As the complexity of the real-world increases, there is a need to incorporate organisational concepts into computing systems, with the purpose of considering organisation-centered design. Electronic institutions provide a computational analogue of human organisations in which agents interact through roles that are defined as specified patterns of behaviour. Similarly, virtual organisations can potentially take advantage of the new electronic environments through coalition formation among disparate partners to form aggregate entities capable of offering new, different or better services than might otherwise be available. Agenttechnology can help enterprises reduce their operational costs and speed-up time to market by helping distributed business processes run smoother and in a better coordinated fashion. This has particular application to supply chain and workflow management issues. To design such systems requires a theory of organisation design, and knowledge of how organisations may change and evolve over time. Sociological organisation theory and social psychology are clearly important inputs to the design. Moreover, for the design of open multi-agent systems, political theory may be necessary. Open systems permit the involvement of agents from diverse design teams, with diverse objectives, which may all be unknown at the time of design of the system itself. How the system as a whole makes decisions or agrees on joint goals will require the adoption of specific political philosophies, such as whether
In this paper we discuss the impact that agenttechnology is currently making in the communications field, including how it is used in legacy systems support, network management and how some emerging agent standards will provide a baseline for further agenttechnology based systems to be deployed. We use the term software agent to incorporate the two most commonly described software components that researchers have used to tackle complex decomposition problems, namely Mobile Agents (MA) and Intelligent Co-operative Agents, often referred to as just Intelligent Agents (IA). See Wooldridge and Jennings  for aspects of Intelligent Agent theory, languages and architectures. Probably the most important attribute that distinguishes agent software from other types of software processes is their ability to act autonomously (i.e., without the direct intervention of a human). The argument being that autonomy can provide system operation with increased robustness, as the agents can deal (to a certain degree) with unexpected event occurrences. The autonomous capability of agents is often achieved by the agent software being embedded with some mechanism for acting in a pro-active manner, which means that the agent tries to achieve high level goals rather than follow a set of pre-defined instructions in a procedural manner. The co-operative abilities of agents are also another important attribute that the agent approach brings to traditional software engineering concepts. Co-operation either allows the agent to gain a local advantage (exploiting the actions of other agents) or to add to the global ‘good’ of the system in which they operate (i.e. via collaboration). We believe that the agent approach recognizes that agents should have some ability to “deal with contingencies in operation”, a factor that is not often considered in many traditional software applications. With the advent of network systems that are owned by more than one party, agent designers will now focus attention on optimizing the individual agent's performance and making sure of its ability to interact in a more generic way, something that agent standards efforts will hopefully provide. For the multi-agent system approach to be most beneficial it has been realized that agents need to interact not only with agents constructed by the same design group but also by others. This is one way that will provide the code re-use ability that has been so instrumental in the uptake of Object-Oriented programming.
AgentTechnology is the latest paradigm of software engineering methodology. The development of autonomous, mobile, and intelligent agents brings new challenges to the field. Multi-agent-system researchers have started to develop agents with "social" abilities and complex "social" systems. However, most of these systems lack the foundation of the social sciences. The construction of artificial (agent) societies leads to questions that already have been asked for human societies. Computer Scientists have adopted terms like emerging behavior, self-organization, and evolutionary theory in an intuitive manner. It is the intention to bring together researchers from computer science as well as the social sciences that see their common interest in social theories for the construction of multi-agent-systems.
Many groups of research have been interested in combining Bioinformatics (where gene expression analysis is included) and intelligent agent software. In  we found a Group on Agents in Bioinformatics, BioAgents, which promote the agent work in Bioinformatics fields. In  the project Geneweaverthe, agents work with ex- ternal databases. Another system for gene expression analysis using multi-agenttechnology is in . They pro- pose three stages of gene expression analysis: pre-processing, statistical analysis and biological inference. With agents they want to get automation and parallel processing. In BioMas  the agents work with the sequence and function of genes. A multi-agent system for gene expression classification is presented in . The system searches for significant genes to classify samples of some cancers. The genes are grouped by couples; that are tested with clustering methods if they could classify types of cancer.
The proposed LMS framework utilizes the software agenttechnology. Among the features of software agents are proactive, autonomous, flexible, social, and goal-directed behaviours (Votano et al., 2004). In this work, we analyzed the above basic tasks, and apply multi-agenttechnology based on the notion of agency developed by Wooldridge and Jennings (Votano et al., 2004; Wooldridge & Jennings, 1995). The Wooldridge-Jennings agent may follow at least one of the following behaviours:
Back in 1975, Hewitt et al. (1975) described an actor concept, which has many similarities to today’s multi-agent-based DSS. Current applications of multi-agenttechnology in DSS have been mainly focusing on decentralized frameworks. For instance, Ossowski et al. (2004) propose and implement the multi-agent decision support system in transportation management; Vahidov (2006) suggests the use of intelligent agents in situated systems, and Padgham and Winikoff (2002) introduce the Prometheus methodology for building Belief-Desire-Intention (BDI) based distributed agent systems. However, these systems mainly rely on the efficient concurrent control and synchronous communication technologies. Unfortunately, current technologies in these areas are not efficient enough, particularly, when they deal with large volumes of transactions. Many decentralized multi-agent systems suffer from inefficient manageability (Minar, 2002), particularly, with respect to the difficulties of handling concurrent control and synchronous communication problems.
Moreover, Agents and multi-agent systems constitute one of the most prominent and attractive technologies in computer science at the beginning of this new century. Agents and multi-agent systems technologies, methods, and theories are currently contributing to many diverse domains. Jennings and Wooldridge  stated that intel- ligent agents were a new paradigm for developing software applications. Agenttechnology is seen as a funda- mentally important new tool for building a wide array of systems (i.e. open systems, complex systems, and ubi- quitous computing systems). A number of software tools exist that allow a user to implement software systems as agents, and as societies of cooperating agents, by tools we mean agent platforms. An agent platform provides a basis for the implementation of MAS, and the means to manage agent execution and message passing. For the sake of interoperability, it is intended that the agent platform architecture should be implemented by using the Foundation of Intelligent and Physical Agents  specifications of agent platforms abstract architecture. FIPA is an IEEE Computer Society standards organization that promotes agent-based technology and the interopera- bility of its standards with other technologies. FIPA, the standards organization for agents and MAS was offi- cially accepted by the IEEE as its eleventh standards committee on June 8, 2005. The specifications define an abstract agent platform, a number of services that must or may be provided by such a platform and a standard communications language.
Abstract:- In the recent time the computer systems have evolved from monolithic computing device to much complex client-server environment. Mobile-agent paradigm is one such technology. It has numerous application where it can be beneficial, to name a few areas where the mobile-agents have potential deployment are database search, distributed systems and e-commerce. This technology has given a new direction to networking. Because of mobility of mobile agent, the security problems becomes more complicated and have become a bottleneck for development and maintenance of mobile agenttechnology especially in security sensitive applications such as e-commerce, military application scientific applications etc. This paper discusses about the mobile-agent, architecture of mobile agent, what are the various security issues that should be resolve for better performance, that can affect the transmission and reception of information. In last, in this paper we discuss the counter measures for above mentioned security issues for better performance of the mobile agenttechnology.
Since the beginning of recorded history, people have been fascinated with the idea of non-human agencies. Popular notions about androids, robots, cyborgs, and science fiction creatures permeate our culture, forming the unconscious backdrop against which software agents are perceived . Software agenttechnology has been a research area in Computer Science that deals with substituting human user(s) by a group of computer programs that carry out the routine tasks autonomously with or without minimal human intervention. Generally, agent is software that represents users in the same way the users would represent themselves.
Abstract—This paper proposes an efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm in which higher priority is given to the videos with higher weights using agenttechnology. The popularity and weight profile of the videos which is used for efficiently allocating bandwidth is periodically updated by a mobile agent. The proposed approach allocates more bandwidth for higher weight videos [popular videos], reduces the load on the central multimedia server and maximizes the channel utilization between the neighboring proxy servers and the central multimedia server and lowers video rejection ratio. The simulation results prove the reduction of load on central multimedia server by load sharing among the neighboring proxy servers, maximum bandwidth utilization, and more bandwidth allocation for higher weight videos.
Project management is always a critical issue in any organization due to tight schedule and short of resources to fulfill the goal of the project. Information systems that adopt agenttechnology can be deployed in a distributed environment to help the management applying the global planning and local execution strategies to enhance the project management capability of the organization so as to establish the core competence of the organization. In this situation, a good project scheduling approach, such as the methods proposed in this work, that executed in a dynamic environment can not only increase the planning performance of the project but it can also decrease the resources needed for executing the project.
Abstract — This paper presents advantages of applying Petri Net analysis and simulation of Network Management based on Mobile AgentTechnology. Mobile AgentTechnology has proven to be very useful to network administrator for maintaining complex computer networks. By obtaining the simulation and analysis in early design phases for formal verification, some potential deadlocks and possible conflict activities can be discovered and avoided.
Microsoft Word Thesis Title Page doc Advancing the Protein Catalyzed Capture Agent Technology to New Frontiers Thesis by Amy Michelle McCarthy In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree[.]
Web mining is an upcoming area of research which is gaining attention from research fraternity. Information overload is making commercial and personal web usage cumbersome for the users. Web mining is the only solution for filtering web contents, selecting and providing appropriate contents to end users. Considering the large volumes of data already available on the web and the rate of new information upload on the web, there is dire need of a technology which can automate the processes involved in web mining, specifically in usage mining. Agenttechnology seems to be promising solution in this case. Agents are already been employed in many web based research domains such as semantic web, wireless sensor networks, web services etc. and had been proved beneficial.
W3C, OASIS , , , , , , , this problem seems to be not yet well solved. In our previous study , we have proposed a new model based on PKI and the improvement of the UDDI which must work rather as a trust centre to improve substantially the security of WS. In this paper, we are concerned by another WS challenge which concerns their flexibility in terms of possibility to be used in several ways by their clients within a fixed delay and with a single contract with the corresponding provider. In fact, a deep observation of the existing WS, the way they are implemented then provided and the user’s needs leads to the conclusion that the WS flexibility problem is, indeed, unsolved and needs urgent solutions. Agenttechnology which provides, in particular, autonomy, intelligence and flexibility seems to be the adequate tool to reach our expectation.
This paper has presented two main contributions. Firstly, we argued the need to imbibe mobile agenttechnology in the process of access recharging system for the mobile unit. The shortfall of the present scratch card system, which is scarcity and in affordability, will be well solved if the agenttechnology is employed. A simulation model was presented comprising of the client-side; the communication link and the server model can be located anywhere outside that of the service provider as long as there exists such agreement between them. Secondly, the interrelationship or interdependency between the time based and the bandwidth consumption was present via the use of MA technology. This is with a bid to depict the effectiveness of MA for intermittent connectivity based queries. It was shown that such operation becomes very costly if they are employing continuous connection mode of transmission. The MA mode thus showed a drastic improvement in time management and bandwidth utilization for such intermittent operations.
De WIV 2017 kent geen algemene bewaartermijn, maar schrijft voor dat gegevens moeten worden verwijderd en vernietigd die geen of niet langer betekenis hebben voor het doel waarvoor ze worden verwerkt (art. 20 WIV 2017). Deze regeling is lastig te automatiseren en de cyber agenttechnology voorziet hier niet direct in. Echter, op indirecte wijze wordt wel bijgedragen, aangezien gericht gegevens worden verzameld en dus minder gegevens moeten worden beoordeeld op hun betekenis. De verzamelde gegevens zijn sterk gekoppeld aan persons of interest, waardoor ze ook snel kunnen worden geïdentificeerd en verwijderd wanneer blijkt dat de betreffende persoon geen verdere aandacht van de diensten behoeft. De cyber agenttechnology volgt in grote lijnen reeds het adagium ‘select while you collect’, 54 hetgeen aanzienlijk beter tegemoetkomt aan art. 20 WIV 2017. 55 Dit zou nog verder kunnen worden verstevigd door het inbouwen van zogeheten rolling buffers, waarmee onder meer de NSA werkt. Daarbij worden de verzamelde gegevens na enige tijd automatisch overschreven door wat nieuw binnenkomt. Binnen een vastgestelde periode moet de relevantie worden vastgesteld, anders zijn de gegevens weg.
The fact that many technology products and processes are network goods means that the presence or otherwise of technology standards may greatly impact adoption. If a standard exists in a particular domain, a potential adopter knows that choosing it will enable access to a network of other users. The greater the extent of adoption of the standard, the larger this network of users will be. Thus, one factor inhibiting adoption of Linux as an operating system (OS) for PCs was the fact that, until recently, most users had adopted the de facto standard of Microsoft Windows; while the user of a stand-alone machine could use any operating system they desire, installing an uncommon OS would mean not having access to the professional services, software tools and applications which support or run on the operating system. If adopting a technology is viewed as akin to choosing a move in a multi- party strategic game, where the potential adopter wishes to select the technology option that will be also chosen by the majority of their peers, then the existence of a standard may weight the payoffs in favour of a particular option and against others (Weitzel, 2004). Where do standards come from? Standards may be imposed upon a user community by national Governments or international organisations, as with the adoption of GSM by all European and many other nations, for second-generation mobile communications networks; the communications regulatory agencies of the United States, in contrast, decided not to impose a particular technology standard in this domain. Or, standards may be strongly recommended to a user community by a voluntary standards organisation, as in the case of many Internet standards; two machines connected to the Internet may use any interconnection protocols they themselves agree on, for example, not necessarily the standard protocols, such as TCP and UDP, deﬁ ned by the Internet Engineering Task Force. Finally, standards may emerge from multiple independent choices of one particular technology over others made by many individual adopters; the common QWERTY typewriter layout is one such bottom-up standard (Gomes, 1998).
A multi-agent system (MAS) is a system composed of multiple interacting intelligent agents. Multi-agent systems can be used to solve problems that are difficult or impossible for an individual agent or a monolithic system to solve. Intelligence may include some methodic, functional, procedural or algorithmic search, find and processing approach.
RAJGURU PRAKASH VITHOBA received the M.C.M.from Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad, M.Phil. Degree in Computer Science from Algappa University Karikudi & B.Ed from SRTMU Nanded in 2005, 2008 & 2011 respectively. From 2005 he is working as Asst. Professor of Computer Science in Adarsh Education Society‟s, Hingoli. He is doing Ph.D. He attended many National and International Conferences, Workshops and Seminars. He is having five International & three National Publication in Standard International Journals. His areas of interest are Mobile Agent, Computing Educational Evaluation, Human Computer Interaction, Green Computing, and ICT. Dr. DESHMUKH SUSHANT BAPURAO received the