The purpose of the model is to create a new quality assurance system that can be used to comprehensively carry out quality assurance. It is called the Total QA Network Model to indicate the cycling total quality assurance process for achieving defect prevention. The ultimate goal of the Total QA Network Model is to achieve customer satisfaction (CS), employee satisfaction (ES), and social satisfaction (SS) through high quality manufacturing. This is done through the prevention of defect occurrence and by supporting the simultaneous achievement of QCD that come from strategically deploying a high-level quality assurance process.
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One of the most important strategy has been expressed in the Turkish experience by the development of new directions in Quality Assurance (QA), such as: the promotion of internal quality assurance systems that are made more effective according to world experience; the active attraction of international experts and students to an external assessment of an institution’s professional activities and academic programs; the use of international standards in areas including Bachelor’s and Master’s qualification descriptors, etc. These QA assessments strengthen Turkey’s integration into overall European structures and thus promote the multi-dimensional preparation of teachers for professional work in the field .
We describe and implement a quality system complying with the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025: General Requirements for the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories by applying Quality assurance (QA) program. It is a broad plan for maintaining quality in all aspects of a program, establishes the need for quality control (QC). The monitors’ calibration is one of this plan tools to adjust the performance of monitoring network and determine the key concepts of QA/QC.
explore and introduce new technology when this is available and so the staff will need to enhance their skills. The Unit must integrate the staff with these new tools through education and training. It is important to spend time and money on education to narrow the gap between the current system and quality system principles. It is proposed that education and training courses should include process cycle and process analysis, document writing and quality audit. The type and amount of training required by staff should be identified during the quality system reviews. The quality assurance officer will regularly update the training records for all staff. Records of employees, who leave the organisation, are only kept for a pre- defined period of time and then destroyed or put away. It is the responsibility of the quality control officer to see that the organisation adheres to legislation regarding data protection and confidentiality.
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The problematic filing system previously in place consisted of placing the files in a series of pigeon holes contained in a structure that was 2.7 metres high and 5 meters wide. The system was not accurately numbered and when a file was removed it was replaced into a “to be filed” pile and then tended to become rather large and unwieldily. Due to the old system of stapling notes and information to the file itself theses important bits of information tended to be ripped of the file when they were removed/replaced into the filing “cabinet”. Another problem was that there was a tendency to have two separate, unrelated files with the same file number. This led to a time consuming process to trying to find the file, which directly impacted on time efficiency and productivity.
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Findings: While a substantial percentage of clinicians perceived that hospital beds were inappropriately utilized, the resident doctors were more convinced of inefficient hospital bed utilization than the nurses. High expertise of the doc- tors, reputation of the Institution, and limited autonomy of the residents were perceived as the causes for overstay. In addition, the resident doctors considered lack of training, unclear job description, and long duty hours as the reasons for inappropriate bed utilization, while their nursing counterparts did not opine such. Most doctors agreed that lack of appro- priate policy for and lengthy procedures of admission and discharge influence the hospital stay, whereas corresponding emphasis was not recorded from the nurses. Also congruent with some previous studies, the majority of the nurses and doctors perceived ineffective hospital information system, absence of standard operating procedures, and lack of quality assurance system in ward management as potential contributing factors to overutilization of hospital resources. Conclusions: While nurses highlighted administrative factors as the major causes of overstay, the resident doctors perceived all examined factors, including patient-related, physician-related, and administrative factors to be important; though in agreement with their nursing counterparts, they gave a higher weight to the administrative issues. The in- formation provided on the relative importance of factors contributing to patient overstay may help policy-makers and administrators to promote more efficient utilization of healthcare system resources. According to our results, implemen- tation of quality assurance system in ward management, revising admission and discharge policy, improving hospital information system, use of modern technology, providing clear-cut job description, and providing the clinicians with appropriate training may help alleviate the patient overstay and suboptimal utilization of resources in hospital.
• The company Australian Quality Assured Flowers (AQAF) Ltd has developed a distance learning kit to allow growers, wholesalers and florists to establish a quality assurance system incorporating product tracking and monitoring procedures for the domestic market, prod- uct quality standard descriptors and a guaranteed vase life at point of sale. The distance learning kit is available for $500 by contact- ing: AQAF Unit, Quality Manager, National Flower Centre, Box 1, 542 Footscray Road, Footscray Vic 3011. Ph: (03) 9258 6110; Fax: (03) 9689 5135. The package is registered with the Rural Finance Board. Eligible primary producers would be entitled to a rebate of a large percentage of the cost of training through FarmBis.
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Introduction: Higher education institutions are expected to clarify their educational quality, and there should be an educational quality assurance system that measures the aspects of quality quality issues. Educational evaluation is a formal process that uses data collection and program assessment to evaluate the effectiveness and/or value of an educational organization, program, process and curriculum. There are many different models and approaches used to evaluate higher education all over the world, and countries often adopt or develop these models to evaluate educational performance. The purpose of this study is to examine types of evaluation and audit models in educational settings all over the world.
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Quality assurance in Higher Education has been an issue of much debate these days. Quality has long been essential in education all over the world . Until now, Higher Education Institutions start to look at the quality accreditation to provide to address global developments, output who meet the labor market, locally and globally, with efficiency and high excellence in different fields. According to Ministry of Research and Technology Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia, the External Quality Assurance System (SPME, in Indonesia) is a systemic activity to assess the feasibility of study programs and / or Indonesia universities by the National Accreditation Board of Higher Education (BAN-PT, in Indonesia) or independent institutions outside the recognized university, to oversee the implementation of higher education for and above the name of the community as a form of public accountability. Also, national bodies, such as the ministry of technology research and higher education (Kemenristek-Dikti, in Indonesia), quality assurance institutions (ISO consultants) and accreditation institutions (BAN-PT) all emphasize the quality issues of
This section of the report considers whether there are variations in assessment scores related to occupational grouping, which is relevant to any consideration of passporting. Differences in quality might be expected to occur given the different professional backgrounds of the candidates in terms of the extent to which they were trained in, and have subsequently specialised in, advocacy at the level being assessed. The data also makes interesting reading given historical controversy over rights of audience. The following tables summarise the results under each assessment by professional grouping. We have done this for Levels 1 and 2 where there are a reasonable number of assessments. Whilst the tables may be read as suggesting some differences, none of these differences appears to reach statistical levels of significance nor did they near significance. 30
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Software Testing involves operating a system, or an application, under controlled conditions, and evaluating the results. In most cases, software testing will involve the development of a test bed, which tests the given software, upon a set of test cases. The test bed will feed the test input to the software system, get the result that’s generated by the software system, and compares the generated result with the expected result. If the generated result is same as the expected result, then the software is bug free else, it has bugs that need to be fixed. Software testing is normally carried out under controlled conditions. The controlled conditions should include both normal and abnormal conditions. The aim of testing is to try to break the software, and find the bugs in it. Successful testing will discover all the bugs in the software. Developing automated test tools to perform testing is an active area of research. Testing is oriented towards 'detection' of bugs in the software (An interesting article that discusses about how extensive testing should be can be found in ). On the other hand, SQA is aimed at avoiding bugs.
total observed variation in measurements, which can be attributed to the variation in the item being measured or to the measurement system itself. Components of the total observed variation are shown in Figure 1. The total observed variation includes the actual product/process variation and a measurement variation, which consists of the variation due to the operator, the variation due to the gauge and the variation within the sample. 1.2 Measurement error effect on the process capability index Cp
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al., 2016). This way, the spatial aspect can be separated from the temporal. One can also perform runs along the same route but 30 min apart or so. This would result in a high number of data points leading to increased representativeness of the overall spatial average. These two examples are best applied when data can be viewed and checked in real time so the quality is not compromised. Another way is to target quality assurance by doing side-by-side parallel runs or collocated measurements as done here. This allows for a constant qual- ity check of the mobile instruments along the whole route, since live visualization of data is not available, particularly in locations without reference instruments to compare with. During this campaign, mobile measurement data can only be checked after the run, and, consequently, errors can only be noticed during the postprocessing of the data. For example, during the early stages of the campaign, analysis of the col- located measurements revealed that one AE51 was underes- timating eBC mass concentrations by 50 % due to weaken- ing of the pump causing the flow to decrease. This was not flagged by the instrument, but because another AE51 was in operation, the error was identified and corrected imme- diately. Similarly, towards the end of the campaign, due to unidentified reasons, the sheath flow of one of the OPSS started to increase, which resulted in an underestimation of the particle number concentration (PNC) across all size bins (19 %–80 %). This was not flagged by the instrument and was only noticed when compared against the other OPSS. By comparing the data gathered from the two aerosol backpacks postrun, errors in the data were easily noticed, investigated, and corrected, especially errors that were not flagged by the instruments (i.e., sheath flow drift, time shift, etc.).
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Nowadays the concepts of total quality management receive much attention from the whole universities and higher education institutions, due to the fact that they look for academic accreditations. Also it provides a competition acquiring the student adding to the people from outside the universities such as government, business companies, and all those looking for candidates for employments. Higher education and quality in the context of higher education is challenging in that definitions of higher education and quality differ widely and are often contextually influenced. Different definitions of quality have been proposed based on the required purpose. This study focus on the quality assurance in higher education institutions, which have been applied firstly in the United States of America by Holms. The importance of TQM in higher education institutions to expect a significance development if it is applied, subsequently the output of the higher education institution will be developed. This paper studies the standard of education in Saudi universities and how it is convenient to the requirements for quality assurance. To develop the goal a questionnaire is designed from 8 main parts each part consists of 5 factors. There are 60 questionnaire has given to both student and faculty members to define the standard of higher education and it's convenience to the requirements of quality assurance in higher education institutions.
It is a formal requirement of ISO 9000 to produce quality manual. It is usually defined as a document setting out the general quality policy, procedures and practises of an organisation (Stebbing, 1993). The main purpose of a quality manual is to describe what to be done and how an organisation meets the requirements of ISO 9000 through the quality system in place, as well as providing a cross reference to other parts of the system (Ashton and Jackson, 1995). Key elements in a quality manual are quality policy statement, authority and responsibility, organisation structure and objectives and the summary of the firm’s standard operational procedures. Because the quality manual will be the basis of developing the PQP, the content should be similar to the quality manual with emphasis given to project level. Thus, the general content of the quality plan is project quality policy statement, project organisation structure with specific authority and responsibility of each department and key personnel and day to day standard operating procedures together with work instructions.
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In order to identify many of these things, the results appear to work in institutions of higher education; or academic and teaching staff in the achievement of excellent results of student learning as well as to increase the operational capacity of the professional graduates when they enter in various jobs. In addition, it is possible to contribute to the electronic and dissemination of the contents of the educational to students, or to facilitate access to it through computer networks, in the improvement of the management of educational systems, or institutions of higher education, and to increase their levels of quality.
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During the system construction we must identify the main modules for the system and the relationships between them. Our QAMS will be constructed to enable the quality evaluator to evaluate the institution quality and generate the final quality report automatically without additional efforts. The main purpose from this paper is to explain our QAMS components. This view will be illustrated by using the UML language diagrams as use-case diagram, data flow diagram, flowchart, and activity diagram.
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Although there are indicators that the State and the municipalities use in monitoring quality of social services suppliers, there is a very small amount of publicly available data on them. This phenomenon is explained by the fact that grades are not yet assigned to each indicator. Currently only the standards are graded in 3 levels: requirement satisfied/satisfied partly/not satisfied, and many of the indicators cannot be graded at all. Besides, the answers to indicators contain a lot of personal data, and thus this information is not made public. Thus, the country’s central statistics bureau does not publish information on LTC quality either. Data on formal home-based nursing care also is not accessible as Health Inspection does not publish any. State publishes only quantitative statistical information, municipalities do not publish any information and LTC institutions do not have to publish their annual reports, with the exception of state- owned LTC institutions. In the next section, the only quality information that can be extracted from quantitative statistics reports is described.
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In this study, the construction industry suffers from the several problems. The challenge of resolving the issue construction quality and its management lies in seeking the long lasting solutions to the problems facing the construction industry. The total quality management is practiced by many construction industries around the world. It is proven method for implementing a quality conscious culture across all the vertical and horizontal layers of the company. Total quality management is a management approach centered on quality, based on the participation of an organization’s people and aiming at long term success. This is achieved through customer satisfaction and benefits all members of the organization and society. In other words, Total quality management is a philosophy for managing an organization in a way which enables it to meet stakeholder needs and expectations efficiently and effectively, without compromising ethical values.
The application of total quality management helps in streamlining processes, and ensures a proactive work system ready to counter deviations from the ideal state, total quality management implementation has positive effects on employee satisfaction, product quality, customers’ satisfaction, and strategic business performance. For employee satisfaction, which will give them positive effects are employee participation, recognition and reward. REFERENCES