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Product Development Of Smart Soap Making Machine For Home Appliances

Product Development Of Smart Soap Making Machine For Home Appliances

Sukacita dimaklumkan bahawa Laporan PSM yang tersebut di atas bertajuk “PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT OF SMART SOAP MAKING MACHINE FOR HOME APPLIANCES” mohon dikelaskan sebagai *SULIT / TERHAD untuk tempoh LIMA (5) tahun dari tarikh surat ini.

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IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF LIQUID WASTE FROM SOAP MAKING INDUSTRY ON YINGI RIVER JOS NIGERIA

IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF LIQUID WASTE FROM SOAP MAKING INDUSTRY ON YINGI RIVER JOS NIGERIA

The impact of pollution on the environment requires activities to forestall adverse effects, by the use of various approaches including approaches to predict the effects of pollutants on the environment, determine measures to mitigate the adverse effects and promote the beneficial activities. This research conducted water quality analysis on river Yingi, in Jos, the capital of Plateau State in Nigeria by the assessment of the stream water quality after the effluent from soap industry is disposed into the water body to determine level of pollution in water. Physical, chemical and bacteriological parameters were analyzed, results show that the value of the Biochemical Oxygen Demand of 325mg/l for the polluted water samples at the point of discharge of effluent into the surface water indicates high organic loading into the water body. The average Total Suspended Solids value of 156.44mg/l was reduced to 75.33mg/l at second sampling point, while Total Dissolved Solids value of 679.2mg/l was reduced to 230.25 mg/l by the self purification of the water body; however, there is still need for further treatment to meet standards for various uses. Sodium Absorption ratio of 15.80 shows that the surface water does not meet requirement for use in irrigation purposes. Waste stabilization ponds were designed to reduce the strength of the effluent to a maximum of 25mg/l of Biochemical Oxygen Demand before disposal into the surface water.
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Investigation of Ca/Mg/Zn Metals Mixing Ratio for Production of Soap with High Alkali Content - Volume 10 Number 5 (Oct. 2019) - IJCEA

Investigation of Ca/Mg/Zn Metals Mixing Ratio for Production of Soap with High Alkali Content - Volume 10 Number 5 (Oct. 2019) - IJCEA

. As a result, more of the reactants decomposed at temperatures > 300 o C take place with little or no hydroxide in them. Such a phenomenon will certainly produce many fractions of olefins rather than paraffins. After knowing the triggers for the formation of olefin fractions, two important things related to soap need to be studied further, namely first, determine the level of hydroxide by calculating the alkaline content. Alkaline content is the number of alkaline bases that combine as soap along with fatty acids [11]. Alkaline content analysis is intended to quantitatively determine the basic level of soap and be the initial guide to the liquid biohydrocarbons produced. If soap is produced based on oleic acid, then the maximum value of alkaline content of basic soap reaches 50% by weight. When the soap produced has a maximum alkaline content, the soap is very good to be used as a decarboxylation reactant to produce liquid biohydrocarbons with a dominant paraffin fraction. Second, mixing other metals (other than Mg) for soap making, so that
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Can soap be a sustainable alternative to petroleum based thermal insulation?

Can soap be a sustainable alternative to petroleum based thermal insulation?

Experimental results have revealed that soap can be used as an insulation material since it has promising advantages in terms of cost and end life disposal. It has proved to be a thermal insulate even though it is relatively poorer than its petroleum counterparts in terms of thermal resistance. However, ongoing improvements to both the insulation body and casing look promising. Next stage testing will see an addition of naturally waterproof, pure liquid keratin dispersed within the soap mixture. This will change the composition of the soap, making the soap body moisture resistant. This will be essential to the insulation if the protective casing is to be made from lightweight, breathable hemp or cork. The soap casing should be fire resisting in as far as reasonably practicable. A flame retardant solution can be manufactured without the need for expensive or toxic chemicals. Ammonium phosphate (NH 4 ) 3 PO
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Designation of soap molder machine and procedure for
transparent soap

Designation of soap molder machine and procedure for transparent soap

Transparent soap is actually the combination of actual soap and solvent. The solvent is added into the soap solution to produce the transparent characteristics. Transparent soap is created by the semi boiled process where the complete mixing and the hardening period only take a few hours. Initially the soap is made using a hot process method where lye (sodium hydroxide), water and oils are mixed together. However, the combination of fatty acids and alkali will produce a soap that is opaque as the fatty acid crystal do not allow light to pass them as a result of light reflection by the crystal. In the production of transparent soap, a solvent consists of one or more substances which act as retarders will be added to reduce the formation of crystals [3]. Mabrouk [4] recorded a few substances that can be used to reduce the formation of crystal in the transparent soap making process namely castor oil, sugar, glycerine and ethanol. Richardson [5] enlarge the list to include cane sugar or sorbitol, glycerol, ethyl-methyl alcohols, and alkali-metal salts of rosin. The solvent was added to dissolve the soap until the crystal formed are so small that the light can freely pass the soap, which renders the soap to be transparent. The solvent used may vary depends on the available material and price.
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From Waste to Employment Opportunities and Wealth Creation: A Case Study of Utilization of Livestock By Products in Hargeisa, Somaliland

From Waste to Employment Opportunities and Wealth Creation: A Case Study of Utilization of Livestock By Products in Hargeisa, Somaliland

An initial forty (40) beneficiaries of various trade skills and academic levels were selected through SOMDA de- velopment with competency based training (CBT) skills. One of the primary advantages of CBT was that it fo- cused on the success of each participant. The compe- tency-based approach was useful in training each trainee to attain a small number of specific and job-related com- petencies. These included CBT on soap making, bone hand crafts and Mugmad hygienic processing and pack- aging for 40 targeted beneficiaries at the start of the pro- gramme. An additional 80 participants were later re- cruited and given the same training by the end of the programme in July, 2012. The beneficiaries were ex- pected to be absorbed into private enterprises that devel- oped the livestock by-products on a commercial basis though on a small scale. The first 40 beneficiaries were trained in basic skills of bone marrow harvesting from the bones in addition to normal fats from the carcass.
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The antimicrobial activities of the oil (Table 6) are retained in the soap produced. The diameter zone of inhibition was dose dependent measured relative to that of the commercial soap (dettol) used as control. Highest inhibition zone of 61.8% ± 2.3 were observed for bacterial and 71.4% ± 2.3 against fungi. The result implies the produce soap is effective against both bacterial and fungi. The result adds credence to the application of P. africana seed oil and other bioactive seed oil in antiseptic soap making. The presence of natural antimicrobial agents in the seed oil makes it more applicable for management of skin infections without the need for synthetic ones. The comparable antimicrobial activities of the oil and soap of seed oil from P. africana can be attributed to synergistic action of different natural antimicrobial component which makes natural soaps better suited in fighting antimicrobial infections compare to commercial soaps whose active antimicrobial agents such as synthetic triclosan are known to induce antimicrobial resistance beside causing other biological defects like endocrine disruption [30, 31]. The antimicrobial activities of P. africana is comparable to that of dettol soap whose antiseptic agents include a broad spectrum synthetic antibiotic, chloroxylenol. Chloroxylenol is not eco-friendly as it is known to be toxic to fresh water invertebrates and fish and induce irritation and allergic reaction in human [26]. Natural antiseptic soap from the seed oil of P. africana with the inclusion of antibiotic agents of plant origin can compete favourably and replace the commercial synthetic options.
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Antiseptic White Honey Liquid Soap Formulation and its Effectiveness against Nosocomial Infections

Antiseptic White Honey Liquid Soap Formulation and its Effectiveness against Nosocomial Infections

In previous studies, white honey had better antibacterial activity against MRSA and PaMR when compared to amber honey [10]. This study reports antiseptic white honey liquid soap formulation and its effectiveness against nosocomial infections. Based on the shape of the soap is divided into two types, namely solid form soap, and liquid form. This study chose liquid bath soap. After all, it has advantages when compared with other forms of soap, because it is easy to use, carry and store, is not easily damaged and dirty, and has exclusive packaging [11-12].
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An experimental investigation of the effective parameters on wet washing of biodiesel purification

An experimental investigation of the effective parameters on wet washing of biodiesel purification

fatty acid mono-alkyl esters and glycerol (Dermibas, 2007). One of the advantages of biodiesel is that the feedstocks used to produce it are natural and renewable. All these types of oils come from vegetables or animal fat, making it biodegradable and nontoxic (Marchetti, Miguel, & Errazu, 2007). In the biodiesel production process, different types of catalysts, such as alkali catalysts, acidic catalysts and enzymatic catalysts, are used (Burton, Fan, & Austic, 2010; Mumtaz et al., 2012; Parida, Sahu, & Misra, 2012; Satyanarayana & Muraleedharan, 2010). However, the alkali catalysts are used mainly in industry, because they improve the transesterification rate especially under moderate reaction conditions (Freedman, Pryde, & Mounts, 1984). Considering these processes, most biodiesel production processes are not able to produce biodiesel according to related standards (EN14214, ASTM D6751). The purity level of the biodiesel has a strong effect on fuel properties and on engine life. Therefore, a purification step is necessary. Generally, there are two accepted methods for the purification of biodiesel: wet washing and dry washing. Dry washing methods for removing impurities involve the use of adsorbent compounds such as magnesium silicate, ion exchange resin and silica gel (Berrios & Skelton, 2008; Kucek, César-Oliveira, Wilhelm, & Ramos, 2007). Wet washing of crude biodiesel with water is used more widely to remove contaminants and chemical residues caused by the transesterification reaction. In this method, a certain percentage of water is added to crude biodiesel and when the water passes through the crude biodiesel it dissolves the impurities. In the next step, contaminated water is removed. This cycle is repeated till the washing water is totally clarified.
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Web Service Foundations: WSDL and SOAP

Web Service Foundations: WSDL and SOAP

Types Used to define custom message types Messages Abstraction of request and response messages that my client and service need to communicate.. PortTypes Contains a set of operations.[r]

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OReilly   Programming Web Services with Soap pdf

OReilly Programming Web Services with Soap pdf

Over the last few decades, we've seen companies go to war to establish their operating systems, component models, programming languages, browsers, and so on. One refreshing aspect of the web services world is that most of these battles become irrelevant. Consider the SOAP services and clients we've discussed in this book. When we deploy a SOAP service, we define the methods we want to expose across the network. In the past, we'd have defined those methods with CORBA IDL or something similar, generated language bindings for various programming languages and platforms, then hoped we could get enough of the marketplace to use our service. If your platform or your development tools weren't compatible with your infrastructure (maybe they didn't support the correct level of CORBA, for example), you would probably be out of luck.
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Building Messaging Substrates for Web and Grid Applications

Building Messaging Substrates for Web and Grid Applications

The WSProxy is essentially a wrapper over an existing application or a data processing code. The WSProxy can be deployed in any standard web-service container such as Apache AXIS. The WSProxy a) exports life-cycle operations as web-service operations so that the deployed service may be controlled by standard means (such as by sending simple SOAP requests), b) maintains state of the application and allows it to recover from faults in the event of failure, and c) notifies the controlling application (WSProxyClient or workflow engine) of errors and other notifications that the wrapped service may produce. A StreamProxy (see Figure 3) is a wrapper over data streams. The WSProxy may utilize a StreamProxy to help negotiate ideal transport characteristics whenever possible (based on the discussion outlined in section 3.6).
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Knowledge based Replica Management in Data Grid Computation

Knowledge based Replica Management in Data Grid Computation

Replica Manager. Its purpose is to manage all replica management related functions. For the implementation of replica manager we purposes SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) based system that replicate the required information gained from knowledgebase. SOAP is a lightweight protocol for exchange of information in a decentralized, distributed environment. It is an XML based protocol that consists of three parts: an envelop that defines a framework for describing what is in a message and how to process it, a set of encoding rules for expressing instances of application-defined data types, and a convention for representing Remote Procedure Calls and responses.
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Fighting the SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic with soap

Fighting the SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic with soap

within, the soap micelle, or by iii) elution or the viral particles by adsorption of soap monomers 342. on the viral surface, charging and stabilizing them, all of which are then remove[r]

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Surface tension of flowing soap films

Surface tension of flowing soap films

The surface tension of flowing soap films is measured with respect to the film thickness and the concentration of soap solution. We perform this measurement by measuring the curvature of the nylon wires that bound the soap film channel and use the measured curvature to parametrize the relation between the surface tension and the tension of the wire. We find the surface tension of our soap films increases when the film is relatively thin or made of soap solution of low concentration, otherwise it approaches an asymptotic value 30 mN/m. A simple adsorption model with only two parameters describes our observations reasonably well. With our measurements, we are also able to estimate Gibbs elasticity for our soap film.
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Optimized Communication using the SOAP Infoset For Mobile Multimedia Collaboration Applications

Optimized Communication using the SOAP Infoset For Mobile Multimedia Collaboration Applications

A dynamic resource discovery and a dynamic generation of Web Service client interface which would be generated by WSDL (Web Services description language) is out of scope of this paper. We assume that mobile clients have enough knowledge of Web Services to generate proper SOAP message. Currently, we use an adhoc scheme to store Context information. We intend to use the OASIS WS-Context or whatever the community adopts for such dynamic meta-data. Since a negotiation stage and a binary message reading/writing add certain overhead, we need a close investigation on the threshold of the architecture. This benchmark will lead us to the domain that we can get advantages of using Flexible Representation. Additionally, we need to investigate how much overhead introduced by adding QoS features with the same reason.
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Solid-state13C-NMR analysis of size components in handsheets prepared by fatty acid soap size-alum systems

Solid-state13C-NMR analysis of size components in handsheets prepared by fatty acid soap size-alum systems

Both commercial rosin soap sizes and fatty acid soap sizes used in this study have the structures of carboxylic acid potassium salts, and both had similar relations [r]

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An Experimental Investigation of Pristine Barite Adsorption on Sodium Oleate and Sodium Palmitate

An Experimental Investigation of Pristine Barite Adsorption on Sodium Oleate and Sodium Palmitate

Each of 50 g lauric acid and 50g of Oleic acid was each added to 50 mL of 30% sodium hydroxide solution contained in different 500 cm 3 Erlenmeyer flask, respectively. 30 mL of ethanol was added to each flask. The mixture was heated for 50 minutes at 100°C in a water bath with continuous stirring until it formed a creamy pasty soap. 50 cm 3 of hot saturated sodium chloride solution was slowly added to the pasty soap with vigorous stirring for 1 hr at 40°C to ensure uniform distribution. The mixture was allowed to cool for 24 hrs. The soap cake formed on the surface of the lye was removed and air dried before storing in labelled plastic containers [22]. 2.4. Determination of Adsorption Parameters
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A STUDY ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS FMCG GOODS AN EMPIRICAL STUDY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SPSR NELLORE DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH.

A STUDY ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS FMCG GOODS AN EMPIRICAL STUDY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SPSR NELLORE DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH.

Shanmugapriya .G and Sethuraman .R, (2014) “Consumers‟ Satisfaction towards Hamam Soap in Thanjavur Town”, the marketing scenario in India has undergone vast change since 1991 due to the economic reforms. Post-liberalization, competition intensified in every product line and market, which forced brands to redefine their norms of existence in all industries. In the FMCG industry, especially in toilet soap sector there has been severe competition among the MNCs, national and local players. Brand loyalty is determined by several distinct psychological processes of the consumers and entails multivariate measurements.
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Bridging Bonobo Components

Bridging Bonobo Components

Some experts believe that SOAP has a promising future because it allows to build distributed applications based on open Internet standards. They also believe that SOAP will succeed where other distributed technologies like CORBA and DCOM have failed. The problem with CORBA is that even though ORBs from different vendors do interoperate due to the IIOP protocol, this interoperability does not apply for higher level services such as security and transaction man- agement. Moreover, CORBA uses the Common Data Representation (CDR) for encoding its messages which is not as widely used as XML. Finally, major com- puter companies are backing SOAP and are trying to ensure the interoperability between their implementations. 9
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