The staged wedding revives many practices symbolic of the MahMeri cosmology. An example is the igap kedoh, the bride-capture ritual that is conducted before the groom is able to meet his bride (Fig.6). A series of playful silat matches (Malay martial arts) occur between the representatives of the male and female. Once the groom’s entourage breaks through the barrier, he is faced with his future bride’s kinswomen, who try to hide the bride by encircling her and wrapping a large cloth around them. The bride is placed at the center representing the busut (mound) a symbol of the Mah Meri’s origin myth. The groom will have to choose the right stretched-out hand of his bride among the ladies in the circle. The tourist agent explained the igap kedoh (bride capture) ritual, saying that if the groom changed his mind about marrying the bride, he could purposely choose another girl in the bridal capture circle at the last minute. Also, if he chose the wrong bride, it was fated that they were not meant to marry. This statement added some element of drama and excitement to the ritual. However, when I translated his explanations, MahMeri Dancer A merely laughed and said the bride’s kinswomen inside the circle usually help direct the groom’s hand to the bride’s hand so that they find each other in the circle. Since the tourist agent spoke in English, the MahMeri were oblivious to dramatised narration he delivered in order to entertain the audience. The little control the MahMeri had over the tourist agent’s intervention is an example of an inevitable submission to hegemony.
Abstract: Sustainable tourism emphasises responsible utilisation of economic, socio-cultural and environmental resources for tourism development. Extant literature in sustainable tourism leans towards subjective and qualitative description in explaining the dynamic nature of the trans-disciplinary indicators of sustainability. However, few mechanisms have been proposed or developed to quantify the indicators measuring sustainable tourism in an indigenous ethnic context. The current study measures 61 sustainable indigenous tourism indicators of the MahMeri ethnic group that comprise three constructs, namely, community resources, community development and sustainable tourism. Simple random sampling was employed for data elicitation and a weighted average score using R software as the basis of analysis was used to produce a sustainable indigenous tourism barometer (SITB). The study identifies 11 sustainability dimensions from the initial three main constructs that are treated as the relationship aspects in this study. Based on the Sustainable Indigenous Tourism Barometer (SITB), community participation, empowerment, economic and socio-cultural sustainability are found to be the main influencing dimensions of sustainability of the MahMeri ethnic group. However, natural resources, financial resources and environmental sustainability indicated weaker relationships in explaining sustainability of the MahMeri ethnic group. Based on the SITB, the results demonstrate that the MahMeri ethnic group are a “potential sustainable” tourism stakeholder.
Kewujudan pusat kraftangan dikampung mereka telah banyak mengubah nasib mereka.Produk-produk anyaman yang dihasilkan oleh mereka telah dijadikan pameran dan jualan di pusat kraftangan. Menurut salah seorang wanita Orang Asli MahMeri, Julida Anak Uju, 43, menganyam adalah salah satu budaya masyarakat Orang Asli MahMeri yang diturunkan daripada satu generasi ke generasi yang baru. Hasil anyaman tersebut banyak digunakan sebagai perhiasan untuk menghadiri majlis perkahwinan, acara-acara kepercayaan dan digunakan dalam persembahan kebudayaan.Kejayaan komuniti ini telah diceritakan di dalam majalah, akhbar, penerbitan dan Encyclopedia Malaysia serta ASEAN Handicraft Promotion and Development Association (AHPADA) website.Produk yang mereka hasilkan dibeli oleh pelancong dari Amerika Syarikat, UK, Italy dan lain-lain Negara.Selain itu, produk mereka juga turut dibeli oleh pembeli dari kapal pelayaran yang dikenali sebagai Superstar Virgo dan Star Cruise.(Bernama, 2011).
Keywords: indigenous tourism; cultural commoditization; sustainability; MahMeri community
Tyrrell and Johnston [ 1 ] argued that the tourism literature has failed to provide a generally accepted theoretical framework of sustainable tourism. Swarbrooke [ 2 ] also noted that there is no widely accepted definition of sustainable tourism. Although there is insufficient specific underpinning theory to address sustainable indigenous tourism, a green paradigm has been the backbone for sustainable development studies. The green paradigm stresses that humans are part of nature versus the argument of the dominant Western environmental paradigm, which contends that humans are apart from nature [ 3 ]. The United Nations’ Brundtland Commission defined sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” [ 4 ]. Sustainability makes and maintains the conditions under which living things and nature (flora and fauna)
This study will benefit stakeholders within the indigenous-tourism-host involvement framework. The broad community, that will utilize the findings of this research, includes residents of host communities, natives, industry experts, governmental planners, policy makers, corporate sectors, academicians and non-governmental organizations. It is hoped that the findings of this research will contribute to existing literature in the indigenous tourism field that could enhance the sector into a more profitable business for the aborigine community. Any new factors found, which affect the Mah Meri’s perception of indigenous tourism would be a unique contribution to literature on indigenous tourism. By specifically identifying the demographic profiles that influence Mah Meri’s perception of indigenous tourism, the attitudes, constraints and problems of their involvement may be addressed. The newly developed scale can also be used as a tool to measure the indigenous’ perception of indigenous tourism in future studies. In addition, it is anticipated that more research would be carried out on the socio economic impact of tourism to the indigenous people, which will strengthen both current and previous literatures.
MahMeri bermakna “Orang Hutan” sementara dalam istilah bahawa MahMeri disebut “bersisik”. Mereka juga dikenali sebagai Orang Laut kerana mereka tinggal berhampiran dengan laut dan bekerja sebagai nelayan. Masyarakat Orang Asli MahMeri merupakan kumpulan etnik Orang Asli daripada kumpulan Senoi (Muzium Pribumi, 2007). Komuniti ini terkenal dengan hasil anyaman dan ukiran mereka. Keunikan hasil ini telah mendapat permintaan dari pelancong tempatan dan juga luar negara. Malah produk yang dihasilkan mendapat pengiktirafan dari Pertubuhan Pendidikan, Saintifik dan Kebudayaan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (UNESCO) kerana keunikannya. Selain itu mereka juga mempunyai kumpulan tarian sendiri iaitu kumpulan tarian Jo Oh yang sering membuat persembahan di Perkampungan Budaya ataupun di majlis-majlis keramaian di luar penempatan mereka. Pembinaan Perkampungan Budaya telah membuka ruang bagi komuniti ini mengembang kegiatan atau program pelancongan mereka. Kaum MahMeri biasa dengan hutan bakau, sungai dan pesisir pantai. Mereka mudah mengadaptasikan budaya luar dari kaumnya sendiri dan menjadikan mereka lebih mudah bergaul dengan masyarakat luar. Mereka menghormati kebebasan individu yang dibawa dari dahulu lagi dengan gabungan kepercayaan animisme, Buddha, Hinduisme dan Islam. Mempunyai kira-kira 1,700 orang penduduk dengan lima buah kampung iaitu Sungai Bumbun, Sungai Judah, Sungai Kurau, Sungai Rambai dan Kerpau Laut. Semua kampung ini terletak di Pulau Carey (Misroni, 2011; Jami’ah, 2009).
The mechanical, morphological and thermo-oxidative aging properties of the glass fiber reinforced polypropylene (RGF-PP) were studied based on four different maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (PP- g -MAH) compatibiliz- ers with different content of residual maleic anhydride (MAH). It was shown that PP- g -MAH compatibilizer could significantly improve the mechanical properties of RGF-PP, while from thermal and morphological analysis results, the content of residual MAH had negative influence on long term thermo- oxidative aging properties of RGF-PP with adding PP- g -MAH compatibilizer; the lower the residual content of MAH is, the better the thermo stability of the PP- g -MAH is, and also the better the thermo-oxidative aging properties was obtained.
Thus the factors included in the study are otorrhea, perforation, presence or absence of cholesteatoma, middle ear effusion or granulation, ossicular chain status, history of previous surgery and smoking. Scoring is done for each factor and patients are grouped into 3 categories based on total score from mild disease (1-3), moderate disease (4-6), severe disease (7-12). MERI score has found to predict outcome of surgery in terms of hearing improvement. It also helps in deciding the type of surgery whether to do primary or secondary ossicular chain reconstruction.
Hello, my name is Francis Mah, I’m in the University Department, Ophthalmology Department. I’m on the cornea service and I’d like to talk to you today about adenovirus, HSV or Herpes Simplex Virus and Herpes Zoster Virus and how it affects the external eye as well as management and diagnostic techniques and kind of an update for 2011. Obviously these diagnoses are very old but every year I think we need to update our background information in order to help treat patients with the best evidence. I am a clinician primarily however I’m also the Medical Director of the Charles T. Campbell Ophthalmic Microbiology Laboratory and I’m fortunate to have this laboratory because we do a lot of research in order to help us with diagnostic techniques and looking at new diagnostic techniques as well as looking at some of the newer agents to treat some of these agents. So we will go through some of the newer agents for potential treatment.