Therefore all Muslims have to follow the correct procedures in cleaning and cleansing all kinds of dirt according to syara’ especially when dealing with mughallazah filth (heavy impurities) obtained from dogs and pigs. As stated earlier in this paper swine or pork and its by-products as well as dogs are considered as mughallazah filth. In Islam, the only way to clean mughallazah filth is by washing the affected area seven times. The first washing should be conducted with water mixed with earth (soil or sand), and the other six with clean running water to ensure toharah or purification is taken place. If an object was once contacted with haram, samak will have to be performed on the object.
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Logistics. Austria* * Logistics: Just in Time.

Logistics. Austria* * Logistics: Just in Time.

Strategically located along the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, the most direct route between the North and Black Seas, Austria offers four ports in Vienna, Linz, Enns and Krems. The total cargo handled by Austria’s harbour facilities along the Danube amounted to 11 billion tons in 2013. On the basis of investments totalling to EUR 95 million, the Port of Vienna is emerging as one of the most efficient hubs for the handling of goods in Central and South Eastern Europe by 2015. A total of 120 companies operate at the Port of Vienna Logistics Center. The Port of Vienna has achieved rapid growth transshipping 400,000 containers annually. Two container trains travel from Vienna to Koper each day thanks to the Port of Vienna’s partnership with the “Luka Koper” harbor in Slovenia on the Mediterranean Sea, cutting seven days off freight transports to the Far East.
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