The authors, therefore, looked to the OldOrder community itself as the primary source of data. OldOrder groups eschew most modern forms of media, such as television and the internet, and have more interest in local news than national and world events (Scott 2004). However, as Hostetler (1993) indicates, these groups are sociologically “high-context” cultures, meaning that they are deeply involved with one another, and therefore information is widely shared. This information sharing is important not only within an individual OldOrder community but also among the approximately 525 to 550 settlements of OldOrder Amish, New Order Amish, OldOrderMennonites, and OldOrder Brethren in North America today. 4 One primary link between members of the OldOrder communities are weekly, biweekly, and monthly publications, specifically The Budget, Die Botschaft, and The Diary.
This paper presents the results of a 2010 survey exploring the determinants of rural mental health in two farming groups in Waterloo, Ontario, Ca- nada: OldOrderMennonites (OOMs) and non- OOM farmers. Comparing these two groups re- duces the likely impact of many contextual fea- tures impacting both groups, such as local eco- nomic conditions. We explore a comprehensive list of health determinants to assess their rela- tive importance and thus enable policy action to focus on those having the greatest impact. The mental component summary (MCS) of the short- form health survey (SF-12) was used to measure mental health. We compare mental health in the two populations and use multiple regression to determine the relative importance of the deter- minants in explaining mental health. The results show that OOMs experience better mental health than non-OOMs, in part due to the strong mental health of OOM women. Coping, stress and social interaction shape mental health in both groups, reflecting the broader determinants literature and suggesting these are important across many populations with different life circumstances. Other determinants are important for one group but not the other, underscoring the diversity of rural populations. For example, different social capital measures shape mental health in the two groups, and sense-of-place is associated with mental health in only one group (OOMs). The re- sults are discussed in terms of their implications for future health determinants research and po- licy action to address rural mental health.
appearance or means of transportation, the OldOrderMennonites believe that up-to-date fashion is classified as pride that contradicts the virtues of humility. Hence, the worship and community life of the OldOrderMennonites has not changed significantly since the split (Draper 2010:103-123). The OldOrderMennonites in present time still travel by black horse-and-buggy. OldOrder Mennonite women put their hair up in a bun and cover it with white coverings both in and outside their home, and wear black bonnets if they need to dress up to go into town to visit friends or to go to church. The long dresses and aprons that cover a woman’s body from clavicles to ankles are homemade from mostly dark coloured fabrics with printed flowers. Pants are forbidden for women because they are considered to symbolize masculinity and therefore are only appropriate for men. OldOrder Mennonite men sometimes wear shirts and suits purchased from town, but they always wear straw hats when working in the field, and broad brimmed black hats on Sundays. Despite the fact that most of the OldOrder Mennonite families have connected to the public grid and started using telephones in their daily life, they are not allowed to possess things such as jewellery, bicycles, motorcycles, automobiles, wall-to-wall carpets, ceiling fans, cabbed tractors, microwaves, dishwashers, dryers, computers, televisions and cell phones. OldOrder Mennonite children go to their own parochial school for eight years where they learn English, German, mathematics, singing and painting. While the OldOrder Mennonite adults pay taxes, they do not accept any social insurance or welfare offered by the Canadian government. Photos are generally forbidden and in the case of border crossings, they have travel documents issued by the government that can exempt photo identification.
Introduction: This article explores physical health and its determinants in two rural populations in Waterloo, Canada: OldOrderMennonites (OOMs) and non-OOM farmers. OOMs were selected because their distinct lifestyle might offer health benefits, and cultural homogeneity and isolation might more clearly expose the determinants shaping their health. Comparing the two Waterloo groups reduces the effect of contextual features impacting both, such as local economic conditions. The study considers a comprehensive list of determinants in order to evaluate their relative importance in shaping physical health. This information enables policy action to focus on the determinants having the greatest impact.
fresh trigger channel at every output, is possible in pp-π. However it does not scale to languages with more complex types, or to languages where the retransmission of messages is observable, as in cryptographic calculi. An adaptation of the translation where a trigger is generated at every function definition [22, Sec. 13.2] would be incomplete for pp-π because first-order contexts can make more observations than the images of higher-order contexts through the translation [22, pg. 402]. A complex type system for “receptiveness” in the target language has been proposed to prune the problematic contexts, but to the extent of our knowledge the details of such a translation have not been published. Encoding the intuitions of the translation directly in an LTS, as we do in our work, avoids the issues with full-abstraction and scales to more complex types and languages (e.g. ).
9. Respondents have a right to request a hearing on this Order. A hearing shall be held not later than ten (10) days after the Commissioner receives the Respondent’s written request for a hearing. Respondents may request a hearing and waive the ten (10) day hearing requirement. The hearing shall comply with RSA Chapter 541-A. RSA 397-B:3.
that the complexity of such an expansion makes it rather forbidding for the higher-derivative terms to be analysed in the usual way. For this purpose, we will formulate a computational algorithm that can generate relativistic hydrodynamic gradient expansion at any order. To demonstrate its power, we will directly extend the works of [20, 22] and classify both conformal and non-conformal uncharged hydrodynamics at third order in four space-time dimensions. We will show that third- order hydrodynamic stress-energy tensor requires us to introduce 20 new tensorial structures (and transport coefficients) for conformal fluids and 68 tensors in the non-conformal case. Thus, we will find the most general next-to-leading-order corrections to the relativistic uncharged Navier-Stokes equations, with terms up to and including O ∂ 4
commonly occurring in the present study (interpersonal stressors occurred on 13% of total study days), the occurrence of these stressors is not very common within the older adult population. Additional possibilities exist for future analyses regarding the presence and effects of non-events, as in a stressor that was believed to be likely to happen, and was prepared for with anticipatory coping strategies, but never occurred. Non-events could signify an instance where anticipatory coping was highly successful, because coping before the event could have allowed the individual to avoid it altogether. Future studies could examine the accuracy of individual’s appraisals of likelihood, to address both non-events and surprise stressors, incidents that occurred, but were not highly anticipated or prepared for with coping methods. This incongruence of expectations to reality may occur more among young-old adults with less expertise in dealing with their personal stressor and coping experience, and may lead to worse stressor outcomes.
The remainder of the paper is organised as follows: the next section defines the language pp-π, giving the syntax, a reduction semantics and a simple type system for ensuring that com- municated values are appropriately typed. Section 3 details our first-order LTS for pp-π, and Section 4 defines strong and weak bisimulations and a characterisation of the latter in terms of a propositional Hennessy-Milner Logic. Sections 5 and 6 contain the proofs of soundness and completeness of our theory with respect to contextual equivalence that preserves only parallel contexts, and Section 7 proves that our theory is fully abstract with respect to the full contextual equivalence. Section 8 is devoted to proving several interesting equivalences by using weak bisimulations, and an inequivalence by providing a discriminating HML formula. Section 9 proves the conservativity theorem; the paper closes in Section 10 with conclusions and a discussion of related work.
included in the old-old adult group. The greater number of old-old adults could provide more power and the relationship between negative affect and co-occurrence of affect in this group could fail to reach significance as the magnitude of the relationship using 80 years of age as the cut-off is small (n = .23). This finding also provides evidence that higher levels of co- occurrence of affect provides and adaptive advantage specific to old-old adults exposed to stressors in the health domain. The finding that these adaptive advantages were specific to stressors in the health domain further highlights the importance of differentiating among stressor domains and identifying domains of stress that are salient to the sample of interest. It suggests that the relationship between stress and health outcomes can depend on stressor domain and salience of the stressor domain (Aldwin, 2007).
The 80-year-old man has excellent “35-year-old” cardiopul- monary fitness with a low cardiovascular risk profile and might have a world-record VO 2 max for his age and gender due to excellent cardiac function (both systolic and diastolic), pulmonary function, and a good match between the cardiac and pulmonary system. In addition, a large, strong skeletal muscle mass; age-elevated blood volume and hemoglobin mass; and normal arterial vascular endothelial function may contribute positively. He is highly physically active and has a lifelong history of physical activity and exercise training. His highly physically active lifestyle may be his “fountain of youth” at 80 years of age, together with a high level of VO 2 max at young age.
H O P E IN T H E O L D T E S T A M E N T Its Inner Presuppositions and outw ard Form s *) P R E F A C E I must start with an observation in connection with the direct and in d ire ct questions which[.]
In the Old Testament, hospitality to the ‘other’ is found as rare as inclusion of the ‘other’. Largen (2010:433–439) notes the difficulties of hospitality: ‘the practice of hospitality is extraordinary difficult, as at every turn our egos, our tempers, and our self-righteousness get in the way of our genuine openness to another’. Although texts of hospitality are not often encountered or explicitly spelled out, these texts are worth noting in this study of inclusivity in the Old Testament. Genesis 18:1–16 is the first noted text of hospitality, where Abraham sees three unidentified men. Abraham treats them with hospitality, but then for a limited time and with limited resources. Hospitality was normally limited to three days and no longer (Hobbs 2001:21). Abraham opened his home to strangers, who could pose a great danger, as Kooy (1962:654) notes that ‘public inns were a rarity and every stranger was
Southey’s respect for Slack, an elderly tenant farmer who had preserved the oak because, not in spite, of its age, provides a striking contrast with an anecdote he related in the same letter. This dealt with the fate of a ‘yew tree’ ‘likewise of great age & beauty’, that ‘was’ once ‘within … view’ of Southey’s home and which had been ‘destroyed’ in order to erect new buildings (CLRS, v. 2934). The contrast was stark. The oak saved by Slack was still standing, even though the latter had left Monk Hall. The situation was the reverse in Keswick where it was Southey who remained behind to lament the fate of the aged yew, cut down to further the ends of modern developers. Southey’s awareness of the threat posed by his own society to the old and established was further manifested in a letter of June 1819 that described how
Textual analysis of each word form is not only a technical task, since OCS manuscripts contain features that inevitably force a scholar to take some linguistic decisions and to solve problems at a syntactical level in order to be able to reach the semantic level and to face its problematic and incomprehensible parts as well.
In 1904 the estate passed on to his son Harry Payne Whitney who also maintained a string of horses, one of which won the 1915 Kentucky Derby. Gloria Vanderbilt lived on the estate during the 1930s. The estate was inherited by Cornelius Vanderbilt “Sonny” Whitney in 1942. He demolished the old mansion and that same year built the mansion, which has become the Old Westbury clubhouse.