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The suicide assessment scale: Psychometric properties of a Norwegian language version

The suicide assessment scale: Psychometric properties of a Norwegian language version

The psychometric properties of the Norwegian language version of the SUAS-S in a non-emergency psychiatric outpatient setting were found to be good, with internal consistency and test–retest reliability properties compar- able to the original version. Likewise, the construct val- idity was found to be favourable. Of the five areas in the SUAS-S, the “suicidal thoughts and behaviour” subscale was significantly and strongly associated with the clini- cian’s global assessment of suicidality. The findings of a strong correlation between the SUAS-S and BSS-5 (0.66), and no significant difference between the ROCs for these two scales (Figure 2), suggests that the SUAS-S is able to Table 4 Mean scores with standard deviations, medians
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View of PANTERA: a parallel corpus to study translation between Portuguese and Norwegian
							| Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies

View of PANTERA: a parallel corpus to study translation between Portuguese and Norwegian | Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies

By October 2017, 371 text pairs had been identified for inclusion in PANTERA: 192 translations of Norwegian texts into Portuguese, and 179 translations of texts in Portuguese into Norwegian. A detailed description of these texts, including the sizes of the excerpts used in the corpus, is constantly updated at the PANTERA site, so it is not necessary to describe them here. Further information about each translation (163 different authors and more than 167 translators) is also being stored in the STIG system, in progress (https://stig.hf.uio.no/pantera/). STIG, named after Stig Johansson, one of the pioneers of parallel corpora research, aims to be a platform for all interested in translation studies in general, and is being thoroughly tested in the case of the Portuguese-Norwegian language pair.
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The Scheme for Norwegian Studies Abroad. The Norwegian Visiting Lectureship

The Scheme for Norwegian Studies Abroad. The Norwegian Visiting Lectureship

Diku invites higher education institutions outside Norway, both institutions which have already established strong academic traditions within the field of Norwegian language and literature, but also institutions with a new and increasing interest in, or demand for, academic competence in Norwegian studies, to apply.

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Better mental health in children of Vietnamese refugees compared with their Norwegian peers - a matter of cultural difference?

Better mental health in children of Vietnamese refugees compared with their Norwegian peers - a matter of cultural difference?

The distributions of SDQ scores are found to be similar across the Nordic countries [19], including Norway. Beiser et.al. [20] report better mental health in children of immigrants; this is partly attributed to Canada's selection - policy, "helping to ensure selection of healthy, resilient ...families and children". A "healthy immigrant effect" has been described, e.g. in studies from Canada [21,22], which has a large contingent of immigrants and an immi- gration selection-policy. After arriving as apparently healthy immigrants [23], the health of immigrants subse- quently declines and converges towards the native- born population. Contrary to this, the unselected Vietnamese parents of the study sample arrived in Norway with higher levels of psychological distress than in the host-popula- tions [6], 1/4 scoring as "cases". Norway had no pre-exist- ing South East Asian cultural community and none of the refugees had any knowledge of the Norwegian language prior to their escape from Vietnam. As a group, they were
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Applied Social Anthropology in the Researcher’s Own Society

Applied Social Anthropology in the Researcher’s Own Society

However, Klausen point to the fact that Norwegians do not unambiguously support these evaluations. Many of those stereotypes that are emphasized as the best traits of the Norwe- gian cultural tradition; ideology of equality, participatory de- mocracy, local belongingness, these traits are by some regarded as negative and reactionary. It is interesting to note that a cou- ple of these democratic values in Norwegian language have got strong negative metaphorical concepts. “Janteloven” (a ten point “law” about the strong social control in the small com- munities, originally conined by a Norwegian author) make fun of and perverts the ideology of equality. “Nisseluementalitet” (red stocking cap mentality) is the corresponding concept for the value of local belongingness and self-consciousness.
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An open source part-of-speech tagger for Norwegian: Building on existing language resources

An open source part-of-speech tagger for Norwegian: Building on existing language resources

The web is growing multilingual, yet the availability and reliability of language resources is not the same for all lan- guages. In the case of Scandinavian languages, the avail- ability of basic online text processing resources such as part-of-speech taggers is quite limited (De Smedt et al., 2012; Pedersen et al., 2012; Borin et al., 2012). Thus, re- searchers interested in developing applications using basic resources for these languages (e.g. in machine translation systems) cannot do it to the same extent as for the En- glish language. To overcome these limitations, this paper presents the results of an open source part-of-speech tag- ger for the Norwegian language, which yields results close to state-of-the-art taggers (Collins, 2002; Toutanova et al., 2003; Spoustov´a et al., 2009; Søgaard, 2009). This part- of-speech tagger was mainly built using available language resources, which have been partly adapted for the purposes of this paper. 1
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Accident risk of Norwegian-operated cargo ships in Norwegian waters

Accident risk of Norwegian-operated cargo ships in Norwegian waters

This study surveys the sailed distance of Norwegian and foreign actors involved in transport of cargo at sea in Norway, and matches the results with accident data from the Norwegian Maritime Authority, in order to calculate and compare the accident risk of ships operated from Norway. The results show that ships sailing under Norwegian flag (NIS/NOR) have about three times higher risk of reported ship accidents of all damage rates than vessels with foreign flag with Norwegian operator. We find no statistically significant difference between the groups, when we compare the risk of ship accidents with serious damage. The key hypothesis that we originally were going to examine was whether foreign actors have higher accident risk than Norwegian actors. The data have not been good enough to answer this question. The foreign ships that we compare with are operated from Norway, even though they are sailing under foreign flags with foreign crews. We recommend increased efforts to ensure that accidents involving foreign ships are reported to the Norwegian authorities, to make accident statistics as complete as possible. To explain why Norwegian-registered ships have higher risk, we discuss five factors: 1) size of vessels, 2) age of vessels, 3) sailing patterns and number of port calls, 4) staff/fatigue and 5) accident type. The results should be interpreted with some caution, as we only have AIS-data for 2012, as the accident statistics lack information on operator state and as we assume that Norwegian operated ships report accidents to Norwegian authorities to the same extent.
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The language of emails: Is it resembling more the spoken language or the written language?

The language of emails: Is it resembling more the spoken language or the written language?

The example number six a forwarded example and the vocabulary is really informal. Good use of punctuation but not use of capital letters. She only used capital letters when expressing the cash machine (ATM) but no with FBI. She acted weird and sarcastic or funny may be. She also used emoticons and informal closing. The thing why we decided to use this example is because the use of this symbol (>). This symbol was a convention revival from the past and now used when we reply a message by email. It appears by default in order to let know that we are replying from the previous message (the original one). This message was replied by an undergraduate student from New York, USA. It is not possible to pronounce the symbol used here (>) being this symbol the only characteristic of written language but the text, the message, is far less formal. In conclusion, this example is another excellent example of spoken language.
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The impact of Norwegian folk music on Norwegian jazz, 1945   1995

The impact of Norwegian folk music on Norwegian jazz, 1945 1995

In Norway, some years later, jazz musicians were influenced by indigenous folk music and the principal folk music types that provided inspiration are scrutinised.. The importance of the [r]

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View of Marked themes in English and Norwegian academic texts in the field of didactics
							| Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies

View of Marked themes in English and Norwegian academic texts in the field of didactics | Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies

The boxplots in Figure 5 show that there is more variation within the L1Nor subcorpus than within the two other corpora, and this might imply a need to be cautious regarding the firmness of conclusions drawn about the existence of cross-linguistic differences in the use of adverb phrases: there is quite a lot of overlap between the lower range of the Norwegian texts and the L1 English texts, for instance. However, it is also clear that the upper range of the Norwegian frequencies is well above all of the L1Eng values, so on the basis of the present material, at least, there is a clear contrastive difference. Despite this, the L2 writers have managed to follow English conventions in their adverb-phrase usage of the kind discussed here. The contrastive difference matches that found in Hasselgård (2014), but it should be mentioned that the frequencies there are very low overall.
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Norwegian Native Language Identification

Norwegian Native Language Identification

This is a consideration that has not gone unno- ticed and several researchers have investigated this question. Van Rooy and Sch¨afer (2002) investi- gated this issue and report that “learner spelling errors contributed substantially to tagging errors”, causing up to 38% of the tagging errors. Dıaz- Negrillo et al. (2010) argue that the properties of learner language are systematically different from those assumed for the standard variety of the lan- guage and that this interlanguage cannot be con- sidered a noisy variant of the native language. In- stead of viewing this as a robustness issue, they suggest that a new POS model for learner language may be more suitable. Based on the results of their empirical analysis they highlight several is- sues with standard POS models and they propose a new tripartite POS annotated model that encodes properties based on the lexical stem, distribution and morphology.
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2014 Mozambique Delegation Company profiles March, 2014 Pemba/Maputo

2014 Mozambique Delegation Company profiles March, 2014 Pemba/Maputo

The  Royal  Norwegian  Embassy  in  Maputo  in  close  cooperation  with  INTSOK  ‐  Norwegian  Oil  and  Gas  partners  are  pleased  to  host  a  Fact  Finding  Mission  to  Pemba  and[r]

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FDI and the Transformation from Industry to Service Society in Emerging Economies: A Lithuanian - Nordic Perspective

FDI and the Transformation from Industry to Service Society in Emerging Economies: A Lithuanian - Nordic Perspective

Some of the Norwegian furniture companies from Sunnmøre moved production to Lithuania and established in Panevėžys in Lithuania. The production building, which originally was meant for Soviet IT-project factory, was soon called “Little Sunnmøre”. The investments were made possible thanks to support from SIVA, an or- ganization owned by the Norwegian state. This organiza- tion had since the 1960s built several production plants in different districts in Norway, plants where small compa- nies could lease some room for production. In other words, SIVA was – like SND that we mentioned above – part of a system that the Norwegian state had used to promote start-ups and to diffuse business and technical knowledge to private industries. This national system of knowledge dissemination had its historical roots back to the interwar period, but was restructured in the 1960s when Norway tried to develop a coherent institutional system for the promotion of start-ups and dissemination of knowledge of this kind. The system was basically di- rected towards activities within Norway. However, in 2002 Stortinget, the Norwegian Parliament, decided that SIVA –like SND had done for some years – could invest in industrial building abroad. One of the first foreign i n- vestments was made in Panevėžys in Lithuania. 5
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The Problems of Delimitations of Base Lines for Outlying Archipelagos

The Problems of Delimitations of Base Lines for Outlying Archipelagos

The Norwegian Decree provided that, in the area of Northern Norway, the exclusive Norwegian fisheries zone should extend four miles to the seaward of straight base[r]

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Is there any certification of public organic procurement in iPOPY countries?

Is there any certification of public organic procurement in iPOPY countries?

In Norway, the CR2092/91 was adopted as a part of the EEA agreement in 1994, and Norway participates as an observer in the Standing Committee on Organic Farming (SCOF). The State authority charged with the responsibility for the CR2092/91 is the Ministry of Food and Agriculture. The Norwegian Food Safety Authority, called Mattilsynet is responsible for the certification of production, processing and distribution of organic food. It has delegated this task to the private organisation Debio, which manages inspection and certification of organic production (farms, processors and sales-points). Operators wishing to market organic ingredients and/or processed foods need to be certified by Debio. This applies to all operations within the food service industry, including institutions, schools, hotels, restaurants, cafés and cafeterias, catering services, fast-food joints etc. It also administers WKH 1RUZHJLDQ ³‘´-label, which is the property of Debio and as such a private label, but so far in practice the official and only organic label in Norway (Johnsen and Mohr 2000). Debio also carries out inspection of bio-dynamic production and administrates the Demeter-label in Norway.
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The development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System: A historical overview

The development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System: A historical overview

Nevertheless, Ekofisk was an expensive project with large cost overruns during the seventies. But the high price of petroleum provided very good financial results in spite of 100% cost increases for individual parts of the project, and the favourable techno-economic conditions allowed Phillips to accept the “Norwegianisation” policy. In spite of a sceptical attitude towards the Norwegian government, the company adjusted to the regulations, as was demonstrated by the company’s building of a huge storage tank on Ekofisk. It was the Norwegian contractor firm Høyer Ellefsen that suggested the building of the concrete tank. From Phillips’ point of view it appeared clearly advantageous to engage a Norwegian firm for the construction job, not least on political grounds. Institutionally speaking, the storage tank illustrates how the incentives stemming from the concession system functioned. The storage tank was built in Norway and involved Norwegian suppliers and engineering competence belonging to the hydroelectric power system of Norway (water power plants and dams). For Phillips, building the storage tank gave the company credit when it came to new applications for extending the Ekofisk area (see figure 3 and textbox 1). In this negotiation round, there was also great willingness to come to an agreement because of the enormous income potential. In spite of some reservations, Ekofisk must be considered the first development in which the contour of a Norwegian petroleum innovation system is visible.
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The Norwegian preeclampsia family cohort study: a new resource for investigating genetic aspects and heritability of preeclampsia and related phenotypes

The Norwegian preeclampsia family cohort study: a new resource for investigating genetic aspects and heritability of preeclampsia and related phenotypes

The Preeclampsia Family Cohort Study data and biological material are held by the research team at Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen Health Authority and the Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). Access to the data is not freely avail- able. However, The Preeclampsia Family Cohort Study data and biological material have the potential to be subject of many internally and externally collaborations. Poten- tial collaborators should discuss ideas informally with the person in charge of the cohort study, Line Bjørge (Line.Bjorge@uib.no). Specific proposals for collabora- tive ideas are welcome and when relevant approvals are consented research projects should be conducted in collaboration with appropriate members of The Pre- eclampsia Family Cohort Study team. The Preeclampsia Family Cohort Study is completely researcher-driven and funded from several research grants, thus all poten- tial collaborators must cover all costs related to poten- tial analyses.
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The use of evidence in public governmental reports on health policy: an analysis of 17 Norwegian official reports (NOU)

The use of evidence in public governmental reports on health policy: an analysis of 17 Norwegian official reports (NOU)

The mandates typically posed broad questions, rather than clear-cut questions of effect. Although NOUs were only included in our study if questions of effect were rele- vant to their mandates, these questions of effect were sometimes rather implicit and were always connected to broader issues and to a broader mandate. Since NOUs are intended to deal with questions of national importance, their mandates will naturally be broad. It is easy to imag- ine the broad mandate for the NOU report 'Care and knowledge: the Norwegian Cancer Programme', which deals with a variety of topics, such as: definitions of can- cer; cancer as a national problem; the social consequences of cancer; care structures and processes for cancer suffer- ers; and the administrative and organisational conse- quences. Within the time span allotted for producing a report of this nature, it is very difficult for a committee to carry out a comprehensive review of questions of effect. When reviewing cancer treatments, it is also of course dif- ficult to decide where to focus. Even if there is a decision to focus on breast cancer (instead of, for example, lung cancer or childhood cancer), it will still be necessary to select from the many different questions of effect in the
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Air ambulance services in the Arctic 1999-2009: a Norwegian study

Air ambulance services in the Arctic 1999-2009: a Norwegian study

Heart and vascular disease together with bone fractures was the most frequent diagnosis. This has also been documented by other investigators [2,3]. Gynaecologic and obstetric causes accounted for 10% of patients. This is because pregnant women are routinely evacuated to the mainland for childbirth. A similar situation has been described among Canadian Inuit residents in the Canadian Arctic [4]. Researchers have commented that evacuation for childbirth has deleterious social and cul- tural effects [4]. Canadians have therefore recently established community birthing centres in Nunavik and Nunavut. This is not a current policy for the Norwegian Table 1 The National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics
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Parent experiences of diabetes care questionnaire (PEQ DC): reliability and validity following a national survey in Norway

Parent experiences of diabetes care questionnaire (PEQ DC): reliability and validity following a national survey in Norway

Abbreviations EFA: Exploratory factor analysis; NCDR: The Norwegian Childhood Diabetes Registry; NIPH: The Norwegian Institute of Public Health; PEQ-DC: Parent Experiences of Diabetes Ca[r]

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