The Ashburton Public Library provides books, magazines, DVDs and talking books for all ages, and offers access to internet and word processing facilities. New Zealand newspapers are available in the library and international newspapers can be viewed there online. For those wanting to improve their English, language resources are also available. Anyone living in the Ashburton District can join the library for free. To join, you will need to bring TWO forms of valid identification; one must have a photo such as a drivers licence or passport; and the other must be proof of your address, such as a recent bank statement.
The tool, initially assembled in 2012, was to provide the researcher’s school with a systematic approach to EAL planning, assessment, monitoring and teaching for its teachers who were faced with a number of INA in each class arriving throughout the year. The Department for Education (DfE) promote supporting INA as ‘a whole- school issue, involving all staff’ (2008, p61) and state the best support for newarrivals is ‘quality-first teaching in an inclusive curriculum’(ibid). Although there was enough pedagogy, research and reports describing good practice for INA and EAL, the researcher felt that information was not presented in an easily accessible format to make maximum use of. ‘EAL Steps for Classroom Integration’ is based on the language assessment system of NASSEA (The Northern Association of Support Services for Equality and Achievement) (NASSEA, 2001) and combines it with many freely available recommendations that support each stage of development. It summarises, organises and presents them into a format that should be more manageable to understand and make use of for day to day teaching strategies, lesson and activity planning as well as for assessment. The information on the tool needs little explanation to teachers as it is a collection of ideas that are familiar in teaching but specifically beneficial for newarrivals. Using it should allow staff to meet the DfE requirements for INAs in their own class. Feedback received from teachers at the researcher’s school as well as the local authority’s integration service had been encouraging so it was decided that a formal study to investigate the extent that ‘EAL Steps for Classroom Integration’ is effective for primary school language teaching should be conducted.
Commonwealth per-student funding for the target group of students. They include permanent residents from language backgrounds other than English in need of intensive English language tuition. Students must enrol in an intensive ESL program within six months of their arrival in Australia if they are in Years 1 to 12, or within 18 months of arrival if they are in the Preparatory year. In addition to those students who meet these criteria, a significant number of newarrivals who do not meet the residency criteria, as well as students on bridging visas seeking asylum, are able to access an intensive program if they are eligible to enrol as non-fee-paying students in government schools.
5. Whenever the orbit is empty, the server leaves for a vacation of random length V. If no customer appears in the orbit when the server returns from a vacation, it leaves again for another vacation with the same length such a pattern continues until it returns from a vacation to find at least one customer is recorded in the orbit or it has already taken J vacations. If the orbit is empty at the end of the Jth vacation, the server remains idle for newarrivals in the system. At a vacation completion epoch the orbit is nonempty, the server waits for the customers, if any, in the orbit, or for new customers to arrive. The vacation time V has distribution function V(t) and Laplace /Stieljes transform V(θ) % and moments v n .
for newarrivals and some libraries may have a space at the beginning of the section for newarrivals. Both are viable options. There is a fine line between New Arrival and Stale Arrival. If possible refresh your section often and move any title that is older than 90 days (from the date it
At VUmc, I was introduced to the work group of the redesign project by Christine. They warmly welcomed me and taught me a lot about the pre-operative processes. I thank Christine for initializing this research to me and for her motivational support during the formulation of the problem, which was one of my biggest struggles of this research. Unfortunately for me, she found a great job somewhere else, so Suzanne Smit became my new daily supervisor. I also thank Suzanne for her great supervision and especially for all the help with the data collection. I have experienced the support from Vreelandgroup as very pleasant and useful. Their motiva- tion words in combination with the nice work environment have kept me going. In particular I thank Herre van Kaam, who helped me finding this challenging research and taught me a lot more about the health care sector in general.
scheme of the Sim-Opt approach. Recently, in stochastic scheduling, the Sim-Opt is used where heuristics or meta- heuristics are applied for the optimisation part. The concept of Simulated Annealing (SA) algorithm has been developed into an algorithm that can be used to solve a variety of optimisation problems. This is shown in work by , where SA was used to optimise parameters for an automated man- ufacturing system simulation.  presented the Simulation- Iterated Local Search approach that extends the Iterated Local Search algorithm by combining simulation to provide the algorithm with the ability of dealing with stochastic COPs in a natural way.  presented a Sim-heuristic approach for solving the PFSP under uncertain processing times.  integrated routing metaheuristics with MCS for solving the VRP with stochastic demands;  presented a review of Sim-heuristics by extending metaheuristics to deal with stochastic COPs. In this paper, the PFSP under stochastic processing time and different dynamic disruptions including; machine breakdowns and new job arrivals is considered, where a multi-objective model is used to preserve the prob- lem stability and robustness. The reminder of this paper is as follows, Section II concentrates on the multi-objective model that used for the proposed problem. Section III shows the hybridisation of the MCS approach and PSO algorithm, which lead to the Sim-PSO approach. The experimental results are given in section IV. Finally, the conclusions and future works are listed in section V.
the upper plane of seismicity. For seismically slow crust to act as an effective waveguide the source must be on or near to the low velocity layer (LVL) (Martin et al. 2003; Martin & Rietbrock, 2005; Abers, 2005), although it has been shown that S-P conversions from sources very close to the crust may travel within the LVL as guided waves (Horleston & Helffrich, 2012). The events analysed here however occur well below the slab surface, implying that a layer of low velocity oceanic crustal material cannot explain the observed dispersive P-wave arrivals. Our modelling also shows that the presence of a lower low velocity zone as has been inferred by detailed tomographic studies of Northern Japan (Zhang et al., 2004; Nakajima et al., 2009) cannot explain the data. The geometry of this lower layer means that guided waves generated in this layer do not decouple deep enough to be seen at the surface. We also note that as these events do not occur in a single plane, it is unlikely that they can be described by a single low velocity layer.
For instance, many people cross into Greece from North Macedonia, but the available figures suggest that arrivals from that country bring little economic benefit relative to their corresponding COVID-19 load. We arrived at this conclusion within a day of the Greek government's announcement, and a whole five days before North Macedonia itself realised that its lockdown relaxation programme wasn't working.  The country reimposed tough lockdown conditions on 3 June. This may keep its people from visiting Greece for a while longer, but the issue will soon recur.
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The results for the ARCH(4) specification shows that with the exception of the second lag (which is insignificant), all the lags have a positive effect. Moreover, the coefficients on the lags do not appear to decrease to zero very quickly, suggesting that a shock to tourist arrivals in the current month can have significant (but not too large) effects on volatility of arrivals four months ahead. The ARCH test suggests that the inclusion of the ARCH terms is enough to remove these effects from the residuals of the mean equation.
In order to improve the statistical validity of the results, total tourist arrival time series from eleven different sources to Japan are used with each forecasting method. Further, to test the effectiveness of the forecasting models over varying horizons, forecasts are made one-month-ahead, 12-months-ahead and 24-months-ahead for each forecasting method and each data series. These forecasts are made for both one-year and two-year lead periods. The focus is upon the short to medium term because this is the currently favoured approach in industry forecasting and this in turn reflects the current unstable nature of tourist arrivals due to continuing short-term shocks (terrorism, health scares and political upheaval), and also the increasingly short-term investment cycles and horizons for tourism business operators.
Although the Caribbean is often seen as a homogenous group of tourist destinations, this is not the case. Countries across the region differ in terms of their key source markets, infrastructural development of their industry and the sources of economic shocks. This paper investigates, through the use of univariate and multivariate time series techniques and monthly data from 1977 to 2002, whether tourist arrivals to the Caribbean have been converging and if there is stable relationship between the tourist cycles in each country. If arrivals to the Caribbean are converging over time, differences between countries, in terms of tourism penetration, should decline. The empirical results presented in the paper suggest that there is no convergence in levels, but in the rates of growth. There also exists a stable long run relationship between the rates of growth of tourist arrivals to various Caribbean countries.
To meet a service quality standard, we need to focus our efforts on stabilizing the expected HCL level. In our model, the HCL represents the customer’s sole interaction with the BSS. By stabilizing, the HCL we can ensure that customers will receive the same battery quality no matter what time of day they utilize the BSS service. Due to the stochastic nature of customer arrivals, the HCL is random throughout the day. To ensure customer satisfaction, our goal is to determine a rate control policy that will stabilize the best available battery charge to a desired target level, L ∗ , for a finite time horizon [0, T ]. Furthermore, pricing of battery swapping is based off of a differential between offered battery and received battery. By ensuring a stabilized HCL, a BSS is, in part, stabilizing the revenue. Furthermore, by charging to stabilize HCL, the system is operating similar to a just-in-time system, whereby the finished products are produced just as demand occurs for them. In a similar manner, by stabilizing the expected HCL, we are ensuring that batteries will be charged just enough so that an arriving customer on average receives the battery just as it is charged to the performance target. This method provides a minimum on the battery charge inventory needed to satisfy demand. This allows managers to charge batteries at potentially slower rates while still meeting the quality charge level. This is beneficial to the long-term health of the charging inventory as high charging rates can cause lasting damage to the physical batteries.
Notice that when implementing a new routing protocol, one does not necessarily implement all of these three blocks. For instance, when one implements a link state routing protocol, one simply implement a routing agent that exchanges information in the link state manner, and a route logic that does on the resulting topology database. It can then use the same classifiers as other unicast routing protocols. In this paper we are considered the two-hop routing. Using this two-hop routing the packet can transfer in uni directional. In this routing mechanism we can differentiate the packet routing in two ways, I.e. A source can reserve own packets in its communication nodes and A source cannot reserve own packets in its communication nodes. The reason for the second scenario would be to stop the source spoofing, if any authentication is used between the source and destination.