A meta-analysis was conducted by Coyle and Vaughn (2008) in order to ascertain how college students in Texas in the United States used socialnetworking websites. Their findings indicated that 41% used socialnetworking websites for keeping in touch with friends, 17% found it fun and entertaining, and 12% used them to look for and post photos. Of the 35,000 subjects, no respondents indicated educational uses of socialnetworkingsites. (Dwyer, 2007) carried out a study on “Digital Relationships in Myspace Generation.” The research aimed to find out how people used socialnetworkingsites. The researcher found out that students at Hawaii International in the United States used socialnetworking websites to maintain strong, existing relationships and develop new ones. Members described an increase in their social productivity and reported the use of socialnetworking websites to re-establish connections with lost friends and to view friends through their profiles. In a study investigating the relationship between individual religiosity and the Internet, socialnetworking use at Bringham Young University in Provo, Utah, Nyland and Near (2007) performed an exploratory factor analysis on how people used socialnetworkingsites and found five individual uses of socialnetworkingsites: These were: meeting new people, entertainment, maintaining relationships, learning about social events, and sharing media. In the study, no relationship was found between religiosity and overall socialnetworking use. However, those individuals who were religious were more likely to use socialnetworkingsites to maintain existing relationships.
Dr. Pooja Deshmukh, Prof. Sayali Deshmukh, Prof. Chandrashekhar Tathe had studied AN IMPACT OF SOCIALNETWORKINGSITES ON YOUNGSTERS in December 2014. Their objectives were To understand the awareness level of usage of different socialnetworkingsites, To study the type of social issues discussed over socialnetworkingsites, To find out the relevance of information received from socialnetworkingsites, To know the impact of socialnetworkingsites on youngsters. For the study purpose they use questioner. Their conclusion was SocialNetworkingsites are very popular among the youths with the majority of them stating that They are active members of social networks.
Socialnetworkingsites (SNS) are influencing the day to day life of the people in many ways. It has its own advantages and disadvantages in the life of its users. But it has become indispensable in today’s high tech life style of people. Students/youths are easily affected by socialnetworkingsites. The study has incorporated empirical research approach. Samples for the study are selected by using random sampling method. Both Primary data and Secondary data were used for the study. The present study aims to identify the usage pattern of socialnetworkingsites by students, to evaluate the attitude of students towards socialnetworkingsites and also to analyse the positive and negative effects of socialnetworkingsites on student’s life. It was found that there is difference in the mean level of attitude towards SNS between male and female students with respect to opinions regarding sharing experiences and contributing to present knowledge, improving communication skills, and SNS as a means to pass time. Students agreed with the statements that SNS are not safe and it affects the mental health and it promotes cyber bullying. There is also a difference in the mean level of attitude between male and female students on the opinions regarding the necessity of SNS in today’s life and cyber bullying encouragement. There is significant difference between the course of study of students and their attitude towards SNS. It is observed that there is significant difference in the mean rank of positive and negative effect factors of SNS.
According to Boyd and Ellison (2007) social network sites are “public web based services that allow users to develop a personal profile, identify other users (“friends”) with whom they have a connection, read and react to postings made by other users on the site, and send and receive messages either privately or publicly. Individuals may choose to send private messages, write on other users‟ walls, organize social activities, and keep informed about other users‟ daily activities. However, users can limit themselves on what information they would like to share publicly with others. Some items they may choose to include are: pictures, favorite books and movies, birthday, relationship status, and location (Tufekci, 2008).
Based on social solidarity theory, solidarity is described by the purpose of promoting group goals in his own right, provided the actor perceives positive attitude such as trust, be harmony and openness from others towards him. Based from table 5, data analysis shows that intimacy can be realistic when SNS users practise openness (M=2.90), when SNS can create harmony (M=2.83), when harmony exist with multiethnic friends (M=2.82), multiethnic friends have good background (M=2.82) and multiethnic friends become close friends (M=2.80). At the intimacy stage, people establish a relationship in which they become closest friend, lover or companion. Communication becomes more personalized and easier (Gudykunst and Nishida, 1984). Furthermore, a research done by Nazan et al., (2011) found that by being openness, people easily come together to reestablish connection with the people they had forgotten and to get in touch with the people they knew. The lowest mean is to have close relationship with multiethnic friends in SNS (M=2.67). The original 8 items were reduced into 6 items due to the redundancy of some questions.
The study is to analysis the socialnetworkingsites and its impact on personal and social life. In this report, data gathered from questionnaires, interviews, literature reviews and analysts’ reports are used to compare and discuss the contribution of socialnetworkingsites. Data analysis method is analyzing the questionnaire data of socialnetworkingsites. This report is divided into 6 chapters. Chapter one introduces the topic. It briefly describes the subject of our thesis and finally summaries the contents of each chapter. It gives a general description of socialnetworkingsites Face book, LinkedIn, MySpace, Twitter and orkut etc. also include the objectives. Chapter two review previous works in the field of socialnetworkingsites Chapter third describes the problem formulation of the study. In this chapter describe the need of the study of socialnetworkingsites. Chapter forth describes the research methodology. In the research methodology both primary and secondary data have been used. For the primary data, a structured questionnaire consisting of close- ended questions to extract the view points of the respondents has been used. For the secondary data, the data have been extracted from different magazines, journals, newspapers and websites. Chapter fifth discusses data interpretation. In this chapter responses are collected through survey method and then analysis it. Our work is concluded in chapter sixth with a suggestion for further work.
Our questionnaire was consisting four parts. In the first part we emphasized the aim of the research and also give details about the research. In the second part we asked participants to define if they have a Facebook account or not. If the participant has no Facebook account, they did not fill the questionnaire. If the respondent has a Facebook account, they are asked if they liked a Facebook brand page or not. The participants who said that they didn’t ever like a Facebook brand page also did not answer the questionnaire. Then we asked the respondents to define 3 Facebook brand pages they have liked and choose one of them (most followed and engaged). In the third part respondents are required to answer scale items related to the constructs considering the Facebook page they have chosen. In the fourth part we asked questions related to their demographic profile and social media usage. The questionnaire contained a total of 53 questions and it took 5-7 minutes to answer.
New Zealand Census data currently require individuals to state their iwi affiliations, including identifying primary iwi that, again, categorising and shaping Māori identity (Smith, 1995). Kukutai‟s (2004) study investigates issues around defining ethnic groups for political reasons and related to policy making over what is essentially a debate over who gets access to resources such as social services, education initiatives, fishing quota, access to returned lands and waterways and in some instances, cash. She further explains that ethnic definitions are not isolated to Aotearoa New Zealand but apply to other Indigenous peoples across the world (First Nations people in Canada, Hawaiian people of Hawai‟i and Native American tribes in the Americas) having far-reaching implications on Indigenous rights and guardianship over land and waterways. Categorising Māori into boxes becomes problematic for many Māori who have multiple identities (who might be of other ethnicities or who affiliate to many iwi and not just the two iwi that census data allows) that can affect how they choose to express their identity/identities.
SocialNetworkingSites (SNS) have become an integral part of communication and life style of people in today‟s world. Because of the wide range of services offered by SNSs mostly for free of cost, these sites are attracting the attention of all possible Internet users. Most importantly, users from all age groups have become members of SNSs. Since many of the users are not aware of the data thefts associated with information sharing, they freely share their personal information with SNSs. Therefore, SNSs may be used for investigating users‟ character and social habits by familiar or even unknown persons and agencies. Such commercial and social scenario, has led to number of privacy and security threats. Though, all major issues in SNSs need to be addressed, by SNS providers, privacy of SNS users is the most crucial. And therefore, focus of this paper is on „privacy in SNSs‟. Different ways of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) leakages from SNSs, information revelation to third-party domains without user consent and privacy related threats associated with such information sharing are discussed in this paper. This comprehensive overview on privacy in SNSs will definitely help in raising user awareness about sharing data and managing their privacy with SNSs. It will also help SNS providers to rethink about their privacy policies.
et al., 2009, p. 79). Not surprisingly, the apprehensions of parents and educators about SNS are also comparable to past questions about how youth spend their time. SNS represent a new environment through which to examine adolescent development and learning. Within this context, I focus on several areas of concern that are particularly salient for adolescent populations: youth characteristics and digital divide, privacy and safety, psychological well-being, and learning. People spent hours chatting with their friends and browsing profiles on socialnetworkingsites. It becomes a compulsive habit to visit own profile several times in a day for checking friends‟ updates, changing status, and commenting on others photos and videos. Finally it diverts employees‟ attention from the office work. A study conducted by Nucleus Research with 237 corporate employees shows 77 percent of them use Facebook during work hours. And it results in 1.5% drop in employee productivity for those companies allowing full access to Facebook (Gaudin, 2009).
Socialnetworking has achieved immense popularity in recent years. Socialnetworking has come a long way in India; from having just a few users with accounts on these sites to becoming an accepted means of communication. It is now the easiest, fastest and most entertaining route of communication and connectivity. The current study aims to study this very domain of SNS and its impact and influence on adolescents. The study has taken a quantitative approach for data collection and analysis. Several important findings were observed through this study. Apart from age difference in the access to mobile phones and the frequency of log-ins, the study also brought out distinct gender differences when it came to the access and control of their SNS. When it came to the girls, more than half the girls mentioned how their parents controlled how often they logged into their SNS.
Companies need to develop an effective monitoring program that gives them insights about everything from product design to marketing and provides advance warning of potentially negative publicity. Social channels like online community pages and apps, expert opinions, online reviews/ articles need to be scrutinized closely for updates on latest trends. This is important as frequent SNS users are more likely to have access to greater number of online communities; hence more chances of being influenced by eWOM It’s also critical to communicate such feedback within the business quickly: whoever is charged with brand monitoring must ensure that information reaches relevant functions, such as communications, design, marketing, PR etc. Search Engine Optimization is a great monitoring tool as well. A first-time purchaser, for example, is roughly 50 percent more likely to turn to social media than a repeat buyer, hence the SEO. 2. Respond
surprisingly little evidence to support this with data from actual social networks. Thus a classic study on homophily in social networks (McPherson et al., 2001) mentions similarity in “family roles” only in passing. Several important studies have tracked the changes in social networks across the life course (e.g. Kalmijn, 2003; Kalmijn, 2012), and recent investigation using social network analysis has started to reveal how diverse the traits that spread amongst friendship groups can be in relation to health-related measures (Christakis and Fowler, 2007; Schafer, 2015) or marital behaviour (McDermott et al., 2013). We know of no previous large-scale study investigating how mating, union formation and having children relate to social network similarities. Among existing research, most have studied network changes in relation to the transition to parenthood. One early study found that after having a child, parents increased contact frequency with some kin and also with other parents of small children (Belsky and Rovine, 1984). Some existing large-scale studies have also explored the transmission of fertility behaviour, finding that childbearing among friends, neighbours (ibid.), and especially strongly among siblings make the individual more likely to become a parent (Lyngstad and Prskawetz, 2010).
There are a number of ways in which social networks influence the lives of students and people. Some of the positive usage are: it allow teachers and coaches to post club meeting times, school projects, and even homework on these sites, it helps to share interest, idea, data, information, document, picture, games, notice, circular with the friends, it also helps to search a job, it can also be used as a positive cause, i.e, money raising benefits for someone who was in a car crash, house burnt down, or also raise funds for the people involved in natural catastrophes like flood, cyclone etc. These sites are also helping the people, especially young people to stay in touch with long distance friends; it is also used to renew friendships of school/college friends.
ocial capital has become an important object of research in the last few years as it provide a new look on social networks and beneficial outcomes. A large body of research work has been produced, and there has been a growing amount of empirical studies investigating the effects of social capital (Matin van der Gaag, 2002). Social capital broadly refers to the resources that drive from the relationships among people in varying social contexts (Coleman J. , 1988). The idea of social capital has been explained in the social science research during the last 15 years especially with the introduction of network theory of social capital which depicted how and why relational networks are important for explaining various individual and family outcomes. When we connect the network theory of social capital (Lin N. , 1999) with the socialnetworking site like Facebook, it is interesting to have a knowledge regarding whether or not these sites affect the relations among members. Social capital was considered to be originated in communities and was developed by organizing membership groups and training programmes. But now, social capital development is studied in online context as the socialnetworkingsites provide a platform for the members to come together online and participate in any form of social interaction and communication. Moreover, as the most popular socialnetworking site in India, Facebook is now available to people all over the world with low cost, the scope of social capital building though socialnetworking site is becoming popular.
Socialnetworkingsites (SNSs) are quickly becoming the main venues for social interaction of Internet users. As the competition between these online services is growing ever stronger, the success of SNSs derives from persuasive core application designs that influence users in taking specific actions, such as joining the community or recruiting new users. Therefore there is a need to identify relevant, value-adding features that facilitate social interaction and that are integrated in the group’s socialization rituals. The present study employed Cialdini’s framework in the analysis of SNSs design characteristics that facilitate social influence leading to the fulfillment of site marketing objectives, such as member acquisition, member retention and user loyalty. We examined social application features of the three major Romanian SNSs, i.e. Facebook, Hi5 and Neogen on six dimensions corresponding to Cialdini’s social influence principles: reciprocation, consistency, social proof, liking, authority and scarcity. We thereby extract core application commonalities and differences and identify design gaps from a social influence perspective that are to be explored and exploited as a source of competitive advantage. Marketing implications of the results are discussed.
Zuckerberg, a sophomore at Harvard University, first created the site with 500 Augustan images with one image per page which he opened up to his classmates for note sharing (Ibid). However, Facebook was opened up for everyone of age 13 and above with a valid e-mail address on September 26, 2006. Thus, by September, 2012, Facebook has over one billion active users (Ibid). The platform allows users to join common interest groups, organized by workplace, school or College for socialnetworking (Ibid). Facebook, according to wikipedia, is the most popular socialnetworking site in several English speaking countries, including Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Even in Africa, there were about 17 million Facebook users at the start of 2011 and the figure was expected to rise to 28 million by 2012 (Ledgard, 2011). Thus, as at June 2011, Facebook had reached one trillion page viewers, making it the most visited website in the world. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/facebook)
who use portable devices, exchanging information will be easier, since the messages confirmed via those devices are faster, more successful and at lower cost than other alternative communication channels (Fatima Al-Baghdadi, 2016). On the other hand, some people indicated some disadvantages for using this type of education; including: (1) using mobile phones in schools or classes may cause many problems and disturbance, breaking the rules of the educational system, occupying the minds of the majority of students, and even being lonely, during the class, being isolated from the teacher, sending and receiving messages, exchanging information, comics and jokes among them, which leads to students' low standard of educational achievement. (2) Using mobile phones in learning is considered a sort of technology mania, or being a new innovative method, which aims at promoting technology and that technology cannot provide a magical solution for all the current educational problems. (3) Overuse of mobile phones, which is the case nowadays due to the widespread of the cheap services provided through them, may lead to several health and social problems that are asserted by several medical and social studies and researches. (4) Extreme integration of technology into education will lead to the interruption of the students' creative perspective, since transformation from pure human services to automatic and semi-automatic ones, does not help the student to innovate and understand cognitively. (5) Browsing to the Internet easily via the mobile, either at home or elsewhere at any time, may be dangerous for children and teenagers through browsing some websites that do not suit their ages, and reaching the level of addiction in a way that affects their educational achievement. (6) The small size of its screen compared to the computer screen through which the Internet is used, which leads to a limited size of information exchanged between students and their teacher, and this leads to summarize the information exchanged through it with an image that may lead to the loss of some important items and meanings as a result of these abbreviations. (7) Students will be able to cheat by sending a text message or answering some questions for the sake of their classmates. Moreover, Drafts and files may be hidden in those devices to be used during exams. (8) Students may use those devices to threaten other students. (9) The overuse of mobile phones may sometimes lead to a communications network breakdown. (Jamal Dahshan, 2016) (Abd Al-Wahab Gouda, 2016).
Many kinds of attacks are possible on SNS. The major attacks on SNS are characterized as :(i) Uploading Fake profile on SocialNetworkingSites,(ii)Uploading fake Photos on SocialNetworkingSites,(iii) Hacking by Unauthorized users ,(iv) Third party applications,(v) Users permissions on SocialNetworkingSites,(vi) Difficult to understand privacy policies on SocialNetworkingSites,(vii) Misuse of Mobile Network,(viii) Location Based Application.
referentiedatabase. Naast de objectieve en werk gerelateerde mogelijkheden die LinkedIn biedt, kunnen persoonlijke SNSs door hun grote mate van social presence een betere kijk geven op de meer ‘’softere’’ eigenschappen van een persoon. Recruiters maken gebruik van persoonlijke SNSs, om een indruk te krijgen van de persoon. Welke hobby’s heeft de kandidaat, waar gaat hij graag naartoe op vakantie, en is hij buiten zijn werk om actief in andere organisaties? Wat hierbij opvalt is dat er onder de respondenten ook recruiters waren, die het beeld dat over hen zelf ontstaat, door verschillende SNS profielen te bekijken en door via zoekmachines achtergrondinformatie te verkrijgen, niet in overeenstemming met de werkelijkheid vinden. Een van de respondenten noemde als voorbeeld, dat wanneer zei ‘’gegoogled’’ werd er een beeld ontstond dat helemaal uit zijn verband gehaald is. Ze had tien jaar geleden enkele gastcolleges gegeven en wanneer ze nu via Google opgezocht wordt, komen er nog steeds allerlei resultaten van de Algemene Onderwijs Bond boven water. Dit wekt de indruk dat ze aan die organisatie en het onderwijs in het algemeen verbonden is, terwijl dit niet het geval is. Dit voorbeeld geeft aan dat het Internet zaken soms kan uitvergroten of uit het verband halen, waardoor de overeenkomsten met iemands werkelijke leven soms ver te zoeken zijn. Dit is een van de reden waarom het gebruik van SNSs en Internet in het algemeen in de meeste gevallen niet doorslaggevend is bij de beoordeling van de kandidaat. SNSs hebben een ondersteunende functie waar het gaat over de impressievorming. Socialnetworkingsites maken het werk een stuk transparanter en het is gemakkelijk dat je nog een extra bron hebt, iedereen wordt veel toegankelijker.