Above table shows the results of all algorithms in some cases 2 algorithm fail and 3 pass, vice versa. This result shows 1 and 0 .1 means students selected and 0 means not selected .if 3 algorithm pass any student then that student probability to place because its probability more than 50%.if 2 algorithm passed and in 3 fail then may be student selected or not. This result based on online test result dataset by this predict the student’s selection .no algorithm give 100% accuracy but all algorithm give 88-94% accuracy to give right result .
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Introduction
There are a number of international educational organizations such as International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) and Advanced Placement (AP) that offer bilingual education and strive to raise students who can use their second language effectively. International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IB DP) (IBO, 2014) is among these international programs which were established on the idea of raising international- minded students. One of the main aims of the IB Programme is to educate students as those who can communicate effectively in more than one language. In IB curriculum there are six groups of subjects and Group 1 consists of language subjects. Entitled under Group 1 subjects in IB curriculum Language A: Literature, Language A: Language, Literature and Literature and Performance courses were developed for the students to use English as academic medium. Language B, Language ab initio and Classical languages which are
There have been some promising efforts to address the lingering causal research questions. For example, Jackson (2010) shows that students who are given cash to take and perform well on AP exams are more likely to have higher SAT scores and matriculate in college. While Jackson convincingly addresses the effect of AP course participation in Texas, he is unable to disentangle the effects of achieving relatively higher AP exam scores beyond traditional methods of controlling for observables. Similarly, other papers use a selection on observables design but they note that any unobservable that is correlated with AP exam score may confound the estimates (e.g. Murphy and Dodd, 2009; Long, Conger, and Iatorala, 2012). 8 Our paper is the first study to isolate the causal impacts of achieving certain benchmark AP exam scores on student outcomes for those who have taken the exams.
an important role in the likelihood of completing calculus in high school” (p. 22). In contrast, Ahmad et al. (2017) determined that it was solely student effort that translated into student achievement in college level Calculus. Sadler and Sonnert (2016) found that college professors preferred that high schools emphasize understanding mathematics, whereas high school teachers emphasized sound pedagogy. Sahin, Cavlazoglu, and Zeytuncu (2015) found that flipping a college level Calculus classroom increased student quiz scores and students felt that the flipped classroom enhanced their learning. In a similar study, Albalawi (2018) found that flipped classrooms not only result in higher student achievement, but they can also provide support for at-risk students. Easey and Gleeson (2016) found that school officials, including teachers and administrators, served as gate keepers by directing students to take less challenging courses, failing to promote the benefits of studying Calculus, and discouraging capable students from taking Calculus when the student wasn’t sure about future career aspirations.
7. May I call an occupational therapist at a facility or visit so that I can decide if I want to list it as a choice?
NO. Although some supervisors encourage visits, these visits usually take place once a student is assigned to the site by fieldwork faculty. It is the joint policy of all the metropolitan NY and NJ schools to reduce the strain to practitioners of arranging fieldwork opportunities for students by reducing visits that may interrupt client care or work schedules. There are many schools in the metropolitan area, and calls from individual students would prove excessively burdensome for supervisors or clinical fieldwork coordinators. Inquiry phone calls interrupt the work duties, and could be regarded as overwhelming. Faculty, Fieldwork I supervisors, the AFWC, and facility websites are better sources for the process of site selection than exploratory phone calls or site visits.
Student Transcript-Enhanced Placement Study (STEPS) Progress Report - August 2013 – www.rpgroup.org 7 Pathway students. Again, despite tripling the number of students in transfer-level math, success rates remained relatively consistent with a 55% success rate for former LBUSD students in 2011 and a 51% success rate for Promise Pathway students in 2012. These results suggest that a very large number of recent high school graduates had been underplaced and in fact were prepared to engage in transfer-level work. These findings have fueled the continuation of the pilot and movement towards institutionalization. A key factor that primed this pilot was a long-standing collaborative effort called the Long Beach Promise that, among other activities, facilitated coordinated curricula alignment between K-12 and postsecondary education segments in the Long Beach area. Further, while exploring the utility of high school transcripts in college place drove the initial discussions, the actual policies put into place included a broad array of
The Physics Department of the University of Otago has for many years, assisted students in their exam revision by supplying past exam papers for 100-level (first year) exams. A list of the correct answers to the multiple-choice section of these exams has also been provided, but these only state which of the multiple choices is the correct answer. The students are not shown why it is the correct answer, unless they seek help from a staff member. A number of years ago some slide/audio-tape sets were produced, and more recently, exam questions and answers (for 1987- 1990) were put onto HyperText Stacks, but the availability (in place and time) was too severely limited to be of use to the majority of students. As first year student numbers now exceed 1000, a more accessible and efficient method of delivering the exam papers to students was required. We are now using the Internet, to make past exam questions and answers (with working and explanation) widely accessible to students - from anywhere, at anytime, and from any computer platform. With this method we can also gather useful statistical information relatively easily about the process. This paper describes the setting up of such web pages, and how we provide students with help with their physics revision, using the method of multi-choice exams from previous years together with model answers. Statistical information on question access, and results from a student survey are also presented.
Recent reports on university student wellness expose a disturbing trend. Students indicate heightened depression and anxiety, with a decrease in healthy lifestyle behaviors. The most significant inhibitors to wellness were related to university activities, in conjunction with low levels of motivation. Melnyk, Hoying, Slevin, and McGovern (2015) conducted baseline studies among health science students in graduate school: one quarter (25.6%) reported symptoms of depression, 4.3% had suicidal ideation, and 22.6% perceived elevated anxiety. Students suffer through a confluence of stressors such as full-time jobs, rigorous college courses, family issues, lack of academic preparedness, and financial issues (Barefoot, 2004). Each stressor can affect overall quality of life, academic performance, student retention, quality of relationships, and health. An increasing proportion of the student population reach out for counseling, many reporting an increasing number of issues and higher severity of mental and emotional repercussions. Understanding the underlying perception of wellness has influenced the delivery of services in university communities (Prince, 2015).
Tripti Mishra et al.  provides classification technique like Bayesian method, multilayer perceptrons and sequential minimal optimization (SMO), Ensemble methods, decision tress using WEKA and emotional skill like assertion, empathy, decision making, leadership and stress management to predict placement of MCA students. ROC curve and F measure are used to compare these algorithms. Emotional skill parameters are assessed through Emotional skill assessment process (ESAP) tool. All the models are compared and J48 is suggested as the best technique among all with the best accuracy and least time to build. T.Jeevalatha et al.  used decision tree algorithm like ID3, CHAID, and C4.5 using Rapid Miner tool to predict student performance in placement activity using two year student records. All three algorithms are compared and the result shows that ID3 has highest accuracy rate of 95.33 percent.
It is strongly encouraged by the Royal Children’s Hospital that all students be fully vaccinated prior to commencing a clinical placement at the RCH. This is not only for the protection of the individual, but it is also for the protection of our unique and particularly vulnerable group of patients. The list of recommended immunisations can be found in the appendix of the legal Relationship Agreements.
Abstract -Data mining is a technology which is used in many fields now a day. In educational field data mining is used to understand different perspectives in student data. The main aim of this research work is to identify relevant attributes based on academics, skills and curricular of final year student and design a model which can predict placement of the student using a classification technique based on decision tree. This model can be useful for faculties, university and students to more emphasize on those which are not eligible for placement according to this model.
Provide leadership and vision for this 1,100 student, four-year liberal arts institution affiliated with The United Methodist Church. Seventy-five full-time faculty. Endowment of $68 million. Annual operating budget of $30 million. Hold faculty appointment as Assistant Professor of Religion.
university, concerns about jobs and future employment, qualification, changing roles and a lack of confidence. Participant 3 wrote: ‘Not supported on placement, stressed with too much work in university and having to apply for jobs, which nobody has told us how to or given us any help’. Another student identifies how academic staff ‘scare’ students by identifying the outcomes of poor practice and examples of errors that nurses have made; this has a profound effect on the students. ‘I’m terrified…I’ll just be thrown in at the deep end and expected to get on with it’ (Participant 7). Pre- placement nerves were apparent when analysing the diaries, apparently as a result of participants realising that they will have to act on their own. ‘I’m more nervous than ever before, due to the fact that my mentor will be signing me off as qualified’ (Participant 8).
Before comparing the resulting placements, let us examine a particular situation in order to observe how the new placements, which result by using the modified mecha- nism, are obtained. The students who were ranked 33 rd and 40 th according to total uni- versity grades were both placed in the University of Amsterdam in the first stage, and were then removed from the market either because they changed their minds or they became ineligible. Consequently, the central authority announced two quotas for this position before the second stage. In the second stage, the 177 th student was the only student placed in this position. Students who were ranked 74 th and 84 th were placed in Utrecht University and Fontys University of Applied Sciences, respectively. Utrecht University was the third choice of the 74 th student and Fontys University of Applied Sciences was the third choice of the 84 th student. Since both students were placed in their third choices in the first stage, they could not participate in the second stage. However, both indicated a preference for the University of Amsterdam over their current place- ments. The University of Amsterdam was the second choice of the 74 th student, and the top choice of the 84 th . In other words, both would have liked to be placed in this position instead of their current placements. Also, they both had higher total university grades than the 177 th student. Hence, the failure of fairness is noticeable. In addition, the failure of non-wastefulness should also be observed, since it was announced that the University of Amsterdam had two quotas prior to the second stage, and only one student was placed there. While applying the modification, the first stage placements of the 74 th and 84 th students will be made tentative so that they may be placed in the Uni- versity of Amsterdam in the second stage and fairness will be satisfied. Having placed them in the University of Amsterdam, the positions they tentatively occupy will have one additional quota, and it will be possible to place other students in these positions according to their preferences.
placement and eighth grade mathematics placement (Dauber et al., 1996). In general, only students placed in the higher tracks at sixth grade are given the opportunity to enroll in pre- algebra at seventh grade and algebra in the eighth grade. A ‘domino effect’ emerges in the literature with regard to both mathematics class placements in high school and consequent college outcomes. This effect extends back to the sixth grade mathematics class placement. This is because sixth grade placement has a substantial impact on whether a student is placed in Algebra before high school. Taking algebra before high school not only impacts the academic achievement of students by virtue of their higher track placement, but it has an impact on college outcomes as well (Adelman, 1999; Horn & Nunez, 2000). Furthermore, the students own sense of self-efficacy is related to mathematics class placement (Akos, Shoffner, & Ellis, 2007). Given what we know about teacher expectations and sustained beliefs (T. L. Good, 1987), and mathematics teachers beliefs that mathematics courses should be tracked by student ability (Cahan & Linchevski, 1996), it is fair to assume that high school teacher expectation for student performance is also affected by the student class placement itself. All of these outcomes are likely unforeseen by-products of an academic decision made for a student when he or she was eleven years of age. What has not been established is how the transition from elementary school to middle school may impact this trajectory. The essential question raised herein is whether the fifth grade teacher judgment of student mathematical ability affects these placement outcomes differently for different groups of students. Or, in keeping with the domino analogy, is the fifth grade teacher’s judgment of student ability a critical link in how these dominoes fall?
through an online secure platform, Survey Monkey, with final results scanned in password-protected electronic files and stored with the quantitative data.
Procedures for the administration of both exams were identical with exception of the test instrumentation method. The mock exam (treatment and independent variable) was administered through an electronic medium, and the AC Level 1 exam (dependent variable) was delivered in paper test booklets with Scantron as the means of recording the scores. Both exams were proctored by faculty members, and test sites are identical in building location, duration of time allowed for the exam, lunch break, and date. The mock exam was offered on the Saturday following the first week of each semester and the AC Level 1 exam occurred on the Saturday of approximately the 14th week of each semester. Students were allowed to bring a calculator and pencil to the exam, and scratch paper was provided and collected after the exam to prevent details of either exam from becoming public. The timing of the mock exam mimicked the AC Level 1 exam by allowing 4 hours to perform the morning portion of the test, an hour lunch break, and 4 hours in the afternoon to complete the exam.
coached or uncoached group. This limitation was partly addressed by the use of individual differences as control variables in the analyses. Setting up an experimental design would have been better in terms of effectiveness of the procedure, however, it would also produce logistical and ethical problems. The researchers would have to organize a decent coaching program for the coached group and deny the uncoached group access to this coaching program. As some participants of the coached group might be less motivated than participants of the uncoached group, it could prove to be a difficult task to mobilize the coached group for each coaching session. This observational study got around these difficulties. Few studies concerning coaching effects on academic admission tests used random assignment and, as Messick and Jungeblut  stated, those who did have problems maintaining realistic control conditions . Next to randomization, the statistical technique of propensity scoring might be another solution to cover the problems of self- selection. By using propensity scoring, the way how participants have been assigned to treatment and control conditions is statistically modeled. Using matching, stratification or regression analysis, coached groups could be linked with uncoached groups while the group members have an equal possibility of belonging to the coached or the uncoached group , . As the estimated propensity scores are based on a set of entered covariates, the problem of overlooked individual differences remains.
Although placement of servers in the Internet is simi- lar, there are other practical issues such as distance mea- surement, fluctuations or uncertainty of the environment, and constant growth of the network. Jamin et al. propose distant maps which provides a relative distance between end-hosts, and discuss its application for mirror server placement [2, 3]. It is also shown that the closest server selection performs much better than random server selec- tion. Qiu et al. evaluates different placement algorithms for web server replicas by means of simulation . The focus of these approaches is to improve the performance for users, and thus, users are assumed to access the clos- est server. This paper investigates the load distribution of servers as well as the performance, and focuses on the effects of different server selection algorithms.
The above analyses critically hinge on the availability of selection. They predict that, when selection is available, the conventional EPF approach may not identify the school effect, even school inputs contribute to student achievement production. Presumably, the more the parents have freedom to choose schools for their children, the closer the situation is to our model, and the more likely the conventional EPF approach fails to identify the effect of school inputs. This prediction provides a good explanation for different findings about the effects of school inputs in developed countries, particularly in the United States, from in developing countries. While the general opinion about the U.S. school systems is pessimistic, studies in many developing countries, including India (Shuluka, 1974), Uganda, Kenya, Ghana, Papua New Guinea, and Somalia (Heyneman, 1980; Heyneman and Loxley, 1983), conclude that school inputs are much more important than perceived in developed world. For example, "it has been shown in a sample of twenty-nine countries that the proportion of explained test score variance attributable to school quality is lowest in developed countries such as Australia, Japan, Sweden, and United States, but it is twice or three times as high in Brazil, Botswana, India, or Thailand." (Psacharoupolos and Woodhall, 1985, p.217)
We enter the hospital environment after we pass theoretical courses, in order to apply them in practice and become orien- tated with the hospital environment, where we are going to work there in the future . . . and clinical environment . . . is exactly the same . . . we learn theoretical experiences in practice. Knowledge-practice incorporated was another subtheme giv- ing a hint about the importance of actualizing potential. Student nurses felt superfluous whenever they didn’t know what to do. They evaluated having knowledge in the clinical field as impor- tant as practice. Knowledge and practice were inseparable for them. Nursing students estimated the value of being in the clinical field by being active there. The students preferred to be active even at the expense of becoming tired; it was made fully worthwhile by the activity-induced satisfaction: