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Levels of Arousal in Positive Moods: Effects on Motor Performance

Levels of Arousal in Positive Moods: Effects on Motor Performance

This study explored whether certain types of music (up-tempo Mozart sonata, down-tempo Mozart sonata, and no music), as a preparatory task, could affect motor performance. The present study implies that up-tempo and down-tempo Mozart sonata as some specific types of music do not play a significant role in motor performance, as an enhancer or distraction. Performance increased between the first two trials but the second two trials did not differ significantly across conditions. The performance levels based on mood condition did not compare to the findings of similar research. For example, Husain et al. (2002) found a difference in performance between mood conditions. The discrepancy may have arisen due to the type of performance examined. For example, previous studies using this type of mood induction have been successful in finding differences in cognitive performance; however, this study focused only on physical performance.
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PERFORMANCE BASED SEISMIC DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BUILDING BY NON- LINEAR DYNAMIC ANALYSIS

PERFORMANCE BASED SEISMIC DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BUILDING BY NON- LINEAR DYNAMIC ANALYSIS

526 | P a g e reference response spectrum. The performance levels of the structure are governed through the selection ofsuitable values of the maximum displacement and maximum inter storey drift. Figure 2 shows the typicalprocess of design is to be followed.

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Factors Affecting Performance of Adults in Adult and Continuing Education in Nkulumane-Emganwini Area

Factors Affecting Performance of Adults in Adult and Continuing Education in Nkulumane-Emganwini Area

The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation of the factors affecting academic performance with the performance levels of adults in adult and continuing education in Nkulumane-Emganwini area. These factors were arbitrarily selected from the literature review. The research design selected was the empirical approach .A sample of 40 students was randomly selected from a population of 420 in Nkulumane –Emganwini in the four schools Questionnaires were used as the research instrument. Other instruments used were adult learning style inventory, attendance registers and mid-year mark sheet record. The research findings indicate that attendance and academic self-concept have a strong positive correlation with performance. Learning styles and Age were also found to affect performance while marital status and income did not significantly affect performance. It is recommended that school administrators should adequately monitor lesson attendance. The Ministry of Education Sport and Culture should carry out refresher courses in teaching styles as part of the continuing professional development teachers.
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Leader errors and the influence on performance : an investigation of differing levels of impact

Leader errors and the influence on performance : an investigation of differing levels of impact

Different types of errors can occur under particular working conditions which can in turn lead to varying influences on performance. These work conditions in this study are 1) causal relationships (the influence of case components on one another is emphasized), 2) understanding constraints (identifying barriers to success and how to work around them is emphasized), 3) irrelevant information (distraction information is present that falls outside the general case framework), and 4) processing overload work conditions (vast amounts of information is processed in a restricted amount of time). These work conditions play a significant role in influencing decisions that are made, errors that can occur, and performance levels. For example when leaders are faced with processing overload it is often not only the overwhelming amount of information leaders need to synthesize before arriving at a decision, it is the short amount of time in which this activity must occur that adds to restricted capacity. De Dreu (2003) investigated the role of time pressure in a negotiation setting. The data from this study indicated that time
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Testing the reliability of hands and ears as biometrics: the importance of viewpoint

Testing the reliability of hands and ears as biometrics: the importance of viewpoint

Experiment 2 was conducted to determine whether training through simple instruction would increase performance levels from those displayed by the novices in Experiment 1, and would accordingly reduce the impact of a sub-optimal viewpoint. The results in this regard are equivocal. Training only had a significant effect on performance levels when matching ears. As a consequence, these trained participants did indeed show less of an impact of the sub-optimal viewpoint compared to the novice participants in Experiment 1. In this regard, training achieved its predicted purpose, whilst not raising performance levels up to those of the expert and whilst not removing the viewpoint effect altogether.
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Knowledge management as a performance enhancing tool in construction project management in South Africa

Knowledge management as a performance enhancing tool in construction project management in South Africa

possible correlation between ‘high’ levels of knowledge management use and ‘high’ levels of construction project management performance. This approach therefore necessarily cuts across various organisations/respondents. An alternative framework is via detailed case studies of selected organisations, in order to establish ‘before’ and ‘after’ performance levels of individual organisations involved in construction project management, with respect to the adoption/implementation of knowledge management systems and processes. This approach has been suggested by other authors, and has seen some degree of success in its use (Sheehan et al., 2005: 50-64; Zou et al., 2003: 233-250). Such a framework would be able to accommodate, to an extent, the various scope-change and delay factors inherent in the industry, provided that the impact of such factors does not vary excessively with time, or such variations average out. However, such a framework requires a high degree of familiarity with the subject organisation’s processes, in terms of both ‘before’ and ‘after’ the knowledge management system’s implementation. It also requires luck to find such an organisation that is about to embark on a knowledge management implementation process. In addition, patience is needed in order to realise performance- enhancing benefits. As one can readily imagine, this option of research methodology could not be explored within the context of the study, due to considerations mentioned in section 3.3.
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Best practices in rewarding and recognising employee achievements : submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Philosophy, Institute of Technology and Engineering, College of Sciences, Massey University

Best practices in rewarding and recognising employee achievements : submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Philosophy, Institute of Technology and Engineering, College of Sciences, Massey University

performance levels of organisations for a specific process in order to identifying opportunities for improvement and/or set performance targets or benchmarks, and 2 Best practice benchma[r]

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The Investigation of Physical Performance Status of Visually and Hearing Impaired Applying Judo Training Program

The Investigation of Physical Performance Status of Visually and Hearing Impaired Applying Judo Training Program

In a study conducted by Karakoc O. on balance training of hearing impaired judoka, pre-test and post-test flexibility averages were found 8.53 ± 4.37 cm and 9.33 ± 5.08 cm for the control group, respectively and pre-test and post-test flexibility averages were found 12.67 ± 7.24 cm and 13.20 ± 6.72 cm for the test group, respectively. There was no significant difference between pre-test and post-test flexibility values in the test group (p>0.05) (Karakoc, 2014a). Flexibility is the ability to move of the joint or joint series at wide angle. For this reason, flexibility is of great importance not only for sport success and performance but also in terms of prevention of injuries (Doğan, 1991). A high level of flexibility value is needed in judo in order to do a wide variety of techniques at very wide angles and in accordance with the original motion (Knobloch, et.al., 2005).
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Performance of Nd:YVO4 laser at various doping levels

Performance of Nd:YVO4 laser at various doping levels

in their paper, it is recommended that a high neodymium doped and short crystal for low pumping power while low neodymium doped crystal is suitable for high pumping power with suitable[r]

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Influence of Social Capital on Academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Siaya County, Kenya

Influence of Social Capital on Academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Siaya County, Kenya

Principals who exercise transformational leadership characterized with optimal power equalization, cohesiveness, innovativeness, and delegation of responsibilities to teachers etc, are able to shape values, beliefs and attitudes of teachers in schools hence promoting a stable and nurturing teaching environment which result in improved academic standards among students. Principals therefore need to involve all the teachers in decision-making, especially in areas that they believed were their primary domain such as curriculum and instruction. In such situations, teachers exhibited greater levels of citizenship which enable them to go beyond the explicit requirement of their job and readily accept to conduct remedial work for weak student outside the official school time table. This gesture results in improved student learning and achievement in national exams (Tschannen et al 2000).
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The Effectiveness of Imagery Training on Anxiety Levels and Performance amongst Athletes in Archery

The Effectiveness of Imagery Training on Anxiety Levels and Performance amongst Athletes in Archery

Background: The psychological aspect of sports is one of the most important aspects as it is one of the factors that can increase the performance of athletes. Athletes who compete are often haunted by the fear that may lead to a fall in performance as they fail to perform at their optimal performance. One of the psychological trainings which are often used by athletes is imagery rehearsal. 60 athletes were divided into 2 groups, treatment group (Group Imagery) and Control Group. A 6 week with 3 sessions per week imagery training was given to the athletes in the treatment group. Objective: This study was aimed to assess the effect of imagery training program to the level of cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, self-confidence and achievement archery after undergoing imagery training program. Results: Based on previous studies using imagery training, the expected results in this study is athletes from the treatment group which were given imagery training will be able to reduce the level of anxiety and improve the performance of archery. Conclusion: Imagery training was found to reduce anxiety levels and improve performance in competing athletes. Athletes were emphasized to give full attention during the imagery training. The imagery training was based on the real images or situations of competition. Imagery training was also conducted with physical exercises to ensure the best performances of athletes were achieved.
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Emotional Competencies of Leaders: A Comparison of Managers in a Financial Organization by Performance Level

Emotional Competencies of Leaders: A Comparison of Managers in a Financial Organization by Performance Level

An ANOVA test determines the existence (or nonexistence) of a statistically significant difference among several group means (UCLA, 2002). The test actually uses variances to help ascertain if the various means are equal or not. ANOVA uncovers the main and interaction effects of categorical independent variables (or "factors") on interval dependent variables. The T-test is a test of significance of the difference in the means of a single interval dependent, for two groups formed by a categorical independent (Garson, 2002). The T-test and ANOVA are generally accepted statistical tests and are equally valid in the analysis of differences among levels of variables, such as performance ratings, emotional intelligence scores, and demographic characteristics.
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[W691.Ebook] Free Ebook The Performance Studies Reader From Routledge.pdf

[W691.Ebook] Free Ebook The Performance Studies Reader From Routledge.pdf

When someone ought to visit guide stores, search shop by establishment, rack by rack, it is quite troublesome. This is why we offer guide compilations in this site. It will reduce you to search guide The Performance Studies Reader From Routledge as you such as. By searching the title, publisher, or writers of guide you want, you can locate them promptly. In your home, office, and even in your means can be all best location within web connections. If you want to download the The Performance Studies Reader From Routledge, it is extremely easy after that, due to the fact that now we extend the link to acquire and make bargains to download The Performance Studies Reader From Routledge So easy!
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Effects of Information Technology on Performance of Logistics Firms in Nairobi County

Effects of Information Technology on Performance of Logistics Firms in Nairobi County

Abstract- Irrespective of the fact that Logistic firms are making much profit, they still suffer from inefficiency and insecurity. Critically evaluating the introduction of information technology owing to its objectives, it is not concern with how much technology is provided but how well it serves potential users. This cloudy atmosphere therefore provides a fertile ground for the researchers to examine the effects of information technology on Logistic firm’s performance in Nairobi Kenya to realize its significant impact on their operations in order to guarantee their profitability and growth. The target population was logistic firms within Nairobi County. Data was collected from 10 firms in the logistic industry suppliers in Nairobi. A set of items, based on the research model, was developed, and aggregated into four scales for measuring the use of IT in company, and three scales for measuring the company performance. The data was analyzed using SPSS and result presented in form of tables and charts. The respondent rate was 93%. On the demographic data, the researcher sought to investigate the age of respondent, 10% of the respondents were aged between 18 to 26 years and 27 to 35 years of age respectively, 20% of respondent were aged between the ages of 36 to 45. On the ownership of the firms, majority 70% followed by other firms 20%, foreign firms was 10% while government does not own any logistic firms. On the extent to which the Information and Technology, the findings reveals over (50%) of the firms are not using IT in their departments and service delivering indicating low level of IT usage among logistic firms in Nairobi County. This shows that the factors that are not covered amount only to 20.9%. It is therefore, means the four factors have a big role to play on the performance of logistic firms in Nairobi County. The ANOVA result for all variables indicates that there was a highly significant relationship between the variables at F = 2.729 and P = 0.000. This implies that there is a strong relationship between the four variables and the performance of logistic firms in Nairobi County
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Is Good Governance a Driver of Family Firm Performance?

Is Good Governance a Driver of Family Firm Performance?

Table 5 suggests that performance is negatively associated with the implementation of good governance practices. Indeed, we see that family firms displaying the highest levels of performance are characterized by the lowest scores of governance. This situation can be explained the fact that high-performing family firms do not have an incentive to provide external investors with information related to governance. Indeed, due to their higher levels of performance, they do not have to improve the perception of their image by external stakeholders. However, when their performance becomes weaker, they can be tempted to disclose more information related to corporate governance and to implement governance mechanisms in order to reassure external stakeholders. Accordingly, information disclosure related to governance practices and their implementation is more economically driven than relationally oriented. As a result, it can be argued that the willingness to opportunistically preserve the image of the company can be seen as an economic objective. As such, these results confirm that economically driven decisions can be taken in order to preserve the socioemotional endowments of family owners when the continuity of the firm is threatened (Gomez-Mejia et al., 2007; Chrisman and Patel, 2012).
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Three Levels of Ethical Influences on Selling Behavior and Performance: Synergies and Tensions

Three Levels of Ethical Influences on Selling Behavior and Performance: Synergies and Tensions

It is interesting to speculate why our findings seem to contradict existing work. One aspect we have touched on already is methodological. Specifically, the current study is among the few to directly conceptualize and measure the industrial ethical climate itself rather than using a proxy measure of how important the existence of an industrial ethical climate is. Another influence may be our focus on the sales profession. Because salespeople spend much of their time in the field, they are relatively alienated from their firms and are often without the direct supervision or control of their organizations (e.g., Tanner et al. 2015). In seeking to attain their performance objectives, salespeople may view their behavior as being more dominated by industry- wide ethical norms rather than relying on their company’s ethical norms as their primary source of reference, information, and guidance for acceptable behavior. With the growth of remote working practices in many industries, including the financial sector (Rodier 2013) in which much unethical activity persists (Tenbrunsel and Thomas 2015), our findings take on greater significance.
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The Disruptive Effect Mercurychloride (HgCl) on Gene Expression of cGnRH-II, sGnRH, and Estradiol Level in Silver Sharkminnow (Osteochillus hasseltii C.V.)

The Disruptive Effect Mercurychloride (HgCl) on Gene Expression of cGnRH-II, sGnRH, and Estradiol Level in Silver Sharkminnow (Osteochillus hasseltii C.V.)

and estradiol level decreased equivalent with the mercury concentration increased. This is proved that mercury act to inhibit protein GnRH and GtH synthesis and finnaly will inhibit secretion of estradiol. Mercury poisoning lead to elevated death rate, weight loss, larvae deformation, depressed protein synthesis, hormonal imbalance, abnormal behavior, spawning reduction, sexual dysfunction, color changes, in fish (Oliviera Robeiro et al., 2002; Devline 2006; Houck and Cech 2004; Dervnick and Sandheinrich 2003; Friedmann et al., 1996). Mercury depressed protein synthesis via inhibit transcription factors for gene expression. Mercury also act mimicking the effects of endogenous hormones, such as the estrogens and androgens, antagonizing the effects of endogenous hormones, altering the pattern of synthesis and metabolism of normal hormones; and modifying hormone receptor levels (Soto et al., 1995).
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Gender differences in the relationships among neurosteroid serum levels, cognitive function, and quality of life

Gender differences in the relationships among neurosteroid serum levels, cognitive function, and quality of life

Our study’s findings reveal that the correlation between neurosteroids (DHEA, DHEA-S, and pregnenolone) and cognitive function and psychological well-being may differ between the genders among a healthy population. Among men, the serum levels of DHEA were positively correlated with the domains of quality of life, and DHEA-S and preg- nenolone levels were positively correlated with cognitive function. In contrast, the association between DHEA-S and working memory was the only significant finding in women. Our results indicate that neurosteroids play a vital role in the cognitive function and quality of life of males, but that role is less apparent in females.
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Is it better to be both nice and nasty? Investigating the co occurrence of sales manager aggressiveness and caring

Is it better to be both nice and nasty? Investigating the co occurrence of sales manager aggressiveness and caring

7 poor performance, raising performance to new heights, or dealing with the exhibition of inappropriate behavior (e.g. unethical selling behavior, or inappropriate social behavior). While few studies explicitly recognize these situations, various fields of literature (e.g. organizational control literature, vertical-exchange theory, transactional leadership theory) appear to offer some guidance in how sales managers may respond to these problem situations. Nevertheless, studies in the above-mentioned fields deal with the issue of problem resolution only by implication, and are focused primarily on the behavioral options which are open to the sales manager too respond to problem situations. However, some aspects remain untouched by the literature. In particular, what is missing from the sales literature so far is an appreciation of how sales managers actually go about implementing the behaviors recommended by various theories, or in other words, what could be called sales manager PRS. Apart from anecdotal evidence advocating the importance of sales manager’s delivery methods for sales people’s performance (e.g. Oechsli, 1993) and a single qualitative study on sales manager PRS (Lee & Cadogan, 2009) academic literature remains silent on consequences of various PRSs.
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Capital Structure and Firm Performance in the Financial Sector: Evidence from Australia

Capital Structure and Firm Performance in the Financial Sector: Evidence from Australia

This paper mainly investigates the relationship between capital structure and firm performance of Australian Authorised Deposit-taking Institutions (ADIs). Based on agency cost theory (Jensen and Meckling, 1976), it suggests that debt is used as a motivating factor for managerial staff. Agency theory states that separation of top end management and ownership has a negative effect on firm performance; there is no incentive for management to perform at maximum capacity. Debt is enrolled as an instrument to heighten work ethic and performance of management; however an increase in the proportion of debt causes the firm to experience higher financial distress (Harris and Raviv, 1991). The main hypothesis to be explored in this paper contributes to academic research in this field in two major ways. First, research papers in the field of capital structure have not often concentrated on the effect of capital structure on profit efficiency, especially linking the two in the financial sector. The general method has been to try linking capital structure with firm performance using common financial ratios. One notable research paper by Berger and Bonaccorsi di Patti (2006) stands out as offering a significant and comprehensive empirical contribution to the link of capital structure and profit efficiency in the financial sector. The financial sector is fundamentally different from any other sector of the market in terms of its high leverage and regulation, therefore the results obtained from papers using data across multiple sectors in the market cannot be directly carried over to the financial sector with a high degree of confidence. Second, papers on the relationship of capital structure and Australian Financial sector “firm” performance are very scarce. It is clear that Australia has its own set of unique market conditions and regulations, which highlights the importance of extending Berger and Bonaccorsi di Patti’s (2006) paper specifically for Australian data.
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