The Morningness-EveningnessQuestionnaire (MEQ) and Munich ChronoType Questionnaire (MCTQ) are sometimes used to estimate circadian timing. However, it remains unclear if they can reflect a change in circadian timing after a light treatment. In this study, 31 participants (25 – 68 years) completed both questionnaires before and after a 13 – 28 day morning light treatment. The dim light melatonin onset (DLMO), a physiological marker of circadian timing, was also assessed in a subsample of 16 participants. The DLMO phase advanced on average by 47 min ( p < 0.001). The MEQ score increased by 1.8 points ( p = 0.046). The MSFsc measure derived from the MCTQ advanced by 8.7 min ( p = 0.17). The shift towards morningness observed in both questionnaires correlated with the phase advance observed in the DLMO (MEQ r = − 0.46, p = 0.036; MSFsc r = 0.81, p < 0.001). Results suggest that these circadian questionnaires can change in response to a light treatment, indicating they can reflect underlying changes in circadian timing. Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02373189 retrospectively registered 2/26/15; NCT03513848 retrospectively registered 5/2/18.
This study explored whether circadian preference is related to students’ attitudes and choices to attend lectures or watch them online, and whether these variables relate to course performance. The subjects were 847 students enrolled in an introductory psychology course who completed an online survey that contained the Morningness – EveningnessQuestionnaire and that ascertained their attitudes towards online lectures and the extent to which they attended lectures or watched them online; course performance was also recorded. The results revealed that evening-type students were significantly more likely to have a positive attitude toward online lectures and to choose to watch lectures online. Course performance was not linked to morningness – eveningness preference, lecture mode choice, or their interaction. The results suggest that online lectures appeal differentially to students with a morning or evening orientation, but that watching lectures in a modality that does not accommodate a student’s circadian preference does not handicap performance.
All parents of the children filled out questionnaires (background information, CBCL, and CCTQ) at home. Children were asked to complete the morningness/eveningnessquestionnaire for children (VOAK; Vragenlijst Ochtendtype/Avondtype voor Kinderen - Questionnaire Morningtype/Eveningtype for Children). The parents of participants of the second part of the study received an additional questionnaire (CSHQ; Childrens Sleep Habits Questionnaire) and were asked to complete a sleep diary for the duration of one week. Tests (duration 70 min, short break included) were administered individually by trained undergraduate psychologists in a separate room at the child‟s school, mainly during the week in which parents filled out the sleep diary. General intelligence was estimated with two subtests (Vocabulary and Block design) of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III. Information processing was assessed with four subtests of the Amsterdam Neuropsychological Tasks (ANT). Test order was counterbalanced, with either order A or B. Verbal task instructions were given, emphasizing both speed and accuracy of performance. Practice trails were included for each task. The test sessions took place on weekdays (Tuesday, Thursday, or Friday) during the months February to June.
The Morningness-EveningnessQuestionnaire, Self-Assessment Version (MEQ – SA). Morning- ness-EveningnessQuestionnaire consists of 19 multiple choice questions. It requires evaluating one’s sleep during the last few weeks. The survey was created by Horne and Östberg in 1976 (17). Different variations of this survey, which usually considers peak moment of a person being awake, are applied extensively in academic literature.
In the studies, chronotype is generally evaluated with valid and reliable scales such as the Morningness-EveningnessQuestionnaire (Kanerva et al., 2012). According to the studies, disorders in the sleep-wake cycle and circadian adjustment may cause metabolic dysfunctions. Moreover, chronotype may affect mood, substance use (cigarette, alcohol, drugs), psychological problems, personality and academic performance, and eating behaviours. Hormonal changes and psychological characteristics may cause an increase in hunger and fatigue and increase the risk of obesity. There are studies indicating relationships between short sleep duration and unhealthy nutritional habits (Kanerva et al., 2012).
The Morningness–EveningnessQuestionnaire is composed of 19 self-report items. Each item required the individuals to denote the degree to which they prefer definite morningness (or eveningness) activities. For example, “assuming adequate environmental conditions, how easy is it for you to get up in the morning?” (1, not at all easy; 2, not very easy; 3, fairly easy; 4, very easy). 25 This scale is continuous. Higher
The design of the questionnaire used in this study is as in Table 1, the first column in the questionnaire contains question number, the next column contains the questions, the questionnaire contains 19 questions, the questions cover different variables related to the location, the calmness and cleanness of the surrounding environment, the availability of parking, the cost and quality of the service, the accuracy of the medical procedures, the availabil- ity of specialized doctors and nurses, the popularity of the hospital among people, etc. the last column in the questionnaire is divided into ten columns with scales from 1 to 10, and it is required to fill only one from the 10 choices for each question.
will be biased towards themselves and answer, on average, with a lower than actual time. A more objective usability test of the same function with a similar group of participants may return a significantly higher learning time. More elaborate questionnaire design or administration may provide slightly better objective data, but the cost of such a questionnaire can be much higher and offset their economic advantage. In general, questionnaires are better suited to gathering reliable subjective measures, such as user satisfaction, of the system or interface in question. Questions may be designed to gather either qualitative or quantitative data. By their very nature, quantitative questions are more exact then qualitative. For example, the word "easy" and
Efficient development of questionnaires for longitudinal surveys and cohort studies as computer- assisted survey instruments usually entails close collaboration between scientific and fieldwork teams. We describe a system based on the use of a Structured Query Language (SQL) database established to maximise efficiency, minimise error and ensure clear communication of requirements across teams for ‘Life Study’, a UK-wide cohort study designed to recruit mothers, their babies, partners and non-resident fathers, with whom further contacts were planned at the outset. The use of the SQL database enabled construction and integration of different elements of the study, initially through creating a master copy of each variable. This supported swift and accurate creation of a range of outputs enabling, for example, review and approval of successive drafts and final specifications of questionnaires, efficient implementation of changes to variables, re-use of metadata specified at the outset, reduction of ambiguities for survey programmers, and efficient and accurate automation of questionnaire scripting. The SQL database was also used to generate the syntax to transform pilot data into formats specified for data archiving and for associated publication quality questionnaires. This innovative use of an SQL database for questionnaire development and scripting, and subsequent data processing and documentation, highlights the value of this approach in improving the quality and efficiency of longitudinal surveys.
I know this seems to be a lot to deal with all at once. However, the purpose of bankruptcy is to get a fresh financial start, and if you are in a position where you need to go bankrupt, it is well worth doing. Also, as I have noted, I don’t expect you to fill in this questionnaire perfectly; just do you best. Please call if you have any questions.
This is not to say that there should only be one questionnaire. The variety in questionnaires is necessary to allow a nuanced focus on different aspects of games. But where, for example, different questionnaires claim to be measuring engagement, they ought to produce consistent and correlated results.
The Motivation Questionnaire (MQ) is designed to help you understand and explore the conditions that increase or decrease your enthusiasm and motivation at work. The MQ questionnaire assesses twenty motivation dimensions covering three key areas of Self-Determination Theory-Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness.
study and gave their informed consent to be included. The study protocol complied with the Ethical Standards of the 1964 Helsinki Declaration as revised in 2000 and was approved by the local ethics committee (Prot. No. 1241/2017 I.5/27). Participants underwent clinical, radio- graphic, and ultrasound examination of the shoulder before enrollment. They were then asked to complete the 10-item KJOC questionnaire as well as a demographic intake sheet, which included sports participation data and a question asking them if their arm was currently injured. Eleven patients, recruited from January 2008 to March 2010, filled in the original 12-item version of the Kerlan–Jobe Clinic form. These patients were re-called and asked to complete the new validated version by Alberta et al. published on March 24, 2010 , and to return it to our Unit by e-mail or fax.