The three factor security protocol for consumer USB storagedevices is suggested with some significant advantages but in the proposed work presented in the given pa- per shows existing issues of security liability which required being fix specially Daniel of service attack, guessing of password and replay attack. The proposed work explains the enhanced three factor security protocol to fix the weaknesses from previous papers. The projected security protocol have been predicted and severely analyzed in terms of security and computational cost with respect to another existing protocol.
A mass-storage device is electronic hardware that stores information and supports a protocol for sending and retrieving the information over a hard- ware interface. The information can be anything that can be stored electron- ically: executable programs, source code, documents, images, spreadsheet numbers, database entries, data logger output, configuration data, or other text or numeric data. Mass-storagedevices typically store information in files. A file system defines how the files are organized in the storage media. In Windows computers, mass-storagedevices appear as drives in My Com- puter. From Windows Explorer, users can copy, move, and delete files in the devices. Program code can access files using file-system APIs or .NET’s File class.
electrodes separated by a dielectric material. Electrolytic capacitors have superior cycling times and cycle efficiency, though they are limited by their low energy density . Electrochemical capacitors have a lower energy density relative to batteries, but a power density more comparable to capacitors, making them useful in applications where a large amount of charge needs to be rapidly distributed. The device configuration of an electrochemical capacitor is shown in figure 5; composed of nanostructured conducting polymer-carbon electrodes. Some conducting polymers emerged to the forefront of pseudocapacitor device development which include polyaniline(PANI), polypyrrole (PPy), polythiophene (PT), and poly(3,4- ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT). Common characteristics of these conducting polymers include their delocalized π-electron system, accessible redox states and controllable physical properties which make these conjugated polymers ideal candidates for advance energy storage materials and device fabrications.
Off-site backup involves contracting a third party to maintain a secure copy of your images. To transmit images offsite a fast internet connection or image compression is required. The necessary internet connection speed depends on how much data your business needs to move a day multiplied by 2, but the minimum requirement is 36 kB/s (kilobytes per second) excluding dial-up service as an op- tion. The goal is to have all of your hospital’s data backed up by the next business morning. The initial cost is less than on-site backups because you will not need to purchase an on-site server, hire IT personnel, or schedule regular CD or DVD backup. However, there will be a recurring service fee. Over several consecutive years of service, the service fee may add up to more than the cost of on-site storage. The advantages of off-site storage are ease-of-use, less initial cost and peace of mind knowing that somewhere your im- ages are being stored securely. Also, off-site storage is rel- atively disaster proof, and some companies store data in a nonproprietary format for future image migration. Storing data in a nonproprietary format is important because many digital image companies use proprietary imaging formats within their hospital data system. So even though images may be acquired using a DICOM standard, they may be changed and stored by the hospital software into a proprietary format. This can lock a hospital into using one vendor’s software. Thus, if hospitals send copies of the original DICOM images off-site for storage, this enables them to import those DICOM images into any veterinary hospital management software in the future. 8
In  author has explained that Wireless sensors have the potential to greatly affect the health monitoring systems in health care. By outfitting patients with wireless, wearable sensors, monitoring the health condition of patients is distinctly simplified. Considering the current methods of health monitoring, medical assistants or caregivers just use some instruments such as Sphygmomanometer Electrocardiograph to record the health status of patients on daily or some hourly basis, which is definitely time-consuming. In  authors have studied of possibility of applying an emerging NFC, to health monitoring. They suggest that NFC is, compared to other competing technologies, a high- potential technology for short-range connectivity between health monitoring devices and mobile terminals. They propose practices to apply NFC to some health monitoring applications and study the benefits that are attainable with NFC. They compare NFC to other short-range communication technologies such as Bluetooth and IrDA, and study the possibility of improving the usability of health monitoring devices with NFC. They also introduced a research platform for technical evaluation, applicability study and application demonstrations of NFC. In  author shows how to improve patient’s safety in healthcare and especially in medication care by using and NFC technologies. Use of information technology has become commonplace in healthcare. In an ideal world a patient always gets first class treatment and everything goes smoothly and as planned. Applications of information technology are created to help the hospital staff achieve this. However, hospital staff is often working under a heavy workload and minimal workforce. This may contribute to human error, for example, in medication that may have adverse effects on patient’s treatment. In  author presents a Near Field Communication (NFC) based indoor navigation system called NFC Internal in order to eliminate the current indoor navigation problems. NFC Internal enables an easy data transfer for indoor navigation systems just by touching tags spread over a building or a complex. The proposed system has several benefits and has potential to increase the usability of these systems. They discuss the system requirements and explain the phases of NFC Internal through use cases.
Piezo electricity is the amount of charge accumulated due to mechanical strain applied on it. The recent advancements in micro electro-mechanical systems technology have created a demand for portable electronics to grow rapidly. It also becomes more necessary for the portable devices to carry power supply of their own along with them. Conventional battery is the best choice as power supply for these devices in most of the cases. The power generation from mechanical vibration uses vibration surrounding the power harvesting device which is used as an energy source and converts it into useful electrical energy in order to power other devices. The idea of capturing the energy surrounding an electronic system and converting it into usable electrical energy that could extend the lifetime of the power supply or provide an endless supply of energy has captivated many researchers and brought much attention to power harvesting. One method of obtaining the energy surrounding a system is to use piezoelectric materials. Piezoelectric materials have the unique ability to interchange electrical and mechanical energy. This property allows them to be uses to absorb the mechanical energy around a system, usually ambient vibration, and transform it into electrical energy that can be used to power other devices.
sending premium-rate text messages. The increased portability of smartphones has made it more susceptible to loss/theft of sensitive data, a primary risk which is prevalent today. Most of the security solutions that exists in the market for securely storing data in smartphones are cloud based or remote server based . This introduces a requirement to the user, a working data connection. This makes the accessibility of the stored contents dependent on data connection. Also, there is a possibility of user data getting compromised, if the cloud storage or the remote server database gets compromised. This threat can be addressed enabling the storage of data securely locally on device, that removes the worry about data breaches. Also, the data can be accessed anywhere and any-time.
mobile application with no consideration on available native resources of mobile devices and mobile users dismiss their devices’ inabilities. Hence, computing- and memory-intensive mobile applications like content-based image retrieval applications (enable mobile users to retrieve an image from the database) can be executed on smartphones without excess efforts. However, a flexible and generic CMA approach that can enhance plethora of mobile devices with least configuration, processing overhead, and latency is a vital need in excessively diverse mobile computing domain. Such diversity is mainly due to the rapid development of smartphones and Tablets, and sharp rise in their hardware, platform, API, feature, and network heterogeneity in the absence of early standardization.
The system can be attacked by disabling network, pushing erroneous data into network, accessing personal information; etc. The components like RFID , sensing devices, and cloud computing and data storages are vulnerable to such attacks. Out of all physical components RFID tags are most vulnerable as the role of RFID is to locate the devices and receive the data and transfer to nearby storagedevices. Attacker can gain the location of the device through RFID tags and harm source and user devices. Attacker can introduce the erroneous data by attacking the RFID. This situation can be avoided by encrypting the storage location and transferring the encrypted data from one device to other.
• From the recent storage audit 20 critical servers are at or near capacity (100% utilised) therefore they will need to be replaced with new higher capacity servers in the coming year. SAN technology facilitates extending the life of such servers as they will only be needed for processing power and the storage problem will be resolved by the centralised SAN disk space. A server costs on average around £5k, thus avoiding replacement costs of these servers of up to £100k.
Usually, an IOT device can initiate communication with any of the fog nodes in the fog network requesting for a processing or storage requirement. In fact, the IOT device may not even be aware of the existence of the fog network, therefore messages sent by such a device cannot be secured by using symmetric cryptographic techniques. Alternatively, asymmetric key cryptography has its set of challenges that are unique to IOT environment. Maintaining the PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) that is required to facilitate secure communication is one of the major challenges. Other challenges include minimizing the message overhead keeping in mind the constrained environment in which the IOT devices operate. Communications among fog nodes requires end to end security as nodes involved in multi-hop path may not be trust worthy.
In research conducted by ESG in 2002, enterprise IT organi- zations indicated that only 37 percent of their cumulative storage was reference information. However, by 2005 they expected that number to grow to 54 percent of their newly created information. That number will be even higher in the healthcare and life sciences industries. ESG flatly states that traditional disk storage, DAS, SAN and NAS, was not designed to meet the unique requirements of refer- ence information. The optimized solution, they claim, will abstract the information from the medium on which it is stored. Reference information will need to be easily retrieved from storage systems that hold it. Security of this reference information will also be a major requirement. Future storage technologies must better address data sharing and security. A New Solution
In software-defined networking (SDN) , the control plane of a network element is separated from its data plane functions. SDN technology is used in data centers to effectively manage network traffic. The SDN principles can also be applied to other areas such as storage, security and service level agreement. Software-defined cloud computing (SDCC) in this term in an approach where all aspects of a data centre providing services to the users are software-