The safety audit is performed in the manufacturing organization METALTRADE, s. r. o. located in Nitra. The company deals with machining of metal parts for the automotive industry, particularly with components for exhaust and catalyst systems, such as various ﬂ anges made of carbon and creep resistant steels. The manufacturing organization is well equipped with modern control devices that are certiﬁ ed and reliable in assurance of quality products.
This research paper explains the importance of public relations and its role of public relations in manufacturing organization.Public relations are the art and social science of that link inside and outside the organization together. Public relations draw purpose, and how programs. Public relations in organizations in term of work quality means assist to organization management in achieving organizational goals, believe to the transparency affairs and accountability, respect citizens' rights, identify duties and responsibilities of government, the right control of people to the work and the right people in criticize and evaluate programs and practices of the organization and having specific strategies. With the computerization of work, institutional staff decrease, and the role of public relations consultants developed. We picked various manufacturing companies in Madhya Pradesh. The modem economic growth originates from industrialization.
Main goal of any manufacturing organization is to step up efficiency of organization in such way that it satisfy customers demand at right time. To obtain this objective it is necessary to identify SCM barriers and analyses it. In this paper we have identified 23 key barriers which hinder the performance of SCM. The practitioner need to concentrate on this barriers more cautiously during implementation in their organizations.
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Kenaf or the scientific name Hibiscus Cannabinus L. that is short-term crop where Kenaf is a type of fibrous tree not woody. Kenaf be selected in this study compared Biomass or EFB because Kenaf contain advantage such as 30% fiber (fiber) in part bast (outer skin) and 70% core (pith) from stem inside. Fiber and Core Kenaf can be used to produce products environmentally friendly such as fiberboard, chipboard, component in automotive, textile and feed. Furthermore, the studies are predicted to increase economic impact such as corporate profitability, reduce operation cost and increase market to company use Kenaf as a manufacturing tooling. Studies will be conducted in several states to be chosen among Perak, Selangor and Melaka to get the information. To collect the data, questionnaires will be disseminated to the respondent and the collected data will be analyses quantitavely.
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There are two types of leadership which are ‘transformational’ and ‘transactional’. Transactional leadership is a type of leadership that their styles are more focus on maintaining the normal flow of operations. Transactional leadership also can be defined as “keeping the ship afloat”. Leaders will use disciplinary power and an array of incentives to give motivation towards their employees to perform at their best. While transformational leadership is a leader that goes beyond managing day to day operations and created strategies for taking his or her company, department or work team to the next level of performance and success. This type of leadership is a style that focuses on team building, motivation and collaborates with their employees at different levels of an organization to achieve change for the better.
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Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is the key metric of Total Productive Manufacturing (TPW).OEE monitors the actual performance of a tool relative to its performance capabilities under optimal manufacturing conditions. OEE looks at the entire manufacturing environment measuring, not only the equipment availability, but also, the production efficiency while the equipment is available to run product, as well as the efficiency misfortune that outcomes from scrap, revamp, and yield misfortunes. The OEE is probably t h e m o s t important tool in the TPM improvement program. OEE is simple and practical
(Jakubiec&Brodnicka, 2016) They have used case study method and formulated following research problems: features of Kaizen team, basic rules of Kaizen team, plan of Kaizen action and tools used during Kaizen action. Kaizen action in an analyzed company is realized during so-called “Kaizen week”. They describe that the Improvement can be divided into two groups: Kaizen and Innovation. Kaizen is a small improvement as a result of ongoing efforts, but permanent, with determination and consequence . (Mayank Singh et al. 2015) This paper is based on the application of lean manufacturing tools like 5S, Kaizen and Visualization. The main objectives of the paper to improve the efficiency of the plant by using various industrial engineering techniques, to improve various working positions of employees and to apply tools of lean manufacturing like 5S, Kaizen. The study about to implementation of 5S and Kaizen technique by facing problems like a waste of motion and time, improper material handling, ergonomics problem, improper usage of space, and arrangement of tools and materials .
The performance on the above criteria is evaluated against the purchase order during the period from 01/04/2008 to 30/06/2008.After processing purchase order as per work instructions & duly approved is sent to supplier for manufacturing as per quality norms agreed and mentioned in purchase order. The analysis on the basis of actual delivery against scheduled delivery is made once in three month and feed back is given to supplier to made once in three month and feed back in given to supplier to improve upon.
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The success of any organization solely depends on the nature of human resources and their willingness to contribute to the existence and growth of the organization. The Human Resources (HR) are the main asset of an organization and Human Resource Management (HRM) is concerned with the people dimension in Management. HR Department is responsible for getting right persons, identifying their skills and interest, and providing an appropriate mechanism to ensure that these employees are suitable positioned to utilize their knowledge, skills and abilities. The success and growth of the organizations depends upon the attitude and willingness of the employees to contribute and innovative employee management practices (Peter Drucker, 2002).A committed employee will have emotional attachment to the organization and they will be loyal to the organization. Managing these resources, developing their skills, providing them with necessary training to bridge the performance gap and retaining them with the organization are necessary for the smooth functioning of an organization (Cheney and Tompkins, 1987). Identification is a psychological relationship where in
Risk is virtually present everywhere around us. Nowadays, there is an increasing focus on safety at work; therefore, the organizations that want to be successful in the market try to eliminate risk factors to a minimum to avoid or prevent the health hazard of employees, damages to property or the environment. The work is focused on the risk assessment of a selected device, which is the most risky workplace according to the organization where the research was conducted. In the practical part, we became familiar with the equipment for welding and a thorough analysis of the current state of safety by a complex method was done. Consequently, corrective actions to reduce risk to an acceptable level were proposed. A er that, we reassessed the risks of complex method, and the point method was used to verify the eﬀ ectiveness of proposed remedial measures.
automation concept. In the first phase, the customers’ requirements and proactive anticipations are gathered. During the second phase of ACP, the company has to consolidate the views and knowledge of the customers. During this phase, a company has to design an automated system which should release an ACS. This will be followed by developing a code for customisation in an agile manner. During the third phase, the agile customisation code (ACC) will be sorted using the hardware of the automated system. This process is required to ensure the easy assembly of the customised products in an agile manner. During the fourth phase, the sorted data are input into the CAD database. The sorted codes would be used to create CAD models using appropriate software. Those CAD models are required to be refined by the design engineers. After finalisation and approval by the CAD engineers, the manufacturing features are generated from the CAD models using CAM software packages. During the last phase, varieties of products generated by CAD models which are finalised and approved by the design engineers are displayed. These displays may be shown to the top management and as well as to the customers for obtaining their concurrence.
Industrial engineers (IEs) apply science, mathematics, and engineering methods to complex system integration and operations. Because these systems are so large and complex, IEs need to have knowledge and skills in a wide variety of disciplines, the ability to work well with people, and a broad, systems perspective. Industrial engineers use their knowledge and skills to improve systematic processes through the use of statistical analysis, interpersonal communication, design, planning, quality control, operations management, computer simulation, and problem solving. It eliminates waste of time, money, materials, energy and other resources. Industrial Engineering is also known as Operations management, Production Engineering, or Manufacturing Engineering depending on the viewpoint or motives of the user. In lean manufacturing systems, Industrial engineers work to eliminate wastage of time, money, materials, energy, and other resources
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a. Strong support and involvement of top management Because MCRS is a top-down management activity, commitment of top management becomes a key successful factor of MCRS implementation. Commitment does not only mean strong support by providing visible resources for MCRS, but also means personal involvement or participation in reviewing & controlling MCRS implementation. In Company P, top leaders act as the top level of reporting the performance and actions, which can make sure that each level of organization in line with to the company strategy and guarantees resources input in the improvement process.
The RBV of the firm focuses on resources and capabilities within the firm to explain the profit and value of the organization (Wernerfelt, 1984; Barney, 1991; Grant, 1996). Barney (1991) proposes that organizations are heterogeneous entities characterized by their particular and unique resource bases. According to this view, the firm presents an explanation for heterogeneous competition based on the assumption that close competitors differ greatly in their resources and capabilities, which determine their capacity to generate profit (Amit & Shoemaker, 1993). Considering a strategic perspective of RBV of the firm, the organization is a collection of unique competencies and capabilities influencing its evolution and strategic growth options (Dierickx & Cool, 1989; Barney, 1991). The resources are the basis of this theory and thus explain the differences in performance between firms. As a result, firms that possess certain competitive advantages obtain higher returns. This study proposed that the interaction of knowledge management and learning organization and its contribution to firm performance is greater than the individual influence of predictor variables, thus lending support to the basic assumption of RBV. Consistent with Wright et al. (2001) proposition, a synergistic effect rather than a set of independent practices leads to competitive advantage.
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K.Ramesh et al.  This paper presents an application of 5S in technology in a Hari Bio-mass processing unit. plant conditions have Need of The improvement of the manufacturing process. The Flow process of Hari Bio-Mass Processing Unit is not streamlined due to the wide variety of product specifications, the increasing demand, the push production Flow, and the nature of heavy metal and woodwork operations. As a result, the plant has turned into dirty machines and excess materials, scrap, and rework spread all over plant floor creating a plenty of flow complications and causing space and production issues.
The success of an organization depends upon its design of organizational structure which encompasses employees at different levels in hierarchical positions with particular accountability and responsibilities. An organization carries out functions to accomplish the desired goals of the organization at various level. The main managerial activities consist of supervision, coordination and task allocation in direction to obtain the objects of the organization. Designing organizational structure is a matter of high- quality decision making. Thus, the success of the organization depends on the appropriate organizational structure to carry out effective levels in hierarchical structures to achieve the goal of an organization effectively. In some organization’s structures are vertical with an array of hierarchy or else flatten arrangement with a horizontal structure with little hierarchy or commands of the chain. It is mainly decided with the nature of the organization, size of organization and leadership style.
Product development is the process of designing, creating and marketing new products or services to benefit customers. Sometimes referred to as new product development, the discipline is focused on developing systematic methods for guiding all the processes involved in getting a new product to market. All cases have been trying their best to meet the needs and preference of the customers. Cases 1, 2 and 3 create products that are demanded by customers, so they decided to make more variations and choices of product. Next, manufacturing cycle time standards is the period required to complete one cycle of an operation or to complete a function, job, or task from start to finish. Cycle time is used in differentiating total duration of a process from its run time.
capital. The results of the research showed that transformational leadership directly affects self-development, and indirectly through self-development mediation, affects the agility of human capital; ultimately, transformational leadership doesn’t directly affect the agility of human capital. Sarvi Ardkan (1395), in an article titled "prioritizing and identifying the factors affecting human agility using hierarchical analysis method at the Office of Cultural Heritage of Handicrafts", evaluated the concept of agility in 6 dimensions: organizational opportunity, competency, knowledge management, information system, occupational engineering and payment flexibility. Data analysis showed that the factor of supporting the information technology infrastructure has the most effect on the agility of human resources in the mentioned office. Other factors such as culture, management and knowledge sharing, mutual cooperation, the use of new management technologies, the reduction of levels of organizational titles and continuous education and training are respectively the most important factors affecting the agility of employees. Abrisham Kar and Abdollahi (2016), in a study titled "the relationship between agility of labor and innovation of a new product (case study: small, medium and large companies in the high technology industry)", explores the relationship between human resource agility and innovate new products. They showed that there is a positive relationship between the human resources agility and the innovation of the new product. Agha-Hosein Ashkavandi et al. (1395), in their paper titled "the impact of human resource management on crisis management: a case study: Isfahan blood transfusion and three other accident-prone provinces", after referring to scientific resources and identifying research variables through the questionnaire designing, and its implementation on the managers and experts of the blood transfusion organization in Isfahan and the three most accident-prone provinces of the country showed that: human resource agility has an impact on crisis management. Amin and Mir (2016), in their research titled "investigating the impact of demographic variables on human resource agility", through the administration of a questionnaire on 171 managers and industry deputies, showed that age, years, and organizational title and position are among demographic variables affecting the agility of human resources; and only the age variable influences the flexibility of the
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These days enormous amount of data have become available on hand to decision makers in an Organizations and in Government Agencies. Organization would thus lose the ability to extract the valuable information from and knowledge, perform detailed analysis, as well as provide new opportunities and advantage to improve their system. The data transfer from storage need to maintain data integrity before processing for a system.
Aasheet Kumar et al.  have made use of these approaches to improve the productivity on a Wire Harness. Assembly line of a company manufacturing wire harnesses for automobiles. They calculated balance rate before and after improvement to show the reduction in manpower requirement and increase in output. They also focused assembly line balancing and sequencing is an active area of optimization research in operations management.