Muncipal Solid Waste Management

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Role  Of Child   Rag  Pickers  In  Muncipal  Solid  Waste  Management:A Case Study  In  Bhubaneswar City, Odisha

Role Of Child Rag Pickers In Muncipal Solid Waste Management:A Case Study In Bhubaneswar City, Odisha

The chi square value(X 2 =3.47) shows that there is a significant relationship between migration and reason for migration of the respondents at 0.01 level of significance. In this present study it was found that most(61%) waste pickers were migrated from west Bengal and the main reason (71%) of migration is due to expectation a better life, unemployment and poverty. Another case study has been done bySarkarPapiya 8 found that unemployment and poverty were two reasons for the rag pickers migration into urban setups.He also found that 97.5% of the migrants they came to Delhi looking for employment and ended up waste picking as a means to survive.
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MUNCIPAL SOLID WASTE SOURCE AND DISPOSAL PRACTICES IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS OF MYSORE CITY, KARNATAKA, INDIA – A CASE STUDY

MUNCIPAL SOLID WASTE SOURCE AND DISPOSAL PRACTICES IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS OF MYSORE CITY, KARNATAKA, INDIA – A CASE STUDY

seriously as there are good recycling potentials for municipal solid waste sustainable recycling [40-42] . Moreover, the bio-degradable waste could be used for composting [43] . However, there are many challenges appear while managing and recycling the municipal solid waste [44] due to non-availability of information on solid waste production. In Mysore, 3.8% of the nuclear families and 17.5% of the composite families didn’t provide the information on amount of waste produced per day. This type of challenges should be solved by adopting innovative techniques, alternative approaches with better strategies on eco-friendly way as suggested by [45-48,23] for better solid waste management. Thus, integrated approach for sustainable solid waste management is need of the day for India in general [49] and developing cities like Mysore in particular. Similar type of studies were made for urban centers by [2, 6, 8, 10, 13,
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Route Optimisation for Muncipal Solid Waste Collection using ArcGIS Application in Gwalior City, Madhya Pradesh

Route Optimisation for Muncipal Solid Waste Collection using ArcGIS Application in Gwalior City, Madhya Pradesh

Abstract: Uncontrolled growth of the urban population in developing countries in recent years has made solid waste management important issues, so the system for collection of solid waste thus constitutes an important component of an effective solid waste management system. In present study an attempt is made to design and develop an appropriate collection plan by Geographical Information System (GIS) software for the selected wards at Gwalior, in Madhya Pradesh, India and also demonstrate the significant reduction in time that can be obtained compared with the current practices in the study area .The city limits of Gwalior were extended from 177.3 to 423.4sq km in 2016, leading to sub-optimum levels in solid waste transportation of 401tonnes per day. After developing a spatial database for the whole of Gwalior with 66 wards, the route optimization procedure have been run for the transport of solid waste from 10 wards to one transfer station (intermediary before landfill), using ArcGIS. The network analyst tool available in ArcGIS is used to find the optimized route for solid waste collection considering all the required parameters for solid waste collection efficiently. These parameter include the position of solid waste collection routes, road network, the population density, waste collection schedules, truck capacities and there characteristics. A GIS optimal routes model was designed for efficient collection path for municipal solid waste to minimum time, less fuel, shortest travel path and outline the workflow and best practices for future analysis throughout the city. The overall savings are thus very meaningful for the entire Gwalior.
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SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Abstract – In this paper the study is done for solid waste management with one case study. Solid waste can be defined in terms of unwanted residues, solid or semi-solid that are thrown by domestic, industrial and commercial sectors. Solid waste is the unwanted and discarded material resulting from day to day activities in community. Because of solid waste has emerged as one of the serious problems being faced by urban centers all over the world. The waste generated has to be taken anway from the city and treated in a way, which does nat cause environmental problems. Therefore the need of solid waste management arises. This paper includes all the information problems occurring due to solid waste, characteristics of solid waste any types of solid waste, disposal of waste. One of the main tasks of any MUNCIPAL AUTHORITY is the daily collection and disposal of solid waste generated in the city. Today this problem has assumed massive proportion leading to serious groundwater contamination. Also the paper includes the case study of Bangalore’s M.S.W management, which contents all the information about land filling method adopted, amount of waste produced and its management.
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Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations

Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations

v. Stop the violation to the Integrated solid waste management (ISWM). Today with the current crisis, a strategy for an ISWM plan must immediately be implemented. There are three dimensions of ISWM, which need to be addressed simultaneously when designing a solid waste management system: stakeholders, elements, and aspects (Figure 6). An integrated approach is necessary from segregation at source and collection to resource recovery and landfill. Sorting garbage at home should be compulsory by the governmental laws. Resource recovery facilities may be built on the way to or near the final disposal sites so that residual wastes from recovery facilities can be brought efficiently for disposal. Recycling paper, plastic, glass, should also be applied and introduced as a law. Smaller municipalities may gradually improve their final disposal method from open dumping to engineered landfill. Incineration can be also considered as an efficient solution due to its high efficiency and low operation cost (1.5-2.5 $/ton) (Ouda, 2016). Nonetheless, the need for treatment of air and decontamination of ashes within the incineration facilities are limiting factors for the development of this technology in Lebanon. Wastes from hospitals, plants, batteries, etc., should be listed as hazardous and submitted to a particular recycling facility or be treated in an environmentally safe manner to prevent land and water pollution.
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Municipal Solid Waste Composition Determination Supporting the Integrated Solid Waste Management in Gaza Strip

Municipal Solid Waste Composition Determination Supporting the Integrated Solid Waste Management in Gaza Strip

B. F. Staley and M in the United St Methane Yield,” 10, pp. 901-909, A. Khalaf, “Asse of Gaza Strip,” M University of Ga A. Nassar and A Gaza Strip,” A r (EQA), 76 p, 200 ASTM D 5231 – Determination o Waste. ASTM In Gaza Municipal management. Pal Ministry of Plann Planning, 100 p, Solid Waste Man report about the y Khanyounis gove R. Municipality, Rafah, Palestine, M. R. A. Moghad Waste Managem no. 1, pp. 485-48 A. Al-Khateeb, “ Ramallah Cities University, Pales A. F. Abu Zahra, Nablus District,” I. A. Al-Khatib, Kassinos, “Sol Management Pra District–Palestin pp. 1131-1138, 2 Ministry of Envi Waste Managem 2007.
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A study on management of municipal solid waste in Delhi

A study on management of municipal solid waste in Delhi

Municipal Corporation of Delhi and the Government of Delhi have realized the seriousness of the situation and framed guidelines in the form of the Master Plan (2005– 2021) for disposal and treatment of MSW for the entire state of Delhi. MCD took a big step towards improving municipal solid waste management practices, by privatizing the collection, segregation, transportation and disposal of waste. Non-government organisations, with the assistance from resident welfare associations (RWAs), have played an important role in establishing an infrastructure for Door To Door Collection (DTDC) services and segregation of waste at the source in certain areas of Delhi; this kind of cooperation needs to be replicated at a larger scale. Public co-operation is essential for successful operation of an effective and well-founded system. The Bhagidari scheme initiated by the Government of Delhi has been instrumental in promoting civil partnership in local governance, in the field of MSWM. More such initiatives need to be taken towards educating people about correct practices of solid waste disposal. Initiatives taken by policy makers never yield results unless matched by proper implementation at every level. It is clear that any substantial change in the present scenario is not possible without a three-way partnership of the government, the private sector and the citizens. Government must promote composting, vermin- composting, incineration, refused derived fuel etc. processing and treatment methods for reducing the solid waste disposal problems because the processing of the waste is the only answer to the current scenario of municipal solid waste. Finally, there is also a need to develop a methodology of research for developing interactive techniques for system’s design and operational control.
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Solid waste management for gadhinglaj municipal council

Solid waste management for gadhinglaj municipal council

century due to rapid growth in population and urbanization the generation of solid waste has significantly increased which triggered off the management problems of waste. The cities like Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Bangalore from India are already generating more than 1000 tons per day. It has seen that solid waste can cause health environmental problems, the study of WHO has revels that the waste has dangerous consequences over health and environment, through water, land and air pollution. Also the insects like rats, Rodents; flies etc. are responsible to spreads diseases. Gadhinglaj is well known sub district place from Kolhapur district. The city generates about 5MT of waste per day which is taken care by municipal council. Due to city the population has rapidly increasing since last decade which consequently adds extra load of waste management over municipal council. The waste generates in city is moreover organic and it has potential for energy es facility of collection, treatment of waste, that will risk of diseases, also good management improves the aesthetics of the city. Though SWM friendly techniques disciplinary work it is possible to achieve needful.
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Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul City

Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul City

municipality were inadequate to promote effective Solid Waste Management in Kabul city; Municipality lacks public awareness on SWM: the majority of respondents strongly agree to agree forms 72.6%; Municipality lacks source reduction policy and in public participation: a good number of respondents about 55.8% were strongly agree to agree; There is no garbage’s dispose approaches that is why the people throw into unreasonable places over the streets/streams: the majority of respondents strongly agree to agree forms 58.8%; There is deep rooted corruption in municipality that makes it hard to implement environmental laws: the majority of respondents strongly agree to agree forms 71.7%; MSW should be teach in schools (subject)/universities(1-2 lectur): the majority of respondents strongly agree to agree forms 88.2%. The data contained in Table 5 shows that majority of respondents 78% said solid waste collection frequency is not enough by municipality and much volume remained uncollected in the places; 75.8% respondents said there is no waste collection every day by municipality; Does community participate in SWM?: the majority of respondents were agreed with public participation in SWM but they said there is no encouragements and policies for public participation to upgrade this purpose; 43.4% of respondents said there is no enough dumpsite after waste collection by municipality; Do you have bin? If no, how you dispose?: majority of respondents 72.8% said yes but they proposed increasing in the number of bins as well as in the hills and unplanned areas. Also, they said there are uncovered waste containers placed for disposing of their waste. This is an environmentally unfriendly manner which causes specially spread of diseases; Do you separate waste before disposing into bin?: the majority of respondents 73.7% said they do not separate their waste because there is no policies from government side to encourage them; Do you transfer your garbage to bins near to collection site every day?: the majority of respondents 66.1% had their wastes conveyed to the collection sites themselves or by their children but they expressed that most people occasionally dumped the wastes at unauthorized places or at the foot of skips rather than in-side; is there any prevention, charges/punishments from government for illegal garbage disposing in residential area, unreasonable places and near to houses?: the majority of respondents 75.8% pointed out there is no prevention charges/punishments from government for illegal dumping at unauthorized places, on roads, into streams, rivers, etc., that is why the people act irresponsible.
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SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

The report is aimed to study the “Solid Waste Management” with emphasis on the following case study at “Rajahmundry”. Municipal solid waste (MSW), also called urban solid waste, is a waste type that includes predominantly household waste (domestic waste) with sometimes the addition of commercial wastes collected by a municipality within a given area. They are in either solid or semisolid form and generally exclude industrial hazardous wastes. The term residual waste relates to waste left from household sources containing materials that have not been separated out or sent for reprocessing. There are five broad categories include Biodegradable waste, Recyclable material, Inert waste, Composite wastes and Domestic Hazardous Waste. The elements of municipal solid waste involve i) Waste generation, ii) Waste handling and separation, storage and processing at the source, iii) Collection, iv) Separation and processing and transformation of solid wastes v) Transfer and transport vi) Disposal. The study overviews the various waste to disposal methods and various objectives to protect environment.
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Solid waste separator design for effective waste management system

Solid waste separator design for effective waste management system

Design Aspects: For the design of the centrifuge first thing to be considered is the threshold value of the weight that should be thrown away and the weight that should be within. This value is calculated using trial and error method. Diameter and the height of the centrifuge were determined in the same way. RPM of the motor was first fixed then the diameter of the cone was determined. To avoid the heavy waste from spilling in every direction aligning ramps are provided. These are designed by measuring the distance from the cone to the end of the box after fixing the cone with the motor.
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Sustainable Solid Waste Management: A Decentralized Waste Management Approach for Gwalior City

Sustainable Solid Waste Management: A Decentralized Waste Management Approach for Gwalior City

As per common man’s perception anything that is not useful or unwanted is considered as Waste or Garbage. But in Nature’s dictionary the word Waste doesn’t exist. Everything in nature has a purpose. The biggest mistake is to think that waste is useless and to throw waste in dumping yard. By doing this we are interfering with the natural process of recycling. Actually, the problem is due to the nomenclature. Waste is actually not a trash, it’s a Resource that can be reused and recycled in various forms. Hence Solid waste can be known as “Organic or inorganic waste materials produced out of household or commercial activities, that have lost their value in the eyes of the first possessor but which may be of great value to somebody else.”(Robinson, W.D.1986).
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A Review of Solid Waste Management in Waste Bank Activity Problems

A Review of Solid Waste Management in Waste Bank Activity Problems

The formal recycling sector is driven by global resource scarcity and regional demand for recyclable materials to feed domestic and foreign industries. Policy incentives such as tax holidays for up to 5–10 years for all waste treatment and recycling plants help enhance opportunities from formalization for recycling enterprises. Formalized recycling companies however will still buy recy clables from informal traders to help their economic condition. Informal and formal sector is not a clear-cut one for their different. The level of formalization in the sector is progressive. Formalization is the process by which authorities register and authorize individual businesses that comply with rules and regulations. For small scale traders and recyclers , formalization means having to comply with norms and requirements of the authorities. The authorities such as registration of the business, environmental clearance, and authorization for the use of the land for shops and facilities. All these requirements are associated to high costs and long delays, which are clear disincentives for informal traders and recyclers to change their status quo where they are tolerated and do not need to comply with any formal regulations. Strictly enforcing current regulations on the informal sector is not of great interest to the local authorities as this would reduce the current recycled amounts which then again would additionally burden the waste collection and landfilling process and negatively impact on the living environment. The local industry, producing housewares, food and beverage packaging, or ready-made garments, are main buyers of recycled materials. Even tho ugh their quality is lower, these recycled materials are competitive on the market because they are cheaper than the virgin materials.
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IoT Based Solid Waste Management System

IoT Based Solid Waste Management System

The huge element of this framework is that it is intended to refresh from the past experience and choose on the day by day squander level status as well as the anticipate future state as for factors like movement blockage in a territory where the waste containers are set, fetched proficiency adjust, and different elements that is troublesome for people to watch and examine. In view of this chronicled information, the rate at which squander canisters gets filled is effortlessly dissected. Therefore, it can be anticipated before the flood of squanders happens in the waste canisters that are set in a particular area.
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A solid 
		waste management in Coimbatore city, India

A solid waste management in Coimbatore city, India

The collection bins must be appropriately designed with features like metallic containers with lids, and to have a large enough capacity to accommodate 20% more than the expected waste generation in the area, with a design for mechanical loading and un-loading, placement at appropriate locations, etc. Municipal authorities should maintain the storage facilities in such a manner that they do not create unhygienic and unsanitary conditions. Proper maintenance of the MSW transportation vehicles must be conducted, and the Dumper Placer should replace the old transportation vehicles in a phased manner. Currently, at the level of waste generation and collection, there is no source segregation of compostable waste from the other non-biodegradable and recyclable waste. Proper segregation would lead to better options and opportunities for scientific disposal of waste. Recyclables could be straightway transported to recycling units that in turn would pay a certain amount to the corporations, thereby adding to their income. This would help in formalizing the existing informal set up of recycling units. It could lead to several advantages such as enabling technology upgradation, better quality products, saving of valuable raw material resources of country, reducing the need for landfill space, a less energy-intensive way to produce some products and employing labor in recycling industries. Organizing the informal sector and promoting micro-enterprises are an effective way of extending affordable services. Promotion and development of recycling is a means of upgrading living and working conditions of rag pickers and other marginalized groups.
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Problems of Solid Waste Management in Indian Cities

Problems of Solid Waste Management in Indian Cities

Process of Transportation of Waste :- In India generally the smaller cities have adopted open transport system for transporting the waste from the temporary storage points to the disposal site . Wastes are collected from various temporary storage points and open collection points and are loaded to the transport vehicles manually . Manual loading is found to be time consuming and reducing the productivity of the vehicles and man power deployed for the purpose . Further , manual loading and handling of wastes are posing threat to the health of sanitary workers , as the wastes were found highly contaminated . As a result ,the waste is generally seen lying in heaps or scattered at the unscientifically designed temporary waste storage points giving unsightly appearance besides causing nuisance and unhygienic conditions .
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A Review on Solid Waste Management using SmartBin

A Review on Solid Waste Management using SmartBin

ABSTRACT: Urban India is world’s third largest waste generator, hence proper planning is required to dispose the trash. Trash in waste containers are not collected on time which leads to garbage over flowing. It has serious hazardous problems on the environment leaving the place untidy and unhygienic. There has to be proper management techniques for efficient garbage collection. This paper describes the waste management techniques using technologies like GIS, GPS, RFID, etc. It would be easy to calculate the fill level estimations using these Techniques, according to the input of smart system efficient route can be decided for garbage collection and would help to reduce the human intervention in waste management.
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Public Private Partnership in Solid Waste Management

Public Private Partnership in Solid Waste Management

In fact, private participation in the provision of MSW services is not new to India and several corporation/municipalities have employed private contractors for secondary transportation from the communal bins or collection points to the disposal sites since 1985. However, the services provided for by the private sector then were contractual in nature and were confined to one or two segments of the MSW value chain. In recent times, the engagement of private sector participation has increased from short term contracts to long-term partnerships. Close to 31 long-term Build-Operate-Transfer concessions have been awarded to the private sector till March, 2011 to manage solid waste in the country. However, despite the rising popularity of Public Private Partnerships in the management and delivery of MSW services, the institutional setting, governance and regulatory structures and market linkages (for recyclables/compost) are at a nascent stage, making the successful implementation of PPPs a challenging task. This is further complicated by the presence of a large informal sector (mainly consisting of rag pickers) that pre-dominantly remains outside the PPP framework. Thus the evolution of the MSW sector in India and the potential role that PPPs could play, given the local institutional and market dynamics, demands closer attention.
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Solid Waste Management: A Case Study of Mandvi

Solid Waste Management: A Case Study of Mandvi

In the past, dumps were created very simply, digging a hole in the ground and filling it with trash. Once the trash reached a certain limit, it was burned and then the entire opening was covered with new soil. In the past, garbage was collected in open dumps. These uncovered and unlined sites allowed leachate, a liquid formed by decomposing waste, to soak into the soil and groundwater.

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Solid waste management and health effects

Solid waste management and health effects

Preventing something that is harmful and will affect you and your family negatively takes even another step, more than knowing about the danger and understanding why the danger appears. In figure 5 (Hines et al, 1986 found in Kollmuss, A and Agyeman, J. 2002) the intention to act is equivalent to prevention of health effects. Since the Model of Responsible Environmental Behavior (figure 5) seems to be most applicable to a place like Mutomo, I would therefore conclude it as a model to bring to practice in Mutomo and similar places. The factors included in what actually makes people take action are many; possibilities as in available systems, own attitudes and values as in do I believe it‘s worth it, monetary incentives as in gain of money for collected bottles or fines if you don‘t separate your waste. These factors said to be influencing pro-environmental behavior are shown in both figure 5 (Hines et al, 1986 found in Kollmuss, A and Agyeman, J. 2002) and figure 6 (Fietkau and Kessel, 1981 found in Kollmuss, A and Agyeman, J. 2002).
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