Study 2: Los Angeles Ballot Proposition Campaign
Data and Protocols
Study 2 was conducted in Los Angeles, California, where a different nonprofit organization targeted minority voters of all adult ages in an effort to boost support for two statewide ballot propositions. One ballot proposition aimed at relaxing the “three-strikes” law, by making it so that only a violent offense on the “third strike” would qualify for a life sentence. The other proposition would have required that large companies pay at least 80% of employees’ health insurance. Study 2 differs from Study 1 in a number of important ways. First, the negative message focuses exclusively on losses and costs, while the positive frame only focuses on gains and benefits. In this way, Study 2 is more consistent with the sorts of frames used in laboratory experiments, especially those in psychology that find that negative frames are more persuasive than positive frames even when both frames advocate the same result (cf. Levin et al., 1998, pp. 167-178). Second, Study 2 investigates the impact of framing on voting preferences with respect to a ballot proposition. In this way, Study 2 mini mizes the confounding influence of partisan and image cues that may be present in studies of candidate vote choice. Finally, Study 2 included a control group that received neither a positive nor a negative frame, allowing us to test the overall effectiveness of the frames—not just their effectiveness relative to one another.
2 Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia
* Corresponding author. Email: email@example.com
This research concerns with language patterns to express the emotional condition on social media. The research objective is to explain the use of language on Twitter to represent the positive and negative emotions from personal status. To enrich the information about the psychological condition through the linguistic pattern on social media, Linguistic Inquiry, and Word Count is used to build a strong relationship between linguistics pattern with the psychological conditions of emotions. This study's data are in written form, such as words, phrases, and sentences collected from Twitter from June up to August 2020 during the pandemic stay at home phase. There are seven users in some countries which use English as their first or second language. The result shows that status updates observed mostly cover positive emotions compared to negative ones. It reflects some extent that the positive emotions outweigh negative emotions in life in general. Therefore, positive biases in status updates are only established if they are more positive than emotional life or even social settings.
Abstract—Focal region fields of a perfect electromagnetic conductor (PEMC) paraboloidal reflector placed in homogenous and reciprocal chiral medium are analyzed under the effect of high chirality parameter.
The chiral medium supports both negativephase velocity (NPV) and positivephase velocity (PPV) modes simultaneously under strong electromagnetic coupling. The geometrical optics (GO) fields have singularities at the focal region. Therefore, to avoid these singularities Maslov’s method is used for the focal region fields. The results obtained using this method are solved numerically, and line plots for the reflected field of the paraboloidal PEMC reflector are obtained for different values of admittance of the PEMC paraboloidal reflector and chirality parameter of the medium.
The blast overpressure acting on a rigid target is known to vary between the normally reflected overpressure and the incident overpressure as a function of the angle between the target and the direction of travel of the blast wave. Literature guidance for determining the exact effects of angle of incidence are unclear, particularly when considering the negativephase. This paper presents the results from a series of well controlled experiments where pressure transducers are used to record the pressure-time history acting on the face of a large, rigid target at various angles of incidence for varying sizes of hemispherical PE4 charge and stand-off distances. The test data demonstrated remarkable repeatability, and excellent agreement with semi-empirical predictions for normally reflected overpressures.
The Gideon narrative in Judges 6-7 adds several new elements to the stereotypical judge cycle: the faith development of the judge; a retrospective of the Exodus as a distant memory; the destruction of a local Baal shrine; and an angelic revelation. Despite these features, however, the overall effect of Judges 6-7 is fundamentally the same as the preceding narratives. The Israelites had sinned and therefore suffered years of oppression. After the people cried out, God appointed a savior. Gideon organized an army and led the people to victory. The land then enjoyed an extensive period of peace. Following the pattern noted for the earlier judges, one would expect the Gideon narrative to conclude at the end of Chapter 7, closing with a formulaic statement that the land was tranquil for 40 years (as it finally does in 8:28). This does not happen, though. Chapter 8 adds new variables to the Book of Judges, and to Gideon's career. It appears that every act in Chapter 8 was intended to be ambiguous: each can be both justified and criticized. Chapter 9 seems to separate out the two opposite constituents of a complex Gideon into the personalities of his two sons. Jotham reflected Gideon's most positive aspects, while Abimelech reflected the most negative. In this essay, we will briefly survey these issues in Chapters 8-9, and then consider how Gideon's career is the key turning point in the Book of Judges.
Sentences with `not' 2. Negative words
Sentence with ‘not’ used in 16 tenses, that are the simple present tense, the present continuous tense, the simple past tense, the past continuous tense, the present perf ect tense, the present perfect continuous tense, the past perfect tense, the past perfect continuous tense, the present future tense, the present future continuous tense, the past future tense, the past future continuous tense, the present future perfect tense, the present future perfect continuous tense, the past future perfect tense, and the past future perfect continuous tense. Negative wo rds contains Not, nobody, neither, never, no one, nor, no, nothing none
The field of blast protective design emerged in the late 1940s and focussed mainly on large scale (nuclear) explosive loading massive structures. In these situations, positivephase effects were seen to dominate and the negativephase could effectively be ignored. Recently, however, the threat has moved to smaller scale explosives and increasingly lightweight structures. Here, the negativephase becomes important, however despite this the negativephase is often overlooked.
An explosion is characterised by the rapid release of energy as a mass of reactive material is converted into an extremely dense region of high pressure gas. This gas rapidly expands and displaces the surrounding air, causing a pressure disturbance – a blast wave – to propagate away from the centre of the explosive at supersonic speed. As the blast wave travels through the air, the front of the pressure disturbance ‘shocks up’, resulting in a near-discontinuous increase in pressure, density and temperature. Following the shock front the pressure decays until ambient pressure is reached, the duration of which is known as the positivephase duration. The positivephase of the blast load acting on a structure can be described by the semi-empirical ‘modified Friedlander equation’ 
Emoce, text-mining, umělá inteligence, Big Data, Spark, Java, n-gramy
As information and communication technology develops swiftly, amount of information produced by various sources grows as well. Sorting and obtaining knowledge from this data requires significant effort which is not ensured easily by a human, meaning machine processing is taking place. Acquiring emotion from text data is an interesting area of re- search and it’s going through considerable expansion while being used widely. Purpose of this thesis is to create a system for positive and negative emotion detection from text along with evaluation of its performance. System was created with Java programming language and it allows training with use of large amount of data (known as Big Data), exploiting Spark library. Thesis describes structure and handling text from database used as source of input data. Classificator model was created with use of Support Vector Machines and optimized by the n-grams method.
Briefly, a history of syphilis infection was defined as either a positive Treponema pallidum particle agglutination test (TPPA) or a positive rapid plasma regain (RPR) test confirmed by a self-reported history of syphilis. A negative TPPA and/or RPR and a negative TPPA with a positive RPR but without a self-reported history of syphilis were considered as indicative of no history of syphilis infection.
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worksheets are five problems with different groups of fractions. Nosotros we use for ordering positive and numbers
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Table 2. Overall results on pre-and post-test.
This study indicates that the two lessons (L1 and L2) became similar, in terms of the critical features brought up. In this study a particular student, in the study named Felicia was struggling to understand the meaning of the signs when dealing with addition and subtraction of negative numbers. The questions raised by Felicia in her interacting with the teacher, striving for understanding, contributes to that the teacher must bring up aspects of negative numbers that was taken for granted by the teacher or that the teacher had not intended to bring up during the lesson. This study could be examples of at least two different phenomena. The first one is as an analysis of how students are opening up dimensions of variation by asking questions about the object of learning. But it could also be seen as an example of the difficulties that a student gets in when the necessary critical features are missing in the lesson. In my analysis of the data I have combined them both. My analysis implies that it is because of the difficulties of understanding that Felicia gets in that makes a space for asking the questions about the object of learning. These questions have an impact on the critical features brought up in the lesson and the dimensions of variation that the students could discern during that lesson. This analysis does not imply that it is in any way better to exclude critical features for learning a particular content in a lesson. But in this special case the questions raised by Felicia made an impact on what it was possible to learn.
The literature is dominated by the requirement that r and p should be positive. What provides for this? Since a is non-negative it has a positive maximal eigenvalue λ , making 1+r positive but not necessarily r. It also defines, to within a constant of proportionality, a positive row eigenvector p which can be identified as the equilibrium price, and a positive column eigenvector q, to which we will return. The latter represents a scale on which industries could produce to provide for so-called balanced growth – including negative growth – where every industry shrinks or expands in the same ratio as the proportions of each commodity in the net product.
A typical rule in the rule base of a traditional fuzzy system contains only positive rules (weight is positive). In this case, mining algorithms only search for positive associations like
“IF A Then do B”, while negative associations such as “IF A Then do not do B” are ignored.
The concept of fuzzy sets was introduced by Zadeh in 1965 as a mathematical tool able to model the partial memberships. Since then, fuzzy set theory (Zadeh, 1973) has found a promising field of application in the domain of image processing, as fuzziness is an intrinsic property of images and the natural outcome of many image processing techniques. The interest in using fuzzy rule-based models arises from the fact that they provide a good platform to deal with noisy, imprecise or incomplete information which is often handled exquisitely by the human-cognition system.
been estimated from both allozyme and DNA diver- tion are either neutral or advantageous. Standing poly- morphism, therefore, would not be of health concern.
gence data. Negative selection prevents deleterious mu-
tation from reaching common frequencies and so The increased rate of stillbirths and prereproductive mortality with inbreeding reveals substantial effects of should produce an excess of rare variation. In humans,
Technology is becoming increasingly present in the lives of young children. Everywhere they turn technology is an important part of their lives. It has played a big role in changing the way our children learn, get entertained and how they interact with their friends. Besides, it has also impacted their level of creativeness and how they behave in society. Without any doubt, technologies are invented to make our lives much easier and better. Children as young as three years old had been exposed to different kinds of technology such as computer, video games, play station, IPod, IPad and so on compared to kids in era of 1980s or 1990s. Many technological companies are inventing technological tools for kids as they know these tools are high in demand among everyone whether young or old. Nowadays, more young children know how to play a computer game than riding a bike. In 2006, 90% of parents said that their children younger than 2 years old own some type of electronic device. On the other hand, a survey carried out in 2010 says that two-third of children aged 4 to 7 had used iPhone. Technology is changing the phase of childhood. It is difficult for kids today to imagine life without computers, the Internet, cellphones, video games and the other devices they routinely use. Sometimes these devices are taken for granted by most people especially children. This technology has both positive and negative impacts on our children. As much as technology has changed the way our kids learn or entertain themselves, it has also affected their ability to learn and have real entertainment with their friends. It is not bad to give our children technological tools like iPad, video games, computers or other devices but there must be someone to guide them on how to use this technology and set limits on when to use specific technological tools.
two approaches would differ in their distributional implications, with the net effects difficult to assess.
The most direct costs of higher inflation are borne by holders of cash, and, again, with a higher inflation target those costs would be experienced at all times, not just during recessions. More generally, less wealthy people may find it more difficult to protect themselves from inflation. In contrast, negative rates would probably most affect more financially sophisticated and market-sensitive firms and households. In particular, banks would probably not pass on negative rates to small depositors, with whom they want to maintain profitable long-run relationships, but instead would more likely impose negative rates on “hot money” investors who place less value on longer-term relationships.
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