Post-Truth

Top PDF Post-Truth:

Post-Truth and the 'Metropolitan Elite' Feminist: Lessons from Brexit

Post-Truth and the 'Metropolitan Elite' Feminist: Lessons from Brexit

In light of the Brexit vote against a status quo presented as the only safe way by irritating ‘experts’, and the rise of Trump amid ludicrous promises of anti-immigrant walls paid for by Mexico, we can perhaps reassess the Nietzschian/ Foucauldian concept of ‘knowledge as power’ in the so-called global ‘information age’ – also the ‘post-truth’ era (Keyes 2004). As Harris documented (2016), the Leave majority was no shock to those who had talked to and listened to poorer and older British people, although it transpired that not many ‘experts’ had. This majority of elderly people, although better off than many young workers, have not had the chances or training to engage with the fast-moving global information-universe which the ‘cognitariat’ (low-paid knowledge workers) inhabit (Berardi 2005). Thus, like the working class and unemployed, they are the left-behind of the flexible, fast-moving
Show more

8 Read more

Situationism and the recuperation of an ideology in the era of Trump, fake news and post-truth politics

Situationism and the recuperation of an ideology in the era of Trump, fake news and post-truth politics

Whilst the data-driven filtering of the information that is included in a user’s social media news stream is a significant element in the argument that a reconstituted Spectacle continues to influence the consumerist population, the recent rise of the ‘fake news’ phenomenon provides an even more egregious example of the ways in which new media shapes perceptions of reality in the post-truth era. Previously used as a means of describing the satirical news productions that gained popularity in the mainstream media in the early 21 st Century, the concept of fake news attracted a less benign connotation in the wake of the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Rather than referring to satirical material, fake news came to refer to the trend of internet-based publications purporting to be genuine news sources knowingly propagating inaccurate stories based on rumour or blatant untruths (Bandurski, 2008). Gottfried and Shearer (2016) found that, in the lead up to the election in November 2016, around 62 per cent of American adults obtained their news from social media; given that the most popular fake news stories during this period were shared more widely than the most popular mainstream media reports, the impact of fake news on the construction of a post-truth media consumer’s reality is profound. Unlike its satirical forebears, the variation of fake news that developed during the 2016 election cycle had a notable tangible impact on events in the real world: a shooting incident at a pizza restaurant in Washington, D.C., was motivated by a conspiracy theory disseminated via the medium, whilst a number of academics suggest that Donald Trump ‘would not have been elected president if not for the influence of fake news’ (Allcott & Gentzkow, 2017, 212).
Show more

32 Read more

Leadership in a post truth era : a new narrative disorder?

Leadership in a post truth era : a new narrative disorder?

The articles included in this special issue offer a compelling picture of the ecologies that characterize leadership narratives in post-truth times. In particular, we have compelling evidence of narratives invoking dark forces and conspiracies that threaten ‘the people’ (Carsten, Bligh, Kohles & Lau, 2019) and the ways in which these are more of less effectively deployed and amplified through the social media (Auvinen, Sajasalo, Sintonen, Pekkala, Takala & Luoma-aho, 2019). Deye and Fairhurst ( 2019) demonstrate how these narratives simplify the complexities of our times, creating us-them, friend-foe dualities that favour populist forms of leadership, while Carsten et al. (2019) explore how and why leaders who deploy such narratives are naturally cast in heroic/charismatic ways by their followers. This is a response to the simplistic belief in a combative and belligerent individual who can be relied upon to defeat foes and cut through the complexities of social and political life with the aplomb of Alexander the Great cutting the Gordian knot.
Show more

23 Read more

Attacks on truth and the media : a study on the extent to which American mainstream newspapers react to post truth politics and Trump by building a truth discourse

Attacks on truth and the media : a study on the extent to which American mainstream newspapers react to post truth politics and Trump by building a truth discourse

When the work on this thesis was started, trust in newspapers was at historical low with only 20 per cent in news institutions in the USA. In June 2017, a new poll was published by Gallup (Newport, 2017), in which news institutions have regained trust by seven per cent. Whether this can be interpreted as a first success of news outlets engagement of reestablishing trust and truth may be floated as a suggestion, further trends will by necessary to evaluate it. Also in the meantime, reactions to Trump attacks have gained a new intensity as for example by the publication of a Los Angeles Times book titled “Our Dishonest President”. Further analyses could research on the development created by an intensified post-truth environment and should not be reluctant to compare to Europe, since with upcoming elections in Germany and past elections France this year, pressure on journalism and the media has increased and rising populism has created an environment for the growth of post- truth. When addressing the topic in further studies, it would be interesting to further include other mass media than newspapers, as for example television programs such as CNN or Fox News. Each of them plays a distinctive role in the Trump presidency: trust goes to Fox News, and distrust is highly projected on CNN, with 16 Tweets within the last 4 months calling it fake media or enemy (Drösser, 2017). Next to this, the discursive elements identified in this study can lay the groundwork for future research. Especially the distinction between the media as political actor and as truth producing infrastructure deserves a more nuanced analysis. Beyond this, the element of post-truth as a whole can deserve more attention: due to the focus of this study on false statements of Trump and the medias reaction, many earlier articles discussing the concept of post-truth had to be let aside, but could motivate further research.
Show more

50 Read more

When fiction trumps truth : what ‘post truth’ and ‘alternative facts’ mean for management studies

When fiction trumps truth : what ‘post truth’ and ‘alternative facts’ mean for management studies

Let us revisit the size of Trump’s inauguration incident, which is but one example of “post- truth” meaning making amongst many others on display in the Trump presidency. One might argue, as NBC’s Chuck Todd did, that certain claims are utterly false and that certain “alterative facts are just falsehoods”. The gathering of thousands of people on the National Mall has the causal status of the die-hitting-the-blank: we are caused by the state of the world to see something. When, however, this nonlinguistic causality is stated in sentences or pictures, several facts are created, depending on the language used. The seemingly innocent question ‘how many people watched on the National Mall President-elect Trump’s inauguration?’ presupposes some “antecedent choice of response” (Rorty, 1991, p. 81), namely a language game. It could be the language game of everyday life, as when two friends converse leisurely in a café; or it could be the language game of the National Park Service, which routinely collects daily statistics of such matters; or it could be the language game of competitive politics, in which case the question is loaded with political significance, since the number of people gathered connotes popular support (or not) and confers political legitimacy (or not).
Show more

26 Read more

Innocent, Guilty or Reluctant Midwife? On the Reciprocal Relevance of STS and Post-truth

Innocent, Guilty or Reluctant Midwife? On the Reciprocal Relevance of STS and Post-truth

A third position is represented by scholars who are less interested in discussing the putative influence of STS on post-truth than in applying STS insights into the intermingling of truth production with power strug- gles, in order to analyse post-truth on these terms. Jasanoff and Simmet, for example, see in the emergence of post-truth the expression of “moral panics about the status of knowledge in the public sphere” (2017, 755), in itself not a novelty but in its present configuration the result of funda- mental flaws in how truth has been used in policy-making: namely, failure in recognising that “debates about public facts have always also been de- bates about social meanings” (2017, 752). As STS outlooks on the “co- production” of knowledge and social order have documented, judge- ments of truth are always premised on judgements of worthiness. Then, against those who believe that “the only imaginable corrective [to post- truth] is to get more science and truth back into the public’s uneducated, misled or distracted minds” (2017, 760), Jasanoff and Simmet’s recipe sounds pretty much a reiteration of well-known arguments for a “deliber- ative democratization” of science: namely, to expand accountability for and inclusion in the selection of relevant concerns and generation of re- lated public facts, with “precaution” working as a regulative criterion in between full scientization and full politicization of choices.
Show more

16 Read more

Partisanship, propaganda and post-truth politics: Quantifying impact in online debate

Partisanship, propaganda and post-truth politics: Quantifying impact in online debate

The recent past has highlighted the influential role of so- cial networks and online media in shaping public debate on current affairs and political issues. This paper is focused on studying the role of politically-motivated actors and their strategies for influencing and manipulating public opinion on- line: partisan media, state-backed propaganda, and post-truth politics. In particular, we present quantitative research on the presence and impact of these three “Ps” in online Twitter de- bates in two contexts: (i) the run up to the UK EU member- ship referendum (“Brexit”); and (ii) the information opera- tions of Russia-backed online troll accounts. We first com- pare the impact of highly partisan versus mainstream media during the Brexit referendum, specifically comparing tweets by half a million “leave” and “remain” supporters. Next, on- line propaganda strategies are examined, specifically left- and right-wing troll accounts. Lastly, we study the impact of mis- leading claims made by the political leaders of the leave and remain campaigns. This is then compared to the impact of the Russia-backed partisan media and propaganda accounts during the referendum. In particular, just two of the many misleading claims made by politicians during the referendum were found to be cited in 4.6 times more tweets than the 7,103 tweets related to Russia Today and Sputnik and in 10.2 times more tweets than the 3,200 Brexit-related tweets by the Rus- sian troll accounts.
Show more

16 Read more

The Reality of the Image in the Post-Truth Era

The Reality of the Image in the Post-Truth Era

Belgian photographer Max Pincker is interested in the current post-truth era. He focuses on cases in which truths, half-truths, lies, fiction and entertainment are interchanged or confused with each other. A development he thinks helped to create a culture of hyper-individualized truths. A concept that fits well within the notion Harsin’s theory of post-truth regimes. As he pertains contemporary era no longer has a generally accepted interpretation of reality, no defined reading that is universally agreed upon, he pushes for a new approach of reality interpretation. In his book Margins of Excess several individuals are followed. All selected on the common denominator of having experienced short lived fame by having claimed to be someone they were not, for various reasons. For instance, a person pretending to be the infamous hooded man from the Abu Ghraib prison. The project is aimed at the volatile experience of reality as present in contemporary society, and the continuous sense of anxiety induced by the 24 hour news cycle. By binding fiction and reality, and conjunctively using staged and archival photography, with found footage and interviews forcing the mind if the viewer to follow the paranoid associative logic to connect unrelated events into a narrative that feels right. The aim of the project to never make the viewer sure which of the images are real and which are not, and not to mislead, but rather to generate an experience of contemplating the concept of “reality.” In his own words the aim is to: “to pierce through the noise, buzz, pulp, lies, dreams, paranoia, cynicism and laziness and to embrace ‘reality’ in all its complexity.” 158
Show more

87 Read more

Truth after post truth : for a strong programme in discourse studies

Truth after post truth : for a strong programme in discourse studies

deal with contradictory truth claims of first-order participants and of second-order discourse researchers. While discourse researchers cannot claim a privileged position that allows them to reveal a Truth that is hidden to others, there is no reason why they should not defend the ideas that they think are true, valuable and coherent against those ideas that are of lesser value to them. The Strong Programme invites discourse research to critically interrogate the struggles over truth in the light of the practice turn that has taken place in the social sciences (Schatzki et al., 2001; Boltanski, 1990). Rather than taking scientific truth claims as something categorically different from the truth claims of non- scientific language users, the practice view of discourse looks into the processes through which truths are constructed over time in a discourse community. By following the practice turn, the Strong Programme critically interrogates two major strands in the social sciences: a) the structuralist heritage, which one can find espe- cially in classical strands of discourse research and which per- ceives the social as a reality which is before and outside language as it were, b) actor-centred approaches in sociology, which take meaning as a product of intentional and strategic language users. The Strong Programme defends a third position which con- siders socially established truths as an effect of discursive prac- tices. While it recognizes that not all ideas have the same truth value, it favours symmetrical accounts of the truth claims of discourse participants and those of discourse observers. The Strong Programme does not make discourse researcher to choose between universalism and culturalism, realism and relativism. Rather, it outlines principles for how to make truth claims in academic discourse with respect to the truths and realities con- structed and established by other language users in their discourse communities. While Strong Programmers refrain from adjudi- cating on the truth, untruth or post-truth of any particular claim, they investigate the practices and processes that make some claims more true and valuable than others.
Show more

9 Read more

Poetry in the Post Truth Era: Formal Structures in Claudia Rankine's Citizen: An American Lyric

Poetry in the Post Truth Era: Formal Structures in Claudia Rankine's Citizen: An American Lyric

that can be claimed or denied by an individual, but exists beyond them as a shared condition of being an American citizen. As to whom “you” or “I” actually refers, Rankine refuses to satisfy readers with an answer. The figure of the citizen becomes more indeterminate as Rankine appears to oscillate between speaking from her own perspective and taking on the voice of the poetic persona — readers are thus not entirely sure who is speaking at which moment. Ultimately, however, it is the way in which she has collected the observations and events that occur in Citizen that forces us to rethink the idea of a totalizing, singular mode of citizenship that many who subscribe to a post-truth ideology often take for granted. Colin Kaepernick’s critics, to return to an earlier example, operate on the notion that the experience of American citizenship can be united into a single demonstration of solidarity such as standing during the national anthem. Rankine, in collecting these anecdotes, thus frames Citizen as a project that is still in the process of figuring out the question of “who gets to hold that status [of being an American citizen]”, but remains nevertheless aware of the capaciousness of that question and the difficulty in arriving at a straightforward answer.
Show more

12 Read more

Humanitarian communication in a post-truth world

Humanitarian communication in a post-truth world

A second phenomenon has made the challenge of disinformation more acute today: the behaviour of political elites. More specifically, the willingness of leaders, even those in supposedly liberal democratic states, such as the US, UK and Italy, to lie to the public or disregard evidence. Donald Trump is, of course, the most famous example of this phenomenon. According to the Washington Post fact checkers, in his first 600 days in office, President Trump made 5,001 false or misleading claims (Washington Post, 2018). This disregard for facts is said to have contributed to a wider ‘ post-truth ’ political landscape in the US – that is, a culture in which empirical evidence plays a vastly reduced role (McIntyre, 2018). In addition, Trump ’ s attacks on the news media have created additional confusion about which information sources can be trusted (Mourão et al., 2018), and this allows disinformation and falsehoods to flourish.
Show more

8 Read more

Regulating the Internet Intermediaries in a Post-Truth World: Beyond media policy?

Regulating the Internet Intermediaries in a Post-Truth World: Beyond media policy?

Keywords: Facebook, Google, Internet, Social Media, - Regulation, Platform, Big Data, Fake News, Algorithms, Information Utilities Introduction The present moment in media and communicat[r]

45 Read more

Is Post-Truth Politics Really Post-Truth?

Is Post-Truth Politics Really Post-Truth?

Traditional media underwent a large shift with the start of the Rush Lim- baugh show in 1984, a radio talk show that was the first of its kind in that it was explicitly partisan. Up until this point, news had been provided by newspapers and TV channels such as CNN, whose intention was to provide the news in a fashion that was as objective as possible. Rush Limbaugh, how- ever, argued that these traditional news sources suffered from a distinctly liberal bias, and view himself "... as a source of truth in opposition to the rest of American media" (Nichols, 146). Limbaugh sought to give a voice to the rest of the American public and had great success with this, especially after his show went over to a national radio station in 1988. Seeing the success of the Rush Limbaugh show, others also became interested in providing parti- san coverage of the news, and other partisan media sources such as MSNBC and Fox News were founded. These networks gave a heavily politicised ver- sion of the events happening throughout the day. For example, after a school shooting that took the life of twenty elementary school students, Fox News executives sent out a specific directive to their producers not to allow any discussion concerning gun control (McIntyre, 70).
Show more

83 Read more

The Visegrad countries and "Post Truth"  Bertelsmann Policy Brief Policy Brief 06/2017

The Visegrad countries and "Post Truth" Bertelsmann Policy Brief Policy Brief 06/2017

The success of the Kremlin narrative in Slovakia is, however, undeniable, with an openly anti-Western and pro-Russian political party currently holding seats in the parliament and the co[r]

12 Read more

Intolerance And The Post Truth Dynamics Of The Social Media Community In The Face Of The Regional Head Election In Indonesia

Intolerance And The Post Truth Dynamics Of The Social Media Community In The Face Of The Regional Head Election In Indonesia

In this paper, the writer used qualitative research method to dig deeper an individual perspective (Hennink, Hutter & Bailey, 2010) regarding a conflict caused by SARA issues in the[r]

8 Read more

What is truth?

What is truth?

Comprehensiveness deals with the explanatory scope of a set of beliefs: a set of beliefs is more comprehensive than another just in case it has all the explanatory scope of the latter but harbours at least one more description or explanation of a phenomenon that the latter does not. Now, it is important to ensure that the set of beliefs are coherent, that they mutually support each other. If we consider the set {Arhat has two eyes, LSE is a part of the University of London, All bachelors are unmarried men}, it contains nothing but truth claims and it is more comprehensive than any of its subsets, but it can hardly be considered a set of claims that in any plausible sense cohere. What is required is a sense of coherence in which the members of the set mutually support each other very much like how the poles in a tepee support each other (cf. Künne 2003, pp. 384). Blanshard claimed that the poles in this tepee are co-entailments: that each judgement is entailed by the others (either jointly or singly). 27 But a moment’s reflection would tell us that this construal is absurd. The best chemistry text book or depiction of a historical period would fail to meet this condition; and so they would fail to be true. But we would hardly want to conclude this, unless of course there were reasons to do so independently of its lack of coherence. What we need is a weaker sort of mutual support, a weaker kind of inferential link. It seems reasonable to suggest that these poles might better be understood as some sort of probability conference: that any subset of the set in question confers a higher probability to a claim than the claim would do of its own accord. Following Künne, 28 the following set of judgements would be good example of this kind of unification between the elements: {Most of the people here are happy, and Ben is here if and only if Ann is here, Ben is here and is happy, Ann is here and is happy}. Assuming any two members of this set confirms the third in the sense that the probability of the third being true is thereby increased.
Show more

163 Read more

Truth and dependence

Truth and dependence

no theory that delivers this result (and, even if it did, such an answer would have us give up the orthodoxy). The deflationary theory of truth doesn’t require it. deflationism merely requires satisfaction of the T- schema: ‘<p> is true iff p’. The correspondence theory of truth doesn’t require that truths depend either; it says truth is correspondence to a fact, but correspondence isn’t dependence. Another option is to assert that ‘truths depend’ is just a brute fact about truths. On this account, there’s no more to be said. That, we think, is no kind of answer at all. it doesn’t explain why truths depend, it merely asserts they do. So, on the assump- tion we should answer such a question (“Why do truths depend?”), we need to explain why truths depend. And we really think this question is pressing: either it’s a mysterious, unexplained fact about reality as to why truths depend, despite not being in their nature to do so, or else truths depend because of the kinds of thing they are. We prefer answers, where answers are available, especially when the questions are pressing. And so, we say, truths depend because of the kinds of thing they are, with the nature they have.
Show more

26 Read more

Truth and Reconciliation

Truth and Reconciliation

Truth and Reconciliation SMU Law Review Volume 52 | Issue 4 Article 6 1999 Truth and Reconciliation Albie Sachs Follow this and additional works at https //scholar smu edu/smulr This Foreword is broug[.]

17 Read more

Econometrics and truth

Econometrics and truth

STRUCTURAL MODELS AND TIME SERIES ECONOMETRICS BEFORE COINTEGRATION The principal difference between the application of statistics to economics and to other sciences arises from the non-[r]

78 Read more

Truth Serum

Truth Serum

The criminal who is able to withstand skillful interrogation is usually able to withstand examination while under the influence of drugs.. The temptation to request a truth serum test as[r]

6 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...