Sports Stadiums are multi-purpose venues within our cities where thousands gather for events including sporting contests, music concerts as well as business and aca- demic conferences. However, with such large gatherings of people there are signi¯- cant risks to public safety which must be addressed. Improving our understanding of the behavior of such large crowds of people within a stadium can help maintain safety and security for all involved. Early detection and a rapid response time are essential in any emergency situation, especially in a highly congested public space such as a stadium. To address this issue, we have developed an e±cient computer vision al- gorithm for detecting unusual crowd behavior in real-time on a commodity CPU. Both Sun Devil Stadium (56,200 capacity) and Croke Park Stadium (82,300 ca- pacity) have been fully designed to ensure the safety of all visitors, but the Smart Stadium project aims to exploit visual and non-visual sensor data to gain additional insight into the dynamics of crowds which will help improve the already excellent safety standards.
With a connected network platform, opportunities abound for teams, leagues, and venues to transform the fanexperience with a variety of new services. For example, with a converged architecture in place, teams can now offer fans at the stadium faster access to the venue, the ability to upgrade and resell their tickets, and get directions to their new seats on their mobile device. As they move through the venue, digital signs can communicate where the shortest lines are for favorite foods or merchandise, or even the nearest restroom, making it easier and faster for fans to get what they want, and where they want to go. From the comfort of their seats, fans can enjoy a variety of new video options, including multiple camera angles and personal instant replays. They can order merchandise and concessions and be notified when it is ready for delivery or pickup, enabling them to spend more time enjoying the game and less time in line. They can even stay connected to the Web for work or personal use. And it’s not just for fans at the venue. Fans everywhere can enjoy the same camera angles and replays simultaneously at home or on their mobile device. Preshow interviews and postgame wrap-ups can become interactive to engage stars and their fans in a real-time conversation as pay-per-view content. And, teams and leagues can create “connected communities” online where fans can chat, blog, and share photos or video, while the organization generates merchandise and advertising revenue.
guests and fans accessing the Internet. Fans now have reliable access to an increased array of data applications that work well over a high-capacity wireless network. In addition, due to the data offload, voice and text services are improved. With the improved coverage and capacity, clubs and leagues have expanded options for creating more engaging mobile applications to enhance the fanexperience. Clubs and leagues can provide access to exclusive, in- venue, experience-enhancing applications for way-finding, food and beverage purchase, and more. The Connected Stadium Wi-Fi network is the prerequisite and foundation for delivering data intensive applications to the thousands of Wi-Fi users in sports and entertainment venues.
In terms of sports fans, satisfaction and further intention have been discussed with other variables such as affective experience or team loyalty. Sumino and Harada (2004) examined the relationship between six affective experiences at the stadium, team loyalty, and the intention to attend future games, using Japanese soccer fans. They found that excitement was a factor in the intention to attend future games. Satisfaction and intention are associated with fan loyalty motivation or fanship. Wang, Zhang, and Tsuji (2011) identified the social motivation of professional baseball fans in Taiwan, based on the SII model (Funk & James, 2001), and examined the relationship between their motivation and fan loyalty using SEM. They found that five motivation factors (interest in team, socialising, aesthetics, knowledge, and interest in baseball) affected attitudinal loyalty, and that three factors (interest in team, interest in baseball, and vicarious achievement) affected behavioural loyalty. Two factors (interest in baseball and interest in team) were both common sportsfan motivation factors. Yoshida and James (2010) indicated the positive impact of satisfaction on the future intention of both Japanese and US football fans. Theodorakis, Dimmock, Wann, and Barlas (2010) demonstrated that outcome quality has a strong influence on spectators’ satisfaction and behavioural intentions using the Super League in Greece.
This essay explores the intersections between Fandom Studies and Children’s Literature, showcasing some of the ways in which “fan” as a keyword can illuminate both problems and potential solutions in children’s media and education. Although children have historically been excluded from much of fan-organized fandom, the idea of fannishness is intertwined with that of childishness, raising questions about maturity and seriousness in the fanexperience. With the rise of the Internet, children have gained more immediate access to fandom, a phenomenon accompanied both by the potential dangers of children and adults interacting in the same fan spaces and by the opportunity to hear children’s thoughts about the media they consume. While some scholars focus on the commodification of children’s fannish pursuits, others look at the possibilities that fandom and fanfiction can provide for engaging children in conversations about texts, especially in the classroom. Fans have also started to make appearances in children’s literature and media, creating new character archetypes, tropes, and genres. Understanding fannish identities, practices, and communities can provide valuable insight to scholars and educators as fandom continues to move into mainstream popular culture, influencing both children and children’s media.
activity and sport. For example, the category of «people with hearing disabilities» is the most adapted to any competition from team sports to the individual ones (football, basketball, arm wrestling, power lifting, table tennis, etc.). Category of «people with eyesight disabilities» has less variety. Different from traditional sports is a specific category, including goal ball, tour ball, mini- soccer, running with the leader, cycling with the leader, cross-country skiing with the leader, etc. The category of «athletes with musculoskeletal system disabilities» is represented by sports such as bocce, arm wrestling, power lifting, Russian
qualifications, and possibly own his own business. His career goals whilst at SEDA were to “either own my own business or open a restaurant or something, or anything; I just didn’t want to be in a dead-end job”. Oscar had initially aspired to be a PE teacher and he valued the opportunities provided by SEDA to “have a trial as a teacher”. This helped him to decide that teaching was not the career for him as he did not enjoy running the primary school clinics as much as he thought he would. He chose to stay on at SEDA for P3 even though he ultimately did not use his diploma to pursue higher education studies because: “after the second year I was looking at uni, and then the third year it was more I was leaning towards just getting a job and working rather than going to uni”. Whilst Oscar has not pursued a career in teaching or the sports industry he valued his time at SEDA recommending it to family and friends and because “it [SEDA] got you ready for life. Everything you need in life, SEDA put that information out there for you to learn”.
The inventory data collected in 2005 and 2006 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service’s Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program recorded 25 com- monly found invasive shrubs, vines, herbs, and grasses that may have adverse impacts on the forests in the Mid- west (Fan et al. 2013). The primary factors known to affect the invasiveness of NNIPs are disturbances sig- nified by county-level forest cover percent, distance to road, biodiversity, site quality, slope, and stocking level. As a continuation of our previous study in which the spatial distributional patterns of NNIPs were mapped using kernel smoothing (Fan et al. 2013), the objectives of this study are to 1) develop a methodology to map the invasion stage of four most dominant NNIPs, mul- tiflora rose (Rosa multiflora Thunb), nonnative bush honeysuckles (including four species from the Lonicera spp family), common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica L.), and garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata [M. Bieb.] Cavara & Grande) in the Upper Midwest counties based on the probability of presence and cover percentage data and 2) quantify the invasiveness of these four NNIPs in three major forest type groups (oak-hickory [Quer- cus spp.-Carya spp.], maple-beech-birch [northern hard- woods; Acer spp.-Fagus spp.-Betula spp.], and elm-ash- cottonwood [Ulmus spp.-Fraxinus spp.-Populus spp.]) in the Upper Midwest. The resultant maps of invasion stage and measures of invasiveness of selected NNIPs in major forest type groups will provide baseline informa- tion on current condition of NNIPs for management de- cision making about the control and mitigation of NNIPs in the Upper Midwest.
All outstanding fees, charges and possible other expenses must be settled with the cashier. On the day of departure the LOC Hotel Manager will check the rooms together with the Team Leaders. On departure the poles will be transported directly on Sunday evening from the storage of the Guidobaldi Stadium to the airport or to the Team Hotels according to the travel details submitted by the teams. Poles must be clearly marked with names and country signs to ensure that they do not get lost.
Limitations of the findings of the data analysis for adventure tourism and adventure sports related-claims include the inability to identify a large number of cases that may have been adventure-related from the available data. The methodology employed in the selection of cases, however, ensured cases where the involvement of adventure activity could not be clearly determined were not included in the dataset for analysis. A further problem was the absence of reliable denominator data from which to
American professional sports leagues, it seems outrageous that cities and munici- palities across the United States would continue to subsidize the funding of new stadiums for wealthy sports franchises. Yet despite the economic obstacles facing many of these cities and municipalities, the gratuitous public funding of stadiums across the United States persists. This reality stems from the extraordinary bar- gaining power that professional sports franchises maintain over the cities in which they are located. Indeed, threating to relocate a franchise brings forth a lit- any of cities that are ready and willing to offer favorable terms to fund a new sta- dium. Legislative efforts to restrict stadium finance have paradoxically forced municipalities into even less favorable stadium deals that relied on public tax dollars while other efforts to reform stadium financing have failed to gain trac- tion among municipal governments and federal lawmakers. This Note evaluates the various methods of stadium financing by discussing the private and public sources of funding. This Note goes on to evaluate the application of the public purpose doctrine in restricting the issuance of public finance. Finally, this Note explores potential solutions to the challenges that face municipalities when it comes to stadium financing.
FERENC PUSKAS STADIUM
Ferenc Puskás Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium
in Budapest, Hungary. It is situated on the Pest side of the capital between the Stadionok and the Ke- leti Palyaudvar metro stations. It is currently used mainly for football matches. The stadium, which is all-seater, has a capacity of 38,652, though its origi- nal capacity exceeded 100,000
Free football betting system pdf, online sports betting jobs, betting system for horse racing , lay betting system free, guerilla betting system download free, most profitable sports betting systems, sports betting lines college bowl games, betting system draws, online sports betting free payout, wizard of odds betting system challenge, soccer lay betting system, online sports betting us sites, number 1 sports betting system, countries where online sports betting is legal, online sports betting accepts mastercard, do sports betting systems work, sports betting with martingale system, online craps betting system, sports betting software companies, is online sports betting legal in ontario, online sports betting wikipedia, golf betting system free, goals galore betting system review, sports betting lines usa today, keno betting system, sports betting laws in texas, online sports betting legal states, sports betting tips pdf, online sports betting in usa, contra d'alembert betting system, bet-science betting system review, buy a betting system, online / mobile betting - racing & sports betting - sportsbet.com.au, the soccer live betting system download, 1-2-4 betting system, online sports betting fees, online sports betting fast payouts, sports betting software south africa, sports betting tips nhl, sports betting lines for college football, online sports betting new jersey, sports betting picks blog, sports betting underdog system, sports betting lines over under, sports betting systems books, how to create sports betting system, online sports betting fake money, over under 2.5 betting
stadium name each day attracting a great players and locations. Owner of a different directions to white sox tickets for whom the commissioner of house chosen to determine playoff spot possible visit guaranteed rate the chicago! Having tickets available tickets to get tickets using white sox defeated the infield. Bringing a different directions to sox stadium located close to mlb. Enclosed concourse for a different directions white sox games to the mlb. Reputation of white stadium map to attend from the suite experience a luxury suite configuration. Treats to be different directions to white sox has hosted big events in center field can be purchased from the comfort of the source for the parking permit to print! Los angeles angels of white sox stadium name of my opinion, as the checkout information about previous world the water feature in united states on. Comes a different directions to the stadium located in advance. Before you a different directions to sox playoff tickets all white sox played for your dreams can enter, but also announced plans to that. Disposed of use and to white sox schedule your search to get exclusive access the world series and rookie league baseball game that to your tickets! Usa and to white sox tickets for which takes the currency of chicago union station to start to quickly refine your price! Vary in a different directions the sox stadium will make sure tickets for fans to view the dates selected filter settings to your purchase. Both to protect all white sox stadium map themselves, they were visiting from our visit to visit guaranteed rate field that to the lot. Themselves or a different directions white sox playoff tickets usually built on the screen. Four games three different directions to white sox stadium journey for. Attest to be different directions to the sox games four, they are preparing to see the illinois. Simply bring the booking a different directions to the white sox stadium map to all in phoenix, but also can bet the final day of you! Then circled the baseball or different
Abstract: In order to reduce the noise of automotive cooling fan and improve the cooling efficiency, the influence of the fan shroud on the noise of the cooling fan was studied. In this study, theCFD simulations were performed on an cooling fan and fan shroud in the environment of a simulated automobile engine compartment. And a test rig has been designed,constructed and used to test the noise of the double-fans cooling module using three different fan shroud structures.Results indicate the noise of fan with the banner-annularshroud is 1.98dB smaller than that of the model with the banner-shaped shroud. Furthermore, the different cross-sectional structure of the shroud makes different changes in the air flow.The shroud with simple structure won’t not only reduce the disturbance of the air flow in the river basin, but will increase the number of vortices, add the disturbance, and improve the noise;The dense and regular structure of the shroud will make the air flow more stable and reduce noise. Key Words: Double-fans module, Fan shroud structure,CFD Simulation, Fan noise,Sound pressure level ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- Date of Submission: 09-07-2018 Date of acceptance: 23-07-2018 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
3.3.1 Waste in the upper and lower levels of the grandstand seating area will be picked up and sorted into different color bags. Recycling bags will be clear and contain material such as but not limited to cans, bottles and stadium cups. Compost bags will be green and contain material such as but not limited to popcorn and pizza boxes. Landfill bags will be black and contain all material that is not able to be recycled or composted. The awarded contractor will attend at least one mandatory, 1 hour training session with NC State’s Department of Waste, Reduction and Recycling. Once the sorting of the grandstands is complete, the bags will be hauled to the correct roll off containers at a designated location within the stadium property. Once the bags are removed, all seating areas and concourse will be blown. No material shall be blown onto the field. In the cost proposal, two (2) different prices will be requested. Cost #1 will be cost per game to sort recycling and landfill only. Cost #2 will be cost per game to sort recycling, compost and landfill. Both will have cost per game for the 3.1 Restroom Services.
performed for both cases A (α = 1 ◦ ) and B (α = 5 ◦ ). It can be seen that for the low incidence case three harmonics are sufficient to reproduce the variation of the static pressure at fan inlet. For the higher incidence case, sharper features are present, corresponding to the separation core at the bottom of the intake, but the shape and values of the static pressure field are still captured satisfactorily with 4 harmonics. Figure 11 and Figure 12 show the variation of static pressure coefficient at fan face at several fractions of the spanwise locations. It can be seen that the similarity model is a better approximation of the URANS flow at higher span levels than at lower span levels. The reason for this is that the approximations used in the similarity model hold better near the fan tip, where the sections are less cambered, the Mach numbers are higher and turning is lower. The disagreement among the RANS-S.M. model and the fully URANS-URANS simulation does not overcome the 5% − 7% in the worst condition represented by the higher incidence (CASE B) and the lower radial span sections. A specific capability of the present model is the ability to approximate unsteady pressure coefficients on the blade surfaces. This allows the present model to be used as a tool to assess distortion patterns without recourse to fully fledged CFD calculations. Approximate amplitudes and phases plots for the low incidence case and for first two harmonics of the 1 st and 2 nd Engine Order (EO) signal are shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14. It can be seen that, despite the simplifications introduced in the model, the overall amplitude levels, as well as the shape of the phase relations along the blade surface are well approximated.
Quality Management Systems (QMS) can provide numerous benefits to sports organizations. However, well- established sports service quality improvement systems are not common in Sri Lanka at present. This study focused on setting up all necessary requirements for the implementation of ISO 9001:2008 QMS to the Sugathadasa National Sports Complex indoor stadium (SNSCI), thereby improving the standards of services provided by SNSCI. The study was carried out in two phases and in Phase I, the basic requirements for the implementation of ISO 9001:2008 QMS to SNSCI were determined using the pre-assessment questionnaire developed by Sri Lanka Standards Institute. Individual interviews were conducted at different organizational levels to gather information required to lay the basic frame work and to identify employees’ perception on implementation of ISO 9001:2008 QMS. Second phase involved development of all elements of the ISO 9001:2008 QMS. After developing the systems, a post-gap analysis was carried out using the same questionnaire that was used for pre-gap assessment. Pre-gap assessment revealed that SNSCI do not fulfill many requirements in the areas of Documentation, Management Responsibility, Resource Management, Product Realization, and Measurement, Analysis, as the organization did not have any QMS implemented at this stage. These requirements were taken into consideration when developing the system documents. In Phase II of the study, necessary frame work was laid out and all the documents were compiled according to ISO standards. Post-gap analysis revealed that the developed QMS complies with all requirements of the ISO 9001:2008 certifications. Although requirements for the implementation of ISO 9001:2008 were successfully met in this study, it is equally important to evaluate the system following implementation to ensure its effectiveness, which usually takes at least a year.
produce written fan fiction. My study focuses on the community of fans who create and consume
Harry Potter and Twilight fan music videos, which are fan-made music videos created by
combining video footage from a television series or movie with a popular song.
The first fan-made music videos were called songtapes, and were inspired by MTV and popular television series like Star Trek. Fans spliced together movie or television footage using multiple VCRs and copied the result onto blank videocassettes (Bacon-Smith, 1992, p. 175). Most researchers seem to consider fan music videos an offshoot of a much larger fan writing community. For example, notable researchers Henry Jenkins and Camille Bacon-Smith each included only one chapter on fan music videos/songtapes in their books about fandom (Jenkins, 1992; Bacon-Smith, 1992). However, with the explosion of online video sharing sites and the increased availability of cheap and sophisticated video editing software, the number of fan music videos has skyrocketed. Thus, I believe that the fan communities surrounding fan music videos deserve to be studied in their own right.
Retractable roof structures as combination of different structure designs. Entire roof or individual smaller parts of the retractable roof are composed of different elements that are moving in various ways. For example is The Big “O” Olympic Stadium, Montreal, Canada (1976). Structure design of fixed roof is rigid and for the movable roof is using membrane.