Abstract: Revealing advantages of disciplines and gaps between one university and others is essential. Although most researchers and institutions are involving evaluation by using various indicators for resulting in the diversified discipline rankings in colleges and universities and for improving education level and enhancing core competitiveness of scientific research. Based on the previous selection standards and evaluation indicators for disciplinary competitiveness and information resources and intelligence analysis being available at the library, the article uses PekingUniversity in this study as a specific case to construct the evaluation system with indicators from six aspects, staff & teams, research output, programs & awards, international cooperation & exchanging, discipline ranking, and innovation ability. The indicators are synthesized to judge the comprehensive competitiveness of universities and their disciplines, and strive to form a reasonable systemic evaluation method and measuring mode so that it can be popularized and used.
A second dissimilarity involved the language challenges involved in conducting the research. One principal investi- gator (PS) was experienced in the study methodology; however, neither read nor spoke Chinese. The second principal investigator (JL) was fluent in both Chinese and English. JL translated what was observed and spoken where needed. To contribute toward a sustained informat- ics research educational effort in China, the study team also included one health informatics student (PG) from Peking University’s Center for Medical Informatics. The student read and spoke Chinese and English. The student researcher, under the supervision of JL, translated MU objectives from English to Chinese and participated in the observations and analysis. Both Institutional Review Boards of PekingUniversity Medical College Hospitals and Drexel University approved the study.
The PekingUniversity Cancer Hospital, one of the most comprehensive cancer centers in China, has a total cap- acity of 790 beds with all major medical specialties and services represented. The hospital, located in the capital city of Beijing, is an academic medical center with a strong basic and clinical research focus in addition to providing cancer treatments using a wide variety of interventional approaches.
Evolution means a gradual change of things in the history of what occurred during the gradient. Evolution includes three aspects: (1) the universe evolution; (2) biological evolution; (3) social evolution. The evolution of these three areas include all of the natural history representing three different level of evolution . Biological evolution must include the two basic concepts: time and gradient. Gradient is the basic characteristic of biological evolution and the long history provides the necessary time conditions for biological gradient. The so-called gradient is the process of producing new species during the biological evolution. As the book, written by Kevin Kelly, Out of Control says, "Out of Control is a summary of what we know about self-sustaining systems, both living ones such as a tropical wetland, or an artificial one, such as a computer simulation of our planet .” So, the passage of time and the gradient of species also happen in the virtual world Internet, science is not only a practical power to understand the world, to change the world, but also a conceptual and social culture. As Professor Guosheng Wu, a famous teacher of PekingUniversity in China, said, "recalling the science of natural history is to promote diversity, chineseness and resist homogenization, globalization, and the pursuit of direct life experience and world experience to bridge the division between man and nature, science and humanities, Eastern and Western." Based on the various crisis during the course of the producing, development and evolution of Internet, this article tries to sort out the law of the Internet evolution and future trends from the perspective of natural history.
The main results of the preliminary study summarized in Chapter III support previous literature that demonstrated a lack of nutrition knowledge related to T1D management in China and it further emphasizes the serious need for more nutrition education among T1D patients. In response to this urgent need, health care providers at the PekingUniversity People’s Hospital in Beijing, China are determined to provide better education and resources for T1D patients in order to allow them to learn more about their diabetes and the best way to maintain their glycemic control with their diet and lifestyle.
So what can be done to avoid the slowing down of vaccine development because of conservative Western attitudes? One solution would be for a dialogue between those who hold differing views, but it is difficult to see how attitudes could be changed rapidly enough to make any difference. Another approach may be for the developing world, espe- cially countries such as China and India, to make research involving human-animal chimeras a specific niche, and to support and fund it. This would be a way to move the sci- entific field forward, and to aid the development of solu- tions to important global health problems; this would supplement the excellent work happening in the west in this area, which is sometimes held up because of conser- vative attitudes to human-animal chimeras. An example for such funding, for the intended benefit of the develop- ing world, already exists: The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has funded a project at PekingUniversity, China, through its Grand Challenges in Global Health Initiative, to develop a "humanized" chimeric mouse model with an immune system and liver similar to humans for testing and development of potential HIV and HCV vaccine candidates , and provided support to develop a regulatory structure for the project . This is in addition to the funding granted to two consortia based in the west (Europe and the USA) as part of the same initiative for addressing the same scientific chal- lenge of developing (humanized chimeric mice) model systems to evaluate live attenuated vaccine candidates. Researchers in developing countries with relevant scien- tific capacity such as China and India should develop research projects with this perspective in mind, knowing that, so long as they fulfill scientific and ethical criteria (including humane treatment of the human-animal chi- meras, careful planning and conduct of experiments as well as regulation through mechanisms such as Animal Care and Use Committees and Stem Cell Research Over- sight Committees) for funding, they are likely to be suc- cessful. They can turn a negative Western attitude into an opportunity for the developing world.
This special collection of Demographic Research includes selected and peer- reviewed papers presented at the international conference on Advances in Methodology and Applications: Biodemography and Multistate Event History Analysis on Healthy Aging held from October 15 to 18, 2012, in Beijing and Hangzhou, China. The conference was jointly organized by the Center for Healthy Aging and Development Studies (CHADS), the National School of Development at PekingUniversity, the China Population and Development Research Center (CPDRC), and the Zhejiang University Institute of Population and Development (ZUIPD) in collaboration with the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Duke University’s Population Research Institute, and the Center for Study of Aging and Human Development. The conference was well attended by 75 scholars from China, the United States, Germany, Canada, the Netherlands, Australia, and Singapore, with 65 abstracts (and some full papers) submitted. As the three-day conference could not accommodate all (or even most) submitted papers, we also held poster sessions, and five papers were selected to receive poster paper awards based on evaluations by a committee consisting of four professors.
Methods: This survey was initiated and conducted by the Health and Family Planning Commission of Shenzhen in conjunction with the PekingUniversity Clinical Research Institute (Shenzhen) from Sep 2016 through Nov 2016. It was planned that no less than 10% of the total staff from each participating hospital were invited to complete the survey. All participants filled out the questionnaire anonymously and voluntarily.
A Chinese Dataset with Negative Full Forms for General Abbreviation Prediction Yi Zhang, Xu Sun MOE Key Laboratory of Computational Linguistics, Peking University School of Electronics Engineering and[.]
The institutional review board of PekingUniversity Institute of Mental Health (Sixth Hospital) approved the study to be conducted in all participating hospitals. The ethics committee of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University additionally approved to conduct the study at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University. Written informed consent was obtained from each patient-caregiver dyad. The patient and his/her legal guardian both provided written consent for the patient to participate in the study.
We retrospectively analyzed 87 patients with stereotactic brain biopsy performed at the PekingUniversity Inter- national Hospital from March 2016 to August 2018. The iMRI group included 50 cases (30 males and 20 females), with an average age of 43.5 ± 5.7 years. The lesions were located at the frontal lobe for 20 cases, at the temporal lobe for 14 cases, at the parietal lobe for 6 cases, at the insular-basal ganglia for 5 cases, at the thalamus for 3 cases, and at the midline (carcass and saddle) for 2 cases. The control group included 37 patients (25 males and 12 females) with an average age of 47.3 ± 7.9 years. The lesions were located at the frontal lobe for 19 cases, at the temporal lobe for 4 cases, at the parietal lobe for 6 cases, at the insular-basal ganglia for 4 cases, at the thal- amus for 3 cases, and at the midline (carcass and saddle area) for 1 case.
From January 1st, 2007 to December 31st, 2014, a total of 484 gastric cancer patients at PekingUniversity Cancer Hospital in Beijing, China were retrospectively enrolled in this study. The patients were pathologically diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma and received no treatment before neoadjuvant chemotherapy. All patients included in this study were proved to be locally advanced gastric cancer of clinical stage II – III by CT and diagnostic staging laparo- scopy. Many of our patients were enrolled in clinical trials for neoadjuvant chemotherapy. For other patients, we would suggest both neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery plus adjuvant chemotherapy, a shared decision would then be made after a discussion with patients. The extent of resec- tion for gastric cancer was total or distal gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy. After surgery, all of the patients were recommended to receive adjuvant chemotherapy
During a ten-year period from 2001 to 2011, 92 S-ALCL patients at the PekingUniversity Third Hospital and the Lymphoma Laboratory of PekingUniversity Health Sci- ence Center were enrolled in the study. Primary cutane- ous anaplastic large-cell lymphoma was excluded from the study. Of the 92 cases, 38 cases were pediatric patients with age of 18 years or younger. In accordance with a protocol approved by the medical ethics commit- tee at PekingUniversity Health Science Center, retro- spective analyses on the patients’ data were carried out. Data collected included: age, gender, Ann Arbor clinical stage, date of diagnosis, disease sites (nodal or extrano- dal), presence of B symptoms, and survival status. Ann Arbor stage  was determined by utilizing history, physical examination, chest, abdominal and pelvic com- puted tomography scans, and bone marrow aspirate and biopsy. If abnormal lymphocytes were found by any of the methods used, including cytomorphologic inspection of bone marrow smear, biopsy or flow cytometry, we thought that the patient have bone marrow involvement. There were not primary or acquired immunodeficiency diseases in our cases. All patients received CHOP or CHOP-like combination chemotherapy regimens. Treat- ment outcome was determined by overall survival (OS), which was defined as the time from diagnosis to the last contact date or to death from any cause, with 19 patients lost to follow up and unavailable for survival analyses.
Interview guides were developed by research staff from the PekingUniversity for different cadres of study staff and relatives of the deceased. Three focus group inter- views were conducted: one for VDs, one for THPs, and one for quality controllers. Focus group interviews for THPs and VDs discussed experiences and attitudes to- ward msVA. The focus group interviews for quality con- trollers discussed whether THPs or VDs were suitable for administering msVA. Each focus group lasted about one and a half hours. In addition to focus group inter- views, 21 personal in-depth interviews were conducted: three VDs, three THPs, three project coordinators, and 12 respondents. For the first nine personal interviews, these interviews were aimed to assess whether msVA was a feasible and acceptable cause of death surveillance system in China. Each interview lasted about one hour. The stratified random sample of 12 VA respondents had face-to-face interviews at their homes. Respondents were interviewed regarding their willingness to use msVA and their understanding of the msVA questions.
Abstract: Objective: To study the clinical significance of early liquid resuscitation with hypertonic saline (HS) for the regulation of the inflammatory response in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). Methods: A total of 115 patients receiving treatment for AP in PekingUniversity Shenzhen Hospital from March 2015 to August 2017 were selected and divided into groups according to the fluid resuscitation method: 56 patients in the control group were treated with early fluid resuscitation with Ringer’s Solution. On the basis of Ringer’s Solution, 59 patients in the observation group were treated with early fluid resuscitation with HS. Changes in the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-10 (IL-10), as well as the clinical therapeutic effect on both groups were analyzed. Results: After treatment, the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, while the level of IL-10 was sig- nificantly higher in the observation group compared to the control group (all P<0.05). Post-treatment procalcitonin and D-lactic acid levels in the observation group were 2.27±0.51 ng/mL and 5.59±1.43 mg/L, respectively, which were both significantly lower than that in the control group (both P<0.05). The total effective rate and the incidence of complications in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Early liquid resuscitation of HS can regulate the secretion of inflammatory cytokines in patients with AP and reduce complications, and therefore has good value for application.