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Evaluation of Doppler Radar Data for Assessing Depth Area Reduction Factors for the Arid Region of San Bernardino County

Evaluation of Doppler Radar Data for Assessing Depth Area Reduction Factors for the Arid Region of San Bernardino County

The arid portion of San Bernardino County includes approximately 20,000 square miles of area, which are currently monitored by 77 precipitation gages with hourly or shorter duration data (excluding daily gauges). Based on the data from these 41 gauges, 156 storm dates with return frequencies estimated using the National Weather Service (“NWS”) to be greater than 10-year were identi- fied as occurring between years 1997 and 2015. We refer the readers to Hro- madka et al . [22] that describes in detail, the step by step process used for iden- tifying the acquiring the rainfall data for the candidate storms, their analysis, the used software modules from the NOAA weather and climate toolkit and assess- ment. To maintain continuity in the discussion, these are briefly reviewed here.
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A New Species of Linanthus (Polemoniaceae) from San Bernardino County, California

A New Species of Linanthus (Polemoniaceae) from San Bernardino County, California

Linanthus bernardinus is described as new from San Bernardino County, California. It is morphologically similar to L. killipii and L. orcuttii subsp. pacificus but differs from plants of these taxa in height, corolla length, seed morphology, and habitat. Linanthus bernardinus can be found growing in vernally moist areas within Joshua tree woodland, often in shallow depressions, or on gentle slopes, in decomposed granite sand that is surrounded by large granite boulder fields.

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Search | Preprints

Search | Preprints

consists of an 8-week program, with weekly in person meetings and telephone follow-up intervals at 3, 6, and 9-months, delivered by trained perinatal health educators (BS or MPH prepared). Participants are referred to the program during prenatal visits by collaborating primary care providers at selected sites within San Bernardino County. The referral sites include outpatient clinics, hospitals, and rehabilitation homes. The four main localized regional referral sites include 1) Desert region sites within Barstow, Apple Valley, Joshua Tree, Yucca Valley, and Del Pueblo, 2) Loma Linda, 3) South San Bernardino City, and 4) Fontana & Rialto. Patients are screened for tobacco use at each of the collaborating sites using standardized prenatal protocols, and when indicated, referred to the CTTP for smoking cessation support (most often via fax). In addition, program announcements in the form of printed flyers are posted at WIC Offices, and distributed at community outreach events and health fairs. The flyers included eligibility criteria, contact information, and requested interested participants to call to self-enroll. Intervention. The main goal of the CTTP is to support smoking cessation among
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A checklist of Mojave Desert lichens, USA

A checklist of Mojave Desert lichens, USA

Lichen flora of the Eastern Mojave Desert: Blackrock Arizona, Mojave County, Arizona, USA Heather Bird Jackson, Steven D. Leavitt, Thomas Krebs, and Larry L. St. Clair, published 2005. This survey is based on field identifications and collections made at several sites near Black Rock Road in the Northeastern Mojave Desert, 1.6 km south of the Utah-Arizona border, in Mojave County, extreme Northwestern Arizona. The elevation of the site was 1,058m (3,471 ft.); at 36° 58.522’ North Latitude, 113° 38.650’ West Longitude. The authors report 41 lichen species in 28 genera. Specimens were collected from Kaibab and Moenkopi rock outcrops, soil and bark/lignum of creosote shrubs, in an open and flat shrub land transitioning upward into a vegetated drainage area with rocky outcrops. Lichens of the Granite Mountains, Sweeney Granite Mountain Desert Research Center, Southwestern Mojave Desert, San Bernardino County, California.
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A Newly Discovered Large and Significant Population of Castela emoryi (Emory’s Crucifixion Thorn, Simaroubaceae) in California

A Newly Discovered Large and Significant Population of Castela emoryi (Emory’s Crucifixion Thorn, Simaroubaceae) in California

Natural history, recruitment, and seed germination.—Another noteworthy discovery in 2012 was that of new leaf growth of C. emoryi on adults as well as juveniles. It was previously thought that fully developed leaves (in contrast to deciduous, scale-like leaves) never appear on mature plants once these have lost their first season’s ephemeral leaves, even as new growth or sucker shoots (Sanders 1998: 3). However, sucker shoots as well as new, leafy branches were observed on plants at several sites, including Rice Valley and Homer Wash (San Bernardino County). At the Homer Wash population, new shoots were observed growing from the base on many individuals. The south end of the population was visited on 3 Jul 2012, and the north portion of the population was visited on 11 Sep 2012. While the northern individuals were healthy and reproductive, the southern individuals appeared to have suffered a massive vegetative die-off in the recent past. Most of these individuals, growing along the steep sandy banks of a wash, were resprouting from the base with leafy, spiny branches. This population warrants further exploration to compare the conditions of the northern and southern portions and discover the reason for massive dieback on the southern portion.
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The Lichen Flora of the Spring Mountains, Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, Nevada, USA

The Lichen Flora of the Spring Mountains, Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, Nevada, USA

In a survey of the southwestern Mojave Desert at Keys Ranch, Joshua Tree National Park, San Bernardino County, California, 47 species in 34 genera were reported; with four species new to California (Knudsen & La Doux, 2005) (Figure 2). A smaller survey of lichens from several sites near Black Rock Road in northwestern Arizona, reported 43 species in 25 genera with two previously unreported taxa from a gypsiferous soil crust site (Jackson et al., 2005) (Figure 2). Finally a 2002 study of selected sites in the Mojave National Preserve in California reported 40 species in 24 genera (Knight et al., 2002) (Figure 2).
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Alcohol-impaired driving in US counties, 2002–2012

Alcohol-impaired driving in US counties, 2002–2012

Milwaukee County, WI Honolulu County, HI Travis County (Martinez), TX Bexar County (San Antonio), TX Cuyahoga County (Cleveland), OH Alameda County (Oakland), CA Palm Beach County, FL King County (Seattle), WA Saint Louis County, MO Broward County (Fort Lauderdale), FL Miami Dade County, FL Harris County (Houston), TX Franklin County (Minneapolis), OH Oakland County (Pontiac), MI Shelby County (Memphis), TN Wayne County (Detroit), MI Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), PA Hennepin County (Austin), MN Sacramento County, CA Cook County (Chicago), IL Los Angeles County, CA Suffolk County (Riverhead), NY Santa Clara County, CA Contra Costa County (Rockville), CA Hillsborough County (Tampa), FL Fulton County (Atlanta), GA Middlesex County (Cambridge), MA Tarrant County (Fort Worth), TX Clark County (Las Vegas), NV Orange County (Columbus), FL Pima County (Tucson), AZ Dallas County, TX Philadelphia County, PA Orange County (Santa Ana), CA Maricopa County (Phoenix), AZ San Diego County, CA Fresno County, CA Montgomery County, MD San Bernardino County, CA Westchester County (White Plains), NY Mecklenburg County (Charlotte), NC Nassau County (Mineola), NY Riverside County, CA Wake County (Raleigh), NC Fairfax County, VA Salt Lake County, UT New York County (Manhattan), NY Bronx County, NY Queens County, NY Kings County (Brooklyn), NY National
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California Miscellany II

California Miscellany II

Generally given as from Texas to southern Utah and northern Mexico, this grass can be reported from the eastern Mojave Desert, San Bernardino County, California as follows: Barnwel[r]

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Developing an Electronic Health Record Training Program for New Employees

Developing an Electronic Health Record Training Program for New Employees

Motivational interviewing has been endorsed by San Mateo County as an evidence-based effective form of behavior change counseling. Eighty percent of pediatric healthcare providers in San Mateo County have been trained in motivational interviewing, however 70% of the providers use it less than 50% of the time. The goal of this project was to reeducate the adolescent providers of San Mateo County in motivational interviewing with an emphasis on individualized training and feedback, directed toward healthy diet and exercise. Results of the quality improvement project showed an average 2.5-point increase in provider confidence on a zero to ten-point scale, and average increase in the use of motivational interviewing of 2 patients per day. Providers reported overall satisfaction with the project and demonstrated continued interest in further use of motivational interviewing. Recommendations for continued quality improvement include extension of the project for further support in motivational interviewing practice and increasing macrosystem involvement by training more providers throughout San Mateo County.
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Endemic "Lime" Disease: Phytophotodermatitis in San Diego County

Endemic "Lime" Disease: Phytophotodermatitis in San Diego County

Erythematous plaques, vesicles, bullae or hyperpigmented patches arise in bizarre configu-. rations, often in the form of finger marks or streaks,[r]

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Offshore Earthquakes Do Not Influence Marine Mammal Stranding Risk on the Washington and Oregon Coasts

Offshore Earthquakes Do Not Influence Marine Mammal Stranding Risk on the Washington and Oregon Coasts

These data were collected by the San Juan County Marine Mammal run by The Whale and cover the San Juan Islands the Straight To Stranding further Network elucidate whether the Museum caus[r]

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Molecular phylogeny of Cytospora species associated with canker diseases of fruit and nut crops in California, with the descriptions of ten new species and one new combination

Molecular phylogeny of Cytospora species associated with canker diseases of fruit and nut crops in California, with the descriptions of ten new species and one new combination

avium), olive (Olea europaea), peach (Prunus persica), pistachio (Pistacia vera), pomegranate (Punica granatum), prune (Prunus domestica), walnut (Juglans regia), and woody ornamentals such cottonwoods (Populus deltoides and P. fremontii), camellia (Camellia sp.) and sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum). Cankers and accompanying branch and twig dieback were the most common symptoms associated with Cytospora species. Trees expressing Cytospora cankers were observed in Butte, Colusa, Contra Costa, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Lake, Madera, Merced, Sacramento, San Benito, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba counties in California. Dieback symptoms were most obvious during the warm summer months, although putative infections might have occurred during the rainy winter and early spring seasons in California. Symptoms of Cytospora canker includes bark lesions with dead phloem and cambium, discoloration of the xylem, wood necrosis and gumming occurring at the canker margin. Cankers were often depressed or sunken, eventually causing splitting of the bark or girdling of branches. Cankers were most commonly associated with pruning wounds, sunburn, and oil injuries. A single French prune orchard in Yuba County, < killed by Cytospora canker, showed 92 % Cytospora infection of pruning cuts made to select the main scaffolds of the newly planted trees. Wood cankers expressed as wedge shaped to irregularly shaped vascular discolorations of the xylem tissue below the affected bark area. Eventually, pycnidia occurred just beneath the periderm giving the bark a pimpled appearance diagnostic of Cytospora infection. Removing the periderm generally exposed numerous, solitary and scattered pycnidia. Erumpent pycnidia eventually ruptured the bark outermost layers exposing white (characteristic in branches of French prune) apical discs above the cankered area or in the dead branches and twigs. Spore tendrils consisting of conidial masses (cirrus) exuding from pycnidia generally were visible in the orchards following spring rains. Signs and symptoms of Cytospora associated cankers in various fruit and nut host plants are illustrated in Figs 1–3.
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New Taxa and New Combinations in the Genus Erysimum in North America

New Taxa and New Combinations in the Genus Erysimum in North America

Distribtttion.-Coastal dunes at Surf and for some miles southward, Santa Barbara County, and steep rocky slopes on Morro Rock near Morro Bay, San Luis Obispo County, C[r]

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Criminological Research Bulletin  New Series No 1

Criminological Research Bulletin New Series No 1

Study group composed of interested individuals connected with Probation Department, San Mateo County, together with members of the faculty of San Mateo Junior College in an attempt to de[r]

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Ag rit ou rism benefits agriculture in San Diego County

Ag rit ou rism benefits agriculture in San Diego County

The Flower Fields’ visitor survey We administered a survey to visitors of The Flower Fields to gather expenditure information needed to estimate the economic impact of the attraction on [r]

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Why buying local will soon be everyday life: An inquiry of local food markets

Why buying local will soon be everyday life: An inquiry of local food markets

One main purpose of farmers’ markets is to distribute produce and other goods locally. Another is to ensure the freshest goods are consumed with little to no pesticide use as a means of preservation. With San Luis Obispo County being located in the heart of the central coast area, the capabilities of growing and producing foods for local consumptions are very high. The cost of farmers’ market produce has been shown to equal that of supermarket produce, at least in San Luis Obispo

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Criminological Research Bulletin

Criminological Research Bulletin

Manual of Policies and Procedures, Juvenile Court Department, City and County of San Francisco,San Francisco, California,1947.. Correcting Criminalsin Washington State.[r]

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The Forest, the Trees and the Science of Scenery

The Forest, the Trees and the Science of Scenery

The Science of Scenery: How We View Scenic Beauty, What It Is, Why We Love It, and How to Measure and Map It , Andrew Lothian, San Bernardino, CA, CreateSpace Independent Publishing P[r]

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The Lithia Pegmatites of Pala and Mesa Grande, San Diego County, California

The Lithia Pegmatites of Pala and Mesa Grande, San Diego County, California

A possibility in mineralogical spectroscopy which has probably already been suggested or applied by other investigators, although the present writer has not found reference to it in prin[r]

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Planning For a Community Wildfire Protection Plan in San Luis Obispo County

Planning For a Community Wildfire Protection Plan in San Luis Obispo County

For San Luis Obispo County, this means that any update or draft to the county safety element must be reviewed by the State Board of Forestry and local agencies providing fire protection, which would include city fire departments and CAL FIRE. There are also cities within the county that contain very high fire hazard severity zones and would need to submit their drafts and updates as well. They may recommend changes to land use policy in SRA and very high fire hazard severity zones to protect life, property and natural resources from wildland fire, as well as methods of fire risk and reduction within these areas. This provides a unique situation where fire authorities can have an influence on land use decisions to help ensure Safety Elements provide the best policies to reduce risk associated with fire. Another bill, AB 2140 encourages jurisdictions to integrate their federally approved local hazard mitigation plan into their safety element. This allows for consistency within plans fire protection plans. It also allows for local fire protection agencies to have even more influence to local land use issues when regarding fire risk. If there is a safety element that needs to be updated and has integrated an LHMP in a city or county with SRA or very high fire hazard severity zones, then according to SB 1241 that element must be sent to the State Board of Forestry and local agencies for review. Essentially this allows local fire agencies to have influence over these two integrated plans. The Fire Hazard Planning General Plan Technical Advice Series advocates for integration or at minimum consistency throughout plans related to fire risk. Although there is no legislation to link a CWPP to an LHMP or safety element, consistency is still key throughout these three plans.
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