The results obtained in this study contrast with previ- ous studies, which do not consider bromeliads as im- portant potential breeding sites for Ae. aegypti [26, 28, 40], including for South Florida . However, Miami- Dade County has been undergoing intense efforts to control vector mosquitoes, employing both chemical and biological strategies, as well as breeding site removal as part of IVM strategies, which may translate as strong se- lective pressures for Ae. aegypti populations that may be leading to a shift in their behavior and triggering adapta- tion processes. The fact that immature Ae. aegypti had been more abundantly found breeding in bromeliads than Wy. mitchellii and Wy. vanduzeei, considered adapted to breed in plants from the family Bromeliaceae, with impli- cations to local control strategies. Also, the fact that no predator has been found preying on immature mosquitoes breeding in ornamental bromeliads constitutes a habitat in which vector-mosquitoes can potentially grow indis- criminately, positively driving their abundance.
participant group many of whom already had unfilled prescriptions for antihypertensive medication and there- fore may have been more aware of their elevated risk for death or disability. It’s also notable that even when in- surance status, hypertension, and other factors were ad- justed, Hispanics, who constitute 65% of the population in Miami-Dade County were less likely to match than Black or White non-Hispanics . Our study results alone cannot explain if this finding is confounded by other factors that we did not study (e.g. socioeconomic status, unemployment rate, etc..) or is a genuine indication of ethnic disparity.
This study concluded that when a school address has a good Walk Score, it does not necessarily mean that it has a low total crime index. For example, South Pointe Elementary School, which is located in Miami Beach, has the highest Walk Score “94” while the TCI of the area is 191, which is considered to be above average. Another example is West Lake Preparatory Academy, which is located in Hialeah, has a WalkScore of “23” whereas the TCI of the area is 81. Using the Walk Score has some limitations, such as it does not differentiate between supermarket or a small grocery store that sells chips and liquor in the scoring criteria. Another limitation is the use total crime index provided by the South Florida Business Journal. This method of estimating the average total crime index has been calculated for zip codes and is not for a specific address. Living in a suburban area which is more car-dependent may have its effect on the people’s preference to drive rather than walk or bike. Moreover, perceived safety from the parents’ perspective is another factor that may impact the residents’ decision on preferring walking or biking over driving to reach a certain destination. A very recent study concluded that children may not gain the same benefits from the built environment compared to adolescents (McGrath, 2015). This may be attributed directly to parents’ perspective of perceived safety. Furthermore, the weather may play a role in influencing individuals to drive rather than walk or bike. In this study, we used TCI to measure the crime whereas there are specific types of crimes we did not observed, such as personal crime, property crime, burglary … etc. These variables should be investigated to derive a much more specific conclusion.
Milwaukee County, WI Honolulu County, HI Travis County (Martinez), TX Bexar County (San Antonio), TX Cuyahoga County (Cleveland), OH Alameda County (Oakland), CA Palm Beach County, FL King County (Seattle), WA Saint Louis County, MO Broward County (Fort Lauderdale), FL Miami Dade County, FL Harris County (Houston), TX Franklin County (Minneapolis), OH Oakland County (Pontiac), MI Shelby County (Memphis), TN Wayne County (Detroit), MI Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), PA Hennepin County (Austin), MN Sacramento County, CA Cook County (Chicago), IL Los Angeles County, CA Suffolk County (Riverhead), NY Santa Clara County, CA Contra Costa County (Rockville), CA Hillsborough County (Tampa), FL Fulton County (Atlanta), GA Middlesex County (Cambridge), MA Tarrant County (Fort Worth), TX Clark County (Las Vegas), NV Orange County (Columbus), FL Pima County (Tucson), AZ Dallas County, TX Philadelphia County, PA Orange County (Santa Ana), CA Maricopa County (Phoenix), AZ San Diego County, CA Fresno County, CA Montgomery County, MD San Bernardino County, CA Westchester County (White Plains), NY Mecklenburg County (Charlotte), NC Nassau County (Mineola), NY Riverside County, CA Wake County (Raleigh), NC Fairfax County, VA Salt Lake County, UT New York County (Manhattan), NY Bronx County, NY Queens County, NY Kings County (Brooklyn), NY National
The broad nature and limited empirical support for the theoretical literature on regional growth management, metropolitan agglomeration, and urban regime theory provides little guidance in testing the theories’ validity. Although all three models provide valuable insights regarding autonomy and decision-making at the local level and recognize the privileged position of business, each model differs in regard to which actors it finds essential to effective decision- making coalitions. As the models build upon one another, the local government collaboration with county and state governments working within the local economy recommended by regional growth management becomes an expansion from metropolitan agglomeration and its basic premise of political and economic collaboration at the local level. In succession, urban regime theory, building upon metropolitan agglomeration and regional growth management, is the most complete model of the three because it recommends collaboration among governments, business and civil society, thereby recognizing the scope and value of all types of political actors in both the public and private sectors. Hence, I will examine all three models, particularly focusing on how urban regime theory best explains the decentralization of government and how the
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Most of the town government officials who spoke at the committee meeting cited the county’s lack of transparency as necessitating the proposed amendment. Ronald Wasson, Bay Harbor’s town manager, said that “Too often or almost always, when a property is being designated, most times the property owner is only alerted after the cart has left the barn, or the horse has left the barn. And now the property owner, they wish to fight it, or are not in favor of it, is left to fight the county and the county commission.” 56 He complained about county process, seeking to justify the opt-out through alarmist language. Vice-Mayor Jordan Leonard, who had demonstrated public support for this amendment for months, used the county’s proposed Bay Harbor historic district in his argument. He discussed his unease at the county’s “clandestine approach for notifying property owners too far into the process, and, in one case, not at all: Their consideration at one time to designate over half of our town as a historic district without even the input of our community or leaders as to the fiscal implications that come with such an
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The principal funding for this study was provided by the Wellcome Trust (085475/B/08/Z, 085475/Z/08/Z, 075491/ Z/04/Z and 068545/Z/02). The work was also supported by National Institutes of Health (AI076544, NS032830, NS049477, NS19142, NS049510, NS26799, NS43559, NS067305, CA104021, RR020092, RR024992 and K23N/ S048869), US National Multiple Sclerosis Society (RG 4201-A-1), Nancy Davis Foundation, Cambridge NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, UK Medical Research Council (G0700061, G0000934), Multiple Sclerosis Society of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (898/08), Wolfson Royal Society Merit Award, Peter Doherty fellowship, Lagrange Fellowship, Harry Weaver Neuroscience Scholarships, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Australian Research Council Linkage Program Grant, JHH Charitable Trust Fund, Multiple Sclerosis Research Australia, Health Research Council New Zealand, National MS Society of New Zealand, Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Multiple Sclerose, Bayer Chair on Fundamental Genetic Research regarding the Neuroimmunological aspects of Multiple Sclerosis, Biogen Idec Chair Translational Research in Multiple Sclerosis, FWO-Vlaanderen, Belgian Neurological Society, Danish Multiple Sclerosis Society, Neuropromise EU grant (LSHM-CT-2005-018637), Center of Excellence for Disease Genetics of the Academy of Finland, Sigrid Juselius Foundation, Helsinki University Central Hospital Research Foundation, Bundesministerium für Bildung und Technologie (KKNMS consortium Control MS), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), Association pour la Recherche sur la Sclérose En Plaques (ARSEP), Association Française contre les Myopathies (AFM), Italian Foundation for Multiple Sclerosis (2002/R/40, 2005/R/ 10, 2008/R/11 and 2008/R/15), Italian Ministry of Health (grant Giovani Ricercatori 2007 - D.lgs 502/92), Regione Piemonte (grants 2003, 2004, 2008, 2009), CRT Foundation, Turin, Moorfields / UCL Institute of Ophthalmology NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Norwegian MS Register and Biobank, Research Council of Norway, South- Eastern and Western Norway regional Health Authories, Ullevål University Hospital Scientific Advisory Council, Haukeland University Hospital, Amici Centro Sclerosi Multipla del San Raffaele (ACESM), Association of British Neurologists, Spanish Ministry of Health(FISPI060117), Bibbi and Niels Jensens Foundation, Montel Williams foundation, Hjärnfonden and Swedish medical research council (8691), Stockholm County Council (562183), Swedish Council for Working life and Social Research, Gemeinnützige Hertie Stiftung, Northern California Kaiser Permanente members and Polpharma Foundation, and Washington University Institute of Clinical and Translational Sciences - Brain, Behavioral and Performance Unit.
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ions at energies low enough such that they come to rest within the thickness of a TEM sample and to also irradiate with heavier species at energies sufficient to cause large numbers of atomic displacements makes this facility ideally suited to the study of materials for use in nuclear environments. TEM allows the internal microstructure of a sample to be imaged at the nanoscale. By irradiating in situ it is possible to observe the dynamic evolution of radiation damage which can occur during irradiation as a result of competing processes within the system being studied. Furthermore, experimental variables such as temperature can be controlled and maintained throughout both irradiation and observation. This combination of capabilities enables an understanding of the underlying atomistic processes to be gained and thus gives invaluable insights into the fundamental physics governing the response of materials to irradiation. Details of the design and specifications of the MIAMI facility are given along with examples of initial experimental results in silicon and silicon carbide. © 2011 American Vacuum Society. 关DOI: 10.1116/1.3543707兴
According to the report, the following persons are officially considered as homeless in Miami-Dade County: first, people who live in publicly or privately operated shelters, second, people, whose primary residence is a private or public place not intended to use for accommodation for human beings, third, a person who is exiting an institution, where (s)he resided for 90 days or less, and who was homeless prior to entering the institution, fourth, a person who is fleeing from a domestic violence situation, fifth, a person who is to lose the place of res- idence within 14 days and has no resources to obtain another permanent housing (Council on Homeless, 2013). Therefore, as compared to the homeless people definition by the United Nations, Miami-Dade County employs the wider approach to homelessness, where both people that lack sufficient shelter and those in risk are consi- dered homeless.
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tricts and counties, between 8.26 ∼ 51.52 %. Significant in- crease in a larger proportion for Zhenba County, Ziyang County, Xunyang County, Zhashui County, Shangzhou Dis- trict, Shanyang county and Yun county, were more than 20 %. The largest is in Shangzhou District, and it reached 31.11 %. Overall, the NDVI increased proportion in each county is far greater than the proportion of reduced. The reason for the decrease of vegetation index in Hantai is that in recent years, Hantai district has been actively developing and building in- dustrial parks, and the total area of cultivated land has de- creased by 16.56 % from 2000 to 2016.
European Union studies were initiated at the University of Miami’s Graduate School of International Studies as a scholarly response to the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s, and since then have developed into a strong discipline supported by the professors and students who dedicate much time and effort to develop research topics, publish articles and books, and participate in European Union related activities both at home and abroad. As a result of these efforts, external actors have also contributed to the growth and development of European Union studies at the University of Miami. First, in the Spring of 2001, the European Commission awarded Professor Joaquín Roy a Jean Monnet Chair, one of the first four granted to professors in the United States. The award was given for his efforts in developing courses on the European Union and his scholarly publications in the field. Second, the European Commission awarded a European Union Center (one of the 15 in the United States) to a consortium formed by the University of Miami and Florida International University. The Center’s mission is to teach, research, and sponsor activities to promote awareness of the European Union.
The paper is organized as follows : first we recall the definition and basic properties of (almost) extraspecial p-groups. In Section 3, we recall some notation and results on the Dade group. In Section 4, we state some combinatorial results on the geometry of (almost) extraspecial p-groups. Section 5 is devoted to the proof of a particular relation between relative syzygies of the trivial module that holds for this class of groups. In section 6, we state a cohomological property of a particular subposet E of the poset of subgroups of P (and that is where the Tits building mentioned in the abstract appears). In section 7 we describe three coefficient systems related to the poset E, and in the next section, we let them fit into an exact sequence. Sections 9 and 10 give the inductive step of our proof, whereas Section 11 handles the initial steps of induction.
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(cf. ). The equivalence classes whose cap is endotrivial form a subgroup of D(P ), denoted by T (P ). Note that two endotrivial kP -modules are equivalent if and only if they are isomorphic in the stable module category of kP -modules. The Dade group is contravariant functorial in P . If P and Q are two finite p-groups and ϕ : Q → P is a group homomorphism, we denote for any kP -module M by Res ϕ (M ), or sometimes simply by ϕ M , the kQ-module which is equal to M as
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Because the system of government assessments inherently introduces some randomness in tax burdens, having the right to appeal holds the promise of improving horizontal equity. 1 Weber and McMillen (WM, 2010) were the first to study appeals. They used Chicago data to estimate the probability of appeal and given an appeal the probability that the appellant ’s assessed value was lowered. We build upon their work in three respects. First, we use data on single-family homes located in Miami- Dade County, Florida, to estimate the probability of appeal using WM’s explanatory variables as well as a number of additional determinants that are shown to be important. 2 Second, for those homeowners filing an appeal, in lieu of estimating the probability of an assessment reduction, we estimate the percentage reduction in their assessed value, again using an augmented set of explanatory variables. 3 Third, and most importantly, our focus differs from that of WM. Their primary interest was on how the probability of appeal and the
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a free kP -module L. They all have an indecomposable direct summand with vertex P and are obviously endo-permutation modules. So we can consider the same relation as before and look at the corresponding group T (P ), which turns out to be a subgroup of D(P ) (note that the classes in T (P) contain, in general, less elements than the corresponding ones in D(P )). The following theorem is due to Dade. It classifies all endo-permutation modules (up to equivalence) in the abelian case and shows that T(P ) is of relevant importance when studying D(P ).
The National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging (NIH-NIA) supported this work through the following grants: ADGC, U01 AG032984, RC2 AG036528; NACC, U01 AG016976; NCRAD, U24 AG021886; NIA LOAD, U24 AG026395, U24 AG026390; Banner Sun Health Research Institute P30 AG019610; Boston University, P30 AG013846, U01 AG10483, R01 CA129769, R01 MH080295, R01 AG017173, R01 AG025259, R01AG33193; Columbia University, P50 AG008702, R37 AG015473; Duke University, P30 AG028377, AG05128; Emory University, AG025688; Group Health Research Institute, UO1 AG06781, UO1 HG004610; Indiana University, P30 AG10133; Johns Hopkins University, P50 AG005146, R01 AG020688; Massachusetts General Hospital, P50 AG005134; Mayo Clinic, P50 AG0016574, U01 AG006786; Mount Sinai School of Medicine, P50 AG005138, P01 AG002219; New York University, P30 AG08051, MO1RR00096, UL1 RR029893, 5R01AG012101, 5R01AG022374, 5R01AG013616, 1RC2AG036502, 1R01AG035137; Northwestern University, P30 AG013854; Oregon Health & Science University, P30 AG008017, R01 AG026916; Rush University, P30 AG010161, R01 AG019085, R01 AG15819, R01 AG17917, R01 AG30146; TGen, R01 NS059873; University of Alabama at Birmingham, P50 AG016582, UL1RR02777; University of Arizona, R01 AG031581; University of California, Davis, P30 AG010129; University of California, Irvine, P50 AG016573, P50, P50 AG016575, P50 AG016576, P50 AG016577; University of California, Los Angeles, P50 AG016570; University of California, San Diego, P50 AG005131; University of California, San Francisco, P50 AG023501, P01 AG019724; University of Kentucky, P30 AG028383, AG05144; University of Michigan, P50 AG008671; University of Pennsylvania, P30 AG010124; University of Pittsburgh, P50 AG005133, AG030653; University of Southern California, P50 AG005142; University of Texas Southwestern, P30 AG012300; University of Miami, R01 AG027944, AG010491, AG027944, AG021547, AG019757; University of Washington, P50 AG005136; Vanderbilt University, R01 AG019085; and Washington University, P50 AG005681, P01 AG03991. The Kathleen Price Bryan Brain Bank at Duke University Medical Center is funded by NINDS grant # NS39764, NIMH MH60451 and by Glaxo Smith Kline. Genotyping of the TGEN2 cohort was supported by Kronos Science. The TGen series was also funded by NIA grant AG034504 to AJM, The Banner Alzheimer ’ s Foundation, The Johnnie B. Byrd Sr. Alzheimer ’ s Institute, the Medical Research Council, and the state of Arizona and also includes samples from the following sites: Newcastle Brain Tissue Resource (funding via the Medical Research Council, local NHS trusts and Newcastle University), MRC London Brain Bank for Neurodegenerative Diseases (funding via the Medical Research Council),South West Dementia Brain Bank (funding via numerous sources including the Higher Education Funding Council for
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