Olympics in Sochi, Russia

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Staging the Sochi Winter Olympics 2014 on Russia Today and BBC World News : From soft power to geopolitical crisis

Staging the Sochi Winter Olympics 2014 on Russia Today and BBC World News : From soft power to geopolitical crisis

As the Ukraine crisis loomed larger, the BBC found its strategy increasingly difficult to maintain. When the Euromaidan revolt boiled over into regime change on the eve of the Closing Ceremony, the BBC confronted a clash between two radically different categories of media event: the planned, state-broadcaster celebration and an unanticipated global crisis. On the night of the Closing Ceremony, BBC World found itself having to report on ritual speeches expressing gratitude to the host city. In the 18:00 edition of the News, the words of Thomas Bach, President of the International Olympic Committee, were cited in full, including his declaration that: ‘Russia delivered all that it promised. It showed the face of a new Russia: efficient, friendly, patriotic, open to the world’ (BBCWN, News, 23/2/14). By the 19:00 and 20:00 broadcasts, Bach’s speech was cursorily glossed by a visibly embarrassed presenter, who minutes earlier, had reported on Russia’s obstructive approach to the Ukraine situation. The spirit of internationalism central to planned global media events like the Olympics was hastily jettisoned in favour of an emergent set of conventions for dealing with the overthrow of oppressive regimes.
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More than Sport: A Case Study on Sport Diplomacy Within the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics

More than Sport: A Case Study on Sport Diplomacy Within the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics

actions. After the completion of the Sochi Olympics, Russia was found guilty for a doping allegation that took away about 15 medals. By being the host country, they had the ability to demonstrate positive soft power to help build international relationships. Instead of focusing on their actions and how that could impact their international relationships, they focused on payments such as being the most expensive Olympic Games and attempting to cover up their doping use. Moreover, Morgensen (2015) adds that soft power worries the leaders of some countries who feel that trust is unsustainable and leads them to spend money on hard power. This is what Russia signified because they cared too much about building their own personal image and not building trust with other countries. Russia should have used this time of hosting the Olympics to build lasting relationships with countries by being inclusive with them through their actions. They should have provided doping information sessions throughout the whole Sochi Olympics to all athletes and fans so that people could understand the regulations. This would have helped build a positive relationship with countries around the world because it would have been available to all and speaks for positive change.
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Geopolitics, Genocide and the Olympic Games: Sochi 2014

Geopolitics, Genocide and the Olympic Games: Sochi 2014

Aside from the Russian authorities (who see hosting the Olympics as international recognition for the regime), we might ask who profits from the 2014 Olympics? While a number of scholars have noted that the “trickle-down” narratives of mega-events rarely benefit the local (or broader) population (for example, Harvey, 1989 and Ren, 2008), this is especially true in the case of the 1,000 or so families who have been forcibly relocated from their properties to make way for construction in Sochi (Moscow Times 2010) (see also Slavin, 2008). What about the ‘Olympic Law’ (passed by the State Duma in December 2007), which provides the legal framework for transforming Sochi into an Olympic city and, importantly, lays out the process governing land acquisition for the purpose of building Olympic facilities? In contravention of Russia's Land Code, the Law states that confiscation disputes would be resolved in court under abridged procedures that allow the state alone to set the price (Zarakhovich, 2008). At a time when land prices in Sochi were between $100,000 to $200,000 per 100m 2
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Reframing the Olympic Games as a space of contestation rather than a fixed place of peace : uncovering new spatial stories of (de)securitisation

Reframing the Olympic Games as a space of contestation rather than a fixed place of peace : uncovering new spatial stories of (de)securitisation

Irrespective of Russia and the IOC putting the longstanding spatial story of the Olympics as a fixed place of peace into practice, their speech acts quickly became a nodal point for contestation and opposition long before the opening ceremony took place in Sochi on 7 February 2014. Immediate concerns were raised about the suitability of Sochi as a venue for the Winter Games given the subtropical climate of the Black Sea summer resort (The Economist 2013). More seriously, many activists condemned, “the forced evictions of some 2,000 families to make way for the Olympic venues and infrastructure”, alongside “migrant workers abuse, environmental degradation, crackdowns on civil society and the press” (Human Rights Watch 2014). Charges of corruption at what Russian President Vladimir Putin described as, “the biggest building site on the planet” also tainted the 2014 Winter Olympics (Putin 2014; also see Gibson 2013; Lenskyj 2014, 3).
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The 2014 Olympic Logo.docx

The 2014 Olympic Logo.docx

sochi2014.ru version. If representing the real Russia is part of the brief, one has gone for a traditional Russia and one for a digital Russia. For me, the sochi2014.ru logo is broken. My first thought was that it was a website and that website was sochi.ru; it took me a while to “see” that the 2014 underneath was part of the web address and that it was actually numbers, not just inverted letters. The colours of it work well for “winter” Olympics, but why should winter games mean a limited colour palette? The Firebird logo, on the other hand, I like the almost-spherical feel of it, which pulls in the idea of a global competition.
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Evgeniya V. Vidishcheva, Marina Gunare

Evgeniya V. Vidishcheva, Marina Gunare

The most large-scale events that have took place yet and only in preparation stage in Russia are the Olympic and Paralympic games in 2014 in Sochi and the World Football Championship in 2018. These events entailed a major expenditure, both the Federal and regional budgets and private investors. According to data from 06.02.2017 for preparation and holding of the Olympics in 2014 it was planned to spend little less than 639 billion rubles (Raskhody na Chempionat…), 55 % of the amount is direct investments from the federal budget, 14 % – contribution of regional budgets and 31 %-the share of private investors. However, according to data of March 2018, the total cost exceeded 1.5 trillion rubles (Skol'ko stoila Olimpiada).
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Olympic Violence: Memory, Colonialism, and the Politics of Place

Olympic Violence: Memory, Colonialism, and the Politics of Place

Andrew Foxall’s (2013) “Geopolitics, Genocide and the Olympic Games: Sochi 2014” is a thought provoking, critical, and timely commentary on the forthcoming Winter Olympics, which will be held in Sochi, Russia (in the northwestern part of the Caucasus, formerly known as Circassia) during the month of February 2014. Foxall calls the awarding of the Games to Sochi into question, unpacking some of the violent geographies that have come to be associated with the chosen site, even though there is a significant lack of media attention being paid to the Circassian genocide of 1864. In many ways Foxall’s discussion recalls the debate surrounding the ethics of holding the International Geographical Union
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Nataliya S. Kresova, Nataliya E. Prutz

Nataliya S. Kresova, Nataliya E. Prutz

Abstract. The Olympic Games is a major international sporting event. Considered as the most expensive Olympic Games in history, the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics have proved to be a symbol of Russia's economic revival. The very fact that the Winter Olympics have been held in Sochi is the evidence that Russia as an economically strong power can afford it. The article discusses cost issues of Olympic Games, its main spending priorities and sources of income.

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Place marketing and mega events: intentions and short term results of nation branding of Russia through the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games

Place marketing and mega events: intentions and short term results of nation branding of Russia through the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games

The survey was inspired to a great extent by the work of Bodet and Lacassagne (2012) on international place branding through sporting events (particularly, a perspective of British citizens on the Beijing 2008 Olympics), underpinned by the theory of image transfer and the co-branding process 4 .As a co-branding process, the strategy of place branding through major sporting events ‘is closely related to the appreciation of its impact on people’s knowledge, perceptions, opinions and prejudices’, therefore the social representation theory is commonly employed as one of the efficient ways ‘to assess people’s thoughts, perceptions and opinions of a specific object’ (Bodet and Lacassagne, 2012: p.363). The organisation of a social representation, in turn, is based on free word-associations, which is qualitative in nature and reflects real-life experience and vision of the audience (ibid.) Therefore, the current research is based to the highest available degree on the study of Bodet and Lacassagne (2012), but tuned to study the co-branding process between Russia and Winter Olympic games particularly, at the time when the Sochi games is still the latest major Olympic event.
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Brazil, politics, the Olympics and the FIFA World Cup

Brazil, politics, the Olympics and the FIFA World Cup

The BRICS account for over 2.8 billion (40 percent) of the world’s population, but only command 25 percent of global GDP, and hence they are also referred to as ‘emerging econo mies’. Given the hosting of the Olympic Games by Beijing (2008), the Commonwealth Games by Delhi (2010), the FIFA World Cup by South Africa (2010), the Winter Olympic Games by Sochi (2014) and the FIFA World Cup by Russia (2018), as well as the Brazilian involvement in staging the Pan-American Games (2007), the FIFA World Cup (2014) and the Olympics (201 6), some have suggested that a ‘BRICS - style’ of hosting sports mega -events may be emerging (Curi et al, 2011). Curi et al point out that between 1950 and 2007 no major international sports event was hosted in Rio de Janeiro, the city lost its status as capital to Brasilia in 1960 and when it did stage the 2007 Pan-American Games they were the most expensive of that series of competitions ever held. The 2007 Pan-AMs were marked by very tight security including the erection of walls to separate games attendees from the local, poorer, population. Hence bidding to host these events has to be seen in a context where consumption- based development is seen as a solution to urban problems as much as national ones (Gaffney 2010).
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Hydrocarbons in the suspended matter and the bottom sediments in different regions of the Black Sea Russian sector

Hydrocarbons in the suspended matter and the bottom sediments in different regions of the Black Sea Russian sector

Content and composition of hydrocarbons (mainly the aliphatic ones) in the suspended matter and the bottom sediments in the Gelendzhik Bay, the Big Sochi water area, the Feodosiya Bay a[r]

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Russia

Russia

the respective persons interested taking the necessary steps, after preliminary examination as to what quantity of goods according to the permission granted have actually not yet been sh[r]

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An analysis of country medal shares in individual sports at the Olympics

An analysis of country medal shares in individual sports at the Olympics

Previous literature has focused on the potential of biased officiating to account for differences between events in the degree of host advantage observed in Olympic competitions. Balmer et al. (2001) predicted that “the effects of biased officiating are potentially most dramatic in sports in which the officials actually score the points through judging the performance of athletes with some combination of objective and subjective criteria”; they gave the examples of gymnastics, diving, figure skating and freestyle skiing. Their predictions were borne out in their study of host medal shares (compared with shares when the country was not hosting) at events in the whole history of the Winter Olympics to 1988. The group of events which were subjectively judged exhibited significantly greater home advantage than other events.
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CIVIL WAR IN TAJIKISTAN : IT’S IMPACT ON TAJIK RUSSIA RELATIONS

CIVIL WAR IN TAJIKISTAN : IT’S IMPACT ON TAJIK RUSSIA RELATIONS

The peace-keeping forces had gone beyond their formal mandate which precludes them from participation in combat operations. This operation actively defended areas and facilities within Tajikistan, and provided support to Tajik government forces. The peace- keeping forces also served as reserve support to Russian border troops. However, peace- keeping force did not conducted a full counter insurgency campaign. In practice, the border troops did not receive full support from the 201 st MRD. Indeed, the 201 st MRD also had orders of non-interference in the conflict. 59 The interference of Russia has a salutary effect on 1 st July 1992, the Government of Tajikistan accepted the protection of all important places in the republic. The protection of hydroelectric station at Nurek and other installations and motorways on mountain passes along the boundary of the Kulyab and Kurgan-Tyube areas was entrusted to 201 st Russian Motorised Division according to an agreement with Russia. The protection provided by the Russian military prevented many catastrophes which would have had unpredictable consequences. 60
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Gay Games of Gay Olympics? Implications for Lesbian Inclusion

Gay Games of Gay Olympics? Implications for Lesbian Inclusion

Gay Games or Gay Olympics? ications for B Y H E L E N J E F F E R S O N L E N S K Y J Depuis 1982 les Jeuxgais ont iti organisis par des lesbiennes et desgais comme un festivalsportifet lbccasion de s[.]

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Full article

Full article

In the global world, that is characterised by constant movement of people, goods and information, contamination between cultures has become a daily practice. The meeting and coexistence of different ethnic groups in living environments are always complex and often connoted by problems, conflicts, misunderstandings and closures. In such environments, the issues of the intercultural education are becoming more urgent and necessary. Reflections and actions of intercultural education must take place also outside of schools to involve the older generations and reach people. The ALLMEET project (Actions of the Lifelong Learning addressing Multicultural Education and Tolerance in Russia) pursues this perspective.
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FM 21 20 Physical Fitness Training pdf

FM 21 20 Physical Fitness Training pdf

obstacle courses, types of conditioning, 8-2 through 8-6 confidence, 8-6 through 8-10 safety precautions for using, 8-1, 2 olympics; see unit olympics orienteering, 9-13 through 9-16 ove[r]

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Athens-scape: The 2004 Olympics and the Metabolism of the City

Athens-scape: The 2004 Olympics and the Metabolism of the City

During the design process, I used animation as a research method. Directing space through time became a tool for drawing forth themes of transformation and metabolism, key to the Athens Olympics, and an allegorical journey leading to the design of exhibits that integrated solid objects with moving images.

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Senior Olympics: Never too Old to Play

Senior Olympics: Never too Old to Play

More research is needed to expand the purpose of Senior Olympics while educating the public about local and state participation opportunities for older adults. Suggestions for the beginning athlete could be to join a scheduled practice by interacting with acquaintances, a team or individual activity. In addition, physically active older adults can impress children and grand-children by incorporating sports-like activities in their lifestyle. This can encourage the younger

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Consuming the Olympics: the fan, the rights holder and the law

Consuming the Olympics: the fan, the rights holder and the law

The cities are in it for reconstruction and global positioning, chasing world-wide markets; the corporations are in it for global profile and unprecedented levels and scales of television exposure; the consumers are in it for a mixture of motives, some as sports enthusiasts or idealists, others for the party atmosphere or the feel of being close to something big. But whatever the drive behind the commitment to the event of these different players, the commercialisation of the Olympics has turned it into a global commodity.

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