Pyramid of the Sun

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THE GREAT PYRAMID AND THE BIBLE

THE GREAT PYRAMID AND THE BIBLE

approximation only to the ancient base-breadth.” * The original ancient base-breadth was 760,9208333 present feet = 9.131,05 inches = 23.192,867 centimeters = 365,242 Sacred Cubits. The differences between the originally and the present measurements were caused by the earthquakes and by the meteorological reasons: the Sun’s heat and the night’s coldness: the most sun exposed south side of the present Pyramid’s base is the longest side, and the north side, mostly in a shadow, is shortest.

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Speculative futures at the bottom of the pyramid

Speculative futures at the bottom of the pyramid

Entrepreneurs working for Catalyst are not new to the world of business. Prior to working for the organization, they passed years and days in a familiar set of jua kali (hot sun) activities: vending all manner of goods from fruits, vegetables, and charcoal briquettes to second-hand clothes and phone cards; peddling services such as cutting hair, brewing, and tailoring; or meandering through Nairobi’s congested traffic tempting passersby with an assortment of everyday wares. As we have seen, others were (and often still are) on the ‘hustle’, scrambling for day labour, exacting favours, and chasing ways to obtain food, water, or fuel through means that often confound licit/illicit distinctions. Marked by improvisation and adaptation, these often-fleeting business pursuits mediated between the precarity and uncertainties of the slum and the hope of a better life on the horizon. This pairing of anxiety and anticipation is a familiar leitmotif in recent anthropology of African economies (Archambault 2014; Cooper & Pratten 2014; de Boeck 2011; di Nunzio 2015), which highlights how uncertainties of survival beget currencies of hope and anticipation rather than despair, as individuals conjure a future released from the precariousness of the present. As neoliberalism and structural adjustment reduce the creative possibilities in the present and near future, speculations of fast wealth and high returns from gambling and pyramid schemes offer the promise of a ‘life-transforming’ future (Piot 2010: 66).
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MATHEMATICAL MYSTICISM AND THE GREAT PYRAMID

MATHEMATICAL MYSTICISM AND THE GREAT PYRAMID

the value of pi, the principle of the golden section [sic], the number of days in the tropical year, the relative diameters of the earth at the equator and the poles, and ratiometric distances of the planets from the sun, the approximate mean length of the earth's orbit around the sun, the 26,000-year cycle of the equinoxes, and the acceleration of gravity.(Adams, 1990)

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Speculative Futures at the Bottom of the Pyramid

Speculative Futures at the Bottom of the Pyramid

Entrepreneurs working for Catalyst are not new to the world of business. Prior to working for the organization, they passed years and days in a familiar set of jua kali (hot sun) activities: vending all manner of goods from fruits, vegetables, and charcoal briquettes to second-hand clothes and phone cards; peddling services such as cutting hair, brewing, and tailoring; or meandering through Nairobi’s congested traffic tempting passersby with an assortment of everyday wares. As we have seen, others were (and often still are) on the ‘hustle’, scrambling for day labour, exacting favours, and chasing ways to obtain food, water, or fuel through means that often confound licit/illicit distinctions. Marked by improvisation and adaptation, these often-fleeting business pursuits mediated between the precarity and uncertainties of the slum and the hope of a better life on the horizon. This pairing of anxiety and anticipation is a familiar leitmotif in recent anthropology of African economies (Archambault 2014; Cooper & Pratten 2014; de Boeck 2011; di Nunzio 2015), which highlights how uncertainties of survival beget currencies of hope and anticipation rather than despair, as individuals conjure a future released from the precariousness of the present. As neoliberalism and structural adjustment reduce the creative possibilities in the present and near future, speculations of fast wealth and high returns from gambling and pyramid schemes offer the promise of a ‘life-transforming’ future (Piot 2010: 66).
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The Great Pyramid: Gateway to Eternity

The Great Pyramid: Gateway to Eternity

Pyramids became straight-sided under Khufu's father, Seneferu, the new form apparently representing the rays of the sun. Seneferu's accession marked the beginning of the golden age of the pyramids. The greatest builder of them all, he erected three examples, with bases ranging from 144 to 220m (472 to 721ft) square. His multiple pyramids seem to have resulted both from a rapid evolution of religious concepts during his long reign, and a structural failure that led to the abandonment of the 'Bent' pyramid at Dahshur. The 'Red' pyramid, at the same site, became his eventual resting place. However, for sheer unique mass, Khufu trumped them all with the Great Pyramid at Giza, 230m (754ft) square and 146m (479ft) high.
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The Mysterious Pyramid on Elephantine Island: Possible Origin of the Pyramid Code

The Mysterious Pyramid on Elephantine Island: Possible Origin of the Pyramid Code

DOI: 10.4236/ad.2017.54012 193 Archaeological Discovery times and then rebuilt during Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms and during the Pto- lemaic era (see Figure 2 in Wells’ paper for a graphic showing orientations and lay- ers). He concluded that the Satet temple, in keeping with Satet ’s presumed associa- tion with Sirius, was intentionally oriented towards that star. For the period ranging between Hatchepsut ’s New Kingdom rebuild and that of the Ptolemaic era the tem- ple’s axis was aligned to an azimuth of circa 118˚ and 115˚, respectively. This would indicate that the observation which led to the New Kingdom era alignment of Satet ’s next temple (~15th century B.C.E) was taken about 16 days after a heliacal rising of Sirius (Sun at altitude −8˚; Sirius at +2˚), which then occurred at an azimuth of circa 111˚ (Stellarium). From Wells’ data, while the Satet temple was indeed oriented to Sirius, any alignment could not have been on the day of helical risings but several days later, when the star had already reached higher altitudes at dawn. Since it is si- tuated at a lower elevation and slightly more south than the Yebu Pyramid, its view of the southeast horizon is more obstructed by hills nearby. In any case, it appears from Wells’ Table 1 (Wells, 1985) that the temple’s several rebuilds tracked the star’s northward wander for over 2000 years.
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Building the Great Pyramid

Building the Great Pyramid

foundations of the pyramids and sun temples very precisely with the north, south, east and west. They usually achieved this with an error of less than half a degree. In later periods, the process of stretching the cord continued to be depicted in texts and in the reliefs of temples such as that of Horus, at Edfu, but it appears to have gradually become just a ritual, since these temples were aligned less precisely than the earlier ones, often simply with reference to the direction of the river.

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PRODUCT-BASED PYRAMID SCHEMES

PRODUCT-BASED PYRAMID SCHEMES

Why are incentivized MLM product purchases not recognized as pyramid investments? Some MLM compensation plans offer escalating incentives for recruiting an increasing number of “distributors,” so many participants recruit “dummy distributors” from friends and relatives and buy products in their names. They come to believe this will qualify them for “the really big bucks.” Few among them realize that they – and their dummy distributors – have in effect paid a very large fee for participation in a pyramid scheme. Through a variety of misrepresentations about the “opportunity,” money is extorted from them in the form of incentivized purchases. Such an amount paid at the start into a no-product pyramid scheme would immediately arouse suspicions of its constituting an illegal pyramid scheme. But since the money paid into an MLM program is paid for legitimate products and over a period of time, most participants and investigators fail to see it as an investment in a pyramid scheme. In reality, this means of investing in the form of incentivized and ongoing product purchases could be considered a device for disguising or laundering pyramid scheme investments.
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Business Solutions at the Base of the Pyramid

Business Solutions at the Base of the Pyramid

Kash Rangan is the Malcolm P. McNair Professor of Marketing and director of Research. A member of the HBS faculty since 1983, he previously served as the chairman of the Marketing unit (1998–2002). He is now cochair of the Social Enterprise Initiative. He has taught in a wide variety of MBA courses, including the core first-year Marketing course and the second-year electives Business Marketing and Channels-to-Market. He has also taught marketing in the Advanced Management Program for senior managers. He now teaches the elective courses Customers, Commerce, and Society: Business Value and the Private Creation of Social Value, and Business at the Base of the Pyramid.
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A Mathematical Deconstruction of Pyramid Schemes

A Mathematical Deconstruction of Pyramid Schemes

Pyramid schemes start with an individual or company (level 1 of the scheme) reaching out to a number of other people, and asking for a sum of money, in return for involvement in the 2 nd level of the scheme and a promise of their portion of the profits. Then the recently recruited level 2 members recruit their own members and receive payment from the next level and so on. For example, the simple model pyramid scheme could work by each member paying a sign-up fee of £100 to the person that brought them to the system. Then once in the pyramid, they can recruit their own members and keep any money that they get from other people signing up. Let’s imagine everyone in the scheme recruits two members below them in the pyramid, then everyone stands to double their money to £200. Therefore, these schemes can be so popular because it seems at a glance that everyone can win.
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Classic formations. [edit] (The Pyramid) The Pyramid Formation

Classic formations. [edit] (The Pyramid) The Pyramid Formation

When used from the start of a game, this formation is widely regarded as encouraging defensive play, and should not be confused with the practice of modifying a 4-4-2 by bringing on an[r]

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Observations regarding pyramid numbers

Observations regarding pyramid numbers

As shown in diagram, the most remarkable characteristic is the fact that the cube root of its basal layer, 49 or 7^, enters into and agrees with all the imjiortant dimensions of the G-re[r]

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The Worshipper and the Worshipped in the Pyramid Texts

The Worshipper and the Worshipped in the Pyramid Texts

what follows is to reinforce this observation and even develop it, through sketch ing out the contours of a ritual milieu, as evidenced in connections between the [r]

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Markets and marketing at the bottom of the pyramid

Markets and marketing at the bottom of the pyramid

Other commentaries have observed further unnecessary divides in more traditional BoP settings, for example, between formal economy (taxed and monitored by government) and informal economy (de Soto 2000) – where subsistence markets rather than being seen as shadowy, underground and invisible are seen as “ubiquitous and highly visible …[with a scope that is] both local (e.g. street corners) as well as densely connected to global networks of trade (e.g. importing goods from China).” (Araujo 2013: 2). In such setting BoP actors frequently engage in both formal and informal markets (Rodrik 2006), blurring the boundaries between what are thought of as subsistence and BoP markets. As we see in this SI (Faria and Hermais, 2017), besides politics and policy there are other sensitive dimensions that stand to impact on our understandings of BoP markets - in particular colonialist and racialist aspects – which to-date remain largely ignored by marketing knowledge at large. It is from such commentaries and observations that we advance our understandings of BoP markets and better understand how to act to develop them. Against this background we are very happy to introduce this Special Issue exploring the character and dynamics of markets and marketing at the bottom of the pyramid.
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VAK Beat the Teacher Pyramid

VAK Beat the Teacher Pyramid

Develop by questioning students on their position on the continuum; only allowing reasons based on evidence from the lesson; asking students to decide the continuum question or statement[r]

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Automated Pyramid Summarization Evaluation

Automated Pyramid Summarization Evaluation

Table 3 reports the correlation between the man- ual pyramid scores and the PyrEval scores on the two sets of student summaries. For both AV and CC, EDUA-G performs better than EDUA-C and ROUGE-2, the best ROUGE variant on TAC10 (see below), and ROUGE-2 performs better than EDUA-C. We attribute the lower correlations on the quality score, and the lower performance on this dataset compared to WIM (see Table 1), to the greater challenges of the new dataset. WIM stu- dents read a single, middle school text, and aver- age summmary length was 109.02 words. For the new dataset, students read three advanced texts, and produced summaries that were over twice the length (see above). Error analysis shows complex sentence structure for the AV and CC data, with many constructions such as conjunctions and lists, that the decomposition parser cannot handle. As noted above, EDUA-G compensates due to a Zip- fian constraint on the pyramid shape.
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Opportunity identification at the base of the pyramid

Opportunity identification at the base of the pyramid

The concept of co-creation features frequently in the BOP literature (e.g. Prahalad, 2009), yet how it should be executed has not been clarified and moreover how to co-create opportuni[r]

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Explosion of Sun

Explosion of Sun

blast using solar hydrogen as thermonuclear fuel), which shoots out a coherent (in the sense of remaining together) burst of plasma at a given target without going runaway and consuming the outer layers of the Sun. If this quite unlikely capability were possible at all (dispersion issues argue against it—but before CMEs were discovered, they too would have seemed unlikely), such an apocalyptic “demo” would certainly be sufficient emphasis on a threat, or a means of warfare against a colonized solar system. With a sufficient thermonuclear burn—and if the condi- tion of nondispersion is fulfilled—might it be possible to literally strip a planet—Venus, say—of its’ atmosphere? (It might require a mass of fusion fuel—and a hugely greater non-fused expelled mass comparable in total to the mass to be stripped away on the target planet.)
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MATHEMATICS IN THE SUN

MATHEMATICS IN THE SUN

In September 2005, faculty and administrators from around the State of Florida gathered for the annual Mathematics in the Sun Retreat on the campus of Central Florida Community College[r]

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The Transparent Sun

The Transparent Sun

Her cat, a ball of petulant sun, jumped up onto the piano stool and with pink eyes peered timidly about the long hall adOl'ped with old portraits so faded they looked like sun stains on [r]

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