Smart Growth

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A suitable development trend in linear city based on smart growth a case study in Lanzhou urban area

A suitable development trend in linear city based on smart growth a case study in Lanzhou urban area

For chapter 2, a brief background covers the difference and similarity between the United States and China urbanization process. After that, to make a connection with smart growth strategy by reviewing its definition and application. Meanwhile, some case study reviews also contribute to the understanding of the methodology.

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Parking Spaces / Community Places. Finding the Balance through Smart Growth Solutions

Parking Spaces / Community Places. Finding the Balance through Smart Growth Solutions

Several EPA programs recognize the superior environmental performance of alternatives to driving alone and to conventional low-density, single-use development patterns. For example, EPA and the U.S. Department of Trans- portation sponsor the successful Best Workplaces for Commuters program (EPA, 2005a), which advocates employer-provided commuter benefits that encourage shifts from long-distance solo driving and parking. On a regional level, EPA offers areas that wish to recognize the emissions benefits of smart growth guidance for “Improving Air Quality Through Land Use Activities” (EPA, 2001b). EPA has also published “Protecting Water Resources with Smart Growth” (EPA, 2004), which includes 75 policies and programs that help meet water quality and other community goals. EPA and its partners in the Smart Growth Network (see box) also offer very successful resources on the policies and actions that create smart growth. “Getting to Smart Growth” (ICMA, 2002) and “Getting to Smart Growth II” (ICMA, 2003), published by the International City/County Management Association and the Smart Growth Network, detail 200 policies that communities have used to create new de- velopment to serve the needs of their residents and businesses, local gov- ernments, and the environment. For more information on these and other resources, and instructions on how to receive them, visit www.epa.gov/smartgrowth.
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Smart Growth Initiatives and Their Ability to Enhance the National Security of the U.S.

Smart Growth Initiatives and Their Ability to Enhance the National Security of the U.S.

In order for Smart Growth to be effective, communities must recognize the importance and value of modifying the way they grow. (35) Since the end of World War II, our country has grown accustomed to outward development. Further, outward growth has proven to be very profitable to private developers (especially in the short term). Attempting to convince such developers to engage in a new way of doing business will be difficult at best. However, once communities begin to absorb the long term costs of sprawling development along with the detrimental quality of life issues caused by such development, it will be apparent that seeking a new way of doing business will no longer be an option.
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Carolina Planning Vol. 29.1: Smart Growth and Rural America

Carolina Planning Vol. 29.1: Smart Growth and Rural America

While some rural communities have accommodated this growth through low-density development, other areas are employing smart growth techniques in an effort to preserve open space, ensure [r]

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Driving Urban Environments: Smart Growth Parking Best Practices

Driving Urban Environments: Smart Growth Parking Best Practices

As stated in the beginning part of this section, parking structures are costly to construct—in fact, in some cases smart growth projects are infeasible given the exorbitant costs of providing structured parking. Developers have typically financed parking structures through traditional construction financing and passed the costs of constructing parking onto tenants and buyers. However, to offset the high costs of constructing parking structures, developers are increasingly relying on the public sector to gain access to bond financing. At the same time, the public sector is also relying on bond financing to finance public parking structures. Given today’s budgetary constraints and limited bonding authority, there is therefore a large demand on what is increasingly becoming a scarce resource. Indeed, the public sector is finding it more and more difficult to finance parking structures through traditional general obligation bonds and, therefore, is seeking new ways to help finance parking structures. This section has provided an overview of traditional bond financing, such as general obligation bonds, and some of the more innovative bond financing mechanisms including special taxing districts and tax increment finance districts. In addition, this section has detailed other sources of revenue and incentives for the construction of parking structures. Through a combination of innovative bond financing, revenue sources, and incentives, parking structures that might otherwise be infeasible can be made viable and even preferable to surface parking lots. The final part of this section summarizes some of the actions both the public sector and developers can take to help make parking structures more cost-effective and viable.
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Smart Growth Evaluation System based on Fuzzy Theory and Neural Network

Smart Growth Evaluation System based on Fuzzy Theory and Neural Network

Abstract – This paper puts forward a method of smart growth based on fuzzy theory and neural network. First of all, we have collected a large number of references and expert advice to make a qualitative analysis of the factors that may affect the development of smart city, and get 21 evaluation indicators. Dynamic particle swarm algorithm and fuzzy theory are used to extract and optimize the possible indicators, finally we get twelve of the most sensitive evaluating indicators. The fuzzy transformation would be utilized to complete the quantitative analysis of each evaluating indicator by giving each indicator a corresponding weight. In the course of actual evaluation, we adjust the weight slightly by training BP neural network and output the final evaluation score.
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Urban sprawl management, smart growth : challenges from the implementation phase

Urban sprawl management, smart growth : challenges from the implementation phase

The smart growth opportunity areas concept map, as a matter of fact, represents a huge achievement in itself, as it is the blueprint for the actual implementation of regional and local strategies and allows the coordination of all efforts toward a shared spatial vision and orienting the allocation of public and private investments in a way which is consistent with the growth management goals. Achieving compactness requires a spatial vision to be followed, thus implying a consequent land-use and a supporting system of measures, such as regulations and incentives. Each of these needs to be performed in coordination across all the bodies involved in the planning and policy-making process, according to the specific government system in force. In the San Diego case, local authorities are responsible for the land-use; they therefore need to be not only aware but also be proactive in implementing densification strategies in their respective cities. In other words, the actual spatial framework for the implementation of an effective regional growth management strategy cannot skip the genuine commitment of local authorities, which are altogether responsible for the successful implementation of the regional plan. Thus, investigating the successful implementation of the regional plan implies a careful analysis of what happens at the local scale, and this is what will be provided through the empirical research presented in the following section.
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Analysis of Analytic Hierarchy Process to Build a Cities Evaluation System Based on Smart Growth

Analysis of Analytic Hierarchy Process to Build a Cities Evaluation System Based on Smart Growth

The theory has been used widely overseas now. However, there are few re- searches in our country. Domestic scholars pay more attention to the introduc- tion of the concept of Smart growth theory. Then, there are few studies on the evaluation system and specific indicators of Smart growth in cities. Long Jing (Long, 2013) built the evaluation index system of land utilization based on Smart growth; Han Gang (Han, & Yuan, & Wang, 2017) has put forward that Chinese cities should promote the planning and construction of cities with smarter ways in land growth, implement effective public transport planning and policies, and implement the development plans of neighborhoods and communities fully; Shen Jinzhen (Shen, 2017) mentioned that the idea of promoting smart growth will become an inevitable requirement and an important starting point to facili- tate the transformation of urban development in the smart city.
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Regulatory Barriers to Smart Growth: The Impact of Local Government Development Controls on Urban Form

Regulatory Barriers to Smart Growth: The Impact of Local Government Development Controls on Urban Form

In order to limit the scope of the study to a manageable level, only a project’s current zoning district regulations were evaluated. This ignores any rezoning procedures projects may have had to endure to receive development approval and more flexible development regulations in other districts in the jurisdiction that may not have been available to the developer for a variety of reasons. An alternate research method might have been to evaluate and compare only the regulations for the district in each jurisdiction that is most Smart Growth-friendly. This method might have enabled the evaluation and comparison of other metro area jurisdictions without TNDs as a control group, but also might ignore market forces that direct New Urbanism to certain desirable locations in the metro area.
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University Growth Plans: The Effects of Collaboration on Smart Growth Content:  A Case Study of The University of North Carolina and North Carolina State University

University Growth Plans: The Effects of Collaboration on Smart Growth Content: A Case Study of The University of North Carolina and North Carolina State University

This analysis uses the ten smart growth principles outlined by the Smart Growth Network to look at development plans for two universities in North Carolina’s “Triangle” region, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and North Carolina State University in Raleigh. The four growth plans that make up the analysis are the campus master plans for each University, as well as the development plans for each school’s satellite campus. There are many important differences among these plans. While the Master Plans for each university are predominantly infill projects, the two satellite campus plans are development plans for previously undeveloped (or mostly undeveloped) areas. These differences, as well as variations in political climates, and the timing of the plans’ formations all greatly affected the planning processes, and ultimately affected the plans’ final outcomes. These factors have helped to contribute to the success of the plan, making the plan more smart growth oriented, while in other instances, these factors have led to plans with less emphasis on smart growth. In addition to these, another important factor in the planning processes was the amount of stakeholder collaboration throughout the formation of the plans. It is my hypothesis that university planning is more likely to use a broader range of smart growth concepts for campus development when community and stakeholder collaboration is emphasized in the planning process.
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SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES FOR RAON AND AVENIDA

SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES FOR RAON AND AVENIDA

In other words, to achieve the Smart Growth strategies the local government need to look for an economic strategy in the improvement of fiscal condition. Fiscal strength can help communities for a better local economy; provide quality of life, and a good environment. Thus, the researcher endeavoured to examine the economic strategies of the City of Manila towards the smart growth strategies of Raon and Avenida to build an environment that embraces excellence – oriented urban development that promotes business activity and employment for Manilenos and brings improvement of their quality of life.
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The Construction of Smart Growth Assessment System

The Construction of Smart Growth Assessment System

With the progress of smart growth principle, an appropriate assessment system plays a more essential role for the development of cities. Sarah has designed an assessment of smart growth policies in Austin, Texas and has come up with some helpful suggestion. However, he focused on America and did not compare the cities from different continents.[2] Jason has proved the advancement of a mathematical model of sustainable development.[3] And James has introducing sustainable development with a mathematical model, but we think it is also important to research depend on the data from the real world.[4]
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Urban Smart Growth Mathematical Model and Application

Urban Smart Growth Mathematical Model and Application

As a new idea of urban development, smart growth concept has gradually matured and made great progress in many countries. The smart growth concept emphasizes the comprehensive and coordinated development of the social economy and the resources and environment, and promotes the compact, centralized and efficient development of the city through the replacement of urban land use function, the delimit of the urban control boundary, the protection of the ecological environment and the old city transformation [4]. With the rapid development of urbanization and urban economy, cities are experiencing a historical process of rapid
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Promoting public health through Smart Growth

Promoting public health through Smart Growth

reducing time spent being sedentary in cars. To date, a number of scientific studies have been conducted that investigate relation- ships between urban form, transportation, and obesity, physical activity, and associated diseases. This research has consistently found that sprawled land use patterns are correlated with increased time spent in cars, and a higher likelihood of sedentary, over- weight and obese residents (Lopez 2004). Numerous studies indicate that urban form affects the total amount of active transport that occurs in an area. One study found that people who live in walkable neighbourhoods report about 30 minutes more walking for transportation each week compared to those who live in less-walkable sprawling neighbourhoods (Saelens 2003b). Where utilitarian destinations (stores, schools, parks, etc.) are located within convenient walking distance, nonmotorized travel has been found to substitute for a portion of auto trips (Sallis et al 2004; Saelens et al 2003b; Handy et al 2001; Frank and Engelke 2001; TRB/IOM 2004). Research also suggests that residents of smart growth communities achieve more of their recommended minimum requirement for physical activity through daily walking and cycling.
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Smart Growth Alternatives to Minimum Parking Requirements

Smart Growth Alternatives to Minimum Parking Requirements

Abstract. Many fights over new and changed development center on traffic and parking. Low-density, single-use development causes degradation of the built and natural environments. Its consequences include increased emissions, runoff, and loss of habitat. Many communities have responded by encouraging new development in mixed-use, compact ways that provide housing and travel choices, a style commonly known as smart growth. Because of their characteristics, smart growth developments can typically be served with less parking. However, many municipalities rely on inflexible minimum ratios, which do not recognize the wide variety of urban development types. Proven techniques can increase availability without increasing supply by changing parking management and pricing strategies, and improving alternatives to parking. The minimum standards can be made more context-specific, and include on-street and other shared parking as part of the required supply. Minimum requirements can be replaced by maximums and transferable entitlements. Car-sharing and improvements to pedestrian, bike and transit service can decrease the demand for parking at developments. Unbundling pricing from other costs, and balancing costs to reflect costs of service can produce more economically efficient use of all modes. Separately and in combination, these methods reduce the amount of parking required and thereby support better development and improved environmental outcomes. In 1999, EPA developed a report “Parking Alternatives” that documented work to that date; an update will be released in June 2003 as “Parking Spaces / Community Places: Finding the Balance through Smart Growth Solutions”. This paper provides highlights from the forthcoming update.
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Mixed land uses are a signature feature of smart growth. Transportation

Mixed land uses are a signature feature of smart growth. Transportation

Which land-use sirategy yields greater reductions in vehicular travel: improving the proximity of jobs to housing or bringing retail and consumer services closer ro residential areas? We[r]

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Syncade TM. Smart Operation Management Smart Data. Smart Decisions.

Syncade TM. Smart Operation Management Smart Data. Smart Decisions.

to collect and review all relavent data DeltaV Process Operations for real-time, personalized interactions Mobile Access for real-time, wireless interactions Syncade Suite for order, res[r]

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Smart Configuration Of Smart Environments

Smart Configuration Of Smart Environments

Our task "Brilliant Configuration of Smart Environments" is principally planned to control the electrical home machines utilizing Google android cell phone. This undertaking has a Bluetooth module, a 4-hand-off board to associate the home electrical apparatuses which are interfaced to the small scale controller. The Micro Controller is modified such that relying upon the got information from the Google android cell phone the gadgets are worked that is will be exchanged ON/OFF consequently in view of the information got by the Bluetooth module.
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Smart Authentication for Smart Phones

Smart Authentication for Smart Phones

Mobile devices are becoming essential tools in modern life, which seamlessly connect human beings to each other and outer world. A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone, and a hand phone) may be a device that may build and receive phone calls over a link whereas on the road a large geographical area It will therefore by connecting to a cellular network provided by a itinerant operator, permitting access to the general public phone network, additionally to telephone, fashionable mobile phones additionally support a large form of different services like text electronic communication, MMS, email, net access, short-range wireless communications(infrared, Bluetooth), business applications, vice and photography. A Smartphone, or smart phone, is a mobile phone with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than basic feature phones. Early Smartphones typically combined the features of a mobile phone with those of other popular consumer device, such as a personal digital assistant (PDA), a media player a camera, and/or a GPS navigation unit. Trendy Smartphones embrace all of these options and the options of a touchscreen laptop, together with internet browsing, Wi-Fi, and 3rd-party apps and accessories. [4]In the third quarter of 2012, one billion smartphones were in use worldwide. International smartphone sales surpassed the sales figures for options phones in early 2013. As of 2013, sixty five % U.S. mobile shoppers own Smartphones. Consumers own
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Silkworm Growth Monitoring Smart Sericulture System based on Internet of Things (IOT) and Image Processing

Silkworm Growth Monitoring Smart Sericulture System based on Internet of Things (IOT) and Image Processing

One of the recent trends in technology is Internet of Things (IoT), which made diversity of every object toward detection, activation and transmission via web through perceiving itself by means of an exclusive addressing format; in addition, the objects are connected remotely to make an elegant usage. More than M2M correspondence, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID), 2G/3G/4G, and Bluetooth, the performance of IoT is considerably better. Internet of Things is an organization of set of network connections and network systems by means of remarkable features that holds applications in different spaces. In day to day life, every field like urban communities, ventures, agribusiness, transportation, vitality, training, etc are merged with IoT through its own smart knowledge.
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