A smartcard, chipcard, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits. There are two broad categories of ICCs. Memory cards contain only non- volatile memory storage components, and perhaps dedicated security logic. Microprocessor cards contain volatile
Users can easily carry smart cards wherever they go. When smart cards are not present confidential information like private keys of PKI technology had to be stored on hard disks of computers. This information is prone to problems like data thefts, loss or corruption of data during transmission, failure of hardware. Smart cards being tamper proof, eliminates most of these problems, by providing long-term secure storage. Smart cards improve portability. In absence of smart cards people have to make use of laptops by storing the access keys to networks on the hard disks. Smart cards eliminated this need of carrying laptops by storing access permissions with the help of which, the user can work from any node on the network. Smart cards can also store multiple certificates required to access different services. Smartcardchip can incorporate magnetic stripe technology and hence can support legacy applications. The card is tamper resistant and can be of no use to anyone other than the owner, even if it is lost and found by somebody, or stolen by somebody. Smart cards have long life period and a single smartcard can be used for more than ten years. The cost of smart cards is around $3.79 at present and the costs are coming down. A single smartcard can replace a number of cards meant for different applications. For example a customer's smartcard can have his photo ID, network access, and physical access permissions on the same card eliminating need for three different cards. Smartcard can store biometric information of the user, like retina, finger prints, ear lobes and thus can eliminate the use of PIN and still provide much higher security. Operating systems like MS windows 2000 and XP are smartcard ready. The smart cards have the capability to store and execute the Java code.
The charismathics plug’n’crypt is a driverless USB token embedding a smartcardchip, a flash memory component and a RFID tag into one unique robust housing. Perfectly integrated with CSSI, it’s a commodity for daily use in operations like digital signature, file and email encryption, VPN and PC logon even at pre-boot level, password management. Together with smart security interface, you have your digital credentials always with you and can run applications safely without leaving footprints behind.
Only identity verification solutions based on smartcard technology can provide identity assurance and authentication while increasing privacy and security. Smart cards also bring operational efficiencies to the healthcare system that reduce costs, reduce fraud, and increase patient satisfaction. As electronic health records (EHRs) and personal health records (PHRs) move to the mainstream, smart health ID cards can be used as a two-factor authentication mechanism into a provider or insurer web portal. Smart health ID cards protect patient privacy and security when accessing online records and support the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC), 7 which identifies consumer access to online electronic health records as warranting two-factor authentication.
It is also worth noting that: 1) user’s identity directly relates to user privacy and it is desirable to have it well protected from eavesdropping attackers (passive attackers), i.e. to provide user anonymity, which means the provision of identity protection and user un-traceability against an eavesdropping attacker; 2) although the security of a protocol should not rely on the secrecy of user’s identity, preserving user anonymity does help to safeguard protocol security in reality. Notion 1 is obvious, while notion 2 is seemingly quite paradoxical. When we evaluate the security of a protocol, we always assume an extremely powerful adversary with all the reasonable capabilities allowed to her (except for the ones or the combination of the ones that enable her to trivially break any of this type of protocols); but in speciﬁc scenarios, if user anonymity is preserved, an eavesdropping attacker is kept away from user’s identity and an active attacker still needs to make some eﬀorts (e.g., by shoulder-surﬁng or gaining temporary access to the smartcard) to learn user’s identity, because it can no longer be trivially learnt by wiretapping, while the eﬀorts to learn a user’s identity is often more costly (diﬃcult) than by wiretapping. From this point of view, it is appropriate to say that preserving user anonymity does safeguard (increase) protocol security. This explains the paradox.
For years now, there has been a lot of excitement about using digital cash for purchases of goods and services. In fact, studies in Briton indicate that two out of every three individuals would rather carry one card for every purchase as opposed to carrying cash (9). Additionally, there is tremendous interest in using digital cash for purchases via the World Wide Web instead of other common traditional payment methods such as checks, debit cards, and credit cards. This paper investigates the use of smart cards as a form of digital cash. Specifically, issues related to functionality, security, and competition are examined. The paper concludes with a look at the application potential of smart cards for e-commerce.
Prepaid card is defined as electronic payment card that could be used to purchase goods or services within the scope specified in the issuer's value , such as magnetic stripe and chipcard, It includes following forms: gift cards, fulika, business card, bus card, etc.Currently, with the increasingly fierce competition in the retail industry, in order to adapt to the development of information technology and the need of novation in small payment service market, the commercial prepaid card market is developing rapidly, has played a positive role in the decrease of cash use, convenient public pay and stimulating consumption.
mentando dei sistemi molto più semplici e meno onerosi per le risorse dei microcontrollori integra- ti nelle card. Un esempio particolarmente calzan- te è quello relativo alle specifiche EMV. La sigla EMV sta per Europay Mastercard Visa Integrated ChipCard Standard. Si tratta di specifiche nate in seno alle maggiori aziende che operano nel campo dei sistemi di pagamento elettronici (www.emvco.com). Attualmente la Europay è stata acquisita da Mastercard e nel gruppo è venuta a far parte la JCB International, leader nel mercato orientale che da sola nel 2003 movimentava qual- cosa come 52 miliardi di dollari. Considerando le problematiche di sicurezza e le semplificazioni implementative necessarie, all'interno di queste specifiche si ritrova un'interpretazione piuttosto limitante che taglia fondamentalmente buona parte dei meccanismi adottati per il ripristino della comunicazione nel protocollo T=1 secondo l'ISO7816-3. In pratica vige la regola secondo cui “se qualcosa va storto è meglio disattivare tutto e ripartire”. Ad esempio se la risposta da parte della card si fa attendere superando il BWT, se la card invia un S-BLOCK di cancellazione dell'operazio- ne, se il terminale invia tre blocchi successivi senza ricevere una risposta corretta non c'è sincro- nizzazione che tenga e la card viene disattivata costringendo l'ope- ratore ad estrarla e ricominciare l'ope- razione da capo. Anche per questo numero siamo giunti al termine del nostro spazio. Tenete bene a mente quanto detto per il protocollo T=1 perché nella prossima puntata termineremo il dis- corso sui protocolli più diffusi nel mondo delle smartcard descriven- do il T=0 e completando la panoramica con un paio di sistemi particolari di sicuro interesse (smartcard USB). Apprezzeremo le differenze con quanto visto in questo articolo, soprattutto in ter- mini di facilità di implementazione, ma porremo anche l'attenzione su alcune limitazioni che tali semplificazioni implicano. Inizieremo, quindi a parlare di comandi veri e propri sperimentandone il funzionamento sulle ACOS2. Non perdetevi il prossimo numero.
OpenID as a lightweight protocol for IdM is increasingly being adopted by the industry. We have shown that by introducing an additional entity, the local OP, to existing smartcard security, we can create a more secure OpenID im- plementation without requiring changes to the protocol. In addition, we have demonstrated that the use of the identiﬁer select in combination with the local OP creates a higher level of privacy. This concept can be seen as an IdM En- abler as described in , allowing OpenID to be used by MNOs to oﬀer new application services, which need elevated security and rely on trusted identity information. We have implemented the local OP and the OPSF and successfully demonstrated login to diﬀerent RP websites without any modiﬁcation to their OpenID implementation. As UICCs are in every mobile phone, they are a prime asset of MNOs which can provide the security for the Smart OpenID protocol.
In this microcontroller based secure access system used core is ATMEL’S 89C51 program executed by the card's microcontroller is written in EEPROM at the mask-producing stage and can be modified in any way. This guarantees that the code is strictly controlled by the manufacturer. For storing user-specific data, individual to each card, the first generation of non-volatile memories used EPROM’s which required an extra "high" voltage power supply (typically from 15 V to 25 V). This access system only contain EEPROM which requires a single 5 V power supply (frequently that of the microcontroller) and can be written and erased thousands of times (cycles). Finally, a communication port (serial via an asynchronous link) for exchanging data and control information between the card and the external world is available. A common bit rate is 9600 bit/s a first rule of security is to gather all these elements into a single chip. Contact less technology brings many benefits to secure ID systems when factors such as high throughput and usage, harsh environments, and reader maintenance and reliability are important. Because the contact less cardchip and the reader communicate using infrared waves, there is no need to physically make an electrical connection. Maintenance of reader is minimized while reliability is improved since there are no worn contacts to be replaced or openings to be unblocked. Cards also last longer because removing them from their regular carrying place is not necessary for use.
The above shown diagram is a working model. It shows how the RFID SCANNER reads the RFID TAG/CARD and the signal is given to the PC. The computer displays four modules which are shown in above diagram and a demo is shown, when we click in the Hospital button it will display another form which will be like the above given demo which will have all the necessary hospital details and all. The same way it will work for each and every module .
HP ProtectTools Security is a new technology offered by HP on some Business PCs. This technology offers enhanced security support for file/folder encryption, user identity and protection, Single Sign On, multi-factor authentication, smartcard, smartcard preboot, token and biometric support and works natively with the operating system to enhance security aware applications, such as secure e-mail. The enhanced security is achieved through both hardware and software. Windows-based management of the BIOS is also incorporated through a BIOS Configuration module. All software is centrally managed through an HP Security Manager interface, which can be accessed from the task tray, start menu, or control panel. A properly enabled security system requires a TPM-enabled BIOS, versions 1.54 or greater, obtainable through www.hp.com support, and security software available via purchase.
ABSTRACT: Now a days Ration card is very important for required and need homes. Generally ration card is used for family member details for gas connection and also ration card is act as an address proof etc. All the needed people who are having ration card can buy various material from the ration shop like (sugar, rice, oil, dals) in less rates that from other shops.But this ration card system faces two drawbacks:-first the shopkeeper who weighted the material can be inaccurate because of his mistake. Second is if the material is not buy at the end of the month they will send to others without permission of the government.To overcome this drawback we have proposed in this paper “Automatic Ration Card Using RFID and GSM”.RFID is (Radio Frequency Identification) and GSM (Global System for Mobile)technology instead of ration card.
Smart cards and group mail box certificates are issued by the Commerzbank Personen PKI. The responsibility for the enrollment process lies with GS-ITR 4.3. A detailed description of the enrollment process and its technical implementation can be retrieved from GS-ITR 4.3, if necessary.
Make cash withdrawals from your credit card at any BANKOMATIKO or ATM worldwide which display the following logos: Visa Plus, MasterCard Cirrus and American Express credit cards. In Addition, Kompa Leon cash withdrawals can be made at any BANKOMATIKO or ATM displaying the CashNet logo.
synthesized on Spartan-6, XC6SLX45 FPGA based on repetitive looping method with 128 bits key size and block size. Kumar A. et al  implemented the TACIT logic for network on chip (NoC) applications to provide secured communication. The design was based on VHDL programming, simulated for 512 and 1024-bit plain text and synthesized on Virtex-5 FPGA. Lee S. et al  discussed smart grid logical architecture centric for Home Area Network (HAN)-mainly handles customer’s personal information. They suggested security architecture to defend the HAN customer’ personal information and efficiently deliver services for users. Priya S. S et al  proposed an efficient cryptographic structural architecture for AES encryption algorithm to realize high throughput and less device utilization. The architecture was used for 128 bit block size and key size following ‘S’ box technique. The 128-bit encryption design was implemented on Spartan 3, Virtex-4 and Virtex-5 FPGA Devices. Ranganathan R. et al  integrated smart grid and cognitive radio IEEE 802.22 standard for communication infrastructure. They also addressed problem of smart grid security using FPGA- based fuzzy logic intrusion detection. Rao, M. R. et al  designed memory less AES encryption and decryption algorithm architecture. They suggested the concept of round key for encryption and decryption to provide minimum hardware and power consumptions. The design was filled in 1 clock cycle and 128 bit AES was completed in 10 clock cycles. S. Shapsough et al  discussed that cyber security in the smart grid network is serious concern. They suggested low power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPAN) to address the various entities in IP-based communication system and security protocols of smart
ARM (LPC 2148) is a family of instruction set architectures for computer processors based on a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architecture developed by British company ARM Holdings. A RISC-based computer design approach means ARM processors require significantly fewer transistors than typical processors in average computers. This approach reduces costs, heat and power use. These are desirable traits for light, portable, battery-powered devices including smart phones, laptops, tablet and notepad computers, and other embedded systems. A simpler design facilitates more efficient multi- core CPUs and higher core counts at lower cost, providing higher processing power and improved energy efficiency for servers and supercomputers
Abstract: The smartcard (SC) is icon of the current information epoch. Smartcard technology is created out there in the market to gain access for product & services, verifying identity, establishment & to facilitate trade. Smart cards are secure devices that enable positive user identification & that they are multi-functional, value effective devices which will be simply adapted for each physical & logical access. This paper discuss concerning basic nature of smartcard & therefore the attacks on smartcard system. For the longer term of smartcard to be bright, it's vital to look into many aspects & factors particularly those resulted due to the rapid advancement in info & communication technology