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LTE Radio Planning Using Atoll Radio Planning and Optimization Software

LTE Radio Planning Using Atoll Radio Planning and Optimization Software

Abstract: Long Term Evolution (LTE) is most enhanced Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) technology. LTE is the standard in the mobile network technology tree that previously realized the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA technologies. LTE is expected to ensure 3GPP’s competitive edge over other cellular technologies. As standardization work of LTE is approaching the end line, it’s high time to go for efficient radio network planning guideline for LTE. In LTE just like other cellular technologies, initial planning is normally guided by various industries and operators at their own discretion. They aren’t likely to open their advancements and findings. As a result, going on with LTE radio network planning perspective is a well-chosen challenge and a certain hot topic in the current research area. In this work, a detailed LTE radio network planning i.e. capacity and coverage analysis has been performed in order to prepare a radio planning guideline considering possible network implementation in the density in Khartoum city.
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Nominal and Detailed LTE Radio Network Planning considering Future Deployment in Dhaka City

Nominal and Detailed LTE Radio Network Planning considering Future Deployment in Dhaka City

Long Term Evolution (LTE) is the next major step in mobile radio communications and is introduced in 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Release 8. It is the last step toward the 4th generation (4G) of radio technologies designed to increase the capacity and speed of mobile telephone networks. With industrial attachment very few radio planning works of LTE are going on. But because of certain commercial issues those works aren‟t widely available. Radio network planning is a very vital step for wireless communication technology. As standardization work of LTE is approaching the end line, it is high time to go for efficient radio network planning guideline for LTE. In LTE just like other cellular technologies, initial planning is normally guided by various industries and vendors at their own discretion. They aren‟t likely to disclose their advancements and findings. That makes the job even more challenging. As a result, going on with LTE radio network planning perspective is a well-chosen challenge and a certain hot topic in the current research arena. In this work, a detailed LTE radio network planning procedure has been elaborated which concentrates on nominal and detailed planning considering possible network implementation in the densely populated South-Asian city-Dhaka.
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Coverage and Capacity Analysis of LTE Radio Network Planning considering Dhaka City

Coverage and Capacity Analysis of LTE Radio Network Planning considering Dhaka City

The ultimate objectives of the present study of LTE radio network planning guidelines are to introduce the relevant LTE features, to define the basic models for radio propagation planning, to estimate coverage and network element count. The prepared guideline may assist in the development of various tools used in RNP. With this view, following the standard radio network planning procedure link level simulation was performed with certain parameter values. Then link budget was prepared taking some standard or desired value from Link simulator. Thus, in the dimensioning stage coverage analysis was performed. Again, using the system level simulator threshold level capacity analysis was performed. For initial network deployment, at the very beginning only a small number of subscribers are considered for capacity calculation. So, there remains the challenge for future capacity enhancement. Obtained result up to this point are expected to be used in nominal and detailed radio planning stage where Atoll might be used for the radio planning purpose involving Dhaka digital map. In this way, using the obtained coverage and capacity analysis Atoll simulation can provide a detailed traffic map with coverage and capacity solution of well placed eNodeBs.
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Coverage and Capacity Analysis of LTE Radio Network Planning considering Dhaka City

Coverage and Capacity Analysis of LTE Radio Network Planning considering Dhaka City

Long Term Evolution (LTE) is the latest and most enhanced broadband wireless access (BWA) technology. LTE is the latest standard in the mobile network technology tree that previously realized the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSxPA technologies. LTE is expected to ensure 3GPP‟s competitive edge over other cellular technologies. The standardization process of LTE is almost at its end. With industrial attachment very few radio planning works of LTE are going on. But because of certain commercial issues those works aren‟t widely available. Radio network planning is a very vital step for wireless communication technology. As standardization work of LTE is approaching the end line, it‟s high time to go for efficient radio network planning guideline for LTE. In LTE just like other cellular technologies, initial planning is normally guided by various industries and vendors at their own discretion. They aren‟t likely to disclose their advancements and findings. That makes the job even more challenging. As a result, going on with LTE radio network planning perspective is a well-chosen challenge and a certain hot topic in the current research arena. In this work, a detailed LTE radio network dimensioning procedure i.e. capacity and coverage analysis has been performed in order to prepare a radio planning guideline considering possible network implementation in the densely populated South-Asian city- Dhaka.
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Guidelines for Network Planning Tools for Developing Countries and Countries with economies in transition. Reference Document

Guidelines for Network Planning Tools for Developing Countries and Countries with economies in transition. Reference Document

The domain of core radio planning includes microwave link engineering and designing, path loss, coverage and availability calculations, interference calculation, channel assignment as well as calculation of costs per network elements, considering both the capital (CAPEX) and the operational (OPEX) cost components. It has a major technical focus and receives inputs from current network, business planning, fixed access planning, radio access planning, switching and routing planning while provides results to transmission network planning, as summarised in fig. 4.7.
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Nominal and Detailed LTE Radio Network Planning considering Future Deployment in Dhaka City

Nominal and Detailed LTE Radio Network Planning considering Future Deployment in Dhaka City

Long Term Evolution (LTE) is the next major step in mobile radio communications and is introduced in 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Release 8. It is the last step toward the 4th generation (4G) of radio technologies designed to increase the capacity and speed of mobile telephone networks. With industrial attachment very few radio planning works of LTE are going on. But because of certain commercial issues those works aren‟t widely available. Radio network planning is a very vital step for wireless communication technology. As standardization work of LTE is approaching the end line, it is high time to go for efficient radio network planning guideline for LTE. In LTE just like other cellular technologies, initial planning is normally guided by various industries and vendors at their own discretion. They aren‟t likely to disclose their advancements and findings. That makes the job even more challenging. As a result, going on with LTE radio network planning perspective is a well-chosen challenge and a certain hot topic in the current research arena. In this work, a detailed LTE radio network planning procedure has been elaborated which concentrates on nominal and detailed planning considering possible network implementation in the densely populated South-Asian city-Dhaka.
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LTE Radio Network Planning

LTE Radio Network Planning

TeleResources is one of the few independent Australian engineering companies focused on this sector. We are the exclusive distributor of Atoll™, the radio planning tool used by large operators such as Telstra and VHA. Our engineers have been involved in the design of the latest 3G networks as well as emerging technologies such as LTE.

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C O M P A N Y P R O F I L E

C O M P A N Y P R O F I L E

Radio Planning and Optimisation Personnel (2G, 2.5G, 3G & Core) Turnkey Site Establishment, Product Supply Services, Project Management, Radio Network Planning and Optimization, Microwave Transmission Planning Installation and Commissioning, BTS Commissioning and Integration, Site Audits and Asset Evaluation including site RF interference recti cation services.

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Private Mobile Radio Network Planning

Private Mobile Radio Network Planning

Students will plan a simple Private Mobile Radio Network using Radio Mobile application. The network is assumed to be located in the north of Portugal, along the Douro River, providing communications in the 170 MHz band with 20 W transmitters. Initially, only three sites constitute the fixed network, but it is recognized that these sites result into insufficient coverage for mobiles. Students should then find suitable locations for two additional sites, to obtain adequate coverage of the area.

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Hybridized firefly algorithm for 
		multi objective radio frequency identification (RFID) network planning

Hybridized firefly algorithm for multi objective radio frequency identification (RFID) network planning

The RFID network planning (RNP) problem belongs to the large-scale multi-objective hard optimization problems. RNP aims to optimize the overall read region based on a set of objectives. A novel approach of hybrid firefly algorithm was developed for multi-objective RNP problem. The technique was combining the Density Based Clustering method (DBSCAN) and firefly algorithm. Empirical tests were conducted on six standard RFID benchmark sets with random and clustered topologies. A comparative analysis performed with other state-of-the-art algorithms based on the same test data.Simulation results exhibited uniformly better performance in achieving maximum coverage with smaller number of deployed readers and less transmitted power.
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Planning and optimisation of 4G/5G mobile networks and beyond

Planning and optimisation of 4G/5G mobile networks and beyond

The primary idea behind radio network planning is to ensure that acceptable signal strength is received from the transmission node (eNB/SeNB) at the UE based on the desired minimum power defined by the network operator [50]. The SINR distribution of the network was collated using the Monte Carlo simulation method in the same manner as in [20] which is also a function in the ATDI ICS Designer for data evaluation. To present the results of the SINR across the coverage area, the data from the simulation is plotted against the cumulative distribution (CDF) of the SINR. This is so because the CDF is a function which is normally used in comparing more than one systems in wireless networks to determine whether a system meets the minimum performance criteria and to ascertain which system is better. The importance of CDF in this evaluation is to show the percent of location in which the MBSSLAA performance is below or greater than the other methods of selecting candidate sites that better meet the needs of network users in a 5G ultra-dense network of small cells. Using the CDF further shows the probability of attaining higher SINR values at different locations across the coverage area. Because the SINR is an essential metric in network coverage that determines the throughput, which can be achieved, predicting its distribution accurately and ensuring that it is optimal is key to network planning.
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Welcome. Our Experience

Welcome. Our Experience

Our expertise extends beyond Arizona to markets in the Midwest, West and Southwest regions. Through aggressive negotiations, the team delivers nothing but the most effective, efficient targeted media campaigns which achieve measurable results. Buying tools include SQAD Media Cost projections, Nielsen TV ratings / overnights, Arbitron Radio ratings, Arbitron County Coverage books and Strata buying software.

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Ness D8x / D16x alarm control panel. User's MANUAL. A$15.00 Revision 5.6

Ness D8x / D16x alarm control panel. User's MANUAL. A$15.00 Revision 5.6

RADIO KEy PENDANT Fully waterproof pendant style transmitter can be used as a portable wireless panic button. Supplied with a neckchain as well as wristwatch straps. Ideal for use as a medical alarm for the elderly or infirm. (central Station monitoring is especially recommended when used for medical alarm purposes). Includes long life lithium battery.

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Challenges for Wireless Mesh Networks to provide reliable carrier-grade services

Challenges for Wireless Mesh Networks to provide reliable carrier-grade services

To achieve the above mentioned goals of the project an im- proved mesh architecture has been specified which shall ad- dress a flexible and cost effective deployment of a radio access network supporting fixed and mobile users – also for temporary operation (city/emergency scenarios). To en- able incorporation of different radio technologies a link layer (Layer 2, L2) interface abstraction is specified and improve- ments for medium access like a new MAC scheduling are considered (see Sect. 3). Modular network functions for rout- ing, capacity-handling, mobility, and self-configuration are designed which make use of the abstracted L2 information to interoperate efficiently and result in optimal performance for any situation. In Fig. 2 the network components are shown within an exemplary network configuration. They are clas- sified as three different CARMEN entities, namely AP (Ac- cess Point), MP (Mesh Point), GW (GateWay), which serve the (traditional) User Terminals (UTs). All network entities have an abstract InterFace (IF) layer which provides support for RATs as e.g. WLAN, WiMAX, DVB, and any potential future new access technology. The functionalities on routing layer which include capacity handling and mobility support communicate with and via the abstract IF, control functional- ities for self-configuration and monitoring make use of both abstract IF and routing information.
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FORMATS OF RADIO PROGRAMMES

FORMATS OF RADIO PROGRAMMES

5. Radio documentaries/features: If you see a film in a movie hall, it is generally a feature film, which is story based and not real. But there are also documentary films which are based on real people and issues. A lot of programmes you see on television are educational and public service documentaries. Radio also has this format. Unlike documentary films, radio documentaries have only sound – i.e. the human voice, music and sound effects. So a radio documentary is a programme based on real sounds and real people and their views and experiences. Radio documentaries are based on facts presented in an attractive manner or dramatically. Radio documentaries are radio’s own creative format. The producer of a documentary needs to be very creative to use human voice, script, music and sound effects very effectively. Radio documentaries are also called radio features.
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Correlates of unintended pregnancy among currently pregnant married women in Nepal

Correlates of unintended pregnancy among currently pregnant married women in Nepal

An unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is either mistimed (i.e., they occurred earlier than desired) or unwanted (i.e. they occurred when no children, or no more children were desired) at the time of conception [1]. Unintended pregnancy is a potential hazard for every sex- ually active woman. It is a worldwide problem that affects women, their families, society and nation. A complex set of social and psychological factors puts women at risk of unintended pregnancy. Abortion is a frequent conse- quence of unintended pregnancy and in the developing countries it can result into serious long-term, negative health effects including infertility and maternal death [2]. Women living in every country, irrespective of the devel- opment status, have been facing the problem of unin- tended pregnancy. Over 100 million acts of sexual intercourse take place each day resulting in around 1 mil- lion conceptions, about 50 percent of which are unplanned and about 25 percent are definitely unwanted [3]. The data suggest that approximately 49 percent of all pregnancies in the United States [4], 46 percent in Yamagata, Japan [5], 35 percent in both Iran [6] and Nepal [7] are unintended. Almost all occurred due to non- use of family planning method or contraception failure. About 50 percent of all unintended pregnancies in the United States are due to contraceptive failure [8]. There- fore, unintended pregnancy is an issue that cannot be ignored. Many pregnant women will want or need to end a pregnancy to avoid risks to their lives and health, psy- chological trauma, and socioeconomic turmoil [9]. International Conference on Population and Develop- ment (ICPD) held in Cairo in 1994 and fourth world con- ference on women held in 1995 in Beijing have emphasized women empowerment as a basic tool for a country's overall development and improving the quality
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Volume 25 - Article 27 | Pages 837–868

Volume 25 - Article 27 | Pages 837–868

Findings from this analysis indicate that modern contraceptive use among currently married women of reproductive age in Nepal has increased over the past ten years, from 26% in 1996 to 46% in 2006. The increased contraceptive use was attributed to individual socio-demographic, household, and program factors. Age, ethnicity, and occupation were the important individual-level factors contributing to contraceptive use. Household economic status measured by the possession of household goods and amenities was also a strong predictor of contraceptive use. Among four cluster-level indicators the mean household asset in the cluster was the only significant predictor of contraceptive use. Out of the six program variables used in the analysis, five were associated with increased contraceptive use. Exposure to family planning information on radio and television and contact of women with a health worker were the important program variables contributing to contraceptive adoption.
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Land Mobile Radio (LMR) Basics Communications 101 Webinar

Land Mobile Radio (LMR) Basics Communications 101 Webinar

• History of Public Safety Radio • Land Mobile Radio Equipment • Public Safety Radio Spectrum.. • Overview of Pubic Safety Radio Operation and Systems.[r]

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Cognitive Radio Based on Software Defined Radio

Cognitive Radio Based on Software Defined Radio

Abstract — It is commonly accepted that the wireless spectrum is the scarce resource in wireless communications. However, more than 95% of the usage is below 3GHz. The static assignment of the spectrum results in inefficient usage of the spectrum. The utilization of the spectrum can be as low as 10%. Dynamic access to the spectrum can be considered as a method for solving spectrum scarcity. Cognitive Radio and Dynamic Spectrum Access represent two complementary developments that will refashion the world of wireless communication. In order to investigate the roles of knowledge representation and reasoning technologies in this domain, we have developed an experimental cognitive radio simulation environment. That is, a conventional radio when operating in a particular communications mode always follows the same procedure and either succeeds or fails at a given task. This paper represent the spectrum sensing of Cognitive radio using matlab software. A cognitive radio, by contrast, can use knowledge of radio technology and policy, representations of goals, and other contextual parameters to reason about a failed attempt to satisfy a goal and attempt alternate courses of action depending upon the circumstances. Finally, the results shows the power spectral density of the channel which can be used cognitively to find out the available gaps those can be assigned to new incoming users thus improving the overall channel’s throughput.
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PSWN. Land Mobile Radio System Security Planning Template. Final. Public Safety Wireless Network

PSWN. Land Mobile Radio System Security Planning Template. Final. Public Safety Wireless Network

This document is a comprehensive template that includes detailed security features to cover any radio applications and systems. This template can readily be tailored to any public safety agency’s environment. Additional information may be included in the basic plan, and the structure and the format can be organized according to agency needs as long as the major sections described in this document are adequately covered. The level of detail included within the plan shall be consistent with the criticality and value of the radio system to the organization’s mission (i.e., a more detailed plan is required for systems critical to the organization’s mission).
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