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Knowledge sharing practice in organization

Knowledge sharing practice in organization

The effectiveness of a knowledge sharing activities in organization has the potential of improving customer services, bringing new product to market and reducing cost of business operations. Recently, Information Technologies are often used in knowledge management in informing customers and employees of the latest innovation or development as well as sharing knowledge among the employees. In knowledge management, effective knowledge sharing is considered to be one of the most vital components of KM success. Knowledge sharing practice helps organization to improve performance and achieve their mission. However, many researchers and authors agree and disagree with each others about embedding knowledge sharing practice in workplace. Therefore, this paper discusses generally about knowledge sharing practices in organization to investigate whether knowledge sharing is practiced and embedded sufficiently in organization.
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Knowledge sharing practice in organization

Knowledge sharing practice in organization

The effectiveness of a knowledge sharing activities in organization has the potential of improving customer services, bringing new product to market and reducing cost of business operations. Recently, Information Technologies are often used in knowledge management in informing customers and employees of the latest innovation or development as well as sharing knowledge among the employees. In knowledge management, effective knowledge sharing is considered to be one of the most vital components of KM success. Knowledge sharing practice helps organization to improve performance and achieve their mission. However, many researchers and authors agree and disagree with each others about embedding knowledge sharing practice in workplace. Therefore, this paper discusses generally about knowledge sharing practices in organization to investigate whether knowledge sharing is practiced and embedded sufficiently in organization.
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Needle Sharing Practice among Injecting Drug User

Needle Sharing Practice among Injecting Drug User

Intravenous drug users are mostly using drugs with coverage suboptimal strength. To save money or due to financial inability they had shared needle with each other, those have fair educational background they knows that this is not a good practice but for addiction they are continuously doing this. They mostly influenced by their friends and family disharmony. So they need basic awareness and motivation to get rid from this problem. Government should take pragmatic steps to stop drug abuse and continuous survey and counseling throughout the year.
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How People Share Information about Food: Insights from Tweets Regarding two Italian Regions

How People Share Information about Food: Insights from Tweets Regarding two Italian Regions

Social media’s involvement in the evolution of food cultures accelerates the exposure and transmission of food practices to a wider audience, thus enabling the growth of food knowledge (Choi and Blevis, 2010; Choi and Blevis, 2011; O'Hara et al., 2012; Lee et al., 2014). Sharing information about food through Social Network Sites (SNSs) contributes to the evolution of food cultures, accelerating the exchange of information and knowledge regarding food, while at the same time expanding possibilities for hybridization. On the one hand, such virtual spaces provide a platform for sharing original versions of food practices, while on the other, the participation and interactivity of users allow hybridization of food practices (Hebdige, 1979; O'Hara et al., 2012; Barker, 2003; Foth et al., 2011) and facilitates greater awareness of them. The sharing of news and images about food is not just an information - sharing practice, but also a process that reflects the expression of self-identity in online and offline environments (McGaughey, 2010), alongside personality attributes.
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Knowledge sharing : a case study among parents of special children

Knowledge sharing : a case study among parents of special children

These people (parents, teachers, doctors) actually have a lot experience and ideas in mind. If the intellectual assets of each of the individual can be shared among each other, there is no doubt that the knowledge sharing practice will improve the development of these special children in many aspects.

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Knowledge and experience sharing practices among health professionals in hospitals under the Addis Ababa health bureau, Ethiopia

Knowledge and experience sharing practices among health professionals in hospitals under the Addis Ababa health bureau, Ethiopia

An institutional based cross sectional study was con- ducted to determine knowledge and experience sharing practice, and associated factors among health profes- sionals working at the five public hospitals under the AAHB from August12-25/2012. Addis Ababa is the cap- ital city of Ethiopia with a population of 2, 738, 248 [33]. The city has ten administrative sub cities and 99 Kebeles. There are 38 hospitals (ten public and 28 NGO and pri- vate) in the study area. Of these, AAHB owns only five. There are about 27 governmental owned health centers, 19 higher and 103 medium private clinics [34]. During the study period, there were about 1200 health professionals from different departments working in the five AAHB hospitals.
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Design and Psychometrics of Communities of Practice Questionnaire  in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

Design and Psychometrics of Communities of Practice Questionnaire in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

Learning occurs through the process of participation in social learning systems (SLSs) and CoPs are one of the constructive elements of SLSs. Because previous studies have shown that CoPs have individual, social, and organizational benefits, it is necessary to establish these communities in educational organizations, including UMS, which are centers of knowledge creation and sharing, learning, and scientific development. Studies of CoPs have been carried out in commercial, industrial and service organizations 20-22 yet there was not a standard tool that

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Use of RFID Antennas in the Control of Fleet Idleness in an Electric Power Distributor

Use of RFID Antennas in the Control of Fleet Idleness in an Electric Power Distributor

The main gains and expectations of the project were as follows:  Development of optimization policy for the use of vehicles;  Promotion of the practice of sharing vehicles between depa[r]

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Design and Social Innovation Research Network: Bridging the UK and Asia-Pacific Practices

Design and Social Innovation Research Network: Bridging the UK and Asia-Pacific Practices

The InSTEDD iLab team is building technological capacity to address health, safety and sustainable development issues in the Mekong Basin. Their approach is design-oriented and participatory to co-create tools with the community in order to foster a culture of innovation, specifically around localized health issues. It was established in 2008 to bring together the social and technical sectors of humanitarian and development aid. They engage in innovation and research promoting collaborative technologies to build local capacity while developing technological skills to ensure that systems created are relevant for the greatest number of people. This is of significant value in Cambodia, which has undergone incredible economic change since the fall of the Khmer Rouge regime in the early 1980s. Their projects have information sharing, education and learning at their core, and often involve working with diverse community skills and literacy levels. Increased use of mobile phone coverage across even the most rural areas of Southeast Asia has enabled greater possibilities with respect to inclusive education. They have also developed training programmes for young people in how to code for mobile phone development. This provides the critical skills necessary for designing and developing platforms that can achieve social aims.
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Hospital-supplier integration and hospital performance in Saudi Arabian context

Hospital-supplier integration and hospital performance in Saudi Arabian context

However, even among research studies pertaining to the healthcare sector, those specific to hospitals are few. This chapter began with the search for solutions to reduce healthcare costs in the face of annual increasing healthcare costs. Approximately half of healthcare costs are incurred in hospitals. Thus, any significant cost reduction should also occur in hospitals. Supply chain management was considered as an option. However, there is a case for narrowing down the scope to specific components of the supply chain. The cost of procuring supplies constitutes the major cost for hospitals. Therefore, it is evident that cost reduction should occur at this level. This is the point at which hospitals interact with suppliers and place orders for the required supplies. To reduce costs at this level, hospitals need to adopt supplier integration. This involves logistics integration, IT integration, information sharing, trust and the use of lean/agile/leagile/JIT strategies as discussed above. As very little research has been undertaken on these aspects in any sector, the need to conduct such research is more than apparent. Healthcare is a vital sector affecting human health and life. It is therefore imperative to undertake research in this area. This thesis by health products only refers to medicines and accessories and not to the equipment.
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The living consensus

The living consensus

Ethical Practice Discussion Ethical Practice Discussion Shared Group Management Shared Group Management Sharing Cultural Practices Sharing Cultural Practices Reflective Prac[r]

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Articles

Articles

The initial data audit was considered a useful process and the workshop through which the concept of what data might include was also considered valuable. However in the context of a broadly federate project with many contributors it was challenging to get engagement from all participants in a consistent way. The general culture appears to be for individual project contributors to operate autonomously and that placing central requirements for output sharing proved challenging.

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Sharing best practices through online communities of practice: a case study

Sharing best practices through online communities of practice: a case study

The Capacity Project established the Global Alliance for Pre-Service Education (GAPS) project to provide a forum for the discussion of issues related to teaching and acquir- ing competence in FP. GAPS functioned as an electronic community of practice (CoP) housed within the World Health Organization (WHO)/Implementing Best Practices (IBP) Knowledge Gateway. The moderators of GAPS were inspired by the success of the GANM. The GANM CoP, moderated by the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing and hosted by the IBP Knowledge Gateway, exemplified the potential of this medium. Lathlean et al. [4] commented that CoPs provide the opportunity to reach practitioners and educators who traditionally might not have profes- sional access to one another.
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‘Emigration is a matter of self-preservation. The working conditions . . . are killing us slowly’: qualitative insights into health professional emigration from Ireland

‘Emigration is a matter of self-preservation. The working conditions . . . are killing us slowly’: qualitative insights into health professional emigration from Ireland

According to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) figures, Ireland has 12.6 nurses per 1000 population in comparison to the EU28 average of 8 nurses per 1000 population [22]. However, as outlined above, these figures relate to the number of nurses/midwives on the active register e rather than the number in direct nursing/midwifery practice [23]. There are no national nursing/midwifery workforce databases that measure the overall numbers of nurses/midwives in practice and therefore no national data on nurse–patient ratios or on working patterns. The RN4CAST study of nurse staffing in 12 European countries estimated a patient-to-nurse ratio in Irish medical/surgical wards of 6.9:1 [24], which was the second lowest (i.e. most favourable) in the study [24]. However, the study also found that nurses in these wards in Ireland worked an average shift of 12 h, which is not the pattern in RN4CAST, where 50% of nurses worked shifts of 8 h or less [25]. The RN4CAST data only apply to general med- ical/surgical wards in acute adult hospitals and so are not representative of the entire nursing workforce. Ireland’s nursing/midwifery workforce has been impacted by austerity-related measures to reduce the public sector wage bill, namely the public sector recruitment embargo and incentivised early retirement schemes [16].
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Speech: Kirsty Willams: Reforming Education - the role of primary: 20 June 2017

Speech: Kirsty Willams: Reforming Education - the role of primary: 20 June 2017

The funding will be used to develop a Foundation Phase Excellence Network, which will support the sharing of effective practice and will work closely with the National Networks in Science and Technology and in Mathematics, which are already being developed. Working together, these networks will contribute towards the

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Analysis of processes of cooperation and knowledge sharing in a community of practice with a diversity of actors

Analysis of processes of cooperation and knowledge sharing in a community of practice with a diversity of actors

This paper presents our observations on the evolution of a community of practice (CoP) created to share knowledge within a research program in partnership, through the use of web 2.0 tools (website, blog, newsletter, RSS feed, etc.) developed with and for members of this network to promote the collaboration between them. The research aimed to identify the challenges and difficulties in knowledge-sharing. If communities of practice are more often described and considered as spontaneous phenomena, more recently, many firms and organizations have wanted to create Communities of practice (CoPs) altogether, from scratch, in order to foster learning and knowledge exchanges in various contexts. We thus decided to observe a network of collaborative research which was created with a view to develop research exchanges and partnerships, from the perspective of a community of practice. We will show that it is not as easy as the literature seems to indicate to create a CoP in a research partnership context. The fact that members come from different organizations, are not as strongly bound by the same objectives, and need time to build trust between them explains the difficulties in creating a CoP. Also, while many participants say they feel committed to the CoP, they do not participate as actively as could be expected, in information and knowledge sharing, given this commitment to the CoP. This time element and the distinction between commitment and active participation in the CoP do not appear to have been put forward in previous literature and this would be important to take into account in future endeavors to create active, engaged CoPs in various work environments. Some explications and solutions will be proposed.
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Regulating urban food sharing: policy, practice and food democracy goals

Regulating urban food sharing: policy, practice and food democracy goals

demand further interrogation. It is also the case that the drive to reduce food waste has highlighted the ten- sions between food safety and food waste management policies. While all initiatives were committed to produc- ing, cooking or redistributing food safely, they took is- sue with the characterisations of risk and responsibility that legislation articulated. In particular, the framing of their actions as ‘business’ and the requirement to iden- tify ‘responsible’ individuals to take the burden of liabil- ity in relation to food risk for the initiatives’ activities caused concern. In some cases these concerns are ideo- logical and based on the view that food should not be commodified (Vivero-Pol, 2017), in others it is a prag- matic response to the often limited capacities and capa- bilities within grassroots initiatives to take on the oner- ous task of accepting responsibility for food risk manage- ment. Certainly, the stringent regulations hamper wider participation in surplus food redistribution networks and raise concerns for community kitchens in areas, such as Dublin, without a strong framework to support citizen- driven food provision. Yet, innovative responses are pos- sible, as illustrated by food sharing initiatives in this study that use different forms of ICT alongside face-to-face in- teractions to facilitate rapid and traceable connections between large numbers of people and between organisa- tions. Adopting such socio-technical innovation reduces the time it takes to get edible food to those who need it and leaves digital traces that can respond to existing food safety demands for transparent information around the movements of food. More detailed research is still needed, however, to fully understand the nature of par- ticipation that ICT is supporting and to explore the extent to which these new ways of engaging serve to reorient control within the food system to facilitate both sustain- ability and the right to food.
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MANAGING AND SHARING DATA. a best practice guide for researchers. Second Edition

MANAGING AND SHARING DATA. a best practice guide for researchers. Second Edition

JISC considers it a priority to promote and support good data management and sharing for the benefit of UK Higher Education and Research. Through the Managing Research Data Programme, JISC is targeting a number of key areas: helping higher education institutions plan their data management practice; piloting the development of essential data management infrastructure; and promoting the acquisition of appropriate skills, among academics and research support staff in Universities. JISC also funds the Digital Curation Centre, which provides internationally recognised expertise in this area, as well as support and guidance for UK HE. JISC recognises the UK Data Archive as a key partner and stakeholder in these strategic objectives. Managing and Sharing Data: a best practice guide for researchers, is a timely and important publication, and one which JISC wholeheartedly endorses.
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In search of innovative capabilities of communities of practice : a systematic review and typology for future research

In search of innovative capabilities of communities of practice : a systematic review and typology for future research

We assembled the key words into suitable search strings for the systematic review. These were entered into the following databases: Business Source Complete, Emerald Management, Science Direct and SCOPUS, covering a full range of disciplines in the social sciences. The search was limited to peer-reviewed journals. There was a high degree of variation in the search results due to the different search options offered by each database. We decided, given the review’s focus, we would limit our search to articles with ‘CoP’ and ‘innovation’ in the title/abstract. For example, the root search string ‘Communit* of practice AND Innovat*’ yielded 3587 papers across a range of disciplines, including linguistics, computing and education, as well as management. Additional key words were added in order to refine the root search string using AND/OR Boolean search operators to produce a combination of search strings (see Table 1). We combined the search criteria with limiters, such as restricting the subject area, depending on the functionality of each database (these included searching the years from Lave and Wenger’s seminal work in 1991–2015).
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Video conferencing in the classroom: case studies of effective practice, case study two: High Ercall Community Primary School

Video conferencing in the classroom: case studies of effective practice, case study two: High Ercall Community Primary School

Recent school-school conferences have included the joint discussion of texts as part of the literacy curriculum, ICT activities such as skill-sharing and exploring new software and science projects involving the collaborative analysis and interpretation of data collected at different sites. These locally- organised activities are supplemented by sessions with remote experts in UK museums and galleries, mainly arranged via global-leap.com, who also provide bridging between internet (IP) and fixed line (ISDN) connections where necessary. Although the use of video conferencing for professional development activities is still in its infancy, there is regular teacher-teacher contact for the joint planning of video conferencing sessions.
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