We envisage that through such an integration of Critical Data Studies and HCI approaches to the study of the af- fective dynamics of Data Science practices, we might also be able to develop new types of recommendations that en- hance practice. For example, beyond integrating emotional awareness into the teaching of critical and reflective Data Sciencepractice, we hope that integrating methods and techniques from HCI will allow us to develop and test dif- ferent forms of guidance and alerts that may help enhance data scientists’ awareness of when affective dynamics may be influencing their practice, for example:
Over fifty years ago Thomas Kuhn in his now famous book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions addressed the issue of stagnation in the evolution of our knowledge . It is in many ways a pessimistic book. It recognizes that our science community has a tendency to succumb to inertia that leads to long periods of stagnation. Moreover, the author suggests that such stagnation is inevitable and there is nothing that we can do to ameliorate this condition. He does not believe that human reason and rationality are capable of overcoming this inertia and prevent it from hindering the progress of our knowledge. In a way, he suggests a very anti-Enlightenment conclusion that human reason cannot be the arbiter in our practice, including our sciencepractice. According to Kuhn, only death and
Abstract. Informatization is an important strategic move for China's modernization. e-Science can be understood as the informatization in the scientific research. e-Science can change the environment, method and pattern of the scientific research, which will effectively improve the management, capability, process and output of the research, and promote the development of the science research eventually. This paper analyses the IT governance system and practices in internationally renowned scientific research institutes. Considering the informatization needs of different disciplines in China, a proposal is made for Chinese scientific research institutes from three aspects: the informatization promotion mechanism and department division, the close integration of e-Science and scientific research, and the training and retention of informatization talents.
Of the eight most common forms of physical activity, the largest number of respondents (16.43%) participate in medical exercises, and the least in classic aerobics (8.94%). The second group represented (15.46%) were the group-relaxation activities (Pilates and yoga). The distribution obtained shows that uses of the sports centers were more interested in low-intensity activities with the aim of relaxing the nervous system, while much less participate in classic aerobics, once the most popular form of fitness. There are a high proportion of those who practice swimming as an exercise activity. Sports games are also very popular (football, basketball, volleyball, etc.), as well as tennis and dance. Generally, it can be concluded that the research recorded eight types of activities with a fairly equal number of users. The results unequivocally show that men and women are statistically significantly different when they opt for recreational programs. While men are most likely to choose weightlifting, so far the most frequent choice for women was Pilates, yoga and dance.
Knowledge development, research methodology related to the philosopher's framework, it was very important for a scientific discipline to realize the philosophical orientation that is the basis for the development of theory and advancing science in nursing.Science becomes knowledge with the publication of results, then continue to grow as general knowledge and continued by wrote in textbooks, this ways would make history to correct errors, science used physical evidence to answer questions and depends on modern humans to draw conclusions from the evidence, science looks to explain sources, nature, and physical processes that might be detected in the universe.In practicing nursing science, nurse should stand in professional character as way to compete with others profession with several ways: 1) Legitimate job to brew great denomination 2) Valid proof in specific practice area 3) Diverse nursing knowledge in practice and theory 4) Control and standard in strong educational arrangement 5) Set up official organization in practice and education 6) Define interpersonal side in part of profession 7) Outrageously expand for ethical code and action.
laboratory equipment and measuring tools. For example, telescopes in conjunction with advanced computer systems may be used to study distant objects in space or laser devices may be used to measure distances. Seismographs may be used to measure shock waves and centrifuges may be used to separate materials. Furthermore, mathematical tools for measurement have infinite power that allows predictions to be made and they take time to learn. Moreover, technical vocabulary, such as force, energy, plate, cell, photosynthesis, and ecosystems, used for making precise descriptions and explanations must also be learned. In addition, much time in science classes must be designated to helping students master the use of these tools (Anderson, 2001). When teachers begin to feel time constraints and pressure to complete units, they may resort to the lecture method rather than exploring science concepts through inquiries. Teachers report that inquiry teaching is too time consuming, causing a slower instructional pace which in turn results in concern over having an adequate amount of time for coverage of science content (Roehrig & Luft, 2004). However, Duschl and Grandy (2008) argued that if we want to promote student engagement in scientific inquiry, then we must immerse students and teachers in long- term problem-based, full-inquiry units with greater depth and less content that aligns more closely with scientists’ research projects.
to integrate HSS content into education and practice. A study in the UK of gamified simulation cases found statisti- cally significant decreases in unsafe medication errors when medical students followed care policies to manage medical emergencies. 29 The role-playing game, Dr. Fill, includes a
Surveys of student and public perceptions consistently indi- cate a lack of awareness/appreciation of science as a creative endeavour. This is a significant deterrent to students and is inconsistent with the nature of science as a dynamic, multidis- ciplinary undertaking where ideas and concepts are non-static entities that can, and should, change when contradicted by ex- perimental evidence. To reverse the trend of declining enrol- ments in science subjects requires recognition that education takes place within distinct, but overlapping, discourses of crea- tivity. Policies and practices that draw on any single discourse are counterproductive because they constrain creative output at all levels. If science education is to support creative output the dicourses of creativity must be integrated in ways that allow, and require, students to:
Intentional change includes learning from deliberate practices used to develop new strategies, shift world views, work with conflict, consider power and intergen- erational equity in decisions, and build consciousness and creativity that empower agents to act (Page et al. 2016). For example, the Three Horizons practice facilitates di- alogue on moving from what is known to new ways of thinking and acting (Fig. 2). This practice can be used to implement the TARA approach, whereby Horizon 1 rep- resents current modes of conservation, including norms, framings, and practices. Horizon 3 represents new ways of operating, and Horizon 2 represents the intermediate steps that facilitate emergence of new approaches. The Three Horizons practice involves working with groups of agents to shape transitions toward transformation and can be used in situations of high contestability and di- verse world views by empowering participants to plan for change together (Sharpe et al. 2016).
Reflecting on teaching practice and habit enables one to improve professional teaching methods suitable to the learners’ aspirations. Vast knowledge and experience in teaching helps to improve good reflective practice during and after lectures. Schon, (1983) highlighted that this practice elevate the critics of confidence in teaching. According to Wolcott, in a situation where established knowledge and teaching behaviour proves insufficient, the professional tutor is faced with the difficulty of unprepared task to deliver (Wolcott, 1995). Schon argued that professionals must use the knowledge that is implicit for their teaching actions in order to apply their techniques and specialized teaching theory. Reflective practitioners look inward and examine their understandings of their practice from foundation (Dewey, 1997, Kinsella, 2010).
Introduction Clinical data from randomised control trials (RCTs), providing evidence on efficacy, have been used to inform economic evaluations of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in atrial fibrillation (AF). In contrast, real world data offer the advantage of providing evidence on the effectiveness of NOACs in clinical practice. However, the absence of ran- domisation in a real world scenario does not allow for an unbiased comparison between the treatment and the comparator. The difference in observed health outcomes between the two groups may be due to patient case mix rather than treatment effect. The aim of this study is to explore, within the comparative effectiveness framework, different methods for estimating average treatment effect (ATE), and assess whether the findings reported in RCTs are generalizable to Scottish clinical practice. Methods Based on the review of propensity score methods and the nature of administrative data available, the matching by propensity score approach will be explored. With this method, the difference in ATE is given by the difference in outcomes between groups matched according to their propensity score. The matching will create a subsample of individuals on NOACs or Warfarin who share a similar propensity score value. The ATE for the subsample will be estimated for a cohort of patients 50 years and older, hospitalised with a known diagnosis of AF or atrial flutter. Event rates, for ischaemic stroke (IS), clinical relevant bleeding (CRB), intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) and myocardial infarction (MI), for the NOACs and Warfarin cohorts, will be compared the relative effectiveness taking into account potential confounders such as geographical differences in comorbidities and prescribing preferences will be assessed.
Venkatesh, IT for Change, spoke on the need for teacher educators to learn new methods and approaches to teaching, integrating ICTs. In Karnataka, such integration is already being covered in the inservice teacher education programmes and it is necessary to bring this into the preservice teachereducation education as well. One important way for the teachereducators to continue their learning about ICT integration as well as other methods of professional development, was to become members of a 'Community of Practice' (COP) and both contribute to the COP as well as take resources, ideas and other inputs from it, he suggested. The workshop would support participants to become members of the COP for teachereducators in Karnataka.
IDA is a clinically important complication associated in particular with chronic inflammatory conditions, infection and other disease states and leads to chronic fatigue, reduced quality of life (QOL), increased risk of complications and increased mortality. Treatment of iron deficiency falls into two main categories, oral and IV iron formulations . Clinical practice guidelines identify the benefits of IV iron preparations as a treatment option for patients with IDA who lack a response to, are non-compliant with, or are intolerant of oral iron treatment, as well as those who have severe iron deficiency and require rapid replenishment of available iron and Hb levels. IV iron has an important role in management of IDA perioperatively, particularly for emergency surgery, and there is now a robust clinical trial evidence base supporting the efficacy and safety of IV iron preparations in CKD, CHF, IBD, women’s health and cancer.
Recent publications related to legislation (MACRA) replacing the Medicare SGR create a “fork in the road” at which healthcare providers must choose a path that has an increased financial risk for quality. Providers will be rated on clinical outcomes, meaningful use of electronic health records, resource use (efficiency), and practice improvement. Payments will go to top scorers. Medicare payments will use yet to be defined models by 2018. A similar transition is planned for the private sector. Providers will not be rewarded for providing more care, but for prevention of complications and further expensive care. Medicaid block grants, city/county funded programs, charitable grants, and health systems with fixed funding need quality care with consistent outcomes. This creates a need for best practice taxonomies. SNLs should become a permanent part of these systems, as SNL evidence-based nomenclature is tried and true. International healthcare systems with fixed funding systems already incorporate SNLs.
deprivation, while one is situated within an area which is relatively prosperous. The schools have similar philosophies which indicate a strong responsibility to the pupils and the wider community. Three of the science departments appear to be of an adequate standard with good resources, although two of the schools have departments with new, modem laboratories which are of a high standard. During school visits, pupils from the schools appeared to be responsive and polite to visitors, while classroom observations suggest that the majority are hard working and willing to leam. The science teachers share a keen, professional attitude towards teaching, and enjoy interacting with pupils, in and outside of the classroom. They indicate a deep sense of satisfaction about their profession and are motivated to keep abreast of educational and scientific developments. These profiles attempt to provide a setting for the study by presenting a brief glimpse into professional environment of each of the science teachers, and by providing general details about the teachers themselves.