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Assessing 50 innovative mobility offers in low density areas: A French application using a two step decision aid method

Assessing 50 innovative mobility offers in low density areas: A French application using a two step decision aid method

Our first-step (diviz) results confirm that thermal single-occupancy car is far more attractive in low- density areas (given its practical aspects) than in dense and high-density areas (given the negative externalities). In addition, carpooling and, more surprisingly, walking perform well in low-density areas. These could be better combined through efficient multimodal information applications, which perform well everywhere. On the supply side, mobility providers act together to improve the quality of service for mobility users, under the condition of there being supportive local authorities who are able to manage an ecosystem. This service quality surprisingly does not include environmental issues in the eyes of mobility users, as the second step of the method (MICMAC) reveals that these variables are most of the time dependent or insignificant.
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Determinants of solid waste collection and disposal: differentials of high and low density areas of sango – OTA metropolis

Determinants of solid waste collection and disposal: differentials of high and low density areas of sango – OTA metropolis

This study is in agreement with Manyanhaire, et al (2009) who observed that the local authorities are responsible for disposal of domestic solid waste. In their study of the Analysis of Domestic Solid Waste management System in Zimbabwe both in the high density and low density areas of Zimbabwe, they stated that there is a growing tendency towards illegal disposal of waste by residents mainly due to the fact that local authorities are failing to execute their duty of waste collection. This finding is also consistent with United Nation Environmental Programme Report (1999) which observed that between 20-80% of solid wastes in Africa are disposed by dumping indiscriminately as a result of inadequate infrastructure put in place by the local authorities to execute proper collection. It further posited that residents hence result in open burning where solid waste are simply set on fire and left to burn. Equally, Andrew-Essien et al (2012) posited that household wastes evacuated in both low density areas and high density areas are disposed off in numerous identical ways, as the general consensus is that government agencies should be responsible for waste management resulting into observable environmental degradation.
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Tourism territories in low density areas: The case of Naturtejo geopark in Portugal

Tourism territories in low density areas: The case of Naturtejo geopark in Portugal

The globalization process made possible the emergence of intensive scientific, technological and economic relations between regions in different countries, where important network nodes of design, production, assemblage and commercialization of goods and services are located, giving rise to development concentration [a kind of Ferrão’s (2002) maximised territories- archipelago or Dollfus’ (2001) world metropolitan archipelagos], which is expanding and integrating more and more new economic territories. Globalization is, therefore, a regional exercise of economic and social Darwinism, where regions are subjected to global competition and the ones that survive are the ones who try to form and develop networks, linking local activities to the international competition scenario, resulting from clustering and networking strategies. In this scope, one other aspect must be mentioned. The flexible relationship between time, distance and cost assigns a significant importance to places in a world that is simultaneously ubiquitous, topological and euclidean, that is, a multimetric world. This multidimensional world allows low density territories (LDT) to be true competitors by inserting themselves in regional, national or international networks, which demands a regional strategy to create and develop this involvement (Mitchell, 2001).
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Computed Tomography in an Infant with Salt Poisoning: Relationship of Hypodense Areas in Basal Ganglia to Serum Sodium Concentration

Computed Tomography in an Infant with Salt Poisoning: Relationship of Hypodense Areas in Basal Ganglia to Serum Sodium Concentration

Computed tomographic scan of brain 1 1 days r first scan, showing resolution of low-density areas in basal ganglia.. 1 124 PEDIATRICS Vol.[r]

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Depression Among Pregnant Latinas In South Carolina

Depression Among Pregnant Latinas In South Carolina

In situ results from this study indicate that the mud snails are not exerting significant control over the BMA community in the intertidal mudflats. There was no significant difference in the BMA biomass between densely populated microhabitats and “low densityareas, as would be expected if the snails were having a strong grazing effect. Additionally, individual I. obsoleta were not able to cause a significant decrease in BMA biomass while grazing in the “high densityareas. However, when individual snail effects are scaled up to the larger scale, the effect of I. obsoleta grazers on the BMA community changes. Using the 24 h straight-line distance, individual mud snails cover an average of 38.4 ± 29.9 cm 2 d -1 . At the average observed density of 869.2 snails m -2 the snail population of one square meter can cover over 3.34 m 2 d -1 . This would indicate that
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Size, Shape, and Appearance of the Normal Female Pituitary Gland

Size, Shape, and Appearance of the Normal Female Pituitary Gland

A TABLE 3: Surfaces, Heights, and Prolactin Levels in Seven Women with Low-Density Areas and Five Women with HighDensity Areas within the Pituitary Gland Density.. Note.- Hlgh-densi ty a[r]

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The Evolution of lipid Metabolism in Iraqi Children with Nephrotic Syndrome

The Evolution of lipid Metabolism in Iraqi Children with Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by increased glomerular permeability leading to huge proteinuria, a clinical manifestation found in nephrotic syndrome i.e., hyperlipidemia. Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) were determined in a study of 42 Iraqi children, half of which were nephrotic and other half healthy individuals as control group. TC, TG, and VLDL of nephrotic group was significantly higher (P<0.05) compared to control group, while HDL of both the groups remained almost the same (P>0.05). LDL of nephrotics was significantly lower (P<0.05) than healthy individuals.
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The influence of age, site and stocking density of plantations on grade and monetary recovery of radiata pine scantlings and boards

The influence of age, site and stocking density of plantations on grade and monetary recovery of radiata pine scantlings and boards

W h i t e s i d e (1964) r e p o r t s t h e r e s u l t s o f a v i s u a l g r a d i n g s t u d y Qia 28 y e a r o l d u n t e n d e d r a d i a t a p t n e f o r e s t ( Wo o d h ü l ) in N.Z. and compares t h e r e s u l t s t o o t h e r s t u d i e s . Both b o a r d and f r a mi n g s i z e s wer e p r o d u c e d , w i t h a low i n c i d e n c e o f b a r k e n c a s e d k n o t s and b a r k p o c k e t s , smal l k n o t s i z e , smal l p i t h , a s mal l number o f cone h o l e s and g e n e r a l l y s u p e r i o r t i m b e r t o t h a t p r o d u c e d from u n t e n d e d s t a n d s o f some o t h e r N.Z. r e g i o n s . The low i n c i d e n c e o f b a r k e n c a s e d k n o t s was s t a t e d as due t o v er y s l ow d i a m e t e r gr owt h in t h e l a t t e r h a l f o f t h e r o t a t i o n and p o s s i b l y t o gr een crown l e v e l . The a u t h o r a l s o r emar ks on t h e t i mb e r from t h e f o r e s t as " b e i n g o f h i g h d e n s i t y and s t r e n g t h " . The hi gh a p p a r e n t d e n s i t y i s a t t r i b u t e d t o t h e f a i r l y h i g h mean annual t e m p e r a t u r e whi ch has been f ound t o be r e l a t e d t o d e n s i t y {H arris^ 1 9 6 3 ) . The o b s e r v a t i o n i s a l s o made t h a t t h e f i n a l c r op t r e e s p r oduced from Woodhi l l w i l l be s i g n i f i c a n t l y s m a l l e r t ha n in t h e a r e a s p r o d u c i n g t h e l ower q u a l i t y t i m b e r . ( O r i g i n a l s p a c i n g a t Woodhi l l i s n o t gi ven b u t ment i on i s made t h a t t h e s t a n d r e c e i v e d a
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Comparative Studies of the Roadside Soil in Different Sites of Morena (M.P.), India

Comparative Studies of the Roadside Soil in Different Sites of Morena (M.P.), India

Conductivity is a measure of capacity of a solution to conduct electric current. It is good and rapid measure of concentration of total ions present in soil. Since ions are the carrier of electricity the electrical conductivity (EC) of the soil rises according to the content of soluble salts concentration of the soil at any particular temperature. The EC in the studied areas of Morena was found to be in range of 0.31 dsm -1 (Table 2). In the roadside soil the electric

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Carolina Planning Vol. 29.1: Smart Growth and Rural America

Carolina Planning Vol. 29.1: Smart Growth and Rural America

While some rural communities have accommodated this growth through low-density development, other areas are employing smart growth techniques in an effort to preserve open space, ensure [r]

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THE EFFECTS OF HUMAN ACTIVITY ON SUMMER HABITAT USE BY MOOSE

THE EFFECTS OF HUMAN ACTIVITY ON SUMMER HABITAT USE BY MOOSE

Our results most likely reflect a flexible re- sponse to temporal variation in predation risk, where moose seem to use areas with human disturbance when humans are less active. It is generally accepted that selection will favour individuals that appropriately balance the benefits and costs of anti-predator behaviour (Lima 1998). By allocating the most intensive foraging period when predation risk is lowest, moose close to humans might obtain forage as effectively as they could in an entire day in more distant lower quality habitat. In addition, the high number of observations at relatively short mean used distances from housing (Fig. 3) indicates that moose are attracted to areas with high human activity. This could be due to availability of high quality browse, but may also relate to availability of readily eaten agricultural crops.
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“Study of Wattakaka Volubilis on Tissue Lipids and Antioxidants in Aluminium Sulphate Exposed Rats” by S.Usha Rani, R.Anuradha, India.

“Study of Wattakaka Volubilis on Tissue Lipids and Antioxidants in Aluminium Sulphate Exposed Rats” by S.Usha Rani, R.Anuradha, India.

The methanol extract of Wattakaka volubilis (L. f) Stapf. (Family: Asclepiadaceae) leaf was investigated for its hepatoprotective effect in male Albino Wistar rats. Hepatotoxicity was induced in Albino rats by administration of aluminium sulphate (50mg/kg, i.p). The ethanol extract of Wattakaka volubilis at a dose of 200mg/kg of body weight was administered at single dose per day to for a period of 30 days. The effect of methanol extract of Wattakaka volubilis leaf extract on low density lipoprotein (LDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), and high density lipoprotein (HDL), lipoprotein peroxidation (LPO) antioxidant enzymes (catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GR) were measured in the liver toxicity rats. The methanol leaf extract of Wattakaka volubilis elicited significant reductions of lipid parameters except HDL, serum enzymes and significantly increased HDL and antioxidant enzymes. From the above results it is concluded that methanol extract of Wattakaka volubilis possesses significant, lipids and antioxidant effects in aluminium sulphate exposed rats. Keywords: Wattakaka volubilis extract, Aluminium sulphate, lipid profile, antioxidant enzymes.
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A Comparative study of Lipid Profile among Smokers and non Smokers

A Comparative study of Lipid Profile among Smokers and non Smokers

Various studies have shown that Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) and Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) are atherogenic and High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) is a protective factor against it. HDL has got the ability to mobilize cholesterol from peripheral tissues to the liver, which excretes it.

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Phospholipids in lipoproteins: compositional differences across VLDL, LDL, and HDL in pregnant women

Phospholipids in lipoproteins: compositional differences across VLDL, LDL, and HDL in pregnant women

In order to make results comparable for metabolites with low and high percentage levels, we calculated median ratios for each metabolite: For each pair (HDL/ LDL, HDL/VLDL, LDL/VLDL), we calculated the medians in each species and built the ratio of these two. To obtain confidence intervals for these median ratios, we used 500 bootstrapping replicates. For each pairwise combination of lipoprotein species, we plotted the ratios together with their confidence interval, to depict the as- sociations of the metabolites with the lipoproteins and to provide an estimate of the percent difference. Wilcoxon Mann Whitney U test was applied to see if there were significant differences in the phospholipid composition between the lipoprotein species (detailed results: Additional file 1: Tables S1-S6).
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The metabolism of low and very low density lipoproteins in man

The metabolism of low and very low density lipoproteins in man

Using an in vitPo system employing normal human plasma contain- ing varying concentrations of post-heparin lipolytic activity, it was demonstrated that the sequential transformation of V[r]

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Thermal, Mechanical and Rheological Properties of Low Density/Linear Low Density Polyethylene Blend for Packing Application

Thermal, Mechanical and Rheological Properties of Low Density/Linear Low Density Polyethylene Blend for Packing Application

The viscosity of the polymer melt usually plays an important role in the flow properties of the material; therefore rheological measurements are extensively used to study polymer melt [8] [9]. It is observed that both storage modulus and loss modulus increased with the increase in frequency and at low frequency de- crease with the increase of LLDPE content. It can be clearly noted from Figure 3 that the complex viscosity decreased with the increase of LLDPE weight percen- tage, this is accredited to the softening effect imposed by the LLDPE in the blend. Therefore the presence of LLDPE in the blend will induce easy process-ability which is beneficial for food packaging application
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Evaluation of lipid profile and apolipoproteins in cord blood fromrural and urban population of Udaipur region

Evaluation of lipid profile and apolipoproteins in cord blood fromrural and urban population of Udaipur region

A foetus needs a considerable amount of cholesterol for development of tissues and organs. After birth lipid transport system is transformed from one containing low VLDL and LDL levels to adult system with a relatively high LDL levels which continues to increase with age. Cord blood contains all adult lipoproteins and apolipoproteins. (5) Abnormal lipid profiles in childhood persist into adult life *Corresponding Author:

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Metabolic basis of hyperapobetalipoproteinemia  Turnover of apolipoprotein B in low density lipoprotein and its precursors and subfractions compared with normal and familial hypercholesterolemia

Metabolic basis of hyperapobetalipoproteinemia Turnover of apolipoprotein B in low density lipoprotein and its precursors and subfractions compared with normal and familial hypercholesterolemia

The turnover of apolipoprotein B apo B in very low density, intermediate density, and low density lipoproteins VLDL, IDL, and LDL and in the light and heavy fractions of LDL was determin[r]

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Dense breast stromal tissue shows greatly increased concentration of breast epithelium but no increase in its proliferative activity

Dense breast stromal tissue shows greatly increased concentration of breast epithelium but no increase in its proliferative activity

Table 1 shows the summary relative concentrations (RCs; ratios of cells per unit area) of epithelial cells in the three areas defined by CT density separately for TDLU cells and for ductal cells. The concentration of TDLU epithelial cells is slightly greater in the areas of medium CT density than in the areas of low CT density (RC = 1.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2 to 1.6; p < 0.001) but is much greater in the areas of high CT density (RC = 12.3, 95% CI 10.8 to 13.8; p < 0.001). The TDLU results for the individual slides (women) comparing areas of high CT density with areas of low CT density are shown in Figure 2. Although the results from individual sub- jects do differ somewhat, the RCs were not correlated with age (the only variable available on these women) and the sum- mary RC seems to be a fair representation of the overall results. The results for ducts were similar.
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Comparisons of metabolism of apolipoprotein B in normal subjects, obese patients, and patients with coronary heart disease

Comparisons of metabolism of apolipoprotein B in normal subjects, obese patients, and patients with coronary heart disease

This study was designed to examine the integrated metabolism of apolipoprotein B (apo B) in very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), intermediate density lipoproteins (IDL), and low density lipoproteins (LDL) in normal subjects, obese patients, and a group of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Turnover rates of 131I-VLDL-B, 131I-IDL-B, 125I-LDL-B, and [3H]VLDL-triglycerides (TG) were determined by the multicompartmental analysis that used the model described in the preceding article (Beltz, W.F., et al. 1985. J. Clin. Invest. 76: 575- 585). Compared with five normal subjects, four obese subjects had increased synthesis rates of both VLDL-B and VLDL-TG. Production of LDL-B was inconsistently raised in these same patients. Five patients with CHD had enhanced production of both VLDL-B and LDL- B, but secretion rates of VLDL-TG were not increased. Thus, in patients with obesity and in those with CHD, synthesis rates of VLDL particles may be abnormally high. In the obese patients, the VLDL appeared to be of normal composition, but in patients with CHD, the VLDL were relatively poor in TG. The study also showed that a significant fraction of VLDL- B is removed directly from the circulation and never reaches LDL regardless of the type of patients. The fraction that does reach LDL is one factor that determines LDL concentrations.
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