National Security Council

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The National Security Council and the Iran-Contra Affair

The National Security Council and the Iran-Contra Affair

Transactions with Iran and Senate Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition, 100th Cong., 1st Sess.. with any "moderate" e[r]

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Jimmy Carter\u27s Foreign Policy: The Battle for Power and Principle

Jimmy Carter\u27s Foreign Policy: The Battle for Power and Principle

introduce the major actors and their views on power and principle, and review the rivalry between the National Security Council and the Department of State over the control and directi[r]

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MINUTES OF THE MEETING DATE: 24/06/2020 HOURS: 16h- 17h45

MINUTES OF THE MEETING DATE: 24/06/2020 HOURS: 16h- 17h45

• AOB points: round table, feedback from national Security Council, Observation of increased testing activities, Measures to relieve the continuing pressure on the workforce in crisis[r]

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Henry A. Kissinger

Henry A. Kissinger

This one area is one that we are going to concentrate on particularly, the organization of the National Security Council, its restructuring and also revitalizing some of the other planni[r]

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Presenter: October 14, 2009 Mr. Takanobu Ito Managing Director, Asia Pacific & Middle East Operations

Presenter: October 14, 2009 Mr. Takanobu Ito Managing Director, Asia Pacific & Middle East Operations

Information and Communication Infrastructure Interagency Policy Committee (ICI--IPC), IPC), chaired by the National Security Council (NSC) and Homeland Security Council (HSC) chaired by the National Security Council (NSC) and Homeland Security Council (HSC) for the primary policy coordination.

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NATIONAL CYBER SECURITY STRATEGY

NATIONAL CYBER SECURITY STRATEGY

The Specialised Cyber Security Committee will support the National Security Council in performing its functions, particularly in assisting the Prime Minister in directing and coordi­ nating the National Security Policy in the field of cyber security. It will furthermore strength­ en coordination, collaboration and cooperation relations among the different Public Au­ thorities with responsibilities in cyber security matters and between the public and private sectors, and will facilitate the Council’s decision making by analysing, studying and proposing initiatives at both the national and the international levels.
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Social security determinants

Social security determinants

Security is one of the basic values and human needs, [security (survival) and development is the main goal of each entity in the long-term] 1 . American psychologist, Abraham Maslow, the author of the hierarchy of needs, identified five human needs: physiological, security, belonging, recognition and self-fulfilment. According to him, security is already placed in the second position just after the psychological needs of humans, such as food, housing, clothing and procreation 2 . Because this is one of the most-awaited needs of a human, citizen, it is also the basis for the proper functioning of the country, therefore the priority of each state is to care for security. Nowadays, this task is particularly difficult due to the variety of security threats, their unpredictability, and therefore security should be perceived as a continuous process.
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Why Do I Like Broccoli

Why Do I Like Broccoli

In 1973, these conclusions prompted some other judges and me, as members of the National Council ofJuvenile and Family Court Judges "National Council", to establish the National Center f[r]

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The U.S. Border Patrol: Failure of the Administration to Deliver a Comprehensive Land Border Strategy Leaves Our Nation s Borders Vulnerable

The U.S. Border Patrol: Failure of the Administration to Deliver a Comprehensive Land Border Strategy Leaves Our Nation s Borders Vulnerable

Almost four years after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, our land borders remain porous and vulnerable to entry by terrorists and criminals. This security gap remains because the Administration has failed to create a comprehensive strategy that prioritizes our border security needs and seamlessly protects our borders. The wrong priorities set by the U.S. government have created obstacles to securing our land borders and have failed to provide the men and women of the Border Patrol the basic equipment, resources, and support needed to do their jobs.

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NATIONAL WATER COUNCIL

NATIONAL WATER COUNCIL

3.b Expand the licensing activities of the Water Regulatory Authority to achieve licensing of all water systems 3.c Develop and disseminate a Model Service Delivery Agreement 3.[r]

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Research of protectionism in shipping policy

Research of protectionism in shipping policy

Councils, has been assigned, in addition of this tradit­ ional function, another important role, namely, the pro­ motion of the national maritime transport. Indeed, in securing the negotiation of freight rates, shippers' councils should make a valuable contribution to the prov­ ision of efficient maritime transport services at reason­ able cost, and so promote the trade of developing coun­ tries and maintain the sound economic operation of the shipping industry. Unfortunately, if the results reached by the Benin Shippers' Council for the first function are noticeable, it is the achievement of the second function (promotion of national maritime transport) which is ham­ pered by many obstacles. Before analysing what should be done to make the Benin Shippers' Council effective and efficient, and though it has been previously said that this paper will not go into theoretical aspects, some lines.will be devoted here to describe how a shippers' council should be formed and organized. This will give to this study the advantage of not having enterly neglected the theoretical aspect inherent in any subject.
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New Pact for Europe   National Report   GREECE  EPC Report, June 2017

New Pact for Europe National Report GREECE EPC Report, June 2017

The political procedure to be followed in order to reach a formal and institutionally compact “multi-speed Europe” of differentiated integration needs to be sufficiently open and inclusive. The criteria for entering or exiting different speeds need to be transparent and equitably applied. Three basic conditions should apply: a) the criteria should be ‘universally’ defined, b) the procedure should be open to all interested parties, no one to be excluded a priori, permanently and arbitrarily, c) the procedure should be transparent. At minimum, any movement towards more integration should not violate the European acquis, should uphold the pursuits of convergence, cohesion and solidarity, and should come with guarantees for the members not participating in the first speed. The entire Eurozone, with all its members, must form the first EU speed. When it comes to the Eurozone, capability to deploy countercyclical tools must be built up, providing much needed fiscal space during recessions, or funding for investment in the countries experiencing asymmetric shocks. The end game should be a fiscal union with a fiscal capacity or common Eurozone budget, resting on conditional debt mutualisation. The latter could take various forms, including euro bills, debt redemption fund, stability bonds or the “European safe bond”. Mechanisms for risk-sharing will eventually lead to risk reduction. Two significant preconditions for turning the EMU into to a closer fiscal union would be: first, rules are uniformly implemented and, second, a non-negligible degree of control is conceded to the European level. Moral hazard concerns can be addressed with the institutionalisation, where necessary, of the principle of conditionality. Reprioritising real convergence and cohesion is critical. To promote efficient growth-oriented policies, structural transfers to regions in need should be established. A closer coordination of economic policies, including tax policies, should go hand in hand with instruments to enhance structural competitiveness. The approach should be to raise total factor productivity and to stop producing negative externalities and then exporting them onto others. Structural reforms enhancing productivity and competitiveness (on labour markets, education and training, product and services markets, infrastructure, entrepreneurship and innovation, regulation and the welfare state) should be undertaken at national level and effectively supported by the EU. Harmful tax competition and high-end tax avoidance and tax fraud should be decisively addressed as a matter of both social equity and raising fiscal resources. This would also allow to lower the currently high tax rates on companies and working taxpayers that negatively affect the Eurozone’s growth potential.
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Principles and Guidelines for

Principles and Guidelines for

The Security Council consists of five permanent members (China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and ten non-permanent members. Half of the non-permanent members are elected each year by the General Assembly for a term of two years. The UN Charter confers a unique authority on the Security Council to investigate any situation or conflict that threatens international peace and security. The Security Council is, therefore, the principal organization in the world for international peace and security and, thereby, has legitimacy under international law for the use of force or intervention against a sovereign state. It can delegate this responsibility under Chapter VIII of the Charter to regional organizations, such as the African Union (AU).
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Expanding the oligarchy: The g4 and the united nations security council reform

Expanding the oligarchy: The g4 and the united nations security council reform

Germany and Japan are still growing contributors to the UN budget, make their payments in full and on time and have very substantial unused defense capabilities, with major reservations concerning the use of that potential. Both were constitutionally barred from contributing to operations abroad, including peacekeeping, until the mid 1990s (Imber, 2006). German aspirations split the EU, as many European states would prefer an EU permanent seat. The UK and France supported German aspirations as a way of putting off future demands that they give up their seats for a united EU seat (Stedman, 2007). Germany argues that its booming economy merits it a spot on the UNSC and its exclusion is an unfair relic of post World War II world order. Italy and Spain object to any scheme favoring Germany and prefer an increase in non- permanent seats for which all Western European states would compete (Minor, 2010). The transatlantic and European institutions that had rationally allowed Germany’s return as an accepted European partner were well received by German leaders, who committed themselves to multilateralism and international law and developed a distinct aversion to the use of military force. In the light of emerging security threats in the international system, the taboo concerning the deployment of German troops abroad has been gradually overcome, and its commitment to institutions such as NATO and the EU was strengthened despite the euro zone crisis. Germany gives emphasis on stability over many other foreign policy objectives (Lehne, 2012).
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Key Role of Teachers- in Implementing RTE Act-2009

Key Role of Teachers- in Implementing RTE Act-2009

Adaptability: The metric requires that the education system is able to adapt to the changing needs of society and fight social inequalities such as gender discrimination as well as local issues and contexts. This implies that education should be flexible and respond to the needs and abilities of its students, meet their best interests and adapt to different contexts. Teachers Role in Success of RTE act The successful implementation of RTE Act majorly depends on teachers. . According to RTE rules, children have the right to at least one qualified and trained teacher for 30 students .After five years of its implementation still the ratio is not appropriate. Currently, there is about one teacher for every 34 students. Around 1.2 million additional teachers need to be recruited to fill this gap. Furthermore, today, around one out of five primary school teachers do not have the required minimum qualification to ensure children„s right to quality learning. Section 23(2) of the Act provides a time frame of five years to ensure that all the teachers in elementary schools are professionally trained. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has estimated that currently there are 0.67million untrained teachers in India. The National Council for Technical Education has laid down the minimum qualifications for teachers in schools in 2001 on the basis of the National Council for Teacher Education Act and the RTE Act, according to which teachers appointed by the government or employing authority should be trained and have minimum qualifications for different levels of school education. Within the five-year period, all
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Time to Listen: The list grows longer: sitting Latin American. Trends in U.S. Security Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean

Time to Listen: The list grows longer: sitting Latin American. Trends in U.S. Security Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean

aerial fumigation in the 1990s and continued the practice with U.S. funding under Plan Colombia. Crops are fumigated with a powerful version of glyphosate, a chemical produced in the United States by Monsanto and marketed as Roundup. Since the outset, fumigation has had a negative impact on poor subsistence farmers, whose licit and illicit crops—often their only source of income and food security—have been destroyed, sometimes resulting in population displacement. Often the fumigation kills the legal crops surrounding coca plants, without even affecting the target. Populations, and some scientists, also claim that it does damage to the environment and human health by poisoning water supplies, livestock, and wildlife. The amount of land cultivated with coca diminished during the years of heaviest fumigation (2000-2006), only to plateau at a still high level. Fumigation has proven to have little effect on cocaine production or the drug’s price and availability in the United States. According to the UN, Colombia’s Anti-Narcotics Directorate (DIRAN) sprayed a total of 100,549 hectares in 2012, which is similar to aerial spraying levels in 2011 (103,302 hectares) and 2010 (101,940 hectares), but a significant drop from 2006, when an all-time high of about 170,000 hectares were sprayed. 24
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GUIDELINES FOR SECURITY COUNCIL

GUIDELINES FOR SECURITY COUNCIL

When all operative clauses have been debated and voted upon, the Council will debate the pre-ambulatory clauses en-bloc. The pre-ambulatory clauses are essential to the resolutions as they set the context for the issue. Frequently an operative clause will have one or more pre-ambulatory clauses explaining the issue the operative clause aims to solve.

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NOTION OF STRATEGIC NATIONAL SECURITY
MANAGEMENT

NOTION OF STRATEGIC NATIONAL SECURITY MANAGEMENT

A social subject that possesses the drawn operational strategy will always form an adequate security zone aimed mainly at the fi nal achievement of the assumed goals. It should be underlined that each time it will be done in a way adequately diff erent depending on the type of the social system that abides (Gryz 2013, p. 104). Th e example in this matter can be the activity of diff erent types of society. Th e particularly interesting factor is the degree to which they are organised or to which they lack such organisation. For in the anarchy, a new order must occur in order to enable its transformation into further, new forms of organisation. Depending on the current view of the social world, whether it is a functional one or a confl ict, one diff erence shall be the determinants that form the fundamental basis of the strategic security management. Every time such activities are directly aimed at the benefi ts, then such benefi ts shall be interpreted in the subsequent categories of existence ensuring further development. In such a way, they will fi nd their legal, ideological and doctrinal interpretation.
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Security and Technology: Rethinking National Security

Security and Technology: Rethinking National Security

* Associate Professor, Texas A&M University School of Law where she teaches national security, civil rights, and Middle East law. Professor Aziz thanks the Texas A&M Law Review students for their hard work in organizing an informative confer- ence addressing issues that affect all Americans. She also thanks Dean Andrew Mor- riss and Vice Dean Aric Short for their support of the conference as part of a broader scholarly initiative to make Texas A&M School of Law a center of excellence.

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Ratio legis of the authority arrangement in the fields of state defense and security in national security system

Ratio legis of the authority arrangement in the fields of state defense and security in national security system

Based on the description of the ratio legis above, it can be concluded that the enactment of Law Number 7 of 2012 still needs to be synchronized and harmonized with other laws and regulations to deal with social conflicts within the framework of the national security system. There seems to be obscurity in the epistemology / method of formulating the regulation of the authority to use the power of TNI in the implementation of assistance in handling social conflicts: The status of the conflict is determined if the conflict cannot be controlled by the National Police. Assistance in the use and deployment of TNI forces is coordinated by the National Police, which is regulated in PP, including technical arrangements for operational controls in the field, including in the form of implementation, administration, and logistics, control commands. This has caused insecurity in the field because the use of TNI forces is subject to the laws and regulations and human rights principles, and TNI Commander is responsible to the President. The presence of the Indonesian National Police to operationally coordinate duties of TNI on the realm has the potential not to be conducted considering that the determination of the status of the conflict began when the National Police could not handle the situation on the realm. How it is possible for an institution that has not been able to carry out its duties in the field, then it is still given the authority to control operationally other institutions that are different in character, duties and functions. If it is feared vulnerable to human rights violations, there are provisions that require TNI to submit to the applicable laws and regulations and human rights principles.
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