This separation into specialty areas occurred because of a number of reasons including the increasing number, scale and complexity of projects. However this separation of services unfortunately lead to the breakdown of communication between parties and ultimately the increase of problems encountered on construction sites. To facilitate communication between parties, the ‘request for information’ (RFI) or ‘technical query’ (TQ) process was created. This process was eventually formalised in the 1970’s due to the increased requirement for project documentation, driven by public liability legislation (Simpson, Atkins & Atkins 2008). This defined process was then refined over the years into the current system that we see today. In the following chapters this process will be further investigated to detail the roles of each stakeholder, critical steps, major causes and the overall effect of the process.
ABSTRACT: Ideally, project documentation should be complete and there would be no need for subcontractors to seek further information from that which has already been provided. In practice, this is rarely the case. The use of “Request For Information” (RFI) as a formalised process, by which information is gathered or clarified is very common throughout the Australian construction industry. This paper focuses on the use of simulation-based modelling to quantify the time and cost associated with this process as currently communicated between construction organisations. Information gathered from construction projects plus expert advice sought from industry professionals is incorporated as model input. The model shows that the mean cycle time for a typical RFI can be as high as 17 person-hours with most of that time being spent on gathering and cross-referencing information. The simulation model was then modified to explore the potential of implementing Electronic Data Management Technologies as a tool to significantly reduce the time and cost associated with the traditional paper-based RFI process.
The common element between all RFIs is the associated lost-time as a result of the process. Compounding this above cost impact, is the tracking the RFIs through the use of the register and chasing responses, this consumes resources and therefore time and cost. In today’s society when organisations are typically under resourced, as opposed to over resourced, it is common for RFI responses to be late, vague, possibly missing important pieces of information and sometimes late or forgotten if they are not chased properly. Section 3.6.6 refers to Appendix G which is a further case study into late RFI responses on a particular project that forms part of the sample, referring to Appendix G shows the common late RFIs are on projects. These problems lead to the need for contractors to re-issue of the same (or similar) query on a revised RFI which exaggerates the time and cost spent to a higher degree (Mohamed, Tilley & Tucker 1998).
The Cora data set1 contains 19,396 scientific publications in the computer science domain. Each research paper in the Cora data set is classified into a topic hierarchy. On the leaf level, there are 73 classes in total. We used the second level labels in the topic hierarchy, and there are 10 class labels, which are Information Retrieval, Databases, Artificial Intelligence, Encryption and Compression, Operating Systems, Networking, Hardware and Architecture, Data Structures Algorithms and Theory, Programming and Human Computer Interaction. We further obtained two types of side information from the data set: citation and authorship. These were used as separate attributes in order to assist in the clustering process. There are 75,021 citations and 24,961 authors. One paper has 2.58 authors in average, and there are 50,080 paper-author pairs in total.
The C/A code is a 1023 “chip” long code, being transmitted with a frequency of 1.023 MHz. A “chip” is the same as a “bit”, and is described by the numbers “one” or “zero”. The name “chip” is used instead of “bit” because no information is carried by the signal 16 . 1023 chip long code with a frequency of 1.023MHz means that every 1msec the PRC is repeated (1023/1.023M = 1msec) and that 1,023,000 chips are generated in a second from the satellite. If we divide the number of chips per second by the velocity (speed of light) we can see that the length of one chip can be calculated as 300 meters. The timing measurement is done according to the delay of the pseudo random code from the satellite. The delay is measured with how many chips are needed to be shifted in the receiver’s code in order to correlate with the satellite’s code. Since one chip is equal to 300 meters, we can get distance accuracy of 300 meters. This is not a good accuracy. The GPS receiver is much more precise. Modern GPS receivers are capable of calculating the signal shift as precise as 1 % of one chip. Therefore the distance to the satellite can be calculated with a precision of 3 m 17 . Additional information on runtime measurements can be found in section 220.127.116.11.
The interface design is made between the admin and the user where the admin uploads the data for the user requirements in text or portable document format. The user must sign in to get the file at first the user must have a user id to login and then the user requests the file to admin. If the admin request one or more than three times the user will receive the requested file from the admin directly but it may take some time since there will be too much of traffic. In that case we use a cache aided server which is connected to admin and gets all the copies of the admin file system. The user can easily access their file from the cache server by requesting the file exactly three times so that the cache aided server can send the file to the user’s inbox within time and the user can easily download the required file from the user login inbox.
We tried many different approaches to our problem. Predictors based on many different ideas were developed. Results were compared to the results in our previous work . Hoping to improve performance, we chose to develop ensemble predictors. A search of previous work showed that voting predictors, which combine the results of many different prediction algorithms to make a single prediction, often outperform their component parts . This information became the foundation for developing voting-based prediction algorithms.
E. “Restricted Data” are the research dataset(s) provided under this Agreement that include potentially identifiable information in the form of indirect identifiers that if used together within the dataset(s) or linked to other dataset(s) could lead to the re-identification of a specific Private Person, as well as information provided by a Private Person under the expectation that the information would be kept confidential and would not lead to harm to the Private Person. Restricted Data includes any Derivatives.
Data mining is the process of finding useful information from the data. Data may be quantitative or qualitative. In many applications (for example marketing or business related), the data to be handled may be very large (also known as big data). Discovering information from the huge amount of data may be difficult for the end users who lack SQL expertise. In such situations database exploration plays a major role. Database exploration tools help user to explore the database even though the underlying schema is unknown. Relevant data discovery is difficult for users and recommendation engine is a solution for such difficulty.
From this situation, I will take this reference to build the Hospital Bed Management System that can help the nurse to make the process of bed registration run smoothly due to the increasing numbers of bed and ward in the hospital. Hospital Bed Management System is built to make the registration and searching process between the nurse and patient run smoothly without any problem. To do this project, research is needed to be done to get the information that related to this project. This project can be developed smoothly if I know the flow of the system and collect enough information through interview, through this review, I can add more function which is suitable for this system and all these functions can reduce the workload of the user.
providing authoritative information and spokespeople for interview, to ensure that the public gets a fair picture of how they are handling the situation. 7.78 Planning should recognise that the media will seize upon any inconsistencies in presentation or message, either between responders at the local level, or between local and national responses. For this reason it is vital that Category 1 responders are equipped to liaise effectively with each other and with regional and UK bodies. Otherwise the operation will look chaotic to the outside world. 7.79 If the media do not get what they want from the Category 1 responders, they are likely to simply go elsewhere for footage and commentary. This may take away the initiative from Category 1 responders, and put them in a position of having to defend themselves against unfounded criticism or inaccurate analysis. Category 1 responders should be aware that the handling of the emergency, as well as the emergency itself, will all be part of the story. No matter how positive relations are with the media ahead of an event, responders must expect to be criticised if events seem to be going badly. They should plan accordingly.
, and (3) strengthening distrust among justisiabelen to the practice of law enforcement. Distrust is potentially a strong pressure to the Judicial Commission, and may be affected by the performance of the Judicial Commission and the pressure of public opinion in seeking justice. KEPPH socialization activities, dissemination of information choices, human resource development, research and development, study of the judge's ruling, the judge capacity building workshops, and monitoring of trials that have been carried out by the Judicial Commission, in principle, the implementation of preventive supervision models. Article 24B of the Constitution 1945 as a constitutional basis supervision of the Judicial Commission to conduct surveillance terminus judges do not use, but use the terminus "maintain" and "enforce". Terminus supervision used in Republic Act NO.18 of 2011, particularly in Article 20 paragraph (1) a and Article 22 paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) Judicial Commission in implementing the authority granted by the Constitution to translate the term "maintain" as a preventive supervision (including preemptive). Preventative as an adjective which means is prevented (so as not to happen). Preventive as a noun means a process, a way, an act to prevent, prevention, rejection: the business of the factors that could cause damage. Preventive supervision of the Judicial Commission has not been implemented include aspects of recruitment, promotion and transfer of judges. The third aspect is not found explicitly affirmation, either in Article 24B of the Constitution NRI 1945 as the constitutional basis as well as in the legislation of the Judicial Commission. Problem recruitment, promotion and transfer in principle is an important part, even in the context of strategic preventive supervision. In practice, these three still pose a different attitude and outlook between the Judicial Commission of the Supreme Court. It is
Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a large set of tiny sensor nodes deployed in a large field which have sensing, processing and communication features. A specific sensor node called sink node capable of collecting sensed information from which user can get the data via internet . WSN has numerous applications like object tracking, traffic monitoring, soil moisture estimation , habitat monitoring, detecting seismic activities, navigating ships and so on. In recent days, researchers have also started exploring smart applications in field of pervasive computing  by leveraging embedded processing with WSNs. In these applications locations of sensor node is not only important to application but also for the operations of WSNs.