“Prevention of occupational diseases and accidents through a safety society” was the theme of this year. It was participated a mass of more than one hundreds who are engaging in public and private sector for the Technical Session conducted at here. The major objective of seminar which conducted in this year was made employer and employee parties aware in respect of vision and future activities of NationalInstitute of Occupational Safety and Health under purview of Ministry of Labour and Labour Relations.
Washington, DC 20510 Washington, DC 20510
Dear Chairman Harkin and Ranking Member Moran:
As Congress considers funding priorities for Fiscal Year 2014, the Friends of NIOSH strongly urges you to include at least the Fiscal Year 2012 level for the NationalInstitute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). NIOSH, within the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is the primary federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related illness and injury. NIOSH provides national and world leadership to avert workplace illness, injury, disability, and death by gathering information, conducting scientific research, and translating this knowledge into products and services. NIOSH supports programs in every state to improve the health and safety of workers.
Fume Hood (Chemical Fume Hood) is a ventilated enclosed work space intended to capture, contain and exhaust fumes, vapors, and particulate matter generated inside the enclosure to outside the facility.
Occupational Safety & EnvironmentalHealth (OSEH) is the University of Michigan department that works to maintain a safe and healthy environment. The Department will survey matters of environmental sanitation, occupational safety, occupationalhealth, and radiation safety; coordinate and assist in educating faculty, staff and students on standards applicable to University-associated activities and safety efforts throughout the University; advise faculty and staff on procedures relating to biosafety and biological safety cabinets; develop accident prevention programs;
weaknesses of log analysis. These issues are important to understand, but less research has been done on how to comprehensively apply web logs to higher-level issues within libraries. This study shows that web statistics are a tool to help librarians make
management, marketing, and collection development decisions. This paper will cover the basic issues of web log analysis in addition to exploring practical application concepts for the library of the NationalInstitute of EnvironmentalHealth Sciences (NIEHS). The library’s web logs were analyzed from January to March 2002. In addition, a database was queried to track usage of specific resources on the library’s website from March to May 2002.
In January 2012, the NationalInstitute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a confidential request for a health hazard evaluation from employees at a battery recycling company in Puerto Rico. The request concerned potential respiratory and dermal exposures to lead, caustic soda, sodium nitrate, recycled oil, and sulfur. Reported health effects included headache, throat irritation, stomach problems, tiredness, body aches, and dizziness. We evaluated the plant in April and September 2012 and sent interim letters with findings and recommendations after each visit. In November 2012 we sent a letter summarizing the air sampling results for lead and noise to the company and employee requestors and in January 2013 we individually notified the employees of their air sampling results for lead and noise.
although they did not fit lagging, they removed or demolished it. In addition, two cases mention other circumstances of asbestos exposure: the use of covering during welding operations and, respectively, the demolition of extended areas of damaged asbestos cement.
In the other four cases, jobs were performed in various phases of the production cycle: one finisher and one storeman in tyre companies, and, two moulders using standing presses in two plants where sundry industrial parts were manufactured. Questionnaires do not provide sufficiently detailed information to permit direct interpretations. On the basis of more general information it is possible to assume a passive exposure to fibres released by insulating materials in a state of deterioration during maintenance/removal/re-fitting operations. These cases of exposure are known because they occurred in the tyre companies in question and in one of the two firms making industrial parts. It is also possible to assume an exposure to the contaminating tremolite of industrial talc. It is also known that in these plants talc was the main anti-adhesive agent up until the 1970s, being used in huge quantities and not subject to any control on the quality of talc entering the plant. What is more, there were small firms that separated the talc used for rubber waste and took it back to the factories that made use of it, but by doing so, they mixed the various lots of talc and added talc that was doubtless contaminated by serpentine. With regard to the fourth subject, who worked only for two years in an industrial parts maker, about which we have no direct information, the questionnaire refers to the use of very large amounts of talc, but also mentions a sure source of environmental exposure, with the patient’s home situated close to a large-sized asbestos-using textile factory.
The NIEHS, like all Government agencies with a Research and Development (R&D) budget over $100M, is mandated to allocate 2.5% of its R&D budget to support small businesses via the SBIR program. Each year we develop a solicitation that is included as part of the NIH omnibus SBIR grants program, this allow us to bring the unique ‘translational’ expertise and product orientation of the small business community into the environmental healthsciences. Approximately 85% of our funds ($10M) are spent in support of grant applications that are received in response to this solicitation each year. The ideas included in the omnibus grant solicitation are developed by staff in the Division of Extramural Research and Training (DERT) based on our Institute mission and programmatic priorities and the funds for the program come from DERT. For example, the major topics in the NIEHS grant solicitation are technologies and products to improve exposure assessment, development of alternative toxicity test systems, development of animal models of disease and educational materials to teach students and the public about environmentalhealth sciences. The applications initially received are Phase I applications and their goal is to develop proof of principle in a one year time frame usually with a budget of
toxicity and to characterize the hazard or safety of new chemicals in order to protect and advance the health of people, animals, and the environment. While in silico and in vitro methods are increasingly being used, many studies continue to require the use of
animals to assess complex physiological and behavioral adverse effects from acute and chronic studies. When chemicals induce damage or disease in tissues and organs, this can lead to pain and distress in laboratory animals. Minimizing pain and distress not only improves the welfare of animals, but also improves experimental results by reducing the potential confounding effects of pain. The NIH Revitalization Act directs NIH to conduct or support research into methods of research and experimentation that produce less pain and distress in animals. However, objective and sensitive methods for detecting the presence of pain and distress are needed that can be used as the basis for interventions to reduce or relieve pain and distress and for monitoring the
Conducting Health Hazard Evaluations (HHEs)
Interim HHE reports were posted on the website in a timely manner and distributed to a wide variety of agencies and entities identified as interested parties. The information was useful to health and safety professionals and policy makers, who likely had access to the on-line reports and who are often the necessary intermediaries in applying the recommendations from a health hazard evaluation in the field, and in communicating these essentially technical documents to a non-technical worker audience. However, two factors limited the utility of the reports for communicating information to workers themselves. Response workers in the field largely did not have internet access, and there was no other immediate means to disseminate the information to them, especially those in remote locations. Even if copies of the reports were more widely available, they may or may not have directly been useful to workers, especially those with limited time to read the documents or limited ability to adopt recommended interventions. Potential solutions identified in the field but not implemented include: 1) working through a local AM radio station that reportedly catered to fishermen to disseminate findings of the HHEs; and 2) developing large posters, in multiple languages and simplified terminol- ogy, for hanging in common areas (dining tent, recreation tent, etc.) to advertise/explain the HHE program goals, purpose, methods, etc. and to post information from interim reports. Additionally, it will be important to get these messages into safety briefings and safety plans as the response evolves. NIOSH should explore the development of a poster template that could be quickly tailored and used both in future responses and routine HHEs to improve communication with and access to workers.
Decontamination, which includes water extraction, cleaning, and disinfection, can be effective in reducing this particular potential health risk.
Situation 2. Waste that originates in the built environment is deposited or flows beyond the confines of the building's disposal system. In this case, there is limited or confined flooding, but water and waste penetrate the structure and furnishings of the building. For example, flooding occurs in a men's room of an office building, water flows under a wall, and into the carpet of an adjacent hallway. In this case, there is a limited amount of waste that is confined to a relatively small area of the building, but it penetrates regions of the environment that have complex surfaces and are difficult to restore. Effective restoration involves decontamination (as in Situation 1) as above and drying all surfaces that have been in contact with the sewage. In the case of stretch-in carpet, lifting and cleaning the contaminated carpet, disposing of the cushion, and treating both sides of the carpet thoroughly with a disinfectant are all necessary. Affected porous wall materials need to be treated with a disinfectant and evaluated for replacement.
SCOPE: This guideline applies to all academic/research units involved in the generation and handling of biohazardous waste. See Appendix A for the disposal of non-biohazardous solid waste. Note: Radioactive
biohazardous waste is not addressed in this document. Refer to Proper Segregation and Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Wastes (LLRW) At The University of Michigan. Clinical medical waste is not addressed in this document. Refer to the medical waste plans for the University of Michigan Health Systems and University outpatient clinics. Chemically contaminated biohazardous waste is not addressed in this document.
HOW CAN CRYPTOSPORIDIUM AFFECT YOUR HEALTH?
C ryptosporidiosis can be a serious or even fatal disease for people with severely weakened immune systems. For example, people with HIV/AIDS, cancer and transplant patients, and individuals with certain immune deficiency diseases are especially sensitive to the effects of cryptosporidiosis.
The questionnaire and cover letter were developed with input from National Institutes of EnvironmentalHealth Sciences’ library staff, approved by the University of North Carolina Academic Affairs Internal Review Board (see Appendix A) and cleared by Dav Robertson, Library Director at NIEHS. The questionnaire was then pilot tested for clarity by two NIEHS researchers resulting in slight syntactical changes in the questions. The questionnaire, photocopied and numbered for tracking returns, was distributed through inter- office envelopes. Surveys were either returned though inter-office mail, hand delivered to the library or sent by U.S. Postal Service in the following 12 days.
Air pollution both indoor and outdoor may be resulting in high incidence of respiratory diseases.
The general conclusion of all of the studies and assessments is that Liberia environmentalhealth situation is far from satisfactory. They indicate that Liberia, like many other developing countries, is faced with a number of environmentalhealth issues and problems that affect human health and the environment. Poor sanitation, contaminated drinking water, poor food safety practices, unsanitary excreta disposal, and poor knowledge and behavioral practices regarding basic cleanliness and hygiene, among others, are among the numerous environmentalhealth causes and challenges facing the country and affecting the health and lives of the population. Most of the studies and assessments recommend the development of a comprehensive environmentalhealth policy, clarification of roles and responsibilities for environmentalhealth management, participation of communities in environmentalhealth management, and increased support for environmentalhealth programs across all sectors, particularly from the Government of Liberia.
In order to give the current fourth-year BSc students an opportunity to link the theory of
occupational and environmentalhealth to practice, the Department of LARMAT requested for an educational visit to the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) to enable the students observe and learn first-hand about various aspects of occupationalhealth and safety at ILRI’s Environment and OccupationalHealth and Safety department, Large Animal Unit, Small Animal Unit and Tick Unit.
Eleanor Summerhill, MD chair of the Section on Terrorism and Inhalational Disasters.
And a thank you to all the Members of the EOPH Program and Planning Committees and a special thank you to the outstanding ATS staff, especially Eileen Larsson and Miriam Rodriguez.
In addition to our EOPH Assembly committees and activities, EOPH members serve on a number of the ATS- wide committees, including EnvironmentalHealth Policy (John Balmes, MD, Chair; George Thurston, DSc, Vice Chair), International Health, Documents Development and Implementation, Health Equality Subcom- mittee, Membership Committee, International Health Committee, and others. Committees and members are listed on the ATS website.