The hydrodynamic behaviour study using the RTD experiment showed that the liquid flow pattern in a novel reactor was close to plug flow. This result can be used to modify and explain the novel FBR for further applications. With drastically low HRT, a novel FBR provided high performance for both denitrification and anaerobic treatment. In the denitrification process, a novel FBR exhibited high efficiency in both nitrate and COD removal, resulting in effluent with low substrate concentrations. Moreover, a novel FBR can achieve high performance in low strength wastewater treatment under anaerobic conditions. With its high substrate removal efficiency and no need for internal recirculation, the novel FBR is an interesting wastewater treatment alternative that also succeeds in energy conservation.
In this paper, a novelconfiguration of a five-level neu- tral-point-clamped (NPC) inverter that can integrate so- lar photo voltaic (PV) with battery storage in a grid-con- nected system is proposed. The strength of the proposed topology lies in a novel, extended unbalance five-level vector modulation technique that can generate the correct ac voltage under unbalanced dc voltage conditions. This paper presents the design philosophy of the proposed con- figuration and the theoretical framework of the proposed modulation technique. A new control algorithm for the proposed system is also presented in order to control the power delivery between the solar PV, battery, and grid, which simultaneously pro-vides maximum power point tracking (MPPT) operation for the solar PV. The effec- tiveness of the proposed methodology is investigated by the simulation of several scenarios, and THD is calculated for both levels including battery charging and discharging with different levels of solar irradiation.
In this novelconfiguration, the coupler length is equal to the even–odd mode beat length at the operating wavelength. Theoretically, the OADM could be configured for optimized op- eration by using two reflectors at points and that could reflect the add/drop wavelength. These reflectors could theoret- ically correspond to the two end points of an ideal very strong grating that extend between these points and exhibit zero pene- tration depth at the wavelength of interest. In the real case where a Bragg grating is deployed is clear that this should be placed symmetrically in the coupler and should have a suitable length in order to make the penetration points of the light—as coming from the left and right side of the device—coincident with points
A. Javadi, et.al. proposes  a novelconfiguration of Series hybrid active filters. The proposed configuration could be connected to the grid without requiring a costly series injection transformer. This topology is capable of compensating current harmonics at the source and voltage distortion at the point of common coupling. Furthermore, an appropriate controller could compel the Transformer less hybrid series active filter (THSeAF) to perform as (UPQC) with quit-similar behavior. The transformer less configuration is more cost-effective than any other series compensators based mostly on a transformer to inject the compensating voltages. It cleans the power system from current distortions together with harmonics and unbalances, similar to a shunt active filter.
Abstract—A novel compact slotline power divider is proposed in this article. This presented power divider employs a novelconfiguration with one lumped resistor, which makes it surpass most antecedent UWB power dividers based on microstrip-to-slotline transitions in aspect of isolation between output ports and return losses at output ports. The simulated and measured results illustrate the good performances of the novel power divider on return losses at all ports, isolation, amplitude and phase balances between output ports, as well as group delay over the wide frequency band from 3.8 GHz to 10.4 GHz.
Aiming to solve this issue, this paper proposes a novelconfiguration for simultaneous vibration suppression and energy harvesting for harmonically-excited structures, modelled as damped single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) dynamic systems in which the available amount of energy to be harvested and the achieved level of vibration suppression as evaluated in the mechanical domain (i.e., without explicitly considering the dynamics introduced by the energy harvesting and electric storage circuitry) do not have an inverse proportional relationship. The proposed configuration, termed energy harvesting-enabled tuned mass-damper-inerter (EH- TMDI), couples the classical TMD with: (a) an electromagnetic motor (EM), which may work as an energy harvester, and (b) an inerter device , in a sky-hook configuration. In this manner, the apparent inertia of the TMD and the relative velocity between the terminals of the EM depend on the grounded inerter.
The experiment was repeated by injecting very small amount of water and DA of different concentrations to the samples having the same thickness of 2.4 mm. Different concentrations of DA (10.1 µg, 21.2 µg, 42.5 µg, 85.0 µg and 170 µg) were prepared for the experiments. Each sample was injected with the initial amount of water and DA of 0.01 ml and this amount was increased by 0.01 ml until the total amount injected to the samples was 0.05 ml. The purpose of this experiment is to observe the effect of sensor sensitivity with water and also DA of different concentrations. Table 6.18 shows the measurement data collected from the experiment. Result from the experiment is shown in figure 6.27, where the sensor able to clearly discriminate the water and also the DA at different concentrations. Results from both experiments indicate that novel interdigital sensing system has a good potential to detect the contaminated domoic acid in mussels.
In aircraft design, an optimized configuration of novel wing for long-endurance aircraft helps achieve high lift, low induced drag and heavy weight-loading capacities.In order to test these aerodynamic behaviors of a design simulations and customization in an Industry 4.0 context, both fluid dynamic analysis and model experiments are necessary. Industry 4.0, or the ‘fourth industrial revolution’, refers to the current trend of automation in manufacturing technologies involving cyber-physical systems.
Abstract—A novel green phase shifter system is proposed in this research. The system is developed by a combination of reconfigurable beam steering antennas and data acquisition (DAQ) boards. A combination of two reconfigurable beam steering antennas, located side-by-side, forms a spatial configuration structure with a fabricated ‘green’ element plank of rice husk placed in between. The concept of a spatial configuration technique has been ‘mutated’ by shifting the structure of spiral feed line and aperture slots of first beam steering antenna by as much as 45 ◦ . The PIN diode switches connected to the
In this paper, the physical essential of the two types of harmonic sources is firstly analyzed and explained by simulation results. And then a novel series active power filter is proposed when the load is voltage type harmonic source. The difference between the proposed active power filter and the active power filter with FMFC is that the proposed active filter is without passive filter and the proposed active filter is only suitable for the filtering of the voltage type harmonic source. The novel series active power filter is with smaller bulk and lower cost. The main circuit and filtering principle are analyzed in detail in the paper. The simulation model of the active filtering system is established while the load is voltage-type harmonic source and the filtering simulation results are given. The simulation results verify the principle analysis.
Detector Electronics’ EagleVision software allows any Apple Macintosh or compatible computer running under MacOS 7.0 or later to access the Eagle 2000 system and provide configuration and data acquisition ser- vices via the Eagle communication gateway. This system can also read and write from a programmable device that supports Modbus RTU proto- col. The Macintosh computer is referred to as the Operator Interface Station (OIS). The gateway provides communication between the Eagle 2000 system and the OIS.
In this paper, a novel circuit topology of utility frequency ac to high frequency ac power converter employing boost active- clamped single stage ZVS–PWM high frequency inverter has been proposed for consumer induction heating appliances such as IH cooking heater, IH steamer, IH super heated steamer, IH fixing roller and IH far-infrared griddle. The new single stage high frequency IH inverter using boosted voltage function can eliminate the dc and low frequency components of the working coil current and reduce the power dissipation of the circuit components and switching devices. The operating principle of this high frequency inverter, the operation modes have been presented and discussed on the basis of simulation results. The simulation results are in line with the predictions. This work deals with simulation studies. Hardware implementation is not in the scope of this work.
We present the results of an investigation of Rh films on Ag(100). The films are studied using Auger-electron spectroscopy, low-energy electron diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy, ion-scattering spectroscopy, and scanning Auger microscopy. Overlayer characteristics are examined at substrate temperatures of 300 and 600 K. We find that the equilibrium configuration is not predicted by any of the three traditional growth modes (Frank–Van der Merwe, Stranski-Krastanov, or Volmer-Weber). Rather, the equilibrium film structure is that of a Ag-Rh-Ag sandwich, most probably flat. Formation of the sandwich is thermodynamically driven by the difference in surface free energies between Ag and Rh, and is kinetically accessible because of the high mobility of the Ag atoms.
refractive-index amorphous fluoropolymer. The configuration is suited to taking measurements from liquids having a refractive index down to 1.32, including, in particular, aqueous solutions. The parameters which determine the optical collection efficiency have been mathematically modelled. We have produced waveguides up to 1 m long, and with 0.955 mm and 0.445 mm internal radii, and measured a (fluorescence) collection enhancement factor of 3 from a 140 mm long, 0.955 mm internal radius waveguide. Work is continuing to increase the enhancement factor. Keywords: water, aqueous, fluorescence, Raman, optical fiber, spectroscopy, Teflon-AF
The new version of DataWedge has an architecture based on Profiles (See Profiles) and functionality that is based on Plug-ins (See Plug-ins). Through the use of plug-ins, the functionality of DataWedge can be modularized into manageable parts which can be configured to change its functionality according to the foreground application. The configuration data of DataWedge 3 is stored in XML allowing easy deployment of DataWedge across many mobile devices with different platforms. A web-based interactive user interface is provided to manipulate that data and configure DataWedge.
Under each event type, four tabs separate the first 8 ports, the next 8 ports, and so on up to the maximum of 32. On each tab, click on the box next to each port you want to be used for the corresponding event. A typical configuration is to utilize the last available ports for notification and message delivery to reduce the incidence of “glare,” i.e. an incoming call colliding with an outbound port going off hook. For example, on a system with four voice ports and two fax ports, you might want to click on Voice Port 4 for Notifications and Message Delivery, and Fax Port 2 for Fax Delivery.
Hydrogen purity and hydrogen production pro- files are illustrated in Fig, 12. Due to the adverse effect of undesirable reactions, such as hy- drocracking, Hydrogenolysis, Hydrodealkyla- tion, and alkylation, it is better to keep the naphtha reforming operation condition at lower pressure, instead of increasing WAIT during cycle length. Due to lower WAIT and pressure operating conditions in a cyclic process, the overall catalyst activity, conversion, and hydro- gen purity changes with time are much less than those in the semi-regenerative process. The characterizations and operational condi- tions of proposed configuration are presented in Table 9. However, a difficulty in the proposed configuration is that reactor switching needs a complex process layout with higher safety pre- cautions. An extra reactor lets the refinery to have one reactor out of operation for regenera- tion, while the reforming process continues in operation.
The router supports both point-to-point and multi-point configurations. In a point-to-point configuration, two private networks are connected across the Internet via a single link, and the GRE entity can be defined using only the INTERFACE or SOURCE and SMASK parameters. Any IP packet received from the source interface, or from the source IP address (and mask) will be encapsulated using GRE and forwarded to the target IP address.