Reviewer for: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Journal of MedicalEntomology, Malaria Journal, Acta Tropica, Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, Journal of Vector Ecology, Medical and VeterinaryEntomology, Journal of Parasitology, Experimental Parasitology, Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vaccine Research, Parasitology Today, Trends in Parasitology, Science, American Journal of Epidemiology, Insect Science and Its Application, Science, Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Journal of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Parasitology, Nature Protocols, PLoS ONE, PLos NTD, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Journal of Insect Physiology, Journal of Applied Ecology, Journal of Infectious Diseases, Ethiopian Journal of Science, Environment International, Pest Management Science, Scientific Reports, Science, and Nature.
species are recognised vectors of Plasmodium, the agent of malaria . Identification of arthropod species, both vectors and non-vectors, is a core capacity in the field of medical and veterinaryentomology. Accurate identifica- tion of a species involved in transmitting a pathogen is essential for a proper understanding of the mechanisms that govern any biological system. Knowing which arthropod species transmit vector-borne diseases is also vital to providing species-specific focused control pro- grammes and to correctly identifying disease risk and exposure .
Insects are the most important, in terms of number and diversity, group of animals on the earth. Insects have colonized all the world’s environments and are associated with both human life and death. Although their economical and sanitary importance is well documented, in the past few years they have been used also in a forensic context. In forensic entomology, necrophagous insects have proved useful in; studying postmortem interval (PMI), postmortem transfer (the movement of a body from one location to another after death), presence of drugs or poisons, and in identifying the victim and/or the suspect. Many species can be used to estimate the minimum PMI (mPMI), according to the stage of cadaver decomposition, body exposure, geographical region, and season. The most important British flies of forensic interest are described.
The Board also administers programs designed to reduce the shortage of practitioners in certain professional fields. These programs include Osteopathic Medical Scholarship Program, the Nursing Student Scholarship Program, the Optometry Scholarship Program, and the Teacher Scholarship Program. In general, recipients must practice in the state for one year in exchange for every year they receive a scholarship. Depending on the program, recipients may also be required to practice in underserved areas within the state. Students who fail to meet the program’s service requirements must repay the scholarship with interest to be used to finance additional scholarships. The staff positions that manage these programs are budgeted in the Administration program.
The collections of the Moravian Museum, Brno, and of the National Museum in Prague also contain ant material from Czech expeditions to Afghanistan and Iraq in 1950s and 1960s which was identifi ed by Bohdan Pisarski (1928–1992), a Polish myrmecologist and professor of entomology based at the Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw (P ISARSKI 1960, 1970). The collection of the Moravian Museum was further enriched with
governmental or professional standard for the desired ratio of veterinarians per human or animal population. Also, the total number of veterinarians in the state may not necessarily be an accurate indicator of total veterinary service: there may be an ample supply of small-animal veterinarians in urban areas, and a severe shortage of food-and-fiber veterinarians in rural areas. While this report includes various cross-state comparisons, these measures alone may not be sufficient to determine optimal or minimal need for veterinary services in the state. The Coordinating Board offers recommendations with the acknowledgement that any decision about the expansion of the existing veterinary school at Texas A&M University, or the creation of a new veterinary school, should be made through an analysis of projected demand for student opportunity and demand for services.
o Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) emerged in the 1980s as a disease of cows produced by an aberrant protein (prions). This disease is a food-borne human pathogen producing new variant Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease in people. This event has changed how cattle are fed and the standards of global agricultural trade. The investigation of this disease, and its ultimate solution required an integrated approach by scientists and health policymakers across multiple disciplines. A similar disease, chronic wasting disease (CWD) of elk, deer and moose is spreading in North America. The mechanism of transmission is not understood. There is a risk of spread to cattle and other food animals and ultimately to humans, since the prion protein of CWD can be efficiently converted to a form that apparently overcomes the structural barriers between more distant species. A One Health approach to CWD envisions the convergence of human, veterinary, wildlife disease and research scientists to establish improved surveillance and diagnostic methods, define the transmission chain, risk of cross-species spread, and control strategies.
The NEAT consortium (see: http://www.neat-network.eu/) aims to develop and strengthen educational materials and delivery methods to animal health professionals. It is a group of animal health economists and professionals with a particular interest in the field; all 60 partners (mainly from European countries) of the project have strong links through training, research and consultancies to the animal health services and/or livestock sectors of Member States. The immediate aim of NEAT is to provide an overview of the status quo of education and training activities and techniques in EAH and to investigate the needs and expectations of end users. Once this has been determined, the long-term aim of the consortium is two-fold: i) to develop a diverse set of EAH teaching materials that are suited to the varying skill levels and interests of the animal health profession, and ii) to be influential in embedding sustained EAH education into veterinary curricula. We thank all the respondents to the questionnaires and NEAT partners for their involvement in the questionnaire administration.
advocate Dr. Steve Budsberg at this year’s American College of Veterinary Surgeons Symposium and took the opportunity to ask Dr. Budsberg his take on some of the current issues in EBVM. Dr. Budsberg, an orthopedic surgeon at the University of Georgia, USA, is a past president and charter member of the Evidence-base VeterinaryMedical Association and on the program committee for Veterinary Evidence Today: The 2016 EBVM Network Conference, to be held in November, in Edinburgh.
Cardy, T. J.A., Lam, R., Peters, L. M., McLaren, P. J., Matas Riera, M. and De Decker, S. (2017), Successful medical management of a domestic longhair cat with subdural intracranial empyema and multifocal pneumonia. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care. doi:10.1111/vec.12566
Background: Intestinal schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni is a wide spread disease in most parts of Ethiopian highlands. Snail control is one major strategy in schistosomiasis control. The use of molluscicidal plant products is becoming interesting due to their environmental friendliness, accessibility and easy application. This research is aimed to evaluate the molluscicidal effect of Achyranthes aspera on Biomphalaria pfeifferi and Lymnaea natalensis snails, which are of great medical and veterinary importance in Ethiopia.