Moringa Oil Nutritional Properties

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Composition, in vitro antioxidant and antitumor properties of essential oil from the seeds of Moringa oleifera

Composition, in vitro antioxidant and antitumor properties of essential oil from the seeds of Moringa oleifera

Moringa, native to Asia and spread in most parts of Africa, is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Moringaceae [1]. The seeds can be used in a variety of ways including as medicinal and herbal remedies, nutritional supplements, and for industrial and agricultural purposes. The seeds contain 19 to 47 percent oil [2]. The fat from the seeds is used as vegetable oil, for cooking which possess resistance to oxidative degradation, the anti-fungal activity of the extract, and the protective action to the toxic effects of arsenic element have been investigated as well, also cosmetic uses of the oil extracted from the seeds are reported [3]. The culinary uses of Moringa seeds are common in India but their nutritional value is not considered due to lack of information [4-6]. Natural antioxidants such as vitamin C, tocopherols, flavonoids and other phenolic compounds are known to be present in certain Moringa species [7].
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MORINGA OLEIFERA L. AN UNDERUTILIZED TREE WITH MACRONUTRIENTS FOR HUMAN HEALTH

MORINGA OLEIFERA L. AN UNDERUTILIZED TREE WITH MACRONUTRIENTS FOR HUMAN HEALTH

M. oleifera tree species is naturalized in other places worldwide; this multipurpose plant nowadays has been introduced as a potential orchard for tropical or arid regions. This tree is being described in many reports as ornamental, medical, therapeutic or with healing properties (Sánchez Machado et al., 2010). M. oleifera can be used as feedstuff for cattle, goats and lambs (Manzor et al., 2007). The fat from the seeds is used as vegetable oil, for cooking which possess resistance to oxidative degradation, the anti-fungal activity of the extract, and the protective action to the toxic effects of arsenic element have been investigated as well, also cosmetic uses of the oil extracted from the seeds are reported (Sánchez Machado et al., 2010). As a foodstuff to cook in different dishes is common in India but their nutritional value is not considered due to lack of information (Chuang et al., 2007; Gupta et al.,
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Physicochemical Properties of Moringa  oleifera Seeds and Their Edible Oil  Cultivated at Different Regions in Egypt

Physicochemical Properties of Moringa oleifera Seeds and Their Edible Oil Cultivated at Different Regions in Egypt

Surely, amino acid compositional data are only the first in the nutritional assessment of any food protein. The amino acids composition for isolated protein from of M. oleifera is given in Table 4. Obtained data showed that, fifteen amino acids were identified. Obviously, the individual EAAs recorded higher contents than EAAs in re- ferenced hen’s egg protein except Lysine in all moringa seeds protein. Leucine remarked to be the highest EAA in all moringa EPC protein while, Lysine recorded the lowest amino acid. The total EAAs found to be in a double fold in moringa EPC protein when compared to hen’s egg protein. Likewise, the individual NEAAs rec- orded higher contents than NEAAs in referenced hen’s egg protein. Glutamic and proline acids were presented in all moringa protein in a sensible amount being ~4 fold more. However, total NEAAs found to be ~4 fold in moringa seed protein when compared to hen’s egg protein. Total AA showed in triple amount in moringa pro- tein when compared to hen’s egg (Table 4). Data in Table 5 illustrate the nutritional evaluation of moringa pro- tein. The amount of TEAAs was ranged from 29.74 in M. Asuit to 30.96 g 16 g N in M. Monofya which lower content than higher egg’ protein according to FAO (1970).
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Moringa olifera (shigru): a miracle tree for its nutritional, ethnomedicinal and therapeutic importance

Moringa olifera (shigru): a miracle tree for its nutritional, ethnomedicinal and therapeutic importance

thrives best under the tropical insular climate, and is plentiful near the sandy beds of rivers and streams (Rai, 2005). It has been introduced in many parts of the world, like Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Africa, West Asia and in the Americas, from Mexico to Peru, Caribbean Islands, Paraguay and Brazil (Oliveira et al., 1999). It is believed that the moringa tree originated in northern India and was being used in Indian medicine around 5, 000 years ago, and there are also accounts of it being utilized by the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians (Fahey, 2005). The plant is referred to by a number of names such as horseradish tree, drumstick tree, ben oil tree, miracle tree, and “Mother’s Best Friend" (Shindano et al., 2008). It is adrought-tolerant, fast-growing, multi-purpose and one of most useful tree due to its medicinal and nutritional properties in world and therefore described as a ‘miracle tree’ (Ashfaq et al., 2012).
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Promising features of Moringa oleifera oil: recent updates and perspectives

Promising features of Moringa oleifera oil: recent updates and perspectives

The situation of food insecurity is getting worst day by day, in future, feeding of ever increasing human popula- tion perhaps would be the most difficult task. On the other hand, resources of foods are drying. According to an estimate, about 2 billion humans will be added to the population of Asia and Africa [14]. In addition to other nutritional requirements, fats and oils must be con- sumed in sufficient concentration to fulfil the body’s re- quirements [15]. Natures has gifted about 500,000 edible oil producing plants, it is worth mentioning that only 12 are being utilized for commercial production and pro- cessing. In view of the existing situation of food insecur- ity in the third world countries, new sources of edible oils must be discovered. Moringa oleifera (Drum Stick) is extensively grown in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa [8]. Soybean, sunflower, cottonseeds are the leading oilseeds. Oil content of soybean and cot- tonseed are about 18–20%, with such moderate oil con- tent. If soybean oil can become the leading source of edible oil, then how a plant (Moringa oleifera) with 40% good quality oil content cannot become the commercial source of edible oil. Moringa oleifera produces 3000 kg seed from 1 ha that can produce 1200 kg edible oil, as compared to soybean which produce 350–400 kg oil from 1 ha [6]. Due to lack of awareness, it is not com- mercially grown as an oilseed. India has adopted a wise strategy and started the commercial production of MOO, currently, 1.3 M. Ton of edible oil is annually ex- tracted from the seeds of Moringa oleifera, with 380 KM 2 area of production [16]. The cost of production of oil from Moringa oleifera is low as compared to other sources of edible oils, the unreferenced source revealed that cost of 1 kg seed is 0.15$. In addition to low cost and higher oil content, oil has better functional proper- ties over soybean, sunflower, canola, corn oils, they need partial hydrogenation for improved functional proper- ties, whereas, MOO does not require partial hydrogen- ation. It can also be converted into olein and stearin fractions, which only have better functional properties but can also serve as superior alternates of partially hydro- genated fats. Further it contains about 5–6% behenic acid, which act as crystallizing agent [4]. In subcontinent, crys- tallized vanaspati is preferred over pasty stuff andapplica- tion of MOO in vanaspati can improve its graininess and crystallization behaviour. Oil production potential of Mor- inga oleifera was assessed in arid climate of Chaco South Africa, on average basis; it produced 481.25 Kg edible oil from one acre, desert conditions did not have significant effect on the seed production and oil content [17]. Com- mercial oilseeds require good quality soil with plenty of water, adequate fertilization and other expensive agro- nomic practices, whereas, Moringa tree can be grown in poor quality sandy, salt affected soils and it can resist long
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Moisture-Dependent Properties of Unshelled Moringa oleifera Seed

Moisture-Dependent Properties of Unshelled Moringa oleifera Seed

solid fats, eliminating the need to hydrogenate the oil (Foidl et al., 2001).The seed cake remaining after oil extraction may be used as a fertilizer (Rashid et al., 2008). In developing countries, Moringa have potentials to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development, and support sustainable land care (National Research Council, 2006). Moringa seed had been known to combat malnutrition in infant and nursing mothers. Despite the usefulness and nutritional value, the seeds are still among the lesser known crop under-utilized and under-processed. Akani et al. (2000) reported that inadequate data on engineering properties of indigenous crops have greatly retarded the development of indigenous technologies for the processing of these crops. When these data are available, the design and development of machines for processing indigenous crops will receive the needed boost. The problems associated with local processing method, lack of processing machines, and inadequate preservation for Moringa seed, maybe due to the fact that the basic necessary data on the physical and mechanical properties are limited or not available.
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The evaluation of tundub (capparis deciduas pax) seed oil and its blend as a promising source of edible oil in sudan

The evaluation of tundub (capparis deciduas pax) seed oil and its blend as a promising source of edible oil in sudan

Capparis decidua or Tundub is a Sudanese plant widely distributed in North, South, East and West Sudan especially on sandy soils and low rainfall savanna on clays (El Amin 1990). It is also found in Blue Nile and Upper Nile (ELGazaliet al., 1987). In Latin, it is known as capparis derived from Kabar at capar (Bown. 2008). It is Belonging to the family cappuraceae. The plant usually grows in dry climate, shows strong climatic adaptation, often on foot hills and in waste lands. It is found in the deserts. The species are used for making pickle and number of other uses including medicinal, fuel wood and fodder. It is tolerant to high temperature, salt and drought stress and help in arresting wind erosion and improving the soil fertility (Mahla, et al., 2013) . Capparis deciduas is one of the important multipurpose woody species of desert and arid regions of the Indians sub continent, Africa and Saudi Arabia. It is an important constituent of desert ecosystems and plays a significant role in total economy of people of the arid regions.Besides many socioeconomic and ecological benefits, all parts of this plant has a number of medicinal properties (Mahla 2010).The natives of this region (arid) recognized the importance of this shrub long time ago ( Singh and Ranjay. 2011).
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Pharmacopoeia Analysis of Citrus aurantium L. Ssp. Amara engl. and it’s fixed oil content

Pharmacopoeia Analysis of Citrus aurantium L. Ssp. Amara engl. and it’s fixed oil content

Objective: Our aim was to take attention to Citrus aurantium L. ssp. amara Engl. (Rutaceae), which grows widely along the Mediterranean in Turkey where it has very limited medicinal usage. The bitter orange fruits/peels were analysed to find out if they are suitable to the standards in European Pharmacopoeia 7.0. The peel and fixed oil were investigated to Figure out the oil quality to apply in medicinal and cosmeceutical preparations. Material/Methods: C. aurantium were collected from different regions of Turkey, various fruit parts and their extracts were evaluated according to the Pharmacopoeia. The essential and fixed oils were obtained from their fruits and seeds, respectively. Seeds were crushed and fixed oil was obtained by cold squeezing. Essential oil yield, index analysis of fixed oil and drog analysis were conducted in compliance with the procedures. Results and Discussion: Evaluation of the peel was found appropriate to the Pharmacopoeia. Aydin, Iskenderun and Mersin regions have been suitable to cultivate valuable medicinally used product. Although C. aurantium has commercial and medicinal value around the world, it has not significant utilization in Turkey. Therefore this study could help recognizing its health benefits. Absolutely, phytochemical content should be taken into account before medicinal using.
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PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF  MORINGA OLIEFERA LAM. - A REVIEW

PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF MORINGA OLIEFERA LAM. - A REVIEW

The multiple benefits of Moringa olifera made it a true miracle of nature. Numerous studies have been conducted on different parts of Moringa olifera, but this plant has not yet developed as a drug by pharmaceutical industries. In view of the nature of the plant, more research work can be done on humans so that a drug with multifarious effects will be available in the future market.

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Significance of Moringa Noodles for Increasing Breast Milk

Significance of Moringa Noodles for Increasing Breast Milk

Moringa oleifera leaves have a number of nutrients, such as protein, minerals, vitamins, calcium, potassium, iron and other mineral elements. In this study Moringa noodles has been prepared by the substitution of Moringa leaves flour in various proportions and used as nutritional supplement for lactating mothers. It has been found that the Moringa noodles have more lactation than other types of noodles. Since the Moringa leaves were rich of various nutrients and properties to increase lactation, there was urgent need to manufacture cost effective Moringa noodles. The optimum conditions for wheat flour, distilled water, Moringa powder were set and other ingredients were mixed in the various ratios. The optimal quantities of ingredients were added to enhance sensory valuation of Moringa noodles. The used Moringa leaves powder in noodles may increase income of farmers and alleviate under nourishment of the infants at 0 to 6 months old.
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Chemical composition and anti tubercular activity of the fixed oil of Moringa oleifera seed

Chemical composition and anti tubercular activity of the fixed oil of Moringa oleifera seed

The methylated seed oil was analyzed on a Shimadzu GC-MS model QP2010 SE (Japan) at the Shimadzu Training Centre for Analytical Instruments (STC) Lagos. GC-MS analysis was carried out on Optima 5ms column of length, 30 m, internal diameter, 0.25 mm, and film thickness 0.25 µm. Carrier gas was helium, flow rate 0.9 mL min-1 and split 1.0. The conditions for analysis were set as follows; column oven temperature was programmed from 60-280°C (i.e. temperature at 60°C was raised to 180°C at 10°C/min and held for 2 min, and then finally to 280°C at 15°C/min and held for 4 min). The Injector and detector temperatures were 250 and 280°C, respectively. The MS parameters were: m/z range was 45 – 600 Da, and ion source temperature was 200°C. Essential oil compounds were identified and confirmed by matching their mass spectra with NIST11 mass spectral library collection.
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Formulation and Evaluation of Moringa Seed Oil Nanoemulsion Gel

Formulation and Evaluation of Moringa Seed Oil Nanoemulsion Gel

Methods: Nanoemulsion gel formulated by high-energy emulsification method using the comparison of surfactant (tween 80) and cosurfactant (sorbitol) concentration with the variation of moringa seed oil concentration. Evaluation of the stability of the nanoemulsion gel preparation includes centrifugation test, viscosity, pH, organoleptic observation (odor, color, clarity, and phase separation), and particle size measurement during 12 weeks storage at room temperature.

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Biochemical and Nutritional Analysis of the Leaf Extract of Moringa oleifera Lam  [Retarcted]

Biochemical and Nutritional Analysis of the Leaf Extract of Moringa oleifera Lam [Retarcted]

The biochemical analysis of the leaf extracts of Moringa oleifera Lam. (MOL) showed considerably high levels of most of the estimated nutritional elements. The micronutrients analysis of the leaf powders of the Moringa oleifera Lam. (MOL) showed significant variation among different micronutrients. Magnesium content was found to be the highestfollowed by calcium, as compared to the rest of the tested minerals. However, phosphorus and iron contents were found to be comparatively less. Phosphorus content was found to be the least among all the tested minerals. Most of the vitamins were also found to be in good quantity. Aslam et al. in their study, have determined the mineral composition of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves and pods from different regions of Punjab, Pakistan [23]. The result of their study has revealed that the pods and leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam., indigenous to different agro-climatic regions of Punjab, contained a considerably high amount of most of the minerals estimated by them, which included - Ca, Mg, K, Mn, P, Zn, Na, Cu and Fe and hence it was concluded by Aslam et al. that the pods and leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam. might be used as a viable supplement of dietary minerals [23]. The results of our study are found to be in accordance with the report of Aslam et al. and indicated that the Moringa oleifera Lam. leaf extract was found to be a good source of all the four minerals (Ca, P, Fe and Mg) as they were found to be in higher amounts in MOL [23].
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Medicinal uses and pharmacological properties of Moringa oleifera

Medicinal uses and pharmacological properties of Moringa oleifera

Bioassay guided fractionation of the active ethanol extract of Moringa leaves led to the isolation of four pure compounds, niazinin A, niazinin B, niazimicin and niazininA B which showed a blood pressure lowering effect in rats mediated possibly through a calcium antagonist effect [8]]. Activity-directed fractionation of the ethanol extract of pods of M.oleifera has led to the isolation of thiocarbamate and isothiocyanate glycosides which are known to be the hypotensive principles [7]. Methyl phydroxybenzoate and β-sitosterol investigated in the pods of M. oleifera have also shown promising hypotensive activity [9], Moringa roots, leaves, flowers, gum and the aqueous infusion of seeds have been found to possess diuretic activity [10,11] and such diuretic components are likely to play a complementary role in the overall blood pressure lowering effect of this plant. The crude extract of Moringa leaves has a significant cholesterol lowering action in the serum of high fat diet fed rats which might be attributed to the presence of a bioactive phytoconstituent, i.e. β-sitosterol [12]. Moringa fruit has been found to lower the serum cholesterol, phospholipids, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein [LDL], very low density lipoprotein[VLDL] cholesterol to phospholipid ratio, atherogenic index lipid and reduced the lipid profile of liver, heart and aorta in hypercholesteremic rabbits and increased the excretion of fecal cholesterol [13].
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EFFICACY OF LEMON GRASS (CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS STAPF.) ESSENTIAL OIL AS A NATURAL PRESERVATIVE IN READY-TO-DRINK MORINGA (MORINGA OLEIFERA LAM.) BEVERAGE

EFFICACY OF LEMON GRASS (CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS STAPF.) ESSENTIAL OIL AS A NATURAL PRESERVATIVE IN READY-TO-DRINK MORINGA (MORINGA OLEIFERA LAM.) BEVERAGE

Monoterpenoids and oxygenated terpenes were the most dominant components of LGEO (Bassole et al., 2011). Among these compounds, citral, a major constituent in essential oil of Cymbopogon species, was reported to have a strong antimicrobial activity against plant and human pathogens Redov et al. (1995). Other identified major compounds in lemongrass essential oil which could have contributed to its potential antimicrobial activity are limonene, geranyl acetate and β-caryophyllen. The presence of these substances effectively inhibited certain foodborne pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium albicans, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus at a relatively low MIC of 0.5 μL/mL (Vaziriana et al., 2012). Most studies have described the greater susceptibility of bacteria to LGEO and its components in comparison to molds and yeasts (Helal, 2006). On the contrary, the findings of Singh et al., (2011) have shown the relative sensitivity of certain yeasts, particularly Candida albicans, to LGEO at a MIC of 1.0 μL/mL. Furthermore, geraniol, a lemon grass essential oil constituent, attacks the yeast cells causing an excessive K+ ion leakage. This induces alterations in cell membrane composition by increasing the proportion of saturated fatty acid and decreasing the unsaturated one as exemplified by the same study on Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Ganjewala & Gupta, 2013). The effect of LGEO on molds is primarily based on its ability to alter its morphological characteristics. In a study by Yousef (2013), Aspergillus niger, as a representative, had shown some morphological changes after the treatment of LGEO. These changes included decrease in sporulation, less pigmentation and reduction and distortion of conidiophores. It should also be noted that the effects of LGEO on fungal morphology causing its inhibition varies from species to species, and specific study is needed to determine the effect on particular test organisms.
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Antioxidant potential of Moringa oleifera leaf extract for the stabilisation of butter at refrigeration temperature

Antioxidant potential of Moringa oleifera leaf extract for the stabilisation of butter at refrigeration temperature

for milking, storing and transportation causes significant lipolytic activity up till reaching the milk processing plant and churning into butter. To cope with the situation, dairy industries have started to use chemical antioxidants in butter; the use of synthetic antioxidants has many health concerns (Ghatak & Bandyopadhyay 2007) and the situation demands for an organic solution of the problem. Extracts of many higher plants have been found to contain appreciable amounts of phenolic antioxidants, tocopherols, flavonoids which possess antiageing, anticarcinogenic, and cardioprotective effects (Anwar & Bhanger 2003). Moringa oleifera Lam (Moringaceae) (also known as drumstick tree, horseradish tree) is cul- tivated throughout Pakistan, especially in southern Punjab the tree is widely grown near the houses to sit in the shade. Every part of this miraculous tree is full of nutrition and fresh, tender pods are cooked and eaten as a vegetable, leaves are used for animal feeding and manufacturing of many herbal medicines. The leaves of Moringa oleifera contain up to 8% antioxidants on dry matter ba- sis. The antioxidant potential of Moringa oleifera leaf extract for the stabilisation of sunflower oil was studied by Anwar et al. (2006). No work has been done to investigate the antioxidant potential of Moringa oleifera leaves for the stabilisation of butter at refrigeration temperature. For the reason this research work was planned to explore the an- tioxidant potential of Moringa oleifera leaf extract using butter as an oxidation substrate on the basis of certain chemical and sensory parameters.
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Assessment of Proximate Composition of Groundnut Seeds and Characterisation of their Extracted Oils from Different Varieties Grown in India

Assessment of Proximate Composition of Groundnut Seeds and Characterisation of their Extracted Oils from Different Varieties Grown in India

The level of impurities (mesocarp fibers, insoluble materials, phosphatides, trace metals and oxidation products) was measured in each oil, as high levels of these substances are typically prohibited in the regulated production of edible oils (Watanapoon,2004). Two grams (2 g) of oil was weighed into a 500 ml flask and mixed with 20 ml of a 1:1 solvent (petroleum ether and diethyl ether). The contents were vigorously shaken, covered, and allowed to stand for 24 hours. The mixture was filtered through a weighed 11 cm qualitative filter paper. The paper was then washed with 10 ml of the 1:1 solvent and placed in an oven at 103 ºC for one hour. The dried paper was then weighed. The impurity (%) of oil was calculated with the following formula (DGHS, 2012).
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ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF MORINGA OLIEFERA AGAINST PATHOGENIC BACTERIA

ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF MORINGA OLIEFERA AGAINST PATHOGENIC BACTERIA

Siddiqui and khan, 1968). M. oleifera is one of the best known medicinal plant. The Moringa plant has been consumed by humans (Iqbal et al., 2006). It is one of the richest plant sources of Vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K (Anwar and Bhanger, 2003; Babu 2000; Caceres et al., 1992; Dayrit et al., 1990; Delisle et al., 1997). The vital minerals present in Moringa include Calcium, Copper, Iron, Potassium, Magnesium, Manganese and Zinc. The antimicrobial activities of M. oleifera leaves, roots, barks and seeds were investigated in vitro against bacteria, yeast, dermatophytes and helminthes pathogenic to man. Antibacterial effect of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of seeds of M. oleiferain the concentration of 1.5 unit and 1.10 unit in volumes 50, 100, 150 and 200 µl were examined against Staphylococcus aureus, vibrio cholerea, Escherichia coli (isolated from the organism and the aquatic environment) and Salmonella enteritidis. Antibacterial activity (inhibition halo> 13mm) against S. aureus, V. cholera and E. coli isolated from the white leg shrimp, Litopenaeous vannmaei, was detected in aqueous and ethanolic extract of moringa. E. coli isolated from tilapia fish and Oreochrom isniloticus, were sensitive to the ethanolic extract of M. oleifera. During recent years considerable work has been done to investigate the pharmacological actions of the leaves and seeds of M. oleifera on scientific lines but only limited work has been reported so far on antibacterial activity of M. oleifera root bark though it is reported to possess varied medicinal properties. Therefore, it was considered worthy to investigate the antibacterial activity of M. oleifera root bark. Bark used to cure Dental Caries/Toothache, Common cold, External Sores/Ulcer, Anti-Tumor, Snakebite, Scorpion bite, Digestive, Headache, Antinutrietional factors and Scurvy (Fahey, 2005).
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Anti-diabetic Effects of Aqueous Extract and Oil of Moringa oleifera Seed on Liver and Kidney Functions         in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetes in Rats

Anti-diabetic Effects of Aqueous Extract and Oil of Moringa oleifera Seed on Liver and Kidney Functions in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetes in Rats

A significant elevation in serum creatinine and urea levels indicates an impaired renal function of diabetic animals (Singh, 2011). An increase in creatinine and urea levels is seen when there is damage to the kidney or when the kidney is not functioning properly. Increment of blood creatinine and urea levels with the increment of blood sugar level clearly indicates that the increase blood sugar level causes damage to the kidney (Shrestha et al., 2008). Research conducted by Anjaneyulu and Chopra (2004) - found that increases in serum creatinine and urea levels in diabetic rats indicated a progressive renal damage. Diabetes nephropathy is the kidney disease that occurs as a result of diabetes, therefore the decreased levels of creatinine and urea in the treated groups shows that treatment of the disease with extracts of Moringa oleifera seedcan guardagainst diabetes nephropathy. The reduction in albumin level was observed in diabetic rats, and this is consistent with the results obtained by (Bakirel et al., 2008). The decrease in albumin may be due to albuminuria, which is an important clinical marker of diabetic nephropathy. The results of the present study demonstrated that the treatment of diabetic rats with Moringa oleifera seed extracts caused noticeable elevation in the albumin levels as compared with their normal levels (Sy et al., 2005).
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THE FILTRATION PROCESS OF POWER TRANSFORMER

THE FILTRATION PROCESS OF POWER TRANSFORMER

Group III: In this case, considering the characteristics in doubtful condition, it can be expected that the characteristics of transformer insulation, have received closed values, so that future behavior of transformers can be incredible. Such state requires tougher control, and need to be reviewed more often, depending on the results of all analyzes details of the isolation transformer. If the results of the verification of isolation transformers are not satisfactory, the transformer along with the oil is classified in the fourth group.
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