Media and health

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IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON MENTAL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON MENTAL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

have characterized the effects of online networking that particularly impacts on youngsters psychological wellness, the overutilization of internet-based life causes emotional well- being issues. There is another predator’s gal; conversely, different researchers have given the pessimistic effect of online life, such as World Health Organization, (2017) disclosed that the individuals who have been utilizing internet- based life for quite a while, they have been refreshing from the dangers, it is additionally considered by them about the future issues of a nation. Pater & Mynatt (2017) depicted that social media causes for hostile and unsafe conduct in this manner it is harmful to the emotional well-being of a person, particularly for youngsters. The impact of internet-based life relies upon its use if an individual who utilizes too much social media as well as whatever can be hurt to him.Parmar (2017) expressed that in 21 st -century youth has been investing their energy in various social contraptions, a normal 12-15 hours per day on stimulation media, including, telephones, PCs, workstations, TVs, just as some others gadgets. With the assistance of these gadgets, they use WhatsApp, YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and some others. As of 2019 statistics (Felix Richter, 2019), 2.7 billion people used Face book, Instagram, or Messenger each month and more than 2.1 billion people use at least one every day. Among them more than 1 billion who were dynamic client’s of Facebook which is the most visited site the utilization of this application the young don't think pretty much all companions, the client’s bio information is accessible there and the obscure companion might be hake their information. Just about 1 billion were dynamic clients of YouTube, over 4 million are WhatsApp dynamic clients, likewise 4 million were perpetual clients of Instagram and above 3 million were dynamic clients of twitter. Similarly, the quantity of online life client has been expanding step by step genuine hazard for youth psychological well-being.

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How Does Social Media Affect Health Communication?

How Does Social Media Affect Health Communication?

Given that there are a lot of discussions about social media in different fields, this study helps to explain understanding social media aspects in health communication. The findings of this study showed that the patients connecting to health-related sites benefit from these sites for various incentives. In this study, 5 aspects were obtained as the sites' function in health communication. First, the patients as well as those who search about health information stated that when they attend a forum and interact with people, they forget their problems and diseases and stated that in the absence of forums they become isolated and depressed. Second, the patients stated that, getting more informative, they had motivation for the disease follow up and conrolling health after attending the forums. Third, the sites' members were satisfied with preventive education but a separate research is needed for the effect of eduction on preventing some diseases. Fourth, one of the most important emerging fields in this study was notification by users. It seems social media can be a great tool for the implementation of educational programs and notification about the health problems. Finally, online chat room allows the patients to share their experiences on the progression of the disease, symptoms and overall health status. By connecting with those who are experiencing similar conditions, the patients become more informed and have better understanding of their health. They can have a real picture of what happens in life with the disease, based on the experiences of others. They can also have a clearer picture of the disease

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The language of mental health problems in social media

The language of mental health problems in social media

lected from Reddit pertaining to suicidal ideation could demonstrate the existence of the Werther ef- fect (suicide attempts and completions after media depiction of an individual’s suicide) (Kumar et al., 2015). Coppersmith and colleagues used Twitter data to determine language features that could be used to classify Twitter users into suffering from mental health problems and unaffected individuals (Coppersmith et al., 2015a). However, while the au- thors could identify features that allows the classifi- cation between healthy and unhealthy Twitter users, they also note that language differences in commu- nicating about the different mental health problem remains an open question. Similarly, Mitchell et al. (2015) used Twitter data to separate users affected by schizophrenia from healthy individuals by au- tomatically identifying characteristic language fea- tures for schizophrenia (Mitchell et al., 2015). Both the latter approaches rely on the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) (Tausczik and Pennebaker, 2010), but Mitchell et al. also covers features such as Latent Dirichlet Allocation and Brown Clustering. Very recently and concurrently with our own work, De Choudhury and colleagues have shown that lin- guistic features can be used to predict the likelihood of individuals transitioning from posting about de- pression and other mental health issues on Reddit to suicidal ideation (De Choudhury et al., 2016). This work showed the ability to make causal inferences on the basis of language usage and employed a small subset of the mental health groups on Reddit.

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Assessing the effectiveness of Communication Media in Health

Assessing the effectiveness of Communication Media in Health

This paper suggests a strategy for evaluation of media. Both quantitative and qualitative methods need to be used for Evaluation. For assessing their effectiveness, various scales are to be used. The scales are basically designed to get the perceptions of the respondents on the media. The questions will be selected to asses each medium, based on the mode, the content, frequency, clarity, appropriateness and suitability, cultural compatibility, etc. They will be administered among the various groups such as grassroots level health staff, women, community leaders, members of various village organisations, MSS members, and community members in general. In addition to the quantitative, methods few qualitative methods also used. They are used for collecting information, which were not collected through the quantitative methods. The FGDs. in-depth interviews and observations will be administered on the same respondents. The present strategy is proposed to identify few indicators through which the effectiveness of the media will be assessed. The effectiveness of any medium depends on various factors. They are, (a) the percentage of success over the period of time, (b) the extend of reach, and (c) the culturally acceptable form, etc.

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Social media in relation to mental health and personality

Social media in relation to mental health and personality

news/current affairs, and favorite brands and personalities as their main reasons for using social media (CBS, 2019; Spotler, 2018). The most used platforms WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, Snapchat, Twitter, Pinterest, and LinkedIn have these main reasons in common (Facebook, 2019; Snapchat, 2019; Twitter, 2019; WhatsApp, 2019; Youtube, 2019). While WhatsApp, Twitter, LinkedIn and Snapchat serve predominantly as a personal communication tool, they can be entertaining as well. For instance, Snapchat offers the opportunity to share pictures for a maximum of 10 seconds. Afterwards, the sent image is going to be deleted. Therefore, Snapchat can serve an entertaining and a personal communicating purpose (Snapchat, 2019). Instagram, YouTube and Pinterest predominantly serve the purpose of entertaining, news/current affairs, and following favorite brands and personalities (Instagram, 2019; Pinterest, 2019; Youtube, 2019). Furthermore, the use of social media is also associated with mental health. For instance, authentic self presenting oneself by posting or uploading photos seemed to reduce the stress the more people use social media (Grieve & Watkinson, 2016). In contrast, Oberst et al. (2016) found that there is a negative relation between social media use and mental well-being. For instance, the more people use social media, the lower their mental well-being. So, there are contradicting findings concerning the relationship of social media use and mental health.

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Health Monitoring on Social Media over Time

Health Monitoring on Social Media over Time

CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK We develop methods to uncover ailments over time from social media. We formulated health transition detection and prediction problems and proposed two models to solve them. Detection is addressed with TM– ATAM, a granularity-based model to conduct region-specific analysis that leads to the identification of time periods and characterizing homogeneous disease discourse, per region. Prediction is addressed with T–ATAM, that treats time natively as a random variable whose values are drawn from a multinomial distribution. The fine-grained nature of T–ATAM results insignificant improvements in modelling and predicting transitions of health-related tweets. We believe our approach is applicable to other domains with time- sensitive topics such as disaster management and national security matters.

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Health Effects of Media on Children and Adolescents

Health Effects of Media on Children and Adolescents

Youth spend an average of ⬎ 7 hours/day using media, and the vast majority of them have access to a bedroom television, computer, the Internet, a video-game console, and a cell phone. In this article we review the most recent research on the effects of media on the health and well-being of children and adolescents. Studies have shown that media can provide information about safe health practices and can foster social connectedness. However, recent evidence raises con- cerns about media’s effects on aggression, sexual behavior, substance use, disordered eating, and academic difficulties. We provide recom- mendations for parents, practitioners, the media, and policy makers, among others, for ways to increase the benefits and reduce the harm that media can have for the developing child and for adolescents. Pediatrics 2010;125:756–767

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Study of carotid intima media thickness and apache ii(acute physiological  and chronic health evaluation) and short term mortality  in acute ischemic stroke

Study of carotid intima media thickness and apache ii(acute physiological and chronic health evaluation) and short term mortality in acute ischemic stroke

management. As they are relatively rare they can be ignored for most epidemiological purposes. Although mortality rates of ischemic stroke have been reported to be lower (25.9%) as compared to hemorrhagic stroke (49.2%), yet more than one- sixth (17.5%) of ischemic stroke patients have been reported not to survive beyond three months of stroke episode. In India, stroke accounts for nearly 1.2% of total deaths in country. This high mortality is concerning and has attracted the interest of many workers. It has been shown that stroke severity, age, sex, cardiovascular risk factors, smoking habit, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, previous myocardial infarction, previous stroke and older age have been reported to be risk factors associated with mortality in stroke patients. The APACHE II system is the most commonly used scoring system for severity of illness (SOI) in North America. Age, type of ICU admission (after elective surgery vs. nonsurgical or after emergency surgery), a chronic health problem score, and 12 physiologic variables (the most severely abnormal of each in the first 24 h of ICU admission) are used to derive a score. APACHE and other critical care scoring systems have been used for prediction of the short-term mortality in acute ischemic stroke patients. Several features of the APACHE II score are associated with risk of death in this patient population. The findings suggest that increase in APACHE score are associated with, and may contribute to, increased mortality in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT or IMT) has emerged as a useful screening tool for detection of the presence of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular risk and associated mortality. Evidence has also emerged regarding the role of carotid intima media thickness in the prediction of major cardiovascular events or death after a first-ever ischemicstroke, however, there are reports that suggest that carotid intima media thickness has nothing to do with the functional outcome after acute ischaemic stroke.

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Sexual Media and Childhood Well-being and Health

Sexual Media and Childhood Well-being and Health

Although most of the researchers studying sexual media have focused on the negative effects of media use, the unique ability of social media to reach large numbers of adolescents with information to improve sexual health has not been lost on organizations with this goal. The authors of a recent study found that 10% of teenagers get a lot of health information from social media and 23% get at least some from social media; 18% have researched sexually transmitted diseases online. 20

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 ROLE OF MEDIA IN SAFE GUARDING HEALTH OF THE SOCIETY

 ROLE OF MEDIA IN SAFE GUARDING HEALTH OF THE SOCIETY

The road is the same, up- hill or down-hill. And it’s our choice to choose one of the two. But the destination at the end of the road is different. Let us all appreciate the fact that there is a big difference between advertising a commodity such as a table, chair, mobile phone and a Medicine. In the first case, if the advertised claims are not met, the commodity such as a chair or a table may last for only 2 years in place of 5 years. We may even forget the original guarantee period given at the time of purchase and buy another new commodity, but in case of medicines the story is different. If you are taking a medicine for say reducing blood pressure and if it fails to do so as indicated, you are likely to end up in an emergency ward of a hospital for the treatment of heart-attack. We often come across advertisements, which make tall claims, such as Increase your male stamina, Improve your memory instantly, Lose 10 kg of weight in 10 days etc. Beyond doubt, there are certain medicines, which work wonders, but surely not in all patients and certainly not in 10 days. Furthermore, there are some medicines very popular in the society at large for their beneficial effects and are likely to be consumed without consulting a physician. Recently, Media has done a wonderful job by making a common man aware about the expiry date of goods. This noble initiative can also be extended to medicines, which would help in saving several innocent lives. Furthermore, there are a few physicians, who are unable to keep themselves up-to-date due to patient rush and ambitious lifestyle. The authors would like to make a mention of few such medicines, which though popular in every house hold are likely to cause life- threatening side effects. Pioglitazone, a powerful anti-diabetic medicine, analgin, a promising pain killer and de-anxit, an anti-depressant drug have all been banned recently by Drugs Controller General of India for their serious adverse effects. A common man, who is busy in earning his daily bread, needs to be informed about these Banned Drugs. The authors advocate that media persons can play a positive role here. Then, there is also an issue of magic remedies, which claim to possess miraculous powers misleading the public. These magic remedies falsely claim that certain chronic diseases such as Diabetes, Asthma, Cancer, AIDS etc can be easily cured. The author would like to enlighten the learned readers with these health related issues and provide simple check points and solutions for a healthy and peaceful life.

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Social media and mental health:
Uses and gratifications of social networking
in relation to depression, anxiety
and offline relationships among young adults

Social media and mental health: Uses and gratifications of social networking in relation to depression, anxiety and offline relationships among young adults

being have been found. This evidence is supported by a national study of young adults of the United states, in which depression has been strongly and significantly associated to frequent social media use (Lin et al., 2016). Differences in the effects of social media have also been found when comparing the different sex. A recent UK government survey of children aged 14 to 15 years (Department of Health and NHS England 2015) showed that girls were more than twice as likely to suffer from symptoms of common mental disorder as boys. This shows that gender-related differences in the assessment of mental health problems and social media also need consideration. Therefore, it is essential to further investigate the relation of the social media use of especially young adults and their psychological well-being. Despite significant results of especially excessive social media use and its negative effect on mental well-being, no clear causations have been found. A few studies in fact report positive effects of social networking on mental health including increased self-confidence, development of skills, awareness, etc. (Tripathi & Abdul Ahad, 2018). Furthermore, previous studies often measure social media use in combination with other variables such as sleep deprivation, since poor sleep is known to contribute to anxiety, depression and low self-esteem (Alfano et al., 2009, Fredriksen et al., 2004). Reportedly, adolescents themselves seem to have conflicting views on the effects of their social media use. In a qualitative study performed by Radovic, Gmelin, Stein and Miller in 2017, adolescents who categorize themselves as the “least happy” said that social media makes them feel more popular and less shy while also making them feel less confident, worse about themselves and more depressed. A couple of studies argue that it is hard to identify whether social media use is the actual

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The Emerging Web 2 0 Social Media as a Tool to Develop Engaged Audiences for Behaviour Change in Health Promotion: An Overview

The Emerging Web 2 0 Social Media as a Tool to Develop Engaged Audiences for Behaviour Change in Health Promotion: An Overview

With a significant social media presence, health professionals can no longer assume that their authority and social position will afford them greater influence [45]. Hence, one of the health communication research focus suggested by [46] is developing e-health literacy programs to train patients in health information gathering, evaluating, and use. [47] further encourages researchers to work with healthcare professionals and educators for social media educational strategies. This has to be done to overcome challenges encountered by physicians i.e. confidentiality, lack of participation / time / trust, workplace support, and information anarchy [48]. Public health agencies too must develop a strategic communication plan that incorporates best practices [49]. Health promotion must move to high engagement for enhanced communication [50]. They can get people involved in creating environmental and social conditions. In other words, partnerships and participation are viewed as the culmination of social media [51].

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Determinants of Youth Engagement with Health Information on Social Media Platforms in United Arab Emirates

Determinants of Youth Engagement with Health Information on Social Media Platforms in United Arab Emirates

Since most social media platforms are accessible anytime and anywhere where Internet connections and smartphones are available, the invisibility of the reader raises questions about accuracy, appropriateness and comprehen- sibility of social media communication. This purposive sampling study of 120 participants aged 18 - 35 year in UAE was conducted between September and December 2017, and explored commonly used social media platforms, fre- quency of use of social media for accessing health related information, and approaches for assessing the trustworthiness of health information. Results indicate that Whats App (95%), Instagram (87%) and Youtube (82%) were the most commonly used social media platforms among respondents. Major- ity of respondents (81%) indicated that they regularly access social media to get health-associated information. About 55% of respondents with non-chronic health status relied on unsolicited messages to obtain health-related informa- tion. Doctors’ health blogs (21%) and social media sites of international healthcare organizations (20%) constitute the most trusted source of health information among respondents, with UAE government health agencies’ so- cial media accounts trusted by 15% of respondents. Cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and hypertension were the most commonly searched topics on social media (29%), followed by nutrition (20%) and skin care (16%). Majority of respondents (41%) rely on reliability of Google search results, 22% check for health information only from “reliable” social media sites, while 8% utilize “logic” to ascertain reliability of health information. Utilizing popular social media platforms for posting reader-friendly health information will achieve high coverage. Improving youth digital literacy will facilitate easier access to trustworthy information on the internet.

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Free Media as the Social Determinants of Health: The Case of Oromia Regional State in Ethiopia

Free Media as the Social Determinants of Health: The Case of Oromia Regional State in Ethiopia

Background: For over a hundred thirty years, consecutive Ethiopian regimes have denied the Oromo people the right to develop free media. In this paper I explore how this denial has affected the development of public health conditions in Oromia. Methods: Using the “upstream” public health metaphor as the framework of thinking, in this paper I explore how the denial of free media has hindered the development of better public health conditions. Finding: Although media and public health are distinct social organizations, many of their functions overlap, with the former significantly supporting the development of the latter. Media informs, educates, entertains, molds opinion, advocates, provides a framework of thinking, connects people and ideas, and records events. The foundation of public health rests on the study of risks to population health and identi- fying health promotion as well as disease prevention (primary, secondary and tertiary) tools. Me- dia facilitates knowledge construction and its dissemination. It supports the efforts societies make in establishing and maintaining the social conditions that will ensure the best public health out- comes possible. Conclusion: Since media facilitates knowledge construction and knowledge dis- semination, it can help produce knowledgeable and critical citizens who are equipped with prob- lem-solving skills. Denying the Oromo people the right to develop their own free media is hinder- ing them from having people with skills who are critically needed in transforming their society and developing better public health conditions.

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Identifying opportunities to integrate digital professionalism into curriculum: a comparison of social media use by health profession students at an Australian university in 2013 and 2016

Identifying opportunities to integrate digital professionalism into curriculum: a comparison of social media use by health profession students at an Australian university in 2013 and 2016

Abstract: Social media has become ubiquitous to modern life. Consequently, embedding digital professionalism into undergraduate health profession courses is now imperative and augmenting learning and teaching with mobile technology and social media on and off campus is a current curriculum focus. The aim of this study was to explore whether patterns of social media use for personal or informal learning by undergraduate health profession students enrolled at an Australian university across four campuses has changed over time. A previously validated online survey was administered in 2013 to a cohort of health profession students as part of an Australian survey. In 2016, the same survey was distributed to a later cohort of health profession students. Three open-ended questions to elicit descriptive information regarding the use of social media for study purposes were added to the later survey. A comparative analysis of both cohorts was undertaken and social media acceptance and penetration was shown to increase. Health profession students are now more interactive users of Facebook and Twitter, and they have become more familiar with career development sites, such as LinkedIn. The maturation of social media platforms within a three-year period has created realistic opportunities to integrate social media for personal and study purposes into the health profession education curriculum to ensure student understanding of the necessity for maintaining digital professionalism in the workplace.

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Media, racism and public health psychology

Media, racism and public health psychology

Those demonstrated links between racism and health at the population level lead to two conclusions. First, all social institutions implicated in the reproduction of racism contribute to damaging the health and wellbeing of Maori. Second, as racism ‘came ashore’ with the settlers it is necessary to locate those social institutions in their colonial context. We have argued that the processes of colonisation created discriminatory institutions and the ideological commonsense that naturalises their everyday practices. Unacceptable levels of personal racism among settlers fit comfortably within that social and cultural matrix that ensures that many indigenous people are damaged by internalised racism.

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Thumbs Up and Down: Sentiment Analysis of Medical Online Forums

Thumbs Up and Down: Sentiment Analysis of Medical Online Forums

In the current study, we apply multi-class and multi-label sentence classification to sentiment analysis of online medical fo- rums. We aim to identify major health is- sues discussed in online social media and the types of sentiments those issues evoke. We use ontology of personal health infor- mation for Information Extraction and ap- ply Machine Learning methods in auto- mated recognition of the expressed senti- ments.

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Social media and digital technology use among Indigenous young people in Australia: a literature review

Social media and digital technology use among Indigenous young people in Australia: a literature review

Many Indigenous young people in Australia face social disadvantage, particularly in the areas of education, child safety and criminal justice system involvement. It is common for Indigenous young people to drop out of school, with only 25 % of Indigenous people aged 15 years and over reporting their highest educational level achieved as Year 12 or equivalent compared to 52 % of the non-Indigenous population [8]. Disparities are evident from the first year of schooling and remain apparent throughout the schooling years. Contributing to the less developed literacy and numeracy skills of In- digenous students is their lower attendance at school so working collaboratively with Indigenous communities to develop practical and relevant strategies is necessary to improve the educational status of Indigenous people [9]. Indigenous young people are more likely to experience abuse, with the rate of assault among Indigenous chil- dren around 5 times higher than among non-Indigenous children [10] and rates of juvenile incarceration are 31 times that of non-Indigenous youth [11]. This combin- ation of educational disengagement, child safety issues and criminal justice system involvement are part of the complex web of social disadvantages that many Indigen- ous young people face and important social determi- nants of health inequities, “the unfair and avoidable differences in health status seen within and between countries” [12]. Addressing social disadvantage is there- fore essential to reduce health inequities in the Austra- lian Indigenous population.

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Evaluation of E Health

Evaluation of E Health

Usability and accessibility issues are important when developing an appropriate user interface for different kinds of target users (Gustafson & Wyatt, 2004; Wyatt & Liu, 2002). For example, the interface of an E-Health programme that provides services to palliative care, clinical consultation, bereavement support and education will be different from the one that prevents teenagers from alcohol and other drugs issues. The web site for teenagers needs to be fun to use whereas easy access to key information is more important to palliative caregivers. Up-to-date and accurate information on the web site are essential to avoid confusion and misleading. As E-health includes the use of the Internet and other electronic media, evaluation generally covers the screen design, navigation, written information, visual

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YouTube lens to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a social media analysis

YouTube lens to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a social media analysis

Though there have been various studies in the last dec- ade on quality of information in YouTube videos related to general internal and surgical medicine [4–9]. Limited studies on the quality of these YouTube videos related to mental health including those on anxiety disorder, bul- lying is published [10, 11]. Attention deficit hyperactiv- ity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder in children and adolescent, plus has a significant burden in adult population. Public awareness and education is an integral part of ADHD diagnosis and treatment [12]. Though patients accessing the Internet can be a posi- tive step towards disease treatment and its success, these online resources vary in quality and standard. The pri- mary aim of our study was to conduct a systematic review of the YouTube videos related to ADHD and analyze the quality of information shared on YouTube.

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