Alongside Kelman’s introduction of Scottish vernacular – or what I refer to as lingua scotia in the Introduction – Welsh also experiments with narrative structure in
Trainspotting in a manner that suggests a Kafkaesque crisis of linguistic subjectivity. At first, Trainspotting does not appear to have a main character and for the first half of the novel, it is sometimes hard to identify which character is the narrator. Between short stories and a novel, Trainspotting is fragmented into episodic tales told by a variety of voices, just as Kelman describes the dizzying cacophony of minor voices flooding onto the pages of his novels. Little by little links between these episodes become clear to finally focus around Mark Renton. What is narrated is reflected in the narrative technique: the novel offers a fragmented and rhizomatic vision of life mirrored in a hybrid construction and discontinuous narration with several first-person and third-person narrators episodes, somewhat drawn together in the same struggle for survival. The novel’s narrative also refers back to both the eighteenth (orality) and nineteenth century tradition (literacy) in which continuity and discontinuity, orality and literacy and vignettes and novellas are in constant conflict, causing the reader to get lost in a whirlwind of affects, events, and intensities. From Kafka to Kelman to Welsh, the common link between these excavators of lost voices is in their use of language against itself, the use of narration against the novel, the Brechtian revolt of the very medium itself. This, as I discussed in the Introduction, is the revolutionary experience of minorliterature, or the literary practice of deterritorialising the dominant, majoritarian voices of the State. Against the replication of national
Nükhet Esen underlines that Margosyan’s narrative constitutes an alternative to “the long-dominant nationalist stories reflecting a non-existent homogeneity.” Esen further remarks that Margosyan’s literature contributes to “the possibility of multiple narratives in Turkish Literature.” (2007, 135) Margosyan’s short stories and his novel TT which promote hybrid postcolonial identities and calls attention to the point of departure from the long-dominant nationalist narratives in order to wipe the national taboo of remembrance out. Ulus Baker carefully reworks on the notion of minorliterature by treating it not as a specialized genre but as a kırık (break) within the majoritarian literature (1999, 25). Margosyan’s postcolonial writings effectuate mechanisms of remembrances. They help one to identify multiculturalism among society, which is deemed homogeneous by the colonial will. On the other hand, among his postcolonial writings, which set forth a nationalist and essentialist narrative of the Armenian community, the ambiguity resides within Margosyan’s writings. The way he simultaneously wanders around the two opposing poles of postcolonial approach, nationalism and hybridity manifests the minor breaks within his literature. In addition to the attempts of Aras publishing house to include his writings in the national canon and his attempts at nationalization and essentialization for the particular purposes explained before, Margosyan nevertheless continuously tends to deterritorialize with his move towards hybridity. He calls for the reader to participate to the text. He assigns agencies to his characters. He applies different languages and the vernacular to express such agencies. He warns the reader about them concurrently. These constitute his main attempts to deterritorialize the postcolonial understanding on the basis of nationalization. He moves towards minorliterature as hybrid phase of literature, which is anti-nationalist and anti-essentialist.
For Deleuze and Guattari, all great literature is minor and is, therefore, not a single univocal entity but rather an assemblage. Manuel DeLanda, commenting on the nature of the assemblage, observes that “a component part of an assemblage may be detached from it and plugged into a different assemblage in which its interactions are different [. . .]. Assemblages may be taken apart while at the same time [. . .] the interaction between parts may result in a true synthesis” (10). Plugging-in, here, describes the flexible process by which elements in the assemblage link to other elements and other assemblages and where both elements in relation to each other effect a change but without losing their original characteristics. A simple example would be that of a toolbox where the tools are fitted together to perform a particular function and then be dismantled. John Phillips remarks that “assemblage” is originally agencement in French and the word has the connotations of “ ‘arrangement,’ ‘fitting’ or ‘fixing’” (108-9)—almost like fitting the parts of a body or a machine together. Both the concept of minorliterature and the related notion of the assemblage can be seen as forming an extremely significant framework in the field of literary interpretation itself. Such a framework forces readers to reconsider the fundamental nature of the text and because of this, it is possible to consider other media (such as games) as not only cultural documents that function as assemblages but also function according to the same modes of enunciation as texts that are more recognizably classified as “literary.”
example of a minorliterature, a literature that engages minor uses of a language within that language’s major modes. As an Estonian estate owner with a Swedish aristocratic lineage born in England, Stenbock’s class and linguistic background are complicated; at the very least, however, they can be used to explain literary acts that share some of the same material (i.e. gothic and vampire tales) in ways that have gone unexplained. The final grammatical eccentricity of the middle (shorter) paragraph involves a dichotomy between crafted and found musical instruments, or perhaps more properly between highly crafted and Gabriel-crafted natural instruments, punctuated by both a colon and a dash -- exceeding the dichotomization effected by either one or the other. “He would play upon every conceivable instrument, holding a violin here, there, and everywhere except the right place: manufacturing instruments for himself out of reeds -- even sticks”(120). Although when he concedes to lessons he learns very well, it is upon the self-made instruments from nature that he prefers to play (“efforts to induce” piano lessons were “futile” -- 120).
It’s only one note, the type of 3 rd which gives them their flavour.
All that’s different about them is whether they’ve the big 3 rd or the small 3 rd .
We still talk about MAJOR chords and MINOR chords.
We use a lower case “m” for minor.
To assess the learning outcomes, we will use CprE 431and CprE/INFAS 332, selecting specific assignments from each of these courses. CprE/INFAS 332 acts as a capstone course for this minor and provides many opportunities for assessment. In CprE/INFAS 332 small teams of three to eight students build and securely configure their own “corporate” network as part of a cyber defense competition. After spending a month building the “corporate” network, the students are challenged to experience the real world by defending against attackers for eight hours, as well as providing useable systems for end users and reacting to real-time requests for additional services.
Among the many things that make minor league baseball fun are the in-game promotions. Fans are entertained between innings with on-field contests like the Dizzy Bat Race and Sparkee Dash. We can tailor a fun attention- grabbing promotion to showcase your business.
The minor was designed and modeled after similar programs by top schools in the country (e.g., Lehigh University and RPI). It draws upon the extensive literature on the subject. It has also been vetted through external reviews of several grant proposals (NCIIA $23,500, KEEN I $50,000, KEEN II $50,000 and KEEN III $200,000), internal proposal (Jesuit 100 Summer Stipend) and four refereed conference papers. The faculty involved has regularly attended three to four academic conferences per year under the auspices of the NCIIA, KEEN and the American Society of Engineering Educators ASEE to engage in the emerging national dialog on entrepreneurship and innovation education. The collection of courses required for the minor provide either introductory level or working knowledge level coverage of the majority of the entrepreneurship topics/skills identified by the Kauffman Foundation and the Primarily Undergraduate Institutions organization.
Specific entry requirements for this minor include successful completion of at least one module in the subjects marketing, management and organization and financial management. According to the study programme exam regulation, article 3.10 under 5: a student must have obtained her/his propaedeutic, as well as a minimum of forty (40) credits (EC’s) from the main phase of the study. Therefore the intake-level is equal to European Qualifications Framework (EQF) level 5, Associate Degree level. Furthermore the intake-level is equal to the specific Croho-final level of the core-phase of a course. 7 Facilities and other conditions
Extending Kuratowski’s result, Wagner showed th a t a graph is planar if and only if it does not contain a Ks minor or Kz$ minor [Wag37a]. Robertson and Seymour [RS 86] (see also [RS85]) have shown that, for any fixed graph H, there exists an 0 (n3) algorithm that determines whether a graph contains a minor isomorphic to H . Moreover, they have shown that there are polynomial time algorithms for the fixed subgraph-homeomorphism problem; that is, there are polynomial time algorithms testing whether a graph contains a subgraph homeomorphic to a fixed graph. However, their algorithms contain large constants and so are far from practical.
International acts recommend to be proceeded with special care. (Dervish, 2014j, 3) . Police during interrogation must take account of not using violence on minors. It is prohibited the use of violence in all ways of its manifestations!, that it clearly expressed in Article 25 of the Albanian Constitution and in Article 3 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms which states: Nobody should subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment. (AYC Article 25). However, as already mentioned above it is regrettable to be said , but to the police police lack the ability of communication with the minor but not only. Another problem in police stations as well as detention facilities is the lack of a psychologist and a translator as a minor has the right to interrogated in his own language, as it is foreseen in the code of criminal procedure in Article 123 which states : A defendant who does not know the Albanian language has the right to free assistance of an interpreter to understand the charge and follow the actions he takes part. Through an interpreter he makes a written statement that does not recognize the Albanian language (CPC Article 123) an aspect that leaves much to be desired.
In a products liability case involving significant injury to a minor, the properly represented parties have reached a substantial settlement agreement which they all consider fair. They seek to present the settlement to the court for its review and approval but they also ask the court to close the settlement hearing or hear the matter in chambers, and to seal the consent judgment. The reason for this request is that the defendant is facing litigation with other parties on the same products liability issue and knowledge of this settlement would prejudice defendant's litigation efforts in those cases. (a) Does the court have the authority to close the hearing and to seal the records? (b) Should the court close the hearing and seal the records, i.e., are the offered grounds sufficient and
Submit the DUAL/DOUBLE major Degree Adding/Dropping a Minor application form available at the College of Liberal Arts office to Dr. Charles Funderburk, Criminal Justice Program director and advisor. (His mailbox is located in the Political Science Department, 325 Millett Hall.) Please review with Dr. Funderburk the requirements for the minor degree. At the time of a student’s application for graduation, the Criminal Justice Program advisor will certify completion of all requirements for the minor to the College of Liberal Arts.