Pop Art and the Who

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A transgression too far: Women artists and the British pop art movement

A transgression too far: Women artists and the British pop art movement

Goodnight: A Saraband for the Sixties, 1969, that aimed to capture “that swinging, gifted generation.” While Hockney’s work is pictured and discussed at some length next to his portrait, Boty and Haworth are pictured with no text, so denied a place as makers of meaning: Haworth appears as a grinning girl, hugging a clutch of Betjeman dolls, Boty is a mirror image of pop performer, Marianne Faithfull. Two decades later in his 1990 summation of Pop, Livingstone notes Haworth’s “feminine perspective” in her “choice of subject matter and especially her use of procedures associated with “women’s work” to place her at the “periphery of mainstream Pop” because of the “handcrafted,” “folksie” look of some of the work. 95 He acknowledges Boty’s importance as one of the few women artists but is unable to articulate what her contribution might be, ignoring the significant works she was able to complete, he disingenuously dismisses her on the grounds that “her fatal illness prevented the possibility of any real development at the most crucial point of her career.” Haworth and Boty were both excluded from the Royal Academy of Art’s “definitive” exhibition of Pop Art in London in 1991 where out of 202 Pop works only one was by a woman. 96 Neither were to be exhibited till 1993.
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POP ART by Joe Hill.docx

POP ART by Joe Hill.docx

I was dealing, all right. I knew the door to Happy’s pen didn’t open itself. I punched holes in the tires of the station wagon, then left my switchblade sticking out of one of them, so my father would know for sure who had done it. He had police officers come over and pretend to arrest me. They drove me around in the squad car and talked tough at me for a while, then said they’d bring me home if I’d “get with the program.” The next day I locked Happy in the wagon and he took a shit on the driver’s seat. My father collected all the books Art had got me to read, the Bernard Malamud, the Ray Bradbury, the Isaac Bashevis Singer. He burned them on the barbecue grill.
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Swinging sixties spies in comic book guise! Fathom and Modesty Blaise

Swinging sixties spies in comic book guise! Fathom and Modesty Blaise

about the film is a pop-art explosion of design and colour, in the most glorious sense. The opening scenes, in contrast to Fathom, sees Modesty modestly clothed, like a Roman goddess in her heavenly white space-age pad, surrounded by whirring blinking computers which send her details of tasks, which she playfully mocks. The titles see tilted angles of a mirrored modernist building with surrealist reflections of clouds, graphics designed to match with another score by Dankworth revelling in sixties pop and Modesty's very own theme tune.

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The Exercise Attitudes, Perceptions, and Perceived Outcomes of Older Minority Women Participating in a Fall Prevention Program

The Exercise Attitudes, Perceptions, and Perceived Outcomes of Older Minority Women Participating in a Fall Prevention Program

calculated and intuitive ways of working, I initiated several techniques: collage, cut-outs, drawing, painting, and screen printing. Some of the materials were found, recycled, or given to me, and may be less than pristine. The original paper in “Symbiotic Funk,” left from another graduate student was cheap and slightly worn, with dented edges, but here was an opportunity to utilize a gift provided by The Creator, since at the time I was out of money for art supplies. Whether or not this paper would survive what I would put it through was left up to my faith, and being open to trust ideas from beyond my corporal existence. In choosing worn paper, I directly reference womanism that affirms creatively utilizing ones resources. The Pop Art movement used other means to diminish
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Representations of Street-Life in the Art and Literature of Bhupen Khakhar

Representations of Street-Life in the Art and Literature of Bhupen Khakhar

the capacity to accommodate a varied mass of narratives and meta- narratives, a reflection of the immense variety within the city life that he attempts to portray. Khakhar makes a genuine effort to break free of circumscribed moulds of elitist art. While looking at a painting, one’s senses are assaulted by a profusion of images and these images do not necessarily always conform to conventional notions of aestheticism. The “ultimate goal of the artist”, according to him, is to portray “human beings in their local environment, climate, provincial society (Hyman 78).” However, it is problematic to take any artist’s aims at face value and it would be worth examining the extent to which Khakhar actually manages to challenge traditional and conventional notions of art. If popular and pop art can be linked to simple, unsophisticated subjects, his paintings do not always fall within this paradigm. As will be discussed within the paintings themselves, the mundane, everyday themes in his art are often interspersed with fantastical elements and a transcendental, mystical quality which may not be intended to be accessible to the ordinary, average viewer. To quote Khakhar in Hyman’s book:
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Pixels and passion: New media and e-culture in The Hague

Pixels and passion: New media and e-culture in The Hague

By now, I deem it important to note that I previously went into a profound analysis on the difficulties of categorizing new media art forms in chapter five. There, I also declared the many forms of new media art I have encountered in The Hague so far. The works of Another Kind of Blue and Sytze Schalk are both performing arts that are meant for performance in theatres. Since the new media art category is seemingly so broad, art forms like these are part of the working definition that I created, but they obviously do not encounter the same problematics as the artists I mentioned earlier. Although this might not be entirely true, since David (from Another Kind of Blue) acquainted me with the problems he had with finding theatres fit for his shows. The theatres have to have a perfect height, otherwise the projector cannot be hanged properly in order to show the virtual backgrounds and props the dancers interact with. It has to be dark enough so as to make the images sharply visible. The height of the stage should be sufficient pertaining to the audience, to show what happens on the floor as well, since many of the performances he has created are partly consisting of dancers laying on the floor, interacting with the images that move around there. All these requirements are essential, and no concessions can be made, since the properly functioning technique is crucial for the entire show. Luckily, many theatres within The Netherlands measure up to these demands, David explained, so he has several options throughout the country where he is able to display his art, including for instance in Het Zuiderstrandtheater in The Hague. 88
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Art and Science of Smalltalk - Free Computer, Programming, Mathematics, Technical Books, Lecture Notes and Tutorials

Art and Science of Smalltalk - Free Computer, Programming, Mathematics, Technical Books, Lecture Notes and Tutorials

Whenever the Smalltalk system encounters an error (very often a message it does not understand, but also an overflow, a halt message or any other exceptional situation in which it cannot proceed), it will pop up a small window called a Notifier. The notifier contains a stack back- trace which, if you know how to interpret it, will tell you exactly the situation which led up to the error. The notifier also offers you the opportunity to do various things including attempt to proceed, open a debugger window (see below) or simply terminate the execution of your code, returning to the development environement. In earlier versions of Smalltalk, these options were on a pop-up menu, whilst the latest version of VisualWorks puts them on push buttons. If when you get a notifier you select Debug, you will get a debugger window which is a very powerful tool that's actually a cross between a notifier, a browser and two inspectors.
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PubMedCentral-PMC5466653.pdf

PubMedCentral-PMC5466653.pdf

Study design and study participants. This HIV ART observational cohort study was conducted in Guangxi, rural southwest China. Patients initiating free ART through the NFATP between January 1, 2010 and October 31, 2015 were included. Patients who did not initiate ART during that time frame were not included in the study. Individuals who initiated free ART and were at least 18 years old at the time of ART initiation and provided informed consent were eligible to participate in the study. The Chinese national ART treatment criteria since 2010 was: (1) CD4 cell count <350/mm 3 ; or (2) World Health Organization (WHO) stage III/IV clinic conditions; or (3) willingness to receive ART,
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Vol 17, No 2 (2018)

Vol 17, No 2 (2018)

activities, monitors them and critically reflects on them. Teacher support is seen as an important factor in changing daily practice (Doukas et al., 2007: 114-116). In addition, on current global trends, the creation of a new professionalization of teachers is the target of designing a training policy, moving from formal and fragmented training to lifelong learning processes (Pedagogical Institute, 2009:5). Finally, their preferences in relation to their method of training in the use of art in their teaching work were almost equally shared between the traditional face to face and the blended training method.
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Examination of "Art Literacy" Levels of Students Studying in the Education Faculties

Examination of "Art Literacy" Levels of Students Studying in the Education Faculties

departments. The reason for this result may be the fact that the students of Turkısh Language Teaching program read more books and encounter more written texts than other programs of the faculty. Sever, Kaya and Aslan (2006), state that the aim of Turkısh Language Teaching is to train individuals who have acquired reading habit, think and are sensitive and thoughtful. Because of this reason, these candidates may develop the sensitivity to art just as they do for the general aim at their programs.

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Comparision and evaluation of the clinical features of the patients of ART 1 failure who have started ART 2 medication

Comparision and evaluation of the clinical features of the patients of ART 1 failure who have started ART 2 medication

Background: ART introduction was a breakthrough step and a boon for HIV infected and AIDS patients. Since the launch of world’s second largest ART programme by Indian Government on 1st April 2004, duration and quality of patient’s life has improved significantly. But after years of treatment with first line ART drugs clinical deterioration is being observed in several patients. This study was done to find out clinical symptoms present in treatment failure cases and to look for any improvement after one year of second line ART.

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Reasons for delay in decision making and reaching health facility among obstetric fistula and pelvic organ prolapse patients in Gondar University hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Reasons for delay in decision making and reaching health facility among obstetric fistula and pelvic organ prolapse patients in Gondar University hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

SD ± 39.5) [19]. However, the mean length of delay for OF (48.3 months) was in line with a similar study done in Israel (47.6 months) [19]. Due to social stigma at- tached to these problems, women with POP and OF usually feel embarrassed, isolate themselves,and this in turn results in different social and psychological conse- quences. These also make women not to disclose their problems to their relatives and keep them secret and thereby delay seeking treatment [20, 21]. In this study, it was noted that women who had fear of disclosure were two times more likely to delay seeking treatment for POP compared to those who had no fear of disclosure.
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User, who art thou? User Profiling for Oral Corpus Platforms

User, who art thou? User Profiling for Oral Corpus Platforms

The study also shows that working with oral corpora in an online environment is a novel technique for most students, researchers and academic teachers. The high number of registrations for the platforms and also many individual remarks in the questionnaire and interviews prove that this novel method is met with great interest and good general acceptance. We also observe, however, that the very possibility of accessing such data in such a way also inspires and generates novel requirements from the users’ side. While we can react relatively immediately to some user wishes concerning the functionality (cf. 4.7) – for instance, more download options including Praat and EXMARaLDA will be offered in the upcoming release of the DGD – some of the needs identified in the study go beyond the scope of the projects in which the platforms and corpora are developed. This is perhaps most obvious in the wishes for more data and additional data types discussed in section 4.6. If, for example, the lack of televised data or learner data is an apparent “shortcoming” of the present DGD, it is one that can only be addressed by the research community as a whole who should put the construction of such resources and their dissemination to the scientific community higher on their agenda.
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Toward an Ontology of Pop music

Toward an Ontology of Pop music

and how it is arrived at. At this point I suggest that the fundamental nature of pop music is beyond the scope of mere trends, where trends essentially amount to different ways of conveying various aspects of the essence of pop music. For example, there are hundreds of different makes of car, all of them however are cars: ‘car’ is constant. Here it should be apparent that the content—in the musicological sense—holds less weight historically than does the presentation of that content. This is for two reasons. Firstly, we do not listen with musicological ears—cover-bands make this more than clear. The cover-band may perform a popular song at the same tempo, with the same structure, notation, and instrumentation, but the timbres will never (and can never) match, the vocal affectations will be different by virtue of their being intoned by different people with different voice boxes, throats, and lungs. Thus we hear the cover version as a version. Secondly, a melody, unless sounded is only ever marks on a page. Hierarchically, sound takes precedence over content: a note is couched in the representation of the note; a note needs to sound (what, then, is this sound?). Here it is evident that the recorded sound is a representation, a profile—as Gracyk would say 125 —that from all the possible renderings of a particular instrument, we hear only one. The sound that we are privy to must have, of necessity, been deliberated over. Could we go a step further, in light of Gracyk, 126 and say that the sound that we hear when we play back a song is a profile of the sound-information committed to the medium? Do we then say that there is only sound- information held in the medium, since for there to be sound there must be at least a time dimension? Put simply, a record on a shelf does not sound. One of the concerns of this project is in coming to grips with this transition from sound information to sound energy, and using that sound to understand the information that is prior to it, that causes it.
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Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip: State of the Art and Review of Literature

Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip: State of the Art and Review of Literature

Keywords: Transient osteoporosis; Bone marrow edema; Hip; Femoral head; Osteoporosis; Avascular necrosis.. Introduction.[r]

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Investigating Race and Racism through African American Art and Artists

Investigating Race and Racism through African American Art and Artists

Faith Ringgold is best known for her narrative quilts, especially Tar Beach (1988); she combined storytelling, painting, and quilt making. In this work, a little girl named Cassie goes up to the roof and dreams she can fly. She imagines that she has the power (political, social, and economic) to make life better for her family. Regardless of any situation in life, Ringgold said, “I just decided when somebody says you can’t do something, do more of it” (Ringgold, 1996, p. 8). She said, “ I’m inspired by people who rise above their adversity. That’s my deepest inspiration… I’m inspired by the fact that if I really, really want to, I think I can do anything” (p. 8). Ringgold has used her art to remark on racism, gender inequality, social class, and civil rights. Her earliest series, American People (1962-1967) and Black Light (1967- 1969), explored her experience of violence and ethnic struggles as a black woman in the United States. In particular, her powerful works, Flag for the Moon: Die Nigger (1969) depicted the word die behind the stars and nigger within the strips on the image of the American flag, and The Flag is Bleeding (1967) superimposed a depiction of three interlocking figures through a curtain of blood dripping from the flag’s red stripes. She was arrested and fined for violating the Flag Protection Act of 1968, but she claimed, “It would be impossible for me to picture the American flag just as a flag, as if that is the whole story. I need to communicate my relationship with this flag based on my experience as a black woman in America” (National Museum of Women in the Arts, 2013). As a political activist and female artist, Ringgold has long been involved in the struggle for equality in race and gender; she is now one of the most important female figures in art: “My art is for everyone, but it is about me…” (Lewis, 1990, p. 164).
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Determining eligibility for antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings using total lymphocyte counts, hemoglobin and body mass index

Determining eligibility for antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings using total lymphocyte counts, hemoglobin and body mass index

This study has two potential limitations. Firstly, TLCs and CD4 cell counts were not conducted at the site of blood drawing, but were transported to the CDC laboratory in Entebbe, which may have resulted in some deterioration of the blood samples. However, we had previously shown that CD4 cell count results from the FACScan instrument are stable up to 5 days after blood draw and the variability between the TLC values obtained on the FACScan were only a median of 40 cells/µL less for subjects whose blood was tested 2 days after draw compared to those whose samples were tested after ≤ 1 day delay between blood col- lection and testing. These observations suggest that trans- port time may not have caused significant inaccuracy in our laboratory test results. Secondly, the gold standard for determining inclusion or exclusion criteria for ART used in this study, that of CD4+ T lymphocyte counts, are also not perfect predictors of morbidity and mortality among people with HIV. While CD4 cell counting has proven useful in allowing stratification of risk for disease progres- sion on ART individual variation of disease progression within CD4 cell count strata is large [9]. TLCs have been shown to be comparable predictors of mortality for HIV- infected populations receiving [21] and not receiving ART[22].
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Who is utilizing anti-retroviral therapy in Ghana: An analysis of ART service utilization

Who is utilizing anti-retroviral therapy in Ghana: An analysis of ART service utilization

Regardless of sex and regional differentials, there is an upward trend in ART utilization across the country. Al- though few HIV patients (197) enrolled when ART was initially piloted in June 2003 in Ghana, this effort laid the foundation for expansion of ART services in subsequent years. The records show over a two-hundred-fold in- crease in the number of HIV patients on ART across the country by the end of 2010. Similar increasing ART utilization trends were found in various resource-limited settings during this period [12,52,53]. One important fac- tor that accounts for this steady increase in ART utilization in Ghana is the concurrent increase in the number of sites providing ART services. According to na- tional reports, facilities providing ART services in Ghana increased from 3 in 2003, to 13 sites in 2005 [10]. By De- cember 2009, this number had profoundly increased to 138. These are health facilities that provide ART for HIV patients at the district, regional and (Tertiary) national health facilities in both the public and private sector [10]. The enormous increase in number of adults enrolled on ART each year is indicative of numerous ART scale-up efforts initiated by public and private organizations across Africa including governments, non- government, and community-based organizations [7]. In Ghana, the scale-up has continued in the public sector with linkages to the private sector through the NACP [10].
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Prolyl oligopeptidase is inhibited in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis

Prolyl oligopeptidase is inhibited in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis

In summary, we have found in this study that levels of POP activity in plasma from RR-MS patients are substan- tially reduced compared with healthy controls (Fig. 2A). Analysing this data, we also find that there is a significant decrease of POP activity with increasing age in healthy subjects. However, this age-associated pattern is not observed for RR-MS patients, where the activity was already substantially lower at early ages (Fig. 2B). Further- more, we find that the decrease observed in POP activity in diseased plasma is more pronounced in cases with more severe symptoms (Fig. 3). We suggest that the decline in POP activity is related to the molecular mecha- nism of the disease, and to its severity. In trying to under- stand the reasons for the low levels of POP which we found to prevail in RR-MS plasma, we analysed plasma looking for inhibitory factors. We found that plasma con- tained a POP endogenous inhibitor. We observed that levels of this inhibitor are substantially increased in RR- MS, probably partially explaining the low activities found in the disease (Fig 4A). However, we did not find any rela- tionship between the plasma content of this endogenous inhibitor, and the low POP activity observed in diseased plasma (Fig. 4B), which suggests the existence of other factor(s) contributing to this decline. Measures of oxida- tive stress in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with MS have consistently found increases in a number of studies [49,50]. POP is sensitive to the oxida- tive environment, and it has been reported that oxidation of specific cysteines in this enzyme arrest activity [35,36]. We observed that addition of DTT to plasma from RR- MS patients increases POP to control levels (Fig. 5). This suggests that the higher degree of oxidative stress prevail- ing in MS inactivates POP.
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Serum Zinc Deficiency and Associated Factors among Pre-ART and on-ART Adults at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia

Serum Zinc Deficiency and Associated Factors among Pre-ART and on-ART Adults at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia

Abstract: Background: Among several trace elements, zinc is a micronutrient that has a very significant role in maintaining immune function. Studies investigating trace elements status in people living with HIV/AIDS are few in Ethiopia. Hence, the present study was undertaken to investigate the concentration of serum zinc among sex and age matched pre ART and on ART adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 150 people living with HIV/AIDS (75 pre -ART and 75 on -ART) adults. Concentrations of zinc from serum were measured using fully automated flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. CD4 + T-cell count, CD8 + T-cell count, hemoglobin determination, and Body Mass Index (BMI) were performed to evaluate the clinical status of study participants. Results: Serum zinc deficiencies were observed in 46 (30.7%) study participants. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, pre-ART study participants were nearly four times more likely at risk of serum zinc deficiency than on-ART study participants (AOR=3.56, 95% CI=1.52 to 8.32). Similarly, the odds of being serum zinc deficient were three times more in undernourished study participants than nourished study participants (AOR=2.61, 95% CI=1.02 to 6.67). Conclusion: A relatively high percentage of study participants had serum zinc deficiency. Early evaluation of serum zinc deficiency and zinc supplementation along with anti-retroviral treatment should be considered for pre-ART and under nourished adult people living with HIV/AIDS.
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