During Aquinas’ last year in Paris, a strong bond of mutual understanding and friendship had developed between Aquinas and a large number of masters and students in the Faculty of Arts. Aquinas even had a strong following in the Faculty of Arts from 1270 onwards. After the anti-mendicant contraversy, Latin Averroist and opposition from Augustinist had subsided, Aquinas was recalled back to Italy by the master general John of Vercelli for the puiqiose of errecting a Dominican ’Studium General’ in Nepals. So Aquinas relinaquished his professorial chair and returned to Italy in 1274. He continued his professorial activity there until the end of 1273. Aquinas stopped writing and dictating while he was celebrating Mass in the chapel of Nicholas on 6th December 1273. He said, "I can do no more, such things have been revealed to me that everything I have written seems to me rubbish.
Our options for action come from a repertoire of what psychologists call “dispositional representations” (Myers, 2002, Damasio, 1994), images of cause-effect that allow one to recognize patterns of action and determine how the present situation is similar or different from situations we have experienced in the past. When strong positive or negative feelings occur in conjunction with an event or object, they become associated in our memories to that image (Damasio, 1994 & 2005). Negative affects, or somatic markers, help the individual to automatically eliminate certain alternatives for action. Positive somatic markers push other alternatives forward for quick, implicit consideration. If we are to move beyond strategies of persuasion, intimidation, and punishment, then we need to construct significant experiences with a strong positive affect to “mark” other classroom management alternatives for future consideration. Anecdotal evidence collected indicates the FT work gave participants strategies to use in difficult situations during their practicum. As this work progresses, my critical pedagogy relies less on explicit discussion of abstract social concepts and more on the cultivation of attention to what is happening in class, and to how the students and I feel about it. We are beginning to mine our experiences for the underlying assumptions and values. In the next cycle I will conduct follow-up interviews after the field experience to determine whether this project is making its “mark.”
One of the enduring mysteries in the history of the Renaissance is the adult appearance of the archetypical “Renaissance Man,” Leonardo da Vinci. His only acknowledged self-portrait is from an advanced age, and various candidate images of younger men are difficult to assess given the absence of documentary evidence. One clue about Leonardo’s appearance comes from the remark of the contemporary historian, Vasari, that the sculpture of David by Leonardo’s master, Andrea del Verrocchio, was based on the appearance of Leonardo when he was an apprentice. Taking a cue from this statement, we suggest that the more mature sculpture of St. Thomas, also by Verrocchio, might also have been a portrait of Leonardo. We tested the possibility Leonardo was the subject for Verrocchio’s sculpture by a novel computational technique for the comparison of three-dimensional facial configurations. Based on quantitative measures of similarities, we also assess whether another pair of candidate two-dimensional images are plausibly attributable as being portraits of Leonardo as a young adult. Our results are consistent with the claim Leonardo is indeed the subject in these works, but we need comparisons with images in a larger corpora of candidate artworks before our results achieve statistical significance.
that had stood in the Dressing Room in the Macclesfields’ day. 22 What is certain is that the library furniture must have come from Chippendale’s stock rather than been a special commission because the Winns had only acquired the house three days before the date that the library furniture appears i n Chippendale’s account. 23 If the bookcase in Figure 5 has been identified correctly, this may explain why four such bookcases are in existence, even though only one was o rdered for St James’s Square. It should be noted, however, that a bookcase of similar description was sold for £24.3.0. by James Christie in 1785. 24 Sir Rowland must have wanted his library furnished quickly and been prepared to accept a rather unsatisfyingly hybrid Gothic design rather than wait for something more elegant. His desire to have a functioning library ready to receive him is also seen at Nostell in 1767, where the first items to appear in the combined account in relation to that house are the medal cabinet and library table. 25
Most of the advances in natural law in modern day times have arisen due to legal positivism. Furthermore, the approach to natural law is different than in the Enlightenment Age and the Classical Age of Natural Law. The classical theorist was more inclined towards being moral or political theorist. Hence, the main question that they asked were; how does one act morally? What is one’s moral obligations as a citizen within a state or as a state official? And what are the limits of legitimate (that is, moral) governmental action? In contrast modern theorist who work within the tradition of natural law are now social and legal theorist and their primary dispute is then with approaches to explaining or understanding society and law. 33
Results have shown improvement in VTE completion rates on EPR which was sustained throughout the project. Figure 2 shows the trend of the VTE assessment rate on EPR throughout the project - on introduction of the magnetic dot system on the HBC whiteboard there was a sharp increase from baseline measurement. However, this increase was dif ﬁ cult to maintain, demon- strated by the decline on the graph, even after our second cycle of sticker and poster reminders. Finally, our third intervention of the loyalty card system took a while to implement as shown by the plateau, but once more cards had been distributed to staff members in the maternity department there was again a sharp increase in the number of VTE assessments completed on EPR.
When Matthew Paris reviewed the fifty years preceding his Chronica Majora in 1250 he noted that jam fluxerunt de tempore Gratiae viginti quinque quinquagenae annorum, id est, mille ducenti et quinquaginta (a thousand two hundred and fifty years had flowed from the time of grace, that is 1250). 1 Yet, later on in his fifty year retrospective he mentioned that many saints were canonized in England, and also elsewhere, in order to put England into a grander, European context of sanctity. He described this boom in English sanctity as follows: videbatur igitur tempus innovari, de quo plenus spiritu sanctorum omnium factus (it seemed therefore to be a time of renewal, in which everyone was made full of the spirit of all the saints). 2 But this was just the midpoint of a revival in popular devotion that had begun to occur in the last quarter of the twelfth century, and which continued until the Reformation of the English Church by Henry VIII in the 1530s. What Matthew Paris omits from his record is that this renewal of saintly religiosity was manifested almost wholly in the canonization of bishops: specifically bishops extolling the virtues of the martyrs of the early Church. In fact, the canonization of Thomas Becket, only three years after he was martyred in the cathedral church of Canterbury in 1170, is perhaps the moment at which this revival sparked to life. 3 After this, and up until the time that Matthew Paris was writing in 1250, a total of
Three generation family 89 (22.25) Staying away from family 116 (29) Around 50.5% of study subjects were having work experience of more than 5 years, 74.25% were working only in day shifts and most (63.25%) of them were working for more than 7 hours on computer in a day. Majority (60%) of them belonged to the primary engineer cadre. Most (78%) of the study subjects were working on laptop, followed by 16.25% of them who worked only on desktop. Only 5.75% of them were using both laptop and desktop based on the situation. Around 44% of the study subjects were taking break from their work every 2 hours. Among the 400 study subjects 47.5% were alcoholics, 32.35% were smokers and only 1.25% were having habit of chewing tobacco/pan masala (Table 2).
In fact the introduction of rifling allowed for a far greater accuracy of firing ( Masini-Rotasso 143 ), but rifles were slow to be reloaded compared to smoothbore guns. Thus they were first used as hunting weapons, in the 17th and 18th century, in those parts of central Europe where big game was common (Germany, Austria, Switzerland and part of Scandinavia); in that kind of hunting accuracy is more important than a high firing rate—a main concern for soldiers in a battlefield. But at the beginning of the eighteenth century the Imperial Austrian army employed Croatian hunters, who were outstanding sharpshooters and ordinarily used rifles, as soldiers in the so called Jäger regiments (Jäger being the German term for “hunter”). The use of rifles, with their dreadful firing accuracy, was considered nonetheless unfair in European wars: a sharpshooter might have easily aimed at officers, not soldiers; and officers were almost always aristocrats who thought that being killed in battle by a peasant was definitely not a socially acceptable death (and might spread dangerous ideas of social levelling). Thus rifles were first used by the so-called Grenzenregimenten (i.e. “Border Regiments”) against the Turks ( Masini-Rotasso 160 ), because what was unfair in the gentlemanly wars between Christians was allowed in the much less gentlemanly wars against that ancient enemy of Christian kingdoms.
Local collaborators can investigate their own data freely, but researchers requiring access to data from other sites are required to submit an application to the Database Access Committee. The PCN Database Project Applica- tion Form allows applicants to provide details of their proposed project, and incorporates an “Applicant Agree- ment” and “Data Requested Form”. Applications are wel- comed from UKPCN members and other established research groups. Projects may be based on a variety of study designs, for example: case-controlled studies de- signed to examine the relationship between risk factors or interventions and outcomes; cross sectional surveys; cohort studies and sample size calculations. The inclu- sion of COPOP core outcomes will facilitate comparison and combination of PCN data with other studies . Project applications are reviewed by the Database Access Committee, which is comprised of members of the UKPCN, the RCOG Preterm Clinical Study Group , and the Guy ’ s and StThomas ’ Women ’ s Health Academic Centre’s preterm birth studies patient and public
‘There are many among them that upon a motive of religion neglect learning, and apply themselves to no sort of study; nor do they allow themselves any leisure time, but are perpetually employed, believing that by the good things that a man does he secures to himself that happiness that comes after death. Some of these visit the sick; others mend highways, cleanse ditches, repair bridges, or dig turf, gravel, or stone. Others fell and cleave timber, and bring wood, corn, and other necessaries, on carts, into their towns; nor do these only serve the public, but they serve even private men, more than the slaves themselves do: for if there is anywhere a rough, hard, and sordid piece of work to be done, from which many are frightened by the labour and loathsomeness of it, if not the despair of accomplishing it, they cheerfully, and of their own accord, take that to their share; and by that means, as they ease others very much, so they afflict themselves, and spend their whole life in hard labour: and yet they do not value themselves upon this, nor lessen other people’s credit to raise their own; but by their stooping to such servile employments they are so far from being despised, that they are so much the more esteemed by the whole nation.
The study was conducted at DUT Library, which is located in the KwaZulu-Natal province in South Africa. The study population included thirty-three of the eighty-one permanently employed staff members at DUT Library. The forty-eight staff members who did not form part of the study group included those who function in library support services: namely the stack attendants, circulation desk staff, materials processing staff, administrative assistants and the researchers; the researchers excluded these staff members because none of them were users of SharePoint and could not be expected to have operational experience of the application. It was decided to limit the survey group to the thirty-three staff members who might be expected to have some experience of SharePoint because of their job roles. All thirty-three were sent the questionnaire, whilst a sample of twelve was drawn from this group for the focus group interviews. The sampling method employed was purposive sampling, which relied upon selecting a few informants who were known to have more extensive experience of using SharePoint and might reasonably be expected to have formed opinions about the application. Purposive sampling also gives the researcher better control over the variables involved (Singh 2006: 91). A further advantage is the cost and time saving associated with this type of sampling (Kothari 2004: 59).
Osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA), the two most common age-related chronic disorders of articular joints and skeleton, represent a major public health problem in most developed countries. They are influenced by environmental factors and exhibit a strong genetic component. Large population studies clearly show their inverse relationship; therefore, an accurate analysis of the genetic bases of one of these two diseases may provide data of interest for the other disorder. The discovery of risk and protective genes for OP and OA promises to revolutionize strategies for diagnosing and treating these disorders. The primary goal of this symposium was to bring together scientists and clinicians working on OP and OA in order to identify the most promising and collaborative approaches for the coming decade. This meeting put into focus the importance of an adequate genetic approach to several areas of research: the search for the genetic determinants underlying new susceptibilities, the optimization of previously acquired data; the establishment of correlations between genetic polymorphism and functional variants, and gene–gene and gene–environment interactions (particularly those between genes and nutrients). An adequate genetic approach is also essential with regard to determining more selective criteria for phenotypic definition of familial OP, in order to obtain more homogeneous and statistically powerful family-based studies. The symposium concluded with an interesting overview of the future perspectives offered by DNA microarray technologies for identifying novel candidate genes, for developing proteomics and bioinformatics analyses and for designing low-cost clinical trials.
independent learning affordances to formal education classrooms in contexts where a separate self-access learning center may not be available. This push for integration brings together the characteristics of the affordance-rich classrooms at the primary level from Thomas (2018a) and Edlin’s (2016) principles for self-access learning space design. As I have argued above, solely viewing the space and resources the space contains does little for us in understanding best practices in formal language education where we can expect a teacher to be present. There is a need to establish clearly defined methods for how teachers can best utilize affordance-rich, facilitative spaces—perhaps by scaffolding, monitoring, and assessing strategy usage. There is also a need to change the typically negative view of formal education settings to one that helps to develop learner autonomy and self-regulation, as concepts from strategic learning and formal strategy instruction can enhance learning in truly independent settings.
created or endorsed a canonical status, 3 the fragmentary nature of the erstwhile London home of Sir Rowland Winn and his wife Sabine has rendered it a mere footnote in studies on the Adam brothers and Thomas Chippendale. By way of contrast, their extensive work for the Winns at Nostell, the fami ly’s West Yorkshire seat, survives relatively intact and continues to be both a much-loved heritage attraction and the subject of research by academics working in a number of disciplines. 4 So, why bother with no.11 St James’s Square now?
Kannur, Pariyaram. It was done during June 2017 to July 2018. Women who were permanent residents of the study area (residing for 6 months or more) were included. There were a total of 458 women belonging to the reproductive age group in the area. Those who were unavailable at the time of house visit and not willing to give information were excluded. A house to house visit was done and a total of 404 women participated in the study. Information was collected by directly interviewing each woman using a pre tested, semi structured questionnaire. Morbidities within a period of two weeks were considered for genital infections. Genital infections, RTI and UTI were given operational definitions. Those women detected to have any gynecological problem were referred to the nearest health facility for further management. All were educated about menstrual and sex hygiene.
Collaborators Collaborating Principal Investigators: Absoud M*, Brex PA*, Constantinescu C, Duddy M, Forrest K, Galea I, Giovannoni G*, Hemingway C, Jacob A*, Jacob S, Kneen R, Lim M (Chief Investigator), Murray K, Palace J*, Pike M*, Ramesh V*, Robertson N, Rog D, Vijayakumar K, Wassmer E, te Water Naude J, West S, Whitehouse W, Williams V. (*Denotes coauthors). Centres: Children ’ s Neurosciences, Evelina Children ’ s Hospital at Guy ’ s and StThomas ’ NHS Foundation Trust, London (M.L., M.A.); Department of Neurology, Guy ’ s and StThomas ’ NHS Foundation Trust, London (V.W.); Department of Neurology, King ’ s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London (P.B.); Department of Paediatric Neurology, Great Ormond Street Hospital Foundation Trust, London (C.H.); Centre for Neuroscience and Trauma, Blizard Institute, University of London and Bart ’ s Health NHS Trust, London (G.G.); Department of Paediatric Neurology, Alder Hey Children ’ s Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool (R.K.); The Walton Centre, Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool (A.J.); Department of Paediatric Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford (M.P.); Department of Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford (J.P.); Department of Paediatric Neurology, Birmingham Children ’ s Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham (E.W.); Department of Neurology, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Trust, Birmingham (S.J.); Department of Paediatric Neurology, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust, Cardiff (J.W.N.); Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust, Cardiff (N.R.); Department of Paediatric Neurology, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol (K.V.); Department of Neurology, University Hospital Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol; Department of Paediatric Neurology, Royal Manchester Children ’ s Hospital, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester (S.W.); Department of Neurology, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford (D.R.); Department of Paediatric Neurology, University Southampton NHS Trust, Southampton (K.F); Department of Neurology, University Southampton NHS Trust, Southampton (I.G.); Department of Paediatric Neurology, Great Northern Children ’ s Hospital,
and Praeterea temporibus nostris pater meus Henricus Sancto Thomae contulit archiepiscopatum Cantuariae. Sed modo vult dominus Papa omnes libertates quas praedecessores mei habuerunt, mihi auferre pro voluntate sua; nec benefacit (Besides, in our times, my father Henry, granted to StThomas the archbishopric of Canterbury. But now the lord Pope wishes, of his own will, to take away from me all the liberties which my predecessors enjoyed, he will not prosper). 28 Despite being rebuked by the legate and compared to William the Bastard rather than Edward the Confessor to whom he has sympathised, 29 John did not give up the royal right to appoint the clergy and ecclesiastical officials of England. 30 It was not until the minority of Henry III that Langton managed to roll out a full-scale reform of the English episcopate; 31 perhaps unsurprisingly focussing on the morals within scripture and the canons of the Lateran Councils, 32 Langton’s reforms revolved heavily around personal asceticism and in following Becket’s example:
Mortimer, I., The Time Traveller’s Guide to Medieval England (London: Vintage Books, 2008). Mortimer, R., Angevin England 1154-1258 (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Limited, 1994). Nicholl, D., Thurstan: Archbishop of York, 1114-1140 (York: Stonegate Press, 1964). Nilson, B., Cathedral Shrines of Medieval England (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1998). Norton, C., St William of York (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd for the York Medieval Press, 2006).
This reasoning on the part of England’s King Henry VIII, the same ruler so notorious throughout books and common memory for his laziness, multiple wives, and general plundering of the English treasury, stems from the larger concept of martyrdom. Martyrdom is a willingness to die for one’s beliefs and is the ultimate test of the sanctity of those beliefs in one’s own mind. ThomasMore, as the Catholic Church argues by their designation of his sainthood, could easily be construed as a martyr, or, for that matter, even as a type of Christ, perishing unjustly at the hands of a royal Pontius Pilate. The posthumous glorification of More’s integrity even extended to the 1588 sailing of the Spanish Armada, whose men “were promised the aid of the saints and martyrs of England, including ThomasMore” (Guy 204).