media practices

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Media practices and urban politics: conceptualizing the powers of the media urban nexus

Media practices and urban politics: conceptualizing the powers of the media urban nexus

fields, as well as Boltanski’s and Thévenot’s (2006) account of the justificatory practices through which social fields are coordinated. Schatzki articulates his sense of how practices are socially ‘positioned’ by making a distinction between dispersed and integrative practices. Dispersed practices are defined by ‘doings’, that is, embodied understandings of how to do things; and by ‘sayings’, that is, situated and explicit statements relating how to do something or that something is the case. They are the open-ended features of many activities, and might include ‘simple’ actions such as describing, listening, handwriting or typing. They are echoed in Couldry’s (2004) core questions related to media practices, that is, what do people do and say in relation to media. Integrative practices, by contrast, involve the ordering of many dispersed practices, bound together and made intelligible by more abstract normative ends and emotions shared amongst those performing the practice. General examples might include cooking, motoring, engineering or being a football fan. In turn, dispersed practices are basic constituents of integrative practices (see Schatzki, 2002, pages 242-243). So, for example, the basic competencies of everyday media literacy, such as recognizing media genres, watching and listening to radio or television, or reading, are dispersed practices that, in different combinations, are bundled into integrative practices such as informed citizenship, or childcare, or friendship.
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The Best Social Media Practices for an Individual Franchisee in the Restaurant Industry

The Best Social Media Practices for an Individual Franchisee in the Restaurant Industry

To continue my research on best social media practices for a franchised restaurant I have conducted three interviews about how to utilize social media to elevate a business related to Rock & Brews PCH. I sat down and interviewed Creeky Tiki’s managering partner Mike Marquez, Marston’s Bar n’ Grill bartender Kate Mesa and Tolosa Winery’s marketing and event director Katie Noonan. The interviews I conducted asked questions relating to social media practices, different social media platforms, social media tips and beneficial utilization of social media. The interviewees revealed their most used social media platform as Facebook, but they all use it differently and work with other platforms to spread the word about their business and its services. The answers I received from these three individuals will help me in my results and discussion sections where I will be able to analyze and incorporate some of the useful answers and information they
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Developments in interactive media practices of young people

Developments in interactive media practices of young people

An important part of describing learning ecologies in relation to technology consists of analysing pathways of interactive media participation (Barron, 2006). An analysis of these pathways of participation among young students showed the importance of peers and informal networks of likeminded people in developing expertise in interactive media (Van den Beemt, et al., 2010b). More profound analysis of the interactive media practices of young people showed diversity in both activities and related opinions and preferences (Van den Beemt, et al., 2011). In that study, which serves as the jumping off point for this paper, four categories of interactive media activities were discerned. Each of these four categories represented a specific type of activity and was labelled accordingly: interacting, performing, interchanging and authoring. The category interacting consists of traditional Internet
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JOURNALISM EDUCATION AND MEDIA PRACTICES IN NIGERIA: A CONFLICT ANALYSIS

JOURNALISM EDUCATION AND MEDIA PRACTICES IN NIGERIA: A CONFLICT ANALYSIS

A socially responsible press is measured by the degree of its reflection of the state of affairs in the society which is a common denominator in all press systems worldwide. It is unlikely that any media would gain public acceptance by declaring itself a liar and impartial observer. Even the section of the press that considers itself advocates do not by any means promote one-sided information or false hood. Ideologically in Nigeria, we teach that the journalists should be conscious of the consequences of his or her reports or comment to the society no matter how truthful or fair. To that extent it is becoming increasingly difficult to distinguish journalism from other forms of public communications such as advertising, public relations and propaganda.
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Overview of Current Media Practices and Trends in West Africa

Overview of Current Media Practices and Trends in West Africa

Overall, the forms and content of West African media in Ghana and Nigeria arise from material and practical social relations over time, and so, give evidence of these concrete relationships as they have evolved from the colonial era to the present. Although there are positions that argue the media shapes social relations, there seems to be a preponderance of evidence in this very general overview able to tip the argument in favor of the opposite view, social relations shape the mass media, especially social relations to production. More accurately, it is the dialectical interaction of the media and social relations that produces histories and current trends like those examined in this paper. The colonial era, in part, came about because industrial development in central nations of that epoch’s world system needed new and abundant sources of low wage labor and natural resources that could be processed inexpensively. Although the development of international communication was driven, in part, by the necessity of commerce to communicate over distances with these colonies, the ever expanding and more efficient means of communication afforded a mass media that could serve political, social and culture interests as well. It is not feasible for any state to maintain economic and political dominance over large populations through military force alone. Thus, a hegemonic mass media functions as this term suggests, a mass mediator for the negotiation of power in a global social system.
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‘I Predict a Riot’ – mediation and political contention: Dissent!’s media practices at the 2005 Gleneagles G8 Summit

‘I Predict a Riot’ – mediation and political contention: Dissent!’s media practices at the 2005 Gleneagles G8 Summit

The interviewees offered a limited number of sources for television news with two of them (Barry and Sarah) watching little-to-no television. Despite the BBC’s international reputation for excellence in journalism, a surprising trend in activists’ viewing habits was the open preference of Channel 4 news. Interviewee Scott commented that, “Channel 4 news… is probably the nearest thing we’ve got to a balanced news channel” (interview with Scott, 31/03/2005). Scott, along with other interviewees, expressed a clear lack of trust of the Labour government which, in turn, was projected on to the BBC and its perceived inability to offer accurate – or at least neutral – news coverage. This critical view of the BBC’s close relationship with Labour – a product, according to interviewees, of the BBC’s coverage of the War on Iraq – captures activist lay theories of media at work by elucidating a political-economic perspective in the vein of Herman and Chomsky (1988) or McChesney (2000) that views social actors with a large amount of political and/or economic power and also wielding – or at least have a strong amount of influence over – symbolic power. Lay theories are returned to shortly.
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Social media practices serving co-creation in tourism

Social media practices serving co-creation in tourism

Situated creativity is an extension of the concept of situated knowledge in which knowledge resides not only in the minds of individuals and in external codified forms, but also in situational contexts of spaces and places, languages and media, organisations, networks and other systems of social interaction. Situated creativity thus allows that individual creative acts, such as by an enterpreneur or an artist, - or as a recent development, the consumers - are not the entire domain of creativity in economic and cultural systems, but that creativity is also situated in localised and contingent systems of social interaction. Creativity is always situated both historically and within socio-technical networks inasmuch as it is understood not as a result of a psychological impulse, but rather as the process that results in cultural (and economic) innovation (Potts et al. 2008). The underlying value model is that creativity is the driver of economic and cultural evolution and source of value creation.
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Media Innovations, User Innovations, Societal Innovations

Media Innovations, User Innovations, Societal Innovations

Such broad-based media innovation, then, is necessarily also a form of social and societal innovation. While the specific role of social media, defined narrowly as Facebook, Twitter, and similar platforms, is often overstated, all media are inherently social, and with continuing innovation in contemporary media practices the social aspects of media are becoming increasingly difficult to ignore. Especially as they are transitioned to and remediated through online channels, older media forms such as print and broadcast gain additional elements of sociality: they are shared, commented upon, and reappropriated by users, who thereby diminish and even eradicate the traditional distinctions between media producers and media audiences. Newer forms of media, on the other hand, increasingly start out without such in-built differences in the first place: media which are social by design, from Facebook to Pinterest, extend an open invitation to potential participants regardless of their prior histories of media content use and creation. These platforms, by contrast, anticipate the emergence of new roles and structures as an inevitable result of the social processes which take place amongst their userbase: depending on their contribution and commitment, some users will almost necessarily emerge as more central to the community than others. (The same process takes place, though potentially overlaid and encumbered by persisting legacy structures, as older media are remediated in new environments: hence the emergence of Andy Carvin as a news media organisation in his own right during the Arab Spring, as discussed above.)
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An exploratory study of the strategic marketing practices of ICT firms in India : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Marketing, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand

An exploratory study of the strategic marketing practices of ICT firms in India : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Marketing, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand

influences firm performance; Relationship marketing practices, product practices positioning practices, targeting practices, social media practices and pricing practices have significant influence on customer satisfaction in the ICT firms in India. It is also evident that relationship marketing practices, product practices, targeting practices and social media practices have an indirect effect on firm performance through customer satisfaction in these firms.

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Professional Demand of Objectivity and Its Effect on Media Objectivity in Conflict  Management in Journalism

Professional Demand of Objectivity and Its Effect on Media Objectivity in Conflict Management in Journalism

This study has taken a look at media objectivity, conflict and conflict management as well as the role of the me- dia in conflict management. It also reviewed some conflict situations that occurred in Nigeria in 2002 and in 2006, looking at the causes, the role played by the media and how they would have been avoided through an ef- fective gate keeping function. It was found that the media are naturally attracted to conflict and some journalists/ media organisations use their position to fight individual or group battle while others blow some seemingly in- nocuous issues out of proportion thereby generating conflict in the society. It was also noted that the media sometimes play down, frame or slant some facts to avoid escalation of conflict but these negate the principle of objectivity. Media practices which undermine the ethical principles of journalism—objectivity—were analysed and better approaches to conflict management which does not negate the ethical code advocated. This study submits that the media can better manage conflict without breaching the cherished tenet of journalism through gate keeping, peace journalism, investigative journalism, and proactive conflict management approaches among others.
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Social Media and Workplace Practices in Higher Education Institutions: a Review

Social Media and Workplace Practices in Higher Education Institutions: a Review

acknowledging there is a paucity of research on the use of social media at an institutional level. Davis et al. (2014) updated this with a later review but the focus is still on student use or communication with students from the institution, with no attention paid to social media practices in HE that are not student-related. Tess (2013) reviews the literature on the affordances and impact of social media in general, then discusses how social media applications have served as course management systems, and reviews work on specific applications: Facebook, Twitter, and blogging. Here the focus is not exclusively on student use, but certainly it stays within the bounds of pedagogy and teaching. Other elements of academic practice, such as research, administration and professional development, are not addressed in the review. The impression, from these reviews, is the “HE institution” as a collectivity of students only. Social media are not discussed as something which may have an impact on the staff of the institution (cf. Veletsianos & Kimmons, 2013) and the
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“Citizen Journalism” in the Syrian Uprising: Problematizing Western Narratives in a Local Context

“Citizen Journalism” in the Syrian Uprising: Problematizing Western Narratives in a Local Context

Against the backdrop of empirical examples of digital videos from the Arab uprisings, particularly the situation in Syria, I follow a dual approach that takes into account both the changing Western narratives about new technologies and the local contexts in which digital media are used. Context is defined by the particular intellectual history, political milieu in question, and people’s locally-situated agency (Chung, 2013). Disentangling different forms of digital media practices is then necessary in order to contribute to addressing the question, posed by Chouliaraki (2012a ), “under what conditions may convergent journalism facilitate the articulation of ordinary voice by non- Western others?” ( p. 270)
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An exploratory study of the strategic marketing practices of ICT firms in India : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Marketing, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand

An exploratory study of the strategic marketing practices of ICT firms in India : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Marketing, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand

remains largely unexplored in literature (Järvinen, Tollinen, Karjaluoto & Jayawardhena, 2012; Schultz et al., 2012). In this research study the social media practices of the ICT firms are examined. ICT firms have the technological competency to use online networks and their customers are proficient in internet use. These firms rely on the internet more than any other firms in the business sector. Hence engagement in social media platforms has become a strategic choice for the success of these firms. The common thread that runs through the social media literature is the fact that firms use to communicate and to interact with their customers (Järvinen et al., 2012; Schultz et al., 2012; Trainor, 2012; Fisher, 2009; Smith, 2009; Deans, Gray, Ibbotson, Osbourne & Knightbridge, 2003; Moen, Endresen & Gavlen, 2003). Social media is widely used by firms to attract, develop and enhance their relationships with their customers. Academicians and practitioners agree that social media networks have become an important facilitator of customer relationships in firms. Constant and continuous interaction with customers through social media helps to maintain relationships with customers.
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Invasive Job Hiring Practices and Social Media Data Usage Knowledge on Job Intentions

Invasive Job Hiring Practices and Social Media Data Usage Knowledge on Job Intentions

Social media users must understand that privacy online is difficult to ensure. Information posted regardless of your privacy settings may become public. Friends may release it, or third parties granted access by the site. Regardless, hiring companies will try to access it. They are using social media information for vetting applicants (Karl, Peluchette, & Schlaegal, 2010; Levinson, 2010; Preston, 2011; Wilson et al., 2012). Coupled with former and current employer’s reluctance to provide anything more than cursory information because of potential litigation, social media use in the hiring process will continue (Brown & Vaughn, 2011). Social media searches are free, quick, and usually do not require your consent (Brown & Vaughn, 2011). Although questions remain about its validity for use in hiring (Brown & Vaughn, 2011; Davison et al., 2011; Van, Iddekinge et al., 2016; Lucero et al., 2013), many believe in its effectiveness (Back et al., 2010;
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Practices Of Social Media And Its Waves In Cyber Bullying

Practices Of Social Media And Its Waves In Cyber Bullying

, of influential political leaders use it, to communicate with its public and the world. Members of ‗generation-Z‘ are true digital natives, as they are born and brought up in a digitalized environment. Looking to the growing importance of digitalization of society, this paper investigates the tendency to use social media and its effect on grown-ups in the region of Al-Kharj in Saudi Arabia. And the population is primarily the university college students in the age group above 18 years. Every phenomenon has positive as well as negative effects, so does the social networking sites usage. Among teens – the addiction to be online, cyber bullying, scratch to the image only due to somebody‘s notoriety, scoring low in higher education due to excessive spending time online, incorrect self-diagnosis, enthused by misleading content, it may decrease relational abilities due to lack of face to face contact within real society, adverse effect on physical or psychological wellness of ————————————————
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Parents of Preschoolers: Expert Media Recommendations and Ratings Knowledge, Media-Effects Beliefs, and Monitoring Practices

Parents of Preschoolers: Expert Media Recommendations and Ratings Knowledge, Media-Effects Beliefs, and Monitoring Practices

By their parents’ report, preschoolers in the present study have more screen media exposure than recom- mended by the AAP. Pediatricians must continue to educate parents about the need for preschoolers to par- ticipate in nonscreen media experiences that promote language development, socialization, imagination, and physical activity. These parents seem convinced that popular media have either short-term or long-term ef- fects on children, and they express concern about vio- lent content. Although they recognize the importance of monitoring their child’s screen media experience, par- ents lack knowledge about the aids that are currently available, in particular television and video game ratings. Although imperfect, ratings do give parents a general idea about media content. Although professionals should work to improve the ratings, and ultimately to implement a universal ratings system for all screen me- dia, parents need to be encouraged to improve their understanding of current ratings.
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Assessing Undergraduate Students’ Sexual Practices, Perceptions of Risk and Sources of Information

Assessing Undergraduate Students’ Sexual Practices, Perceptions of Risk and Sources of Information

It is clear that the teachers 47.8% in the present study played an important role in heightening the awareness of sexually transmitted infections as the undergraduates have indicated receiving information from them. This was also supported by the respondents in the FGD who highlighted some information received from their teachers including “how to put on a condom” and “being taught about the body and puberty”, “how one feels when one has the urge to have sex” and “different ways to prevent STIs”. Abdool Karim and Meyer-Weitz [10], in their study reported that the teachers as a medium through which the respondents received information. Though mass media campaigns utilizing television radio, posters and billboards have been shown to be more effective for addressing specific issues have also been proven to be effective in increasing knowledge, improving self-efficacy to use condoms, influencing social norms, increasing the amount of interpersonal communication and raising awareness of health services [10].
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Exploring information experience using social media during the 2011 Queensland Floods: a pilot study

Exploring information experience using social media during the 2011 Queensland Floods: a pilot study

Social media networks have emerged as a powerful tool in allowing collaboration and sharing of information during times of crisis (Axel Bruns, The Centre for Creative Industries Blog, comment posted January 19, 2011). The 2011 Queensland floods provided a unique opportunity to explore social media use during an emergency. This paper presents the findings of a pilot study that explored the information experiences of people using social media during the flooding of the Brisbane River. Analysis of data from four interviews supported the emergence of four categories of information experience. Examination of the categories revealed the way in which individuals experienced social media and the point of the flooding at which each category of experience occurred. Information regarding individuals’ use of social media has the potential to inform the development of social media platforms that can provide relevant and accessible information for the general public in the event of a natural disaster. Category 1: Monitoring information
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Does social media usage matter? An analysis of online practices and digital media perceptions of communication practitioners in Europe

Does social media usage matter? An analysis of online practices and digital media perceptions of communication practitioners in Europe

Furthermore, a significant portion of the research conducted so far has attempted to provide recommendations to practitioners on how to take advantage of new technologies to help organizations to build relationships, solve problems, and to enact socially responsible goals. Rational arguments and suggestions include: to engage in direct and open conversation with publics, addressing the needs, concerns, and interests of publics while disseminating organizational information (Men & Tsai, 2012), to provide an easy-to-use interface for their stakeholders, keep visitors on the site, encourage users to return, engage in dialogic communication (Li & Bernoff, 2011; McCorkindale & Morgoch, 2013), to establish clear rules to encourage and facilitate participation (Kent, 2013) and to balance between participation involving openness and community and effectiveness in representing organizational objectives (Macnamara & Zerfass, 2012). In short, authenticity, transparency, dialogue, sharing and giving control are some of the ‘social rules’ that social media requires (Rodríguez, 2006).
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Role of Media in Promoting Good Hygiene and Health practices among Bangalore Urban Slums

Role of Media in Promoting Good Hygiene and Health practices among Bangalore Urban Slums

 The level of awareness about Health and Hygiene practices was found to be very low. It was also observed that in any eventuality the slum-dwellers chose to go to chemist for tablets then going to the doctor. It seems that they have not realized the importance of consulting a doctor than a chemist. This may be presumably because of lack of access to health care. The government should consider creating a dispensary around major slums where the density of population is very high. It was also pathetic to notice that the drainage facility was totally absent. It seemed like breeding place for all epidemics. The BBMP should contemplate of creating a separate window for addressing the health and hygiene issues of the slum dwellers. It may not be possible to eradicate all slums for various reasons. However, it is possible to improve the living conditions in such slums.
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