M/D/1 results

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A Non Preemptive Priority Queueing System with a Single Server Serving Two Queues M/G/1 and M/D/1 with Optional Server Vacations Based on Exhaustive Service of the Priority Units

A Non Preemptive Priority Queueing System with a Single Server Serving Two Queues M/G/1 and M/D/1 with Optional Server Vacations Based on Exhaustive Service of the Priority Units

M D queues, a combination of M M 1 and M D 1 queues, the case when no priority units arrive at the sys- tem and the case when no non-priority units arrive at the system. Further, with p = 0, the results of all the particu- lar cases of this paper agree with the corresponding par- ticular cases of Madan and Abu-Dayyeah [9].

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Evan D. Miller 1, Matthew L. Jones1 , Michael M. Henry 1, Paul Chery2 , Kyle Miller 3 and Eric Jankowski 1,

Evan D. Miller 1, Matthew L. Jones1 , Michael M. Henry 1, Paul Chery2 , Kyle Miller 3 and Eric Jankowski 1,

highly ordered P3HT has been observed in experiments at and near this density. We explain this discrepancy with kinetic arrest over simulation timescales: Closely-packed P3HT volumes with negligible solvent have long rearrangement times. To avoid such trapping and to more faithfully model solvent evaporation, we perform “shrinking” simulations with a simple model of solvent evaporation (Protocol (2)) from ρ = 0.72 g/cm 3 to ρ = 1.11 g/cm 3 over 36 ns, and compare the resultant systems to the base case in the previous section. The initial density ρ = 0.72 g/cm 3 is chosen because it is the highest density at which highly-ordered morphologies are robustly assembled. When solvent evaporation is modeled in this way we generally observe negligible change in ψ (Figure 4) as the system transitions from ρ = 0.72 g/cm 3 to ρ = 1.11 g/cm 3 . At high temperatures, 600 ≤ T < 900K, we observe increased ordering as a result of solvent evaporation (Figure 4), which is consistent with previous work showing that increased density at constant temperature can lead to a higher degree of order [50]. In aggregate, these results indicate that our OPLS-UA model is efficient enough to identify the temperature-solvent-density combinations that result in molecular self-assembly.
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PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTEWATER IN THE CITY OF MISSOUR - MOROCCO H. Ech-chafay* 1, M. Najy1 , N. Bentoutou 1, M. Lachhab1 , K. El Kharrim 1& D. Belghyti1

PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTEWATER IN THE CITY OF MISSOUR - MOROCCO H. Ech-chafay* 1, M. Najy1 , N. Bentoutou 1, M. Lachhab1 , K. El Kharrim 1& D. Belghyti1

Based on the maps factorials F1 × F2 and F1 × F3 (Figure 4), the results of the ACP show that the more share of different months are positioned (on F1) depending on the degree of pollution of their waters. Thus, the months of study, the more polluted (March, April, November and December) are located on the negative side of F1, then that the months (June, July, September and October) the least polluted by report to the other lie on the positive side.

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Spectrum sharing via hybrid cognitive players evaluated by an M/D/1 queuing model

Spectrum sharing via hybrid cognitive players evaluated by an M/D/1 queuing model

cooperative and non-cooperative. Using a Stackelberg game strategy, we evaluate the improvement in performance of a cognitive radio network with these hybrid cognitive players using an M/D/1 queuing model. We use a novel game strategy (which we call altruism) to “police” a wireless network by monitoring the network and finding the non-cooperative players. Upon introduction of this new player, we present and test a series of predictive algorithms that shows improvements in wireless channel utilization over traditional collision-detection algorithms. Our results demonstrate the viability of using this strategy to inform and create more efficient cognitive radio networks. Next, we study a Stackelberg competition with the primary license holder as the leader and investigate the impact of multiple leaders by modeling the wireless channel as an M/D/1 queue. We find that in the Stackelberg game, the leader can improve its utility by influencing followers’ decisions using its advertised cost function and the number of followers accepted in the network. The gain in utility monotonically increases until the network is saturated. The Stackelberg game formulation shows the existence of a unique Nash equilibrium using an appropriate cost function. The equilibrium maximizes the total utility of the network and allows spectrum sharing between primary and secondary cognitive users.
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MMPP+M/D/1 Traffic Model in Video-Data Integrated Service under ATM System

MMPP+M/D/1 Traffic Model in Video-Data Integrated Service under ATM System

network. The paper first shows the evaluation technique of the waiting time, based on the generator matrix and Laplace transform [8]. The authors finally suggest an approximate technique following two-term exponential function. The results of both the techniques are found to be very close. In [9], the authors determine the performance of transmission for telemedicine using ATM network. The paper shows the profile of the probability of overflow of queue versus buffer size based on MMPP model. In [10], the authors determine packet loss rate of MMPP/M /1/ K traffic where variable length packet is considered. In [11], performance of voice over Internet (VoIP) traffic is analyzed for a cognitive radio system using a two-state MMPP model. In [12], the average queue length and packet dropping probability of VoIP traffic is analyzed based on statistical multiplexing (talk spurt and silent periods) of two-state MMPP. In [13], authors have claimed the development of an approximate method to evaluate the performance of voice and MMPP video traffic. In [14], constant and variable bit rate traffic is modeled under ATM network and the throughputs for videoconferencing are calculated.
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The [KIL-d] Cytoplasmic Genetic Element of Yeast Results in Epigenetic Regulation of Viral M Double-Stranded RNA Gene Expression

The [KIL-d] Cytoplasmic Genetic Element of Yeast Results in Epigenetic Regulation of Viral M Double-Stranded RNA Gene Expression

type as expected. All three were sporulated and sub- jected to tetrad analysis (Table 5). Out of 124 dissected spores 63 were viable, 44 of which had defective killer phenotypes. Again there was no correlation between any marker and the killer phenotypes of the spore clones. All clones with defective killer phenotype became healed upon crossing with wild-type [KIL-0] strains. Thus, [KIL-d] is transmitted cytoplasmically in crosses re- sulting in diploid formation or cytoduction, whether or not kar1-1 is present. However, only after meiosis is the epigenetic effect of [KIL-d] on killer phenotype seen.
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1.	R. U. Ukpanukpong, S. O. Bassey, S. M. Ogunbode, D. I. Basiru,A. Omang and M. U. Eteng

1. R. U. Ukpanukpong, S. O. Bassey, S. M. Ogunbode, D. I. Basiru,A. Omang and M. U. Eteng

The results are mean ± SEM of 2 determinations. The weights gained are expressed as in kg. Values of treatment 6and 7had no significant (P<0.005) differences and both processing method (Raw and fermentation without) had a favourable weight gain compared with the control. The results carrying different letters were significantly different (P<0.005). a, b, c, d, e are means within the same columns with different superscripts that are significantly different.BBG= Boiled Bambara groundnut, SBG = Soaked Bambara groundnut, FBG (wo) = Fermentation without decantation, FBG(w) = Fermentation with decantation, RBG = Roasted Bambara Groundnut, NFE= Nitrogen Free Energy.
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Characterization update of HIV 1 M subtypes diversity and proposal for subtypes A and D sub subtypes reclassification

Characterization update of HIV 1 M subtypes diversity and proposal for subtypes A and D sub subtypes reclassification

Due to the constant evolution of HIV and regular addi- tion of new sequences in public databases, uncertain- ties about HIV-1 classification have regularly emerged. For example, the previous classification proposal did no resolve whether subtypes F and K represented two differ- ent subtypes or sub-subtypes [1]. Our results support the notion that they represent two different subtypes, since they exhibit genetic distances within in the range of other inter-subtype comparisons. A few previous studies also reported large genetic diversity among existing subtypes, as for subtype C [26, 27]. However, in our current work we did not find enough genetic variations within any other subtypes than subtypes A and D to define specific clades according to the current classification rules.
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M&M Project Year 1 Evaluation

M&M Project Year 1 Evaluation

The outcomes star results show that the area of greatest change for clients was ‘meaningful use of time’. This means clients doing things that they find interesting and satisfying and for some it means moving towards education, training or employment. This finding correlates to the fact that at the time of evaluation five mentees were in work, one was on a work placement and one was in study. The second highest area of change was ‘emotional and mental health’. An increase in emotional and mental health for some may be due to their improved use of time as discussed above. It also
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Oral low dose and topical tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention: modern approaches for an old drug

Oral low dose and topical tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention: modern approaches for an old drug

In the setting of mastalgia, several European studies have examined the relief of breast pain or tenderness following topical application of a hydro-alcoholic gel of 4-OHT (Besins, France). Most recently, a randomized phase II trial compared a placebo control group to two treated groups (4  mg/day and 2  mg/day) for 4 months with respect to a primary effi cacy endpoint of change in mean pain intensity as measured by the Visual Analog Scale [65]. Th e Visual Analog Scale results showed a statistically signifi cant improvement with the 4-OHT gel at a 4 mg/day concen- tration for four menstrual cycles, despite the fact that the resulting average plasma levels of 4-OHT, 50  ±  64  pg/ml (mean  ± standard deviation), were much lower than the levels seen with oral tamoxifen. Systemic side eff ects, such as hot fl ashes and headache, were infrequent. Th us, 4-OHT gel delivered potent and sustained antiestrogenic eff ects to target tissue while avoiding the side eff ects associated with first-pass meta bolism of tamoxifen.
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Time forecast of a break-off event from a hanging glacier

Time forecast of a break-off event from a hanging glacier

In this context, the Whymper glacier, a cold hanging glacier located at the Grandes Jorasses (Mont Blanc, Alps, Italy), had already broken off several times in the past, lead- ing to major ice avalanches that occasionally reached the bot- tom of the valley. In autumn 2008, the glacier recovered its previous critical geometry from the year 1998 and again a critical crevasse appeared approximatively 100 m upstream the frontal cliff, prompting the local authorities to initiate a monitoring program to enable a time forecast of the expected break-off event. The glacier finally broke off causing no dam- age in autumn 2014, after more than 5 years of monitoring. The break-off event was successfully predicted 2 weeks in advance.
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Yuliya M. Shkodkina, Irina D. Sklyar

Yuliya M. Shkodkina, Irina D. Sklyar

Однако нестабильность отдельных национальных экономик, взаимосвязанных в глобальной среде, влечет за собой дестабилизацию мировой финансовой системы, что сказывается на возможности финансирования природоохранных направлений деятельности, поскольку на последние в условиях кризиса средства выделяются в основном по остаточному принципу. Наряду с этим, в результате глобализационных процессов усиливаются диспропорции в мировой экономике – растет разрыв между развитыми и развивающимися странами, так как преимуществами глобализации в первую очередь пользуются развитые страны [1].
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Die Geskiedenis van die Christendomi

Die Geskiedenis van die Christendomi

sigself herhalende sirkelgang nie. D at hierdie opvatting o o k deur die boek van dia Prediker uitgedruk word, wil nog nie sê dat dit ons denke in hier- die verband h oef te bepaal nie. Indien ons Jesus Christus glo en aanvaar as die v'ersoenende, dragende middelpunt van die geskiedenis, dan moet ons ook die wederkoms aanvaar en bely as die einde en die laaste sin van die geskiedenis. In die voortdurende gesprek wat die hede met die ver- lede voer, vorm Jesu s Christus die verklarende sin van alle geskiedenis. En waar die gesprek met die verlede die verantwoordelikheid van die hede verswaar ten opsigte van die toekom s, moet ons ook weet dat ons in die eindes van die eeue leef. O m dat daar ’n einde is en nié die nuwe begin van ’n ander sirkelgang nie, is die komende kom s van Jesus Christus van ge­ weldige belang vir die teenwoordige. Vandaar ook die vaderlike verma­ ning van die apostel: „D aarom , wie meen dat hy staan, m oet oppas dat hy nie val nie.”
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The Inverse of Perturbed M-Matrices and Diagonal of M-1

The Inverse of Perturbed M-Matrices and Diagonal of M-1

We conclude that, the above definition and examples are using in applications of the M- matrix, because M-matrices have considerable attention, in larger part because they arise in many applications. Recently, a noticeable amount of attention has turned to the inverse of tridiagonal M-matrices, those matrices which happen to be inverse of special form of M-matrices with property a ij =0 whenever i  j  1 and M is generalized strictly diagonally dominant.

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Enhancement of Media Splicing Detection: A General Framework

Enhancement of Media Splicing Detection: A General Framework

To provide assistance in digital forensics in- vestigation, in this paper, a general framework designed and aimed to improve quality of de- tection results against audio and image splic- ing forgery is introduced. Unlike traditional ap- proaches, this framework was designed to com- bine results from any two different existing de- tection techniques into a better one with higher quality. The proposed framework was designed as a general method which can be efficiently ap- plied to various kind of detection mechanisms.

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Online Scheduling of Jobs for D-benevolent instances On Identical Machines

Online Scheduling of Jobs for D-benevolent instances On Identical Machines

As mentioned, in the general case, where jobs can have arbitrary weights and size, there is no any online (randomized) algorithm with competitive ratio even on single machine [7, 2]. [7] gave optimal 4-competitive algorithms for unit sized jobs with arbitrary weights, D-benevolent jobs, and C-benevolent jobs, a single machine. The lower bound of 3 for all surjective functions (includes D-benevolent instances) and single machine was shown by the same author [7]. [5] and [3] considered the version of jobs with unit weights (a special case of D-benevolent) on m identical machines. They gave a 1-competitive algorithm for this problem. The lower bound of 2 in randomized algorithms was improved for unit size, C-benevolent and D-benevolent instances by [6].
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An Analytical Solution for Queue: M/D/1 with Balking

An Analytical Solution for Queue: M/D/1 with Balking

The queueing M/D/1 of queues that did not taking the right of study, especially when adding some concepts of loss of impatient. Oliver [1] in 1968 he studied the waiting time distribution for the constant service queue (M/D/1). Iversen [2] studied exact calculation of waiting time distributions in queueing systems with constant holding times. Iversen and Staalhagen [3] in 1999 he studied waiting time distribution in queue M/D/1. Brun and Garcia [4] derived an analytical solution of finite capacity for queue M/D/1. Koba [5] search Stability condition for M/D/1 retrial queuing system with a limited waiting time. Also Koba [6] in 2000 studied the An M/D/1 queuing system with partial synchronization of its incoming flow and demands repeating at constant intervals. A series expansion for the stationary probabilities of an M/D/1 queue is obtained by Nakagawa [7]. And, Prasad and Usha [10] in 2015 studied comparison between M/M/1 and M/D/1 queuing models to vehicular traffic at Kannyakumari district. Other related studies are presented by Hussain et al. [11], Kim and Kim [12] and Baek et al. [13]. Recently, Kotobi and Bilén [14] focused Spectrum sharing via hybrid cognitive players evaluated by an M/D/1 queuing model.
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Sobolev inequality of free boundary value problem for \(( 1)^{M}(d/dx)^{2M}\)

Sobolev inequality of free boundary value problem for \(( 1)^{M}(d/dx)^{2M}\)

using Whipple’s formula. The Green function is constructed through so-called symmetric orthogonalization method under a suitable solvability condition. Its Green function is a reproducing kernel for a suitable set of Hilbert space and an inner product. By using the fact, we compute the best constant (M = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) and a family of the best functions for a Sobolev inequality. It is possible for us to expect the best constant of the Sobolev inequality, but the proof has not been completed for M ≥ 6 in the present paper.

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Equivalence of ( A D M, H P M, A P M ) for Solving Functional Equations

Equivalence of ( A D M, H P M, A P M ) for Solving Functional Equations

Adomian has developed a numerical technique for solving functional equations. This method well addressed in [1–3] has been applied to solve many functional equations and systems of functional equations. The homotopy perturbation method (HPM) was established by Ji-Huan He in 1999. In this method, the solution is considered as the sum of an infinite series, which converges rapidly to accurate solutions .It is also a powerful and efficient technique for solving non-linear functional equations,without the need of linearization process. H.P.M is a combination of the perturbation and Homotopy methods. It constructed with an embedding parameter p ∈ [0,1] which is considered as a small parameter. In recent years, some applications of the perturbation techniques [4-8] for non-linear problems have been studied. Artificial small parameter method has been introduced by lyapunov, which is usually applied to solve non-linear functional equations. In this method an artificial parameter is as a factor to non-linear part of equation [9-10]. in this paper we show that the ADM, APM and HPM are equivalence for functional equations.
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Carbon dioxide fluxes and their environmental controls in a riparian forest within the hyper-arid region of Northwest China

Carbon dioxide fluxes and their environmental controls in a riparian forest within the hyper-arid region of Northwest China

In contrast to the meteorological variables measured in this paper, the soil hydrological regime was greatly affected by the flood irrigation, as revealed in Figure 4. Daily θ values registered similar patterns to the GWD data, exhibiting a decrease with an increase in GWD over the passage of time during the growing season, which in fact, showed a sudden increase after the flood irrigation. In the vertical profile, the values of θ exhibited an increase with increasing depths (Figure 4a), while the electrical conductivity (EC, mS cm −1 ) varied in agreement with θ data, which also appeared to be
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