We conclude that anchoring effects can affect individual behaviour in incentivized tasks involving familiar consumer goods, but that not all anchors are effective.
For some readers, the most striking feature of our results may be that the anchoring effects we ﬁnd are relatively small.
They are much smaller, for example, than those reported by Ariely et al. (2003); and, as a glance at Fig. 1 shows, valuation disparities due to anchoring are far smaller than disparities between WTA and WTP. In this respect, however, our results are not outliers: as noted in Section 1, several comparable studies have found anchoring effects to be small or even non-existent.
the staff of a large new media company was, while surveying a large open-plan space filled almost exclusively with white people. As my interviews attest, a profound investment in meritocracy can, and does, sit alongside acknowledgements that other factors are in fact crucial to success (eg, ‘it’s all down to who you know’). For women I interviewed, chosing not to talk about inequality was sometimes a strategic decision; I was told ‘you don’t talk about gender if you want to get on’. In this sense, ‘MeToo’, ‘TimesUp’ and the eloquent activism of Carrie Gracie and others in exposing the ‘secretive’ pay culture of the BBC, offers hope in breaking the silence and challenging the myth of egalitarianism in our creative professions. For it is only when we begin to acknowledge how unequal our cultural industries are that we can truly start to work on challenging this.
There’s a demarcation point of what the cloud provider is responsible for and what the customer is responsible for, but as in any service, there’s always a little bit of gray. This is where the majority of the support and service issues arise.
It’s important for the client to know that the cloud provider has a skilled service and support staff that understands the operating platforms (and even the applications) being run and that there are a clear set of engagement rules for troubles which may or may not be cloud related. Without this understanding, when a gray area issue comes up, the troubleshooting is all the more painful.
These high rates of accuracy are typical across all Enterprise CAC clients. In a recent analysis comparative study presented to the ICD-10-CM/PCS and CAC Summit, Optum360 examined LifeCode’s performance for two months during the third quarter of 2014. This data represents over 150 hospital sites processing both inpatient and outpatient cases, and covers the most frequent codes suggested by LifeCode NLP. For inpatient diagnosis coding, this level represented 650,000 code suggestions, and for outpatient coding, 900,000 code suggestions in both diagnosis and surgical procedure coding. The results for inpatient were 89 percent recall and 86 percent precision. The results for outpatient coding were 82 percent recall and 78 percent precision for diagnoses and 80 percent recall and 67 percent precision for surgical procedures. These outpatient procedure results are for the more complex surgical and interventional procedures, and do not include simple diagnostic and lab procedures, which tend to inflate recall and precision statistics.
Connexity uses proprietary self-reported survey information from the Bizrate Insights platform to derive and model gender.
The third-party data sources provided very little information on how it classified individuals as active fashion consumers, just offering a one sentence description. That means they may have included women who, at one point, shopped intensely for a dress for a special occasion, but once they found it, were no longer in market. Or they may not have shopped at all in relevant categories, but just read an article about something fashion related.
By taking this approach, the ILC was faced with the challenge of developing rules that are both broad enough to have universal application, yet capable of taking into account the institutional diversity of IOs. The ILC therefore drafted the articles, including the definition of ‘international organization’ in a broad manner, seeking to capture a wide variety of IOs. The definition adopted includes all international organizations, not just ‘intergovernmental organizations’. 19 It includes bodies that have non-states as members 20 as well as bodies that might be established upon a basis other than a treaty. 21 While the ambit remains very wide, the ILC sought to include rules that would still take into account the diversity of IOs, including instances where the internal rules of the IO are taken into account. For example, the DARIO includes numerous references to the ‘rules of the organization’ 22 and a specific rule on lex specialis. 23 Despite these rules, international organizations like the EU continue to be of the opinion that there is not enough in the DARIO to take into account the diversity of IOs. This includes complex questions regarding rules of attribution between the EU and its Member States and the conferral of powers to the EU. Noting that the Draft Articles will likely have a significant effect on it, the EU noted that “the draft articles do not sufficiently address the special
The report also stated:
Early predictions show that the private exchange sales channel could
potentially upend traditional group markets, as well as command attention among public exchange shoppers. Some reports forecast that enrollment in private exchanges could not only meet, but exceed, enrollment in federal and state exchanges in the next several years. These predictions say that by 2017, private exchanges will have gained enough momentum to equal public exchange enrollment and that this momentum is so significant that by 2018, private exchange enrollment will exceed public by 10 million members.
In a paper by the IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group titled, Design and Application of Cables and Overhead Lines in Wind Power Plants, the authors provided a summary of the most important considerations for wind power plant collection systems. In their research, cable selection, cable properties, cable splicing and con- struction above or below ground were all consid- ered. “Ease of installation and handling, as well as jacket material, insulation and rating, short circuit withstand ratings, and conductor material are all considered important in reliability and longevity of the wind power system.
And our answer is always “Maybe... but maybe not.” Unfortunately, not all metal water bottles are createdequal.
We drink from a reusable water bottle for several reasons: cost, convenience, flavor, environmental concern, and our own physical health. Depending upon the amount of water you consume, some estimates suggest monthly savings up to
The conditions of the test were rigorous. For example, to eliminate potential bias from the choice of tape drives, all tapes were tested in all drives and cycled through in a random sequence. To control the variable of drive cleanliness, whenever a drive requested cleaning, it was treated with a Sony cleaning cartridge. Room temperature was maintained within a range 18°C to 20°C (64°F to 68°F). Relative humidity was held within a range of 12% to 30%.
While tax cuts were not the major source of the recent deficit increase, to the extent that tax cuts did contribute to the emergence of the deficit, they did not crowd out investment. 12 As with cyclical deficits, budget deficits caused by tax reductions also do not reduce national savings and crowd out investment in the same way as spending increases. For example, business tax cuts that boost budget deficits have a direct and exactly equal offsetting effect on business profits and private saving. Thus, they do not reduce national saving. They also have important effects on business investment if they are associated with a reduction in the cost of capital or increase in the after-tax rate of return on new investment. Most business tax cuts do precisely that, so they boost investment, and raise productivity and the standard of living.
WHEN DO DIVIDEND ARISTOCRATS OUTPERFORM?
Earlier, we highlighted the strong results of the Dividend Aristocrats approach when viewed on an average rolling 3- and 5-year basis. On a calendar year basis, the evidence is just as compelling. The S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats index has declined in just four out of 24 calendar years — 1999, 2002, 2007 and 2008. 1999 was the tail end of the technology and telecom boom while 2007 marked the beginning of the global financial crisis. 2002 and 2008 were bear markets, with the equal-weighted index declining 18.18% and 39.72%, respectively. In these years, the Dividend Aristocrats index declined 9.87% and 21.88%, significantly less than the broader market. Despite the strong long-term results, the Dividend Aristocrats index only outperformed the equal-weighted index half the time, generally underperforming in years when the more cyclical stocks have been favoured by the market. These results highlight again that while companies that have shown an ability to grow their dividends have performed well over the long term, there have been periods where this characteristic has not been rewarded by the market. This has implications for investors, particularly those with a relative return orientation.
Glancing further through your Practice Reminder in Amicus, you see that a group event needs to be scheduled. You’d like to see who is available. You’d also like to be notified by email who will or won’t be able to attend. With Amicus Team Utilities you can check whether your colleagues are available or not, find out when they’re due back, and set your availability to “Do Not Disturb” or “Working From Home”. You can also find out who is responsible for Files not in your list and send a Sticky. In the Amicus Appointment Detail view, you can automatically notify clients by email about changes to appointments. Amicus lets you attach a document or an email to an appointment or an Event. You can show Adjournments and link Events as well. You can also link events to your To Do’s and file To Do’s as milestones. Amicus Attorney’s Calendar functionality also lets you create and save multiple calendar profiles including an “event” category profile, link events for convenient group scheduling, and receive email notifications of all calendar events. Clio doesn’t have any of this detailed functionality built in to its program.
Most vulnerability assessment products aren’t comprehensive and intelligent enough to thoroughly test database systems, putting your most sensitive and valuable data at risk. Compulsory for any database security solution is the ability to discover any and all databases on your network, identify the ones that contain sensitive data (credit card numbers, Social Security numbers, and passwords), determine if the latest patches have been applied, and perform an extensive (and regularly updated) comprehensive testing to identify security weaknesses. Used properly, a database vulnerability management solution can help you establish a security baseline across a large number of sensitive databases and periodically monitor databases to highlight any drifts from the approved baseline.
Using a newly-developed data set, we analyze the effects of infrastructure investment on economic performance in Portugal. A vector-autoregressive approach estimates the elasticity and marginal products of twelve types of infrastructure investment on private investment, employment and output. We find that the largest long-term accumulated effects come from investments in railroads, ports, airports, health, education, and telecommunications. For these infrastructures, the output multipliers suggest that these investments pay for themselves through additional tax revenues. For investments in ports, airports and education infrastructures, the bulk of the effects are short-term demand-side effects, while for railroads, health, and telecommunications, the impact is mostly of a long term and supply side nature. Finally, investments in health and airports exhibit decreasing marginal returns, with railroads, ports, and telecommunications being relatively stable. In terms of the other infrastructure assets, the economic effects of investments in municipal roads, electricity and gas, and refineries are insignificant, while investments in national roads, highways, and waste and waste water have positive economic effects, but too small to improve the public budget. Clearly, from a policy perspective, not all infrastructure investments in Portugal are createdequal.
• Federated user identity across the IT and enterprise social domains enhances user management, security and provisioning of features to specific personnel. Federated identity also gives end users a single profile across all applications.
• Available APIs provide enterprise social software extensibility and cost-effective customization in order to address a greater variety of use cases (such as CRM, ERP, social media, and other integrations) across the organization, while presenting a common platform for IT to support. These hooks can reduce or eliminate the need to outsource development.