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Development of hybrid pin-biometrics database identification and verification system: Demonstrated in automated teller machine

Development of hybrid pin-biometrics database identification and verification system: Demonstrated in automated teller machine

The current rate of crime, fraud, terrorism and vandalism across the globe pose great threat to economic development and sustainability. Much as security and confidentiality of persons have been areas of worry, authentication and verification of individuals have become more of concern nowadays. A robust authentication and verification system requires every citizen to have a biometric identity card linked to a national database server; suggested to be a harvest of various databases of government departments, agencies, financial institutions and law enforcement bodies. The integrity of the system depends more on the database and the employed biometrics technology. Biometrics robustness could be improved through hybridization of verification techniques. This paper proposed a framework for user’s identification and authentication using hybridization of personal identification number (PIN), fingerprint, iris and magnetic stripe card. The robustness of the hybrid system is demonstrated in automated teller machine (ATM) in comparison with the conventional PIN authentication method. Although, denial of proxy withdrawal could be stated as demerit of this hybrid biometrics system, the security level is worthwhile. A single integrated multi-application card could be achieved by using chip-based general multipurpose card (GMPC) technology, which allows for input of several applications on one card. The system could be used by governments to boost security system, financial budgeting, as well as health care services planning and management.
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Title: Face Recognition Technology

Title: Face Recognition Technology

Depending on the context on which a biometric system works, it can be Either classified as an identification system or a verification (authentication) system identification involves in establishing a person‟s identify whereas in verification involves confirming or denying a person‟s claiming identity. More traditional means of access control include token-based identification systems, such as a driver's license or passport, and knowledge-based identification systems, such as a password or personal identification number. Since biometric identifiers are unique to individuals, they are more reliable in verifying identity than token and knowledge-based methods; however, the collection of biometric identifiers raises privacy concerns about the ultimate use of this information.
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Human Interaction in Shoulder Surfing Security

Human Interaction in Shoulder Surfing Security

The main aim of this project is to prevent human shoulder surfing attack and to establish a secure transaction by implementing the color matching algorithm. When a user enters a personal identification number(PIN) as a numeric password in mobile or stationary systems, including smart phones, tablet computers, automated teller machines (ATM), and point of sale (PoS) terminals, bank lockers, online net banking sites a direct observation attack based on shoulder surfing becomes great concern. The PIN entry can be observed by nearby adversaries, more effectively in a crowded place. Since the same PIN is usually chosen by a user for various purposes and used repeatedly, a compromise of the PIN may cause the user a great risk.
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Volume 6 - Article 12 | Pages 325–354

Volume 6 - Article 12 | Pages 325–354

2. The TDS component (the vital statistics) includes information about demographic events including birth, death, marriage, divorce, and migration within the country. For the correct management and data flow of the demographic statistics it is re- quired that each demographic event be coded with a serial number and information about when and where this demographic event has occurred. In addition, infor- mation about the socio-demographic characteristics of all individuals who have ‘participated’ in the corresponding demographic event is supplied: that is, their personal identification number, sex, age, marital status, degree of education, place of residence, etc.
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Personal identification based on mobile based keystroke dynamics

Personal identification based on mobile based keystroke dynamics

Passwords, personal identification number (PIN), and pattern lock are con- sidered the most common methods to protect the identity of smartphone’s own- ers from illegal accesses. However, the PIN method is subject to the dictionary attack as well as shoulder surfing attack. Also, Pattern locks are subject to side channel attack. The most importantly, such commonly used methods for identifying a legitimate owner of a smartphone fail to recognize and detect an adversary when she/he has broken the PIN/Password [3] making these methods ineffective for continuous authentication.
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Monitoring of IVF birth outcomes in Finland: a data quality study

Monitoring of IVF birth outcomes in Finland: a data quality study

Even though the IVF children in the different data sources were not the same children, most of the data in the two routine IVF data sources were comparable to the IVF research data. This suggests that drop-outs were not selected by outcome. One likely explanation is that chil- dren born after inseminations and ovulation inductions with increased risk for adverse perinatal outcome may be reported as IVF children in the MBR. Despite this draw- back, our results give confidence that IVF services (IVF sta- tistics) and most short-term infant outcomes of IVF newborns (IVF statistics and the MBR) can be reliably monitored in Finland without ad hoc data collection. The existing routine Finnish data sources do not, however, answer all relevant study questions, such as explaining the variation in success rates by clinics in controlling for con- founding factors. For these purposes, a nation-wide IVF register would be useful. Furthermore, such a register incorporating personal identification number would ena- ble data linkages to other health outcome sources, for example getting more accurate information on congenital anomalies or to study the long-term health outcomes of treated women and children born as a result of IVF treatments.
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Automatic Vehicle Identification and Number Plate Recognition

Automatic Vehicle Identification and Number Plate Recognition

An Automatic vehicle Identification and Number Plate Recognition System (AVINPR) is designed for the recognition of car license plate. Initially, the plate location is extracted and then the plate characters are separated individually by segmentation and finally applied template matching with the use of correlation for recognition of plate characters. The system is designed for the identification of Indian License Plates and the system is tested over a large number of images. This system can be redesigned for multinational car license plates as well as other vehicles in future research.
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Identification of public awareness in preventive
maintenance for personal automobile

Identification of public awareness in preventive maintenance for personal automobile

Therefore, the question comes whether the public has the awareness in maintaining their automobile, thus, this study will identifi the public awareness in corrective and preventive maint[r]

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Tibetan Number Identification Based on Classification of Number Components in Tibetan Word Segmentation

Tibetan Number Identification Based on Classification of Number Components in Tibetan Word Segmentation

Tibetan texts. We make use of several books which are written in Tibetan, and collect many web pages from several Tibetan web sites. After preprocessing, we get six corpuses. The basic information about the corpuses is shown in Ta- ble 2. Note that, in Table 2, the column “BNS” includes all sentences which have in it at least one number component belonging to basic number class, while the column “TNS” includes all sentences which have at least one Tibetan number in it. The count of the former is signifi- cantly larger than the count of the later because some basic numbers are used in idioms and proverbs which should be segmented as single words, thus we don’t take them as number com- ponents under this circumstance. Figure 3 shows the results of our experiment. As we can see, the total identification accuracy is 99.21%. As we have included all basic numbers in our method, theoretically the recall is 100%.
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A multisectoral institutional arrangements approach to integrating civil registration, vital statistics, and identity management systems

A multisectoral institutional arrangements approach to integrating civil registration, vital statistics, and identity management systems

When civil registration serves as a foundation for civil identification and the two systems are well-integrated, the UIN assigned to each individual at birth can serve as a common key to share data between the two systems and also with systems belonging to other institutions in both the public and private sectors. This linkage yields many benefits. First, this link accounts for the flow of people into and out of the identification management system. The birth registration with the civil registrar leads to the creation of an identity in the civil identifica- tion management system, and death registration with the civil registrar in turn closes the identity from the identification management system. Second, the linkage between the civil registration system and the civil identi- fication system allows continuous updating of an indi- vidual’s vital events information throughout the person’s life cycle, from birth registration to death registration. For example, even if an individual changes his or her name, the individual’s UIN will stay the same and con- nect all vital events occurring in the person’s life. Third, UINs can facilitate the efficient exchange of reliable data between institutions for identity verification purposes, which ultimately results in improved public and private service delivery. One example is when an individual changes an address of residence. If an individual is required to report his or her change in residence to only one govern- ment agency and that triggers automated notifications regarding the address change to other government agencies and institutions that have the person’s UIN, such as finan- cial institutions and tax agencies, then this process can benefit both parties. It can benefit the service providers by having information updated efficiently, and it can benefit the recipients by only having to report the address change once. This linkage between databases can also strengthen the quality and use of vital statistics—the statistics pro- duced from data collected through civil registration — by creating a larger network of population data that can be used to (i) check the completeness and coverage rates of civil registration by comparing data on hand against other sources of data such as censuses, surveys, and hospital re- cords; ii) perform more sophisticated data analyses that are useful for creating evidence-based policies and programs, hence contributing to good governance; and (iii) produce census-like small area statistics. The benefits of this model
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Identification of Personal Information Shared in Chat Oriented Dialogue

Identification of Personal Information Shared in Chat Oriented Dialogue

Although the majority of each dialogue followed the typi- cal open-ended structure of sharing personal information in a get-to-know-you setting - as expected of a first date - the content of many of the dialogues was also directly affected by the speed-dating environment, since participants typi- cally began their conversations with a discussion of the na- ture of the speed-dating activity. One common occurrence was that participants would often comment on the tasks that were required of them - such as their difficulty in filling out the surveys about each person with whom they have a date. In addition, participants would often bring up noteworthy elements of the speed-dating environment - for example, that there is a large proportion of law students taking part in the speed-dating activity.
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Personal Speed Dial Numbers To dial a Personal Speed Dial number: Press [ Feature ] followed by the Dial Code.

Personal Speed Dial Numbers To dial a Personal Speed Dial number: Press [ Feature ] followed by the Dial Code.

■ To adjust handset earpiece volume, while listening on a call lift the handset and press ▼ or ▲ . Message Indicator. Appears when someone else signals you using the Message Light On feature. To turn off press [ Feature ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] and your extension number. See page 5. Mic (Microphone) Button. [MLS-12, MLS-12D, and MLS-34D only] Press [ Mic ] to turn your speakerphone’s microphone on and off (press [ Spkr ] to turn both speaker and microphone on with a single touch). The[ Mic ] light shows when the person at the other end of a call can hear you.

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National Database as a Core Field of National Security

National Database as a Core Field of National Security

An image or a video, if digitized is represented by a number of frames per unit of time, with each frame in turn represented by a number of components (three colours or more), each again represented by a set of pixel at a given precision (8 or more bits), scanning the frame component on a raster, line by line. This is often referred to as first general representation, and was introduced taking into account practical issues such as camera and scan technologies, as well as simplicity of their representation.

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Protecting Yourself from Fraud

Protecting Yourself from Fraud

Failed Promises Accessing Personal Information Personal Infor- mation Name Address & Telephone Number Social Security Number Driver’s License Number Birthdate Credit Card N[r]

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Personal Speed Dial Numbers To dial a Personal Speed Dial number: Press [ Feature ] followed by the Dial Code.

Personal Speed Dial Numbers To dial a Personal Speed Dial number: Press [ Feature ] followed by the Dial Code.

only] When dialing, shows the number dialed (and name if pro- grammed), duration of call, and feature messages. When receiving an intercom call, shows the number of the extension calling. When in programming mode, displays programming messages. When not using the phone, displays today's date and time or Caller ID information (if available). (You can adjust the display contrast on the MLS-18D; see “Volume Control Buttons” below.)

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Personal Speed Dial Numbers To dial a Personal Speed Dial number: Press [ Feature ] followed by the Dial Code.

Personal Speed Dial Numbers To dial a Personal Speed Dial number: Press [ Feature ] followed by the Dial Code.

When dialing, shows the number dialed (and name if programmed), duration of call, and feature messages. When receiving an intercom call, shows the number of the extension calling. When in program- ming mode, displays programming messages. When not using the phone, displays today's date and time. (You can adjust the display contrast on the MLS-18D—see “Volume Control Buttons” below.)

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The Isolation and Identification of Fungi from the Soil in Gardens of Cabbage Were Contaminated with Pesticide Residues in Subdistrict Modoinding

The Isolation and Identification of Fungi from the Soil in Gardens of Cabbage Were Contaminated with Pesticide Residues in Subdistrict Modoinding

There are several types of fungi found in the soil and organic matter, such as Aspergillus oryzae, Chrysonilia sitophila, Mucor sp., Rhizopus sp. and many more varieties of mushrooms that were found [12]; [36]. C. sitophila be a source of problems as persistent contaminants in the laboratory and sometimes also reported in foods such as pastries, hazelnuts, nuts, and meat products [37]. Macroscopic and microscopic morphological observation of C. sitophila according to Table 3.2 shows the same results with the observations made by [38], which is based on the isolation and identification of macroscopic media PDA C. sitophila growing fast (faster growth if a diameter greater than 6 cm), orange and orange whitish middle. Likewise, growth in media MEA (Malt Extract Agar), although the colors are different are all orange. Meanwhile, among other microscopic morphology of hyphae septate, do not have the reproductive structures, have a round or oval conidia with a size of 12.5 μm, a smooth surface and orange, has conidiophores, there are no fialid, Metula and vesicles.
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Vol 30, No 2 (2017)

Vol 30, No 2 (2017)

(76.4%), North America (76.5%), Oceania (86.7%) and Africa (75.0%) were identified mainly through dental comparison. The identification rate of missing persons with dental records was significantly higher than that of those without (p < 0.01). Most of the victims identified by their dental records were returned to their home country within four months after the disaster. Dental records were the primary identifier in 46.2% of identifications. However, among the Thai citizens reported missing, only 2.0% were identified using dental identification; 18.1% had dental charts and 0.8% had dental X-rays. It should also be noted that only 7.4% of Thai dental
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Church schools preparing adolescents for living in a religiously diverse society : an empirical enquiry in England and Wales

Church schools preparing adolescents for living in a religiously diverse society : an empirical enquiry in England and Wales

The Young People’s Attitudes to Religious Diversity Project, conceived and directed by Professor Robert Jackson within the Warwick Religions and Education Research Unit, was designed to maximise the research insights of both qualitative and quantitative methods. Within the time constraints of a three year project, it was decided to begin with the qualitative research in order to allow the findings of the qualitative approach to inform aspects of the quantitative approach. The rich and thick data generated by the qualitative study raised a number of key issues both about how students expressed their attitudes toward religious diversity and about the factors that helped to shape those attitudes. Such influences included sociological factors (like family), personal factors (like sex), psychological factors (like personality), and theological factors (like ideas about God). These key issues resonated with work already well established within various quantitative research traditions. Two
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Personal Speed Dial Numbers To dial a Personal Speed Dial number: Press [ Feature ] followed by the 2-digit Dial Code.

Personal Speed Dial Numbers To dial a Personal Speed Dial number: Press [ Feature ] followed by the 2-digit Dial Code.

Forwards calls from your extension to a destination extension. Programming this feature on a button with lights will let you see at a glance if your calls have been forwarded. Unless Do Not Disturb is on, phone will beep once each time a call is forwarded. (To cancel Call Forwarding, enter your own extension jack number as the destination.)

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