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Essential Skills Needed to Prepare LIS Graduates for Careers in Special Libraries: A Survey of Special Librarians

Essential Skills Needed to Prepare LIS Graduates for Careers in Special Libraries: A Survey of Special Librarians

Though flexibility ranked near the middle of the list, it deserves special mention here because it was cited so often in participants‟ comments as being essential to surviving in a special library environment. One participant said, “Flexibility is key in special libraries: you never know where you will be working, for whom, or how many staff members you will have at the end of any given day.” Others commented on the need to keep an open mind and remain flexible regarding the actual duties of the job: Your job definition several years from now might not be what it was when you started out, and you need to be flexible and in touch with the larger organization to have any chance of sticking around and influencing what potential changes come.
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A Study of Social Media Marketing in North Carolina Special Libraries

A Study of Social Media Marketing in North Carolina Special Libraries

with goods the people want and for which they will return, bring in customers, and get your goods out.” xxviii Kleindl points out the importance of market segmentation, the division of a single heterogeneous group into smaller homogeneous markets, in the marketing practices of public libraries. He also notes that in the case of special libraries though a seemingly homogeneous market is already in place, it does not represent the “conscious effort of segmenting multiple markets or adapting [marketing] mix elements.” Kleindl suggests that public libraries realized that marketing must take place in any library situation, because library customers will always have varying needs. Public libraries were successful in dividing their market into segments based on a number of segmentation variables, and often engaged in research to meet the needs of those segments. Many public libraries communicated with and promoted their services differently depending on the segment they were serving.
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An Analysis of the Effect of Orgnizational Placement on the Annual Budget of Special Libraries

An Analysis of the Effect of Orgnizational Placement on the Annual Budget of Special Libraries

Data for this study was gathered from one-person (SOLO) special libraries by means of an email survey. I chose this group of special libraries because I am a member of a listserv for SOLO librarians. The listerv supports a highly collaborative group of one-person librarians who are always willing to share ideas and help each other with various requests for information. The probable reason this group is so close- knit is due to the fact that everyone works alone in his/her library and has no other professionals onsite with whom to interact professionally on library issues. Also, due to the current economy, many special libraries have been downsized, so I felt the SOLO group was a fairly stable group to use for the survey.
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Status of automation in special libraries and information centers of Gwalior: a survey

Status of automation in special libraries and information centers of Gwalior: a survey

The study presents the status of automation in special libraries and information centers of Gwalior District in Madhya Pradesh. Aims at understanding and analyzing the various problems faced by the authorities and the staff during the process of automation. The methodology adopted for the present study is survey using a structured questionnaire. The lack of staff, hesitancy and lack of attitude towards automation and unsatisfactory library software problems are the major hindrances to speedy automation. However, 50% of special libraries opting for automation show that the libraries have a mind to adapt to the new changes and the other libraries will follow the suit.
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Thinking Outside the Library: Employment Trends of Special Libraries Association Members.

Thinking Outside the Library: Employment Trends of Special Libraries Association Members.

Formal literature concerning special libraries, special librarians, and related careers has been sporadic at best. Since the Special Libraries Association changed its member publication from Special Libraries, a peer-reviewed journal, to Information Outlook, a general-interest magazine, in 1997, fewer formal studies have been conducted on this type of librarianship. Consequently, much of the information regarding special libraries, special librarians, and related careers must be gleaned from other more general studies or informal anecdotal articles. However, there are a few helpful surveys, books, and articles specifically addressing special librarianship. Taken as a whole, the literature about special librarianship and “alternative” careers outside of the traditional library setting generally falls into four categories: the establishment of projections and trends, the appearance of publications describing “non-traditional” careers, the emergence of related issues, and the study of Special Libraries Association-specific data.
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Application of ICT Facilities in Special Libraries: Impetus for Effective Information Services and Organizational Growth

Application of ICT Facilities in Special Libraries: Impetus for Effective Information Services and Organizational Growth

The primary function of every special library is to provide facilities and up to date information services for research and development of the parent organization. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been found to be of tremendous important in improving the services provided by special libraries as a result of the inability of the existing traditional manual methods to cope effectively and efficiently with the increasing volume in the library, Ducombe and Heeks (1999) cited by Anyakoha (2004) defined ICT as the electronic means of capturing, processing, storing and disseminating information. According to Ige (2001) ICT implies processing, storage and retrieval of information in coded form and its transportation and/or exchange between sources/terminals electronically. Similarly, Ekpo (2001) noted that ICT have been used to simplify availability and access to information and they encompasses the following complementary technologies: telephone, software technologies for distribution of information process, web-browser and servers, multimedia systems, and peripherals. These technological tools and resource are used to communicate, create, process, disseminate, share, store and manage information.
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Information and communication technology infrastructure in special libraries in Kerala

Information and communication technology infrastructure in special libraries in Kerala

Application of ICT in special libraries has become inevitable in the present era of information explosion and widespread use of digital information resources. Effective application of IC[r]

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Basic copyright resources for UK archives and special libraries

Basic copyright resources for UK archives and special libraries

This article provides practical first steps and basic resources for tracing copyright owners in archives and special libraries, through a compilation of sources, guidance notes and useful practices. It points out online diagnostic tools and suggests how to find copyright holders through different search streams, when those holders are known, and when the institution holding the work in question is based in the UK.

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Software selection and acquisition in Nigerian University and Special Libraries: The way forward

Software selection and acquisition in Nigerian University and Special Libraries: The way forward

Almost forty years now when Nigeria University and Special Libraries have embarked on automation, there are still challenges in software selection and acquisition. The world is growing in a geometric progression in the area of the application of Information and communication technology, even Nigeria but there are still some challenges in the University and special libraries in regards to software selection and its acquisition. It is obvious as noted and also reported by other scholars that

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Educating Tomorrow's Orchestra Librarian: An Evaluation of LS Curricula for Special Libraries

Educating Tomorrow's Orchestra Librarian: An Evaluation of LS Curricula for Special Libraries

A majority of the responding orchestra librarians felt that future professionals would benefit more from obtaining a degree, or having experience in, music performance as opposed to having a Masters of Library Science degree. However, the amount of orchestra librarians who hold a Masters of Library Science degree has increased in the last thirteen years, and of those librarians, the majority feel that orchestra/performing arts librarianship is different enough from music librarianship to require special training. The survey and the discussion of the results demonstrate the existence of a basic set of core performing arts librarianship competencies as viewed by practitioners in both orchestra libraries and academic institutions in the United States. These professoinals view
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Alabama Library Association College, University, and Special Libraries Division Meeting Minutes January 24, 2007

Alabama Library Association College, University, and Special Libraries Division Meeting Minutes January 24, 2007

This program will be co-sponsored by the Alabama Two-Year College Library Association, AACRL, and CUS. Ms. Waddell has panelists representing 4-year and 2-year university libraries and public libraries, and is trying to locate a student from SLIS to serve on the panel. Panelists include: Laurie Charnigo (Jacksonville State University), Paula Barnett-Ellis (Jacksonville State University), Dr. Jeff Luzius (Gadsden State Community College), and Tracey Thomas (B.B. Comer Memorial Library). Ms. Waddel has requested a microphone for audience questions in order to start an interesting dialogue. She is planning for 40
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WHAT S SPECIAL ABOUT SPECIAL LIBRARIES? - LAW LIBRARIES* By Roger H. Parent

WHAT S SPECIAL ABOUT SPECIAL LIBRARIES? - LAW LIBRARIES* By Roger H. Parent

Law librarians have served as a watchdog on the impact, both potential and actual, of mergers and acquisitions. In a letter to the Department of Justice in 1996 on the question of the merger of Thomson and West, law librarians said: „. . . our goal has been to ensure the continuation of high quality legal information products at reasonable prices in a healthy competitive environment.“ In that same letter law librarians raised concerns about the increased consolidation in the industry and reduced competition in the availability of print materials for libraries and the potential to impact on the online environment as well. They are concerned about limitations on choices resulting from reduced competition:
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Not beyond our Reach: Collaboration in Special Collection Libraries

Not beyond our Reach: Collaboration in Special Collection Libraries

Outreach efforts involving younger students can be difficult to coordinate and sometimes creating a program for this population creates a dichotomy—on one hand there is an enthusiasm to reach new users while on the other there is a reluctance on the part of special collections library staff and administrators, a hesitation based on valid concerns, such as staff time-constraints, increased programing demands, and the obligation to preserve/protect materials–all of this as we grapple with limited budgets. Even those special collections and archives that do incorporate this kind of K-12 outreach into their special collections libraries’ and archives’ outreach mission often find they must justify their outreach services to other members of their community who may be doubtful of such a program’s impact. You might ask what some of the benefits are to the participating special libraries and/or archives, but there are many—some immediate and some more long-term. The institution benefits through positive public relations that not only highlight the collections but can showcase previously less well known materials. Some donors appreciate knowing that their collections can be used to a maximum effect not just by dedicated scholars but also by encouraging a new generation of patrons as well. Outreach promotes the role of special collections libraries and repositories in the communication and preservation of cultural heritage (Dekydtspotter & Williams, 2013). Drawing from our work with third through eighth grade teachers in Bloomington, Indiana, this paper will share a program that we have developed over the past three years using medieval manuscripts and digital surrogates; it will also illustrate how our experience can be applied to other materials and historical periods.
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Internet for libraries

Internet for libraries

Internet is holding enormous volumes of information in each and every field of human knowledge. It holds primary, secondary and tertiary sources of information in a wide range of subject fields and in varying formats. The primary sources available include e-journals, monographs, reports, patents, standards, indi- vidual articles and preprints, data files, etc. Other primary sources of information on Internet include home pages of various institutions, organisations and agencies. These provide important information on strengths, weaknesses, projects undertaken, subject expertise, infrastructure and resources available. Library cata- logues including OPACs, bibliographies, indexes, databases of abstracts and reviews are the secondary sources available on Internet. Many major academic and special libraries, particularly from developed countries are maintaining their library catalogues on Internet. Internet also offers electronic resources in- cluding reference sources, electronic magazines (e-zines), e-journals, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, direc- tories, etc, many of them free of charge. Many e-journals are available either freely with print versions or at nominal extra cost. Web pages or home pages of publishers and institutions provide information that may help in evaluating them. Online bookstores like Amazon.com (www.amazon.com), Barnes and Noble (www.barnesandnoble. com), BookStacks (www.books.com/scripts/default.txt) and Internet Bookshop (www.bookshop. co.uk) make acquisition of books convenient as they facilitate easy search, evaluation, sending online supply orders, etc. There are over 250 of them on Internet.
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Libraries as ISPs - Yes Libraries as Electronic Service Providers – No

Libraries as ISPs - Yes Libraries as Electronic Service Providers – No

The First Amendment guarantees freedom of speech and of the press. It embraces an individual’s right to read whatever she wants to read, without fear that the government will take steps to discover which books she buys, reads, or intends to read. Customers have a First Amendment right to receive information in public libraries. Kreimer v. Bureau of Police for Town of Morristown, 958 F.2d 1242, 1252 (3d Cir. 1992). To disclose customers’ records without notice and without a court order would have a substantial chilling effect on their willingness to use public libraries. Customers would not feel at ease perusing, borrowing, reading or using other library resources, such as computers.
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Public libraries in India with special reference to Jammu and Kashmir: A study of systems services and future development plans

Public libraries in India with special reference to Jammu and Kashmir: A study of systems services and future development plans

The Department of Libraries and & Research is engaged in dissemination of knowledge by providing free library and reading room facilities to public in Jammu and Kashmir. The Department runs a chain of public libraries in blocks, tehsils, districts and divisions of the State. From small children to aged people and students to scholars, every section of the society is benefited from the facility. Besides making books on various subjects available to people at public libraries, the reading community is also provided national and local newspapers and magazines to keep them abreast with the latest happenings around the globe. Special Children Corners have been added to central and District Libraries for the benefit of the younger generation. By way of promotion of book writing in the State, the Department purchases books written by local authors on different subjects and in different languages.
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Access to and use of libraries among students with special needs at the university of education, winneba and kumasi polytechnic, Kumasi

Access to and use of libraries among students with special needs at the university of education, winneba and kumasi polytechnic, Kumasi

A descriptive survey was used as the design for the study, so that inferences could be made about characteristics with respect to the sample size. Descriptive survey deals with interpreting the relationship among variables and describing their relationships. The target population was made up of all those students with special needs (37) and all the library staff (60) in both institutions giving a total population of 97 (Students’ Records Office, 2012). A sample size of 40 was used for the study which was conducted in May 2014.The sample consisted of 20 students with special needs and 20 front desk library staff. Purposive sampling technique was used in selecting twenty (20) students with special needs because they were regular students who were available when this study was being conducted. The remaining seventeen (17) were made up of twelve (12) sandwich and five (5) distance education students who were not resident on campus when the study was being conducted. A simple random sampling technique was used to select (20) front desk library staff. The main instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. Two sets of questionnaires on problems faced by students with special needs and library policy, facilities that students with special needs patronize and competency level of library staff were used for data collection. One of the questionnaires was designed to collect data from students with special needs, while the other was meant to gather data from the front desk library staff.
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Off-Site Storage and Special Collections: A Study in Use and Impact in ARL Libraries in the United States

Off-Site Storage and Special Collections: A Study in Use and Impact in ARL Libraries in the United States

basic reference, such as ascertaining how many letters or documents are in a specific file, is not uncommon. Such basic requests can be answered relatively quickly when the material is stored on-site; but when materials are off-site, simple reference requests can take longer than expected to resolve. According to one interviewee, “We feel we need to do more [archival] description for materials that are off-site for remote reference… if we can’t tell from the finding aid what is in the collection, we…need to recall it from off-site.” Another interviewee wondered about the problem of off-site materials being no longer “visible” to staff, leading to the possibility that materials that could be of use to patrons are not being privileged as much as those stored on-site; “materials stored off-site are out of mind…[materials] that could be timely, important, relevant to the curriculum—we forget we have these whole areas.” While loss of browsability may not be an issue for closed-stack special collections patrons, it can be for staff—as hav- ing access to materials on-site may help retain institutional memory about collections.
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"Talk to Me in a Year": The Conservator's Perspective on Collaboration for Special Collections Digitization Projects in Research Libraries

"Talk to Me in a Year": The Conservator's Perspective on Collaboration for Special Collections Digitization Projects in Research Libraries

Sutton (2004) observes that while the literature has paid much attention to the process of digitization, little has been discussed about the impact on library organizational structures. Sutton (2004) claims that many institutions in the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) have reached a “point of no return” in which digitization is now a core duty of the organization and that special collections, in particular, are already required to participate (p. 235). Using the results of the 1998 ARL survey on special collections (Panitch, 2001), Sutton argues that digital production centers are a natural partner for special collections and have been made permanent parts of the organization (p. 239). This author calls for library-wide standards and overlapping strategic plans in the interaction between special collections and digital production staff, as well as other stakeholders, in order to implement digital projects (p. 242). Sutton does not, however, indicate how
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An Evaluation of Students’ and Teachers’ Opinions About Enriched Libraries (Z-Libraries)

An Evaluation of Students’ and Teachers’ Opinions About Enriched Libraries (Z-Libraries)

It is seen as one of the most basic educational goals of the modern world that individuals who read, research, inquire and use the library are thought to have a more qualified and more creative personality (Arıcı, 2008, p. 92). From this perspective, the habits of reading and library use play an important role both in the individual and in the social and cultural development. For a reading society, it is necessary to carry out studies to actively use the libraries throughout the country by the students. In this respect, reading culture will be developed throughout the country and reading habits will also develop. In line with these considerations, "unlike the classical library concept, Ministry of National Education aimed to create enriched children's libraries that will transform children's reading and library perceptions, allow them to entertain themselves in a fun way, move away from limitations, and move freely in a colorful environment appropriate for their age of reading instead of the ones far from attracting interest and curiosity, perceived as boring". In this context, Enriched Libraries (Z-Libraries) have started to be established in the areas selected in each region, in order to prevent students from falling behind the age of modern information and to create equal opportunities for accessing information throughout the country (MoNE, 2015, p. 5-6). Z-Libraries are planned as information centers that contribute to their development by keeping all materials necessary for students to become more social (Ak & Çetintaş, 2015, p. 22). The Z-Library started its activities in 2011 under the concept of "Living Schools" in Turkey, with the concept of living library. It is thought that the Ministry of National Education's Z-Libraries Project will increase the productivity of school libraries, reach the level of well-organized digital libraries and make them more suitable for both digital and physically active use (Çakmakkaya, 2017, p. 111). It is assumed that these libraries will attain a contemporary level of understanding of physical conditions and technological infrastructure and librarianship and will enhance the quality of library services (MoNE, 2015, p. 7).
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