Near Field Communication

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Near Field Communication

Near Field Communication

Last week, RFID tag and inlay manufacturer UPM RFID announced that it has teamed with NFC solutions provider Wireless Sensor Technologies (WST) to provide NFC tags. With this partnership, UPM RFID is providing WST with its NFC tags and inlays that will now be added to WST's NFC readers, software development kits and customization services, including printing and encoding. Although the partnership is not a direct response to the Windows 8 NFC plans, WST notes, it will make it easier for the firm to respond quickly to customers seeking technology solutions built for Windows 8 devices. Wireless Sensor Technologies already provides an NFC app known as GoToTags for computers running Windows 7, enabling users to communicate with an NFC reader plugged into their computer and to use it to read and encode NFC tags. Those in the NFC industry claim that the tap-to-share application signifies that the use of Near Field Communication will grow as NFC support in Windows 8 should spur the new community of developers and end-product manufacturers to create new applications. NFC's use in personal devices which may now include tablets and laptops, as well as mobile phones should enable brick-and-mortar stores to link their products with the Internet.
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NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION

NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION

Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short-range wireless connectivity technology that enables exchange of data between devices and tags over a distance of up to about 10 centimeters. It’s mainly aimed at making it easier to use services for payment, public transport and data sharing between devices but a number of other uses have been proposed [WIK01, NFC01]:

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Near Field Communication Applications

Near Field Communication Applications

Figure 4.6.5: NFCSocial general architecture [36]. 4.7 NFC implementation in educational services The importance and impact of teaching and learning through the games has been acknowledged for some time, during which students comprehend better the matter to be taught under the high motivation of solving challenges with the right approach and attitude. Near Field Communication technology has brought a prominent new aspect to this process via enabling to create ubiquitous environment. Such a procedure is developed and tested in the University of Córdoba, Spain [37], where a common strategy game based on Near Field Communication technology is combined with Moodle (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) evaluation system along with the study rewards motivating students to learn. The proposed model in this research is a strategy pervasive game which incorporates subsystems and the use of Moodle and Near Field Communication technology played in any location or scenario where players move and interact through non invasive computational devices. Students taking part in the game compete each other in an open and intelligent environment, for example in the university campus or in the city, using their wits, skills and effort and in the aim to reach their objectives by locating and touching the NFC tags with their mobile devices in order to get a bonus, additionally they have to answer questions on the basis of the knowledge acquired along the course on any of the course subjects that they have taken.
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The Survey on Near Field Communication

The Survey on Near Field Communication

Abstract: Near Field Communication (NFC) is an emerging short-range wireless communication technology that offers great and varied promise in services such as payment, ticketing, gaming, crowd sourcing, voting, navigation, and many others. NFC technology enables the integration of services from a wide range of applications into one single smartphone. NFC technology has emerged recently, and consequently not much academic data are available yet, although the number of academic research studies carried out in the past two years has already surpassed the total number of the prior works combined. This paper presents the concept of NFC technology in a holistic approach from different perspectives, including hardware improvement and optimization, communication essentials and standards, applications, secure elements, privacy and security, usability analysis, and ecosystem and business issues. Further research opportunities in terms of the academic and business points of view are also explored and discussed at the end of each section. This comprehensive survey will be a valuable guide for researchers and academicians, as well as for business in the NFC technology and ecosystem.
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USER FRIENDLINESS OF NEAR-FIELD COMMUNICATION

USER FRIENDLINESS OF NEAR-FIELD COMMUNICATION

Over the last few years, one of the emerging communication technology introduced within mobile devices is the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology. Most of the devices in the current market such as smart phones, tablets, and even cameras have been embedded with the NFC functionality. NFC is a newly introduced wireless technology that evolved from the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology Both NFC and RFID are bidirectional short-range communication tools. The contactless interaction between two NFC-enabled devices is approximately 5-10 cm [1]. The technology uses radio waves to identify, track devices and send data in a near-field approach. The technology is widely used as a contactless payment in some grocery shops, food outlets and as a ticketing method for public transportation [1]. The NFC technology is also implemented in library systems in Japan. The Saitama Prefecture in Hanno, Japan has utilized the NFC technology [2] within their local library. Around 100 tags, or known as “Tatchitagu” is placed on the shelves where the tags contain the necessary information about the specific books. The users are able to review the books or recommend it to another user via the tags.
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Near Field Communication: Overview and Applications

Near Field Communication: Overview and Applications

Near Field Communication (NFC) as its name suggests is a shorter range subset of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology. It has gained popularity as the rising development in today’s technical world. What this wireless communication technology offers is a low bandwidth with high frequency allowing data transfer in range of centimeters. 13.56 MHz is the frequency where NFC operates. It can provide speed up to 424 kbps. NFC tags communication and data exchanges are based on standards like ISO 14443 A, MIFARE and FeliCa. It provides high comfort level and ease of use as there are no further configuration steps required to initiate a session to share data. [1]
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Near Field Communication In Mobile Technology

Near Field Communication In Mobile Technology

P Bharathidasan UniversityP P , Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India. Abstract—Near Field Communication (NFC) is a wireless short-range communication technology that works on the basis of existing standards of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) infrastructure. This technology allows data transfer by putting two devices close to each other. This paper gives various modes of operation in NFC which means that reader/writer, peer-to-peer, and card emulation and its application. In combination with NFC-capable Smartphone, it enables contactless transactions, in particular services for mobile payment. NFC integrates wireless payment and tag reading in mobile phones along with peer-to-peer communication. It can quickly setup a Bluetooth or a WLAN connection with a simple swipe. The intention of this paper is to describe basic characteristics and benefits of the technology and to present various use cases. Both existing NFC applications and possible future scenarios are explained in this context.
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Near Field Communication with Android Cookbook

Near Field Communication with Android Cookbook

Preface Mobile technologies are constantly changing, providing users with faster and better ways to interact with the world. Devices and applications have become increasingly powerful and new technologies are continually emerging—near field communication (NFC) is one of them. Its low battery consumption and simplicity are the key factors determining its future success. From facilitating daily tasks, such as opening a website, gaining access control, and making instant payments, NFC is now being used everywhere. Features such as peer-to-peer communication, cross-device data exchange, social network content sharing, and improved gaming experiences can be achieved using NFC.
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Near Field Communication in Cell Phones

Near Field Communication in Cell Phones

5.3 Data Modification 15 5.3 Data Modification Unauthorized changing of data, which results in valid messages, is much more complicated and demands a thorough understanding. As we will point out in the following, data modification is possible only under certain conditions. In order to modify the transmitted data an intruder has to concern single bits of the RF signal. As already mentioned in Section 3.2 data is send in different ways. The feasibility of this attack, that means if it is possible to change a bit of value 0 to 1 or the other way around, is subject to the strength of the amplitude modulation. If 100% modulation is used, it is possible to eliminate a pause of the RF signal, but not to generate a pause where no pause has been. This would demand an impracticable exact overlapping of the attackers signal with the original signal at the receiver’s antenna. However, Near Field Communication technology uses modulation of 100% in conjunction with the modified Miller coding which leads to 4 possible cases (see Figure 5.1). The only case, where a bit might be changed by an attacker is, where a 1 is followed by another 1. By filling the pause in two half bit of the RF signal the decoder receives the signal of the third case. Due to the agreement of the preceding bit the decoder would verify a valid one. The other three cases are not susceptible to such an attack.
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Near Field Communication Tap and Fly

Near Field Communication Tap and Fly

Near Field Communication According to the International Telecommunication Union there are around six billion mobile phone subscriptions in the world today, almost one subscription for every person. These devices are becoming more popular and useful every day, with constant enhancements adding to the vast array of functionality currently on offer. One of the most exciting developments is the introduction of Near Field Communication (NFC), which enables smartphones to quickly and securely communicate with other phones and unpowered devices. While wireless communication has been around for a long time in mobile phone terms, it is the ability for NFC enabled smartphones to communicate without power or manual authentication that opens a range of exciting opportunities. Instead of using a smartcards to prove your identify or pay for a product, you can now simply tap your smartphone.
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VIABILITY OF NEAR  FIELD COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

VIABILITY OF NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

Essentially, the advances Radio Frequency Identification and Near Field Communication utilize the same working gauges. Notwithstanding, the key augmentation of RFID is the correspondence mode between two dynamic gadgets. Notwithstanding contactless savvy cards (ISO 14443), which just bolster correspondence between controlled gadgets and inactive labels, NFC likewise gives distributed correspondence .Thus, NFC joins the component to peruse out and copy RFID labels, and moreover, to share information between electronic gadgets that both have dynamic force. NFCIP-1 is a NFC-particular correspondence mode, characterized in the ECMA-340 standard. This mode is proposed for distributed information correspondence between gadgets. In this mode, NFC is tantamount to other short-run correspondence advances, for example, IrDA, in spite of the fact that the physical information exchange component is diverse. The NFCIP-1 mode is isolated into two variations: dynamic mode and aloof mode. In dynamic mode, both members create their own transporter while transmitting information. In uninvolved mode, just the initiator produces a transporter amid interchanges, and the objective gadget uses load adjustment when imparting back to the initiator, in a manner like latent RFID label conduct. This makes it conceivable to spare force in the objective gadget, which is a helpful component if the objective gadget has an exceptionally confined vitality source, for example, a little battery
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Improved Near Field Communication Protocol (INFCP)

Improved Near Field Communication Protocol (INFCP)

Abhishek Bhattacherjee Assistant Professor, Desh Bhagat University, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India Abstract - Near field Communication having a capability to secured money transaction thus it requires heavy security during card emulation mode comm. INFCP provides a user based security, Improved Near Field Communication Protocol makes a NFC device more advance and secure from any false user from the existing model. This security is very tactical because it’s totally depends upon user functionality his/her usage with the device. This protocol basically consists of four layers completely depending upon user behaviour. Thus it becomes a new benchmark for security in comm.
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PROTOCOL SECURITY IMPLEMENTATION IN NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION

PROTOCOL SECURITY IMPLEMENTATION IN NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION

Abstract: - NFC is one of the recent wireless communication technologies. Near field communication is technology for contactless short-range communication based on RFID (Radio Frequency Identification). So there is possibility of eavesdropping, data modification, data corruption, man-in-middle attacks. Solution on these threats is creating a secure channel. The proposed system protocols consider three different factors (Touch and Time) of user behaviour to know the authenticity or authorization of users. In this processing phase, here the touch signals are cleaned for some irregularities via cubic spline smoothing process. Then after the processing, the extracted information represented in vector and stored in database. Here the angle of user touch gets calculated. Also the counter is set for time parameter in NFC devices. All parameter are stored into database. The comparison can be done between stored feature of user and recent feature of user for validation. If user is valid or authenticated then payment or data get transferred to authorized user device. At the end secure communication with NFC device is successful.
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Smart Exhibition By Using Near Field Communication (NFC)

Smart Exhibition By Using Near Field Communication (NFC)

1.4 Project scope The scopes of this project are: This project should be seriously considered and make with full of planning and other preparation so that this project will be smoothly done in the end of the semester. The main target for this project is to build the Smart exhibition system by using NFC system (Near Field Communication) purposely to help visitor when visit exhibition. It will use the active device for reading and writing of passive NFC tag.

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Near Field Communication Technology In Delivering Information In Museums

Near Field Communication Technology In Delivering Information In Museums

[8] [9] Android Developer. Near Field Communication. URL=https:// developer. android.com/guide/topics/connectivity/nfc/ index.html, Accessed 17 June 2017 Igoe, T., Coleman, D. & Jepson, B. 2014. Beginning NFC. Sebastopol, CA : O’Reilly Media, Inc. Hadi, H.S. (2012). Rancang Bangun Aplikasi Mobile Pemandu dalam Mendukung Digitalisasi Museum. Accessed 18 March 2015, from http://public.lskk.ee.itb.ac.id/S2-TMDG/2008/23208331/ 3_abstrak_paper paper_tesis_ieee_ind.pdf.

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Utilization of Near Field Communication Technology for Loyalty Management

Utilization of Near Field Communication Technology for Loyalty Management

dewiar@staff.gunadarma.ac.id Abstrak Near Field Communication (NFC) adalah salah satu teknologi nirkabel yang dikembangkan saat ini. Kita dapat menggunakan ponsel untuk melakukan banyak transaksi dengan NFC. Perkembangan Ponsel telah diciptakan untuk memberikan kemudahan bagi pengguna dalam semua aspek. Namun, saat ini fungsi NFC hanya terbatas untuk pembayaran dan micropayment. Selain itu, terdapat aset yang mendukung untuk meningkatkan penjualan dengan sistem manajemen loyalitas. Dalam sistem ini, diskon atau hadiah yang diberikan berdasarkan data mining untuk setiap pelanggan yang melakukan transaksi.
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An Innovative Micropayment System Based on Near Field Communication

An Innovative Micropayment System Based on Near Field Communication

Professor, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management, Wagholi, Pune, India 2 ABSTRACT: In our daily life ordinary cash payment is replaced by electronic means of payment. Where on other side micropayment are done debit cards, credit cards and some contactless systems which suffer from some technological problems. In my project an innovative payment system is implemented which is based on Near Field Communication Technology. The payment in my system is done by Android Smartphone. An application is developed for Android Smartphone which contains all payment details like credit / debit card number etc. The hardware NFC Reader is build.
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Near field communication: an assessment for future payment systems

Near field communication: an assessment for future payment systems

1015 Lausanne Switzerland Abstract In this paper, we present an assessment of Near Field Communication (NFC) in the context of a payment market. During these past years, we have been witnessing a number of mobile payment trials based on NFC. Early experiences are already quite encouraging and many expect NFC to become a highly efficient and effective technology for mobile payments. The objective of our research is to evaluate in a systematic manner the potential of NFC as an upcoming technology for mobile pay- ments. In order to ensure the rigor of our research, we used a formal and structured approach based on multi-actor multi-criteria methods. Our research provides one of the first assessment of NFC and a realistic picture of the current Swiss situation as we involved numerous mobile payment experts. Our findings show that Swiss industry experts are quite enthusiastic about the future of NFC.
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1.
													Near-field communication and its applications – a review

1. Near-field communication and its applications – a review

Abstract- Near-Field Communication chips may replace every card in the wallet in near future. The potential for NFC stretches beyond commerce. NFC tags can be integrated into smart phones for contactless communication for information transfer, controlling other devices, payment, and many more. NFC is used in variety of applications, making life easier by reducing manual efforts and making job paperless. In this paper we present an overview of NFC technology, NFC enabled smart phone architecture, comparison between NFC and Bluetooth technology, and a review of major NFC applications.
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Near Field Communication and Its Applications in Various Fields

Near Field Communication and Its Applications in Various Fields

NFC provides speed and secure way of communication in hospitals. Doctors equipped with NFC-capable tablet computers can call up all the information on a patient within seconds, without any chance of data getting mixed up. A quick check of the patient’s records before the required treatment or prescription of medicines ensures that the recommendations are just right for the patient in question. Chemists and pharmacists can also quickly check medicines in order to further diminish the risk of side-effects or to identify counterfeits if any doubt arises. In particular, those patients who are frequently in hospitals or doctors' clinics due to long-term or chronic illnesses will greatly appreciate the fact that NFC can also give them insights into the details of the medical procedures which they are undergoing, since there is nothing to stop information on patients' treatments or prescriptions being stored on a chip. Hence, NFC becomes the natural choice for wireless communicating between two medical devices. Medical devices using Near Field Communication can transmit data without any delay, since the data generated by medical devices are within the range of NFC. Devices, that resides in the body for long years are called implanted devices. Those devices should be highly energy efficient and conserve as much power as possible. For such applications NFC protocols are well suited as the reader can operate the tag when necessary. NFC is very easy to understand for old patients.NFC works similar to RFID tag in its passive form. NFC can be used to keep tabs on blisters and other drug
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