Studies of Traditional Culture

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A Review of the Impact of Traditional Culture on Auditing

A Review of the Impact of Traditional Culture on Auditing

Recent studies have suggested that institutional factors as external factors af- fecting audit organization behavior will affect regional audit market structure and thus affect accounting information quality [2]. Liu Wenjun took the listed company in 2008-2011 as a research sample. The study found that the closer the auditor is to the customer, the lower the absolute value of the company’s mani- pulative accruals, and the lower the probability of being issued a standard unqu- alified opinion. Liu Yingfei and Ding Wei used the 2009-2014 China A-share listed company as a research sample. The study found that companies with higher social capital stocks at the headquarters had lower audit fees. Further re- search by Yan Yanli and Lu Guihua shows that the audit fees of tax-integrity companies are significantly lower than those of non-tax credit companies, both in the eastern regions with higher legal standards and in the central and western regions with lower legal standards. These studies study the impact on auditing from a macro perspective, both from the formal system and from the informal system level. This paper studies the impact on audit fees and audit quality from the perspective of traditional culture.
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The Development of Leisure Sports in Ancient China and Its Contemporary Sports Culture Value

The Development of Leisure Sports in Ancient China and Its Contemporary Sports Culture Value

The leisure sports in China have national features. There are not only folk festiv- als such as acrobatics and boat race for celebration, but also the swing to play every day, as well as Cuju and sumo with military nature in ancient times. From the end of the primitive society when sports came into being to now, there have already been sports for over 10,000 years (Zhang & Pan, 2011). They develop and evolve constantly, integrating with traditional Chinese culture closely, which becomes an important content in the traditional culture, and influences the de- velopment of sports undertakings in future China greatly (Yao, 2009). This ar- ticle studies the ancient leisure sports defined as the ancient nature of the enter- tainment with a variety of entertainment-oriented movement. For example, Cu- ju, horse racing, rope skipping, polo, archery and so on.
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Impact of traditional culture on Camellia reticulata in Yunnan, China

Impact of traditional culture on Camellia reticulata in Yunnan, China

A book on history of Yunnan Province published in sixteenth century by Xie Zhaozhe (AD 1573–1620) of Ming Dynasty indicated that the C. reticulata was the best under the heaven. Xie also described 72 cultivars of cha-hua in this book. Deng Mei composed a poem of two hundreds lines in which he pointed out the ten ex- cellences of C. reticulata. Zhao wrote a genealogical rec- ord of C. reticulata listed with nearly one hundred types. A book written by Fang Shumei in 1920 was historically important in the studies of cultivated C. reticulata in Yunnan Province, in which 122 poems of Ming and Qing dynasties were collected.
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Mental Types of Eurasian Culture and Civilization: Russia and Kazakhstan

Mental Types of Eurasian Culture and Civilization: Russia and Kazakhstan

You can make sure that the cultural system of the Kazakh people of the early twentieth century, there are three beginning. These include aboriginal traditional culture, colonial culture and Western influence. Eurasian cultural type has managed to combine traditional culture with the achievements of Western civilization. Special studies show a tendency of Kazakhs to cultural dialogue. About it in his time said enough and Abai. Only to consider the “traditionalist” as the antithesis of progress and “modernized personality” as antipode would be far-fetched. In connection with this issue, let's consider the following thought appropriate by the head of state: “We have taken away from their cultural roots. But more experienced the effects of other civilizations. Whether it is good or bad is another question,”(Nosarev, 1996).
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Studies on the use of sucrose alternatives in traditional sweetmeats

Studies on the use of sucrose alternatives in traditional sweetmeats

Growing awareness of each of these issues has cast a negative influence on the consumer towards sucrose based foods and the demand for low or no sugar products is on the increase. Thus today there exists a need to provide low sugar or sugar free products, which have characteristics similar to those of sugar. However there are problems in replacing sugar with alternatives. This is because sugar in addition to sweetness, imparts many desirable characteristics to the product like body and texture. It is also a good preservative. Sucrose alternatives should naturally satisfy these requirements. Many types of sucrose alternatives are now available and with the help of these, tailor made foods can be prepared so that consumers are not penalized with excessive calories. The main aim of the present study was to replace sugar in Indian sweets with sucrose alternatives, without affecting the desirable quality attributes of these products. With this broad aim in view, the work was initiated on selected Indian sweets such as jamun, burfi, laddu and the results are presented in these studies.
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Research on Lahu’s traditional sports culture from the perspective of cultural ecology

Research on Lahu’s traditional sports culture from the perspective of cultural ecology

foreign tourists. The tertiary industry, especially the tourism has the most direct relation with Lahu’s tradi- tional sports culture. With the continuous deepening of the reform and opening-up and the market-oriented economic reform, the economic strength of Lancang County continues to strengthen, and the tourism be- comes a pillar industry in the county. Lahu is a unique minority in Yunnan, who is also the first batch of in- digenous people in Yunnan Province. Therefore, Lahu has rich tourism resources to be developed and a strong attraction to the tourists as well. If Lahu’s traditional sports culture can be incorporated into the tourism system of Lancang County as a tourism landscape, it can promote local economic development, achieve profits, and promote the development and innovation of the traditional sports events through creating profits. For a long time, a race gathering together has be- come the most common form of social organization. Generally, a village is formed by gathering of several ethnic groups. Lahu also adopts the form of a race gathering together. In Lancang County, there are few habitats available for people to live. Therefore, Lahu forms a lot of villages, thus forming a relatively stable and intimate symbiotic environment, because people in villages know each other with close relations and frequent exchanges between the neighborhoods, so as to facilitate the effective implementation of the tradi- tional sports activities and be capable of forming large-scale group participation. This particular envi- ronment of social organization is the human infra- structure of Lahu’s traditional sports activities. Now- adays, with the continuous strengthening of China’s economic strength, the unprecedented improvement of the urbanization level and the acceleration of the ur- ban construction, more labor forces in the mountain- ous rural areas are transferred to cities. A significant reduction of Lahu’s young and strong laborers makes the traditional sports activities lose the activity objects, thus bringing a serious challenge to the inheritance and development of Lahu’s traditional sports culture.
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Volume 6, Issue 2, 2020

Volume 6, Issue 2, 2020

At the Kırkpınar Oil Wrestling event music constitutes an important part of the event. Rituals take up an important place in the oil wrestling tradition, wherein music is also included. Kırkpınar Wrestling with its traditional clothes of ceremonial, ceremonial practices, oiling, cazgır, pray, salutation, kispet, peshrev, music, agha, wrestlers, wrestling, drum-shawm, which are national cultural elements, have a unique and original cultural texture (Yıldıran, 2000). In wrestling based on the struggle of two people under equal conditions without using any tools, wrestlers fulfill these rules one by one. Before starting the contest wrestlers in oil wrestling wear leather pants that cover their bodies according to Islamic rules from underneath the belly to underneath the knee cap. Wrestlers are subsequently oiled and they pray to their master Hazreti Hamza with three İhlas and one Fatiha verses by turning to the direction of Mecca. Once these prayers are completed, the announcer introduces the wrestlers to the spectators. Following the prelude consisting of warm-up and physical-fitness exercises, wrestlers are invited to engage accompanied by the drums and clarion (Gümüş, 1990; Şahin, 2003; Atabeyoğlu, 2000). With all these dimensions, the struggle in oil wrestling is also described as musical (Hatipler, 2010). The team of performers consisting of the drum and clarion plays wrestler tunes to accompany the wrestling competition. Due to all these implementations, the Kırkpınar Wrestling Meets that have been continuing for centuries were included in the UNESCO intangible culture assets list in 2011 due to their difference and unique structure. Our investigation tried to draw attention to the importance of the Kırkpınar Wrestling Meet which constitutes a special part in Turkish culture as an intangible cultural heritage with the “Wrestler Tunes” by displaying the effects of music on the wrestling and spectators and their historical aspects through literature search.
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Broad Range Direct Detection and Identification of Fungi by Use of the PLEX ID PCR Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (ESI MS) System

Broad Range Direct Detection and Identification of Fungi by Use of the PLEX ID PCR Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (ESI MS) System

61.7 to 71.2%) agreement with culture results to the genus and species levels, respectively, with 16.2% (64/395; 95% CI, 12.7 to 20.2%) of the results discordant with culture and 16.2% (64/395; 95% CI, 12.7 to 20.2%) not detected by the PLEX-ID assay. Over- all, the TAT was reduced from 2 to 20 days for growth in culture to a maximum of 1 day by using the PLEX-ID system. The majority ( ⬎ 95%) of the isolates not detected directly by the PLEX-ID sys- tem ultimately grew in low quantities in culture (ⱕ20 colonies). Even though the PLEX-ID system did not detect 16.2% of the fungi observed in culture, this technology is likely not to replace culturing of fungi but rather to serve as an adjunct test that pro- vides rapid identification of fungi with a TAT of days to weeks prior to their growth in culture. In 20.3% (35/172) of the respira- tory specimens where no growth was observed in culture, the PLEX-ID system identified a fungal species, indicating a potential increase in sensitivity over culture in some instances. Among those, the nonculturable fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii was identi- fied in four specimens by the PLEX-ID system. This assay provides the advantage of being able to pick up nonculturable organisms such as P. jirovecii. An additional concerning discordance between culture and the PLEX-ID system was the identification of Coccid- ioides immitis/Coccidioides posadasii in two separate incidences by the PLEX-ID system that was not identified by culture. Unfortu- nately, there was no method available to arbitrate this discrepancy because of the lack of a residual specimen. In addition, further review of the patients’ clinical histories was unrevealing. Although the PLEX-ID system potentially demonstrates increased sensitiv- ity over culture, it is difficult to predict the clinical significance of these results, as some of the isolates (e.g., Cladosporium cladospo- rioides, Cercostigmina punctata, Pseudocercospora ocimicola, etc.) may be considered environmental saprobes possibly representing contaminants and could also represent nonviable DNA. Likewise, it is probable to hypothesize that these organisms are present at low levels as colonizers or transient contaminants in the body without causing disease and therefore their detection by the PLEX-ID system may accurately reflect their presence in the spec- imen.
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Practice cultural of Orang Asli Jakun at Kampung Peta

Practice cultural of Orang Asli Jakun at Kampung Peta

any of their generation these days are less interested to know and learn the traditional knowledge of his tribe. This can be seen in Quarter Jahut situation that has been synonymous with the development of runoff has not forgotten art materials bequeathed by their ancestors, carved wooden statues. However, this heritage, could not last long as only a sculptor living alone Jahut quarter, namely Hassan Majid who was older that still retains that heritage. This is because there is no new generation interested in the field. Even the younger generation of Orang Asli communities today are also seen increasingly forgetting the cultural heritage of their communities as a result of development and modernization." Young people now prefer to cling to the sophisticated and expensive and illegal racing to forget about the art itself" ( Utusan, 11 June 2012). Therefore, in the present work is a symbol of traditional Orang Asli, imagery for a long time just continued survival by only a handful of citizens. Orang Asli community or a particular person from the Jakun’s communities in Kampung Peta was involved in more modern work. It can be seen that a relatively high proportion of adolescents and youth have been involved with industrial activities. They have to get a job outside the village to work as indentured laborers and factory workers in Kluang, Mersing, Johor Bahru, Rompin, Pekan and even in the big city of Kuala Lumpur (Hanapi Dollah, 2008). Thus, young people are seen less interested and learn traditional knowledge derived from his tribe beneficiaries. They tend to migrate to the city by virtue of his work deals more promising returns.
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Relationship between the Traditional Buddhist Culture and the Fluctuations of Corporate Performance

Relationship between the Traditional Buddhist Culture and the Fluctuations of Corporate Performance

4) In order to avoid the influence of other traditional cultures of a few ethnic groups on traditional Buddhist culture, following the practices of Chen, Hu, Du et al. , this article excludes listed companies whose registered places are located in ethnic minorities [12] [13]. At the same time, according to the “Report of the State Council’s Bureau of Religious Affairs on the Determination of the National Key Temples of Buddhism in the Han Area” issued by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China on April 9, 1983 which include 148 provincial key temples. In addition, I also added 56 key temples in the list of the second batch of national key temples of the Chinese Buddhist Association of Chinese Budd- hism, a total of 204 key Buddhist temples. The final sample comprises 12088 ob- servations, a total of 1327 listed companies. To mitigate the effects of outliers, I winsorize all continuous variables in Table 1 at the top or bottom one percentile of the deflated value in each year.
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Understanding human culture : theoretical and experimental studies of cumulative culture

Understanding human culture : theoretical and experimental studies of cumulative culture

prosocial norm-adherence. They assume that cumulative culture gives rise to a cognitive tendency to copy the majority, which becomes an integral part of norm-psychology. My analysis implies that once early human culture became cumulative, it might have resulted in patterns of convergence in behaviour without the need for an individual conformist bias by the same mechanism we observe in the programming contests. Behavioural homogeneity could result from independent individual decisions based on payoff bias in a cumulative cultural context, through mechanisms we have illustrated here. Similarly, behavioural homogeneity could also be a result of local adaptation of other types of learning biases like payoff bias, which would lead the population to converge on a uniform set of cultural traits, thus supporting the fact that conformist transmission is not necessary for behavioural homogeneity. In a cumulative setting where high-fidelity learning is common (potentially through material artefacts – here, cultural transmission was materially supported as individuals could copy and paste code directly), and tasks reach sufficient complexity that the differential risks of copying versus innovation we have observed here are established, convergence in behaviour at the population level is expected. Although this convergence is not initially driven by conformist bias, it could then feed back to select for conformist bias and norm-conformity because, as our results show, cumulative culture makes copying a low-risk option. This would support Chudek and Henrich’s suggestion that the evolution of cumulative culture and conformity are intimately linked.
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Understand the Local Seismic Culture through Ancient and Traditional Building

Understand the Local Seismic Culture through Ancient and Traditional Building

A lot of monuments and constructions, built in traditional ways which survive for earthquakes, even in zones where the seismic risk is particularly important. This research, presents several examples of sismo-resistant traditional constructions, testifying a local seismic culture for every region listed respectively. By presenting examples exits of different civilizations, regions and different cultures, the study aims at demonstrating the solid know-how of the sismo-resistant vernacular architecture.

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The Many Vulnerabilities of the Roma and the European Legal Framework

The Many Vulnerabilities of the Roma and the European Legal Framework

of Roma culture, as well as the false assumption that Roma culture is singular. Moreover, it raised the issue of whether, for the purposes of identifying Roma as a minority group, characteristics currently attributed to Roma reflect the tradi- tional culture of Roma? The question is important because it is difficult to identify which of the characteristics of Roma lifestyle is part of their cultural heritage and which have developed over time in Europe, as a means of necessity. For example, the idea that nomadism is a firm part of Roma cultural lifestyle is challengeable when we take into account that Roma have historically used travelling in Europe as a means of economic and physical survival and as an escape from political oppression—implying therefore that this is not a traditional cultural trait per se. Relatedly, is it part of Roma cultural identity to prefer to live in travelling sites, or has this equally developed as an adaptation response to the discriminatory and poverty-stricken conditions Roma faced in Europe? Whilst some commentators challenge the certainty of these characteristics as traditional to Roma, there are others who argue that, irrespective of the root of the tradition, Roma culture can now legitimately be described as encompassing these traits, as it is a culture of survival and adjustment. 11
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Hey! Beijing: China Special Series: Promoting the Internet Travel Program of Beijing with Motion Graphics

Hey! Beijing: China Special Series: Promoting the Internet Travel Program of Beijing with Motion Graphics

______________________________________________________________________ In the past, travel documentaries on television were the main marketing method to show the audience about one city. As time has changed, we are moving towards a more electronic / digital media dominated era. The traditional ways of title sequences for a travel program in China is to use the techniques of 2D photographs and documentaries, which might seem a little unattractive in this information world. For a modern society, people are looking for something new and more interesting to attract their eyes and to catch the first impression. In order to improve the visual style, I believe motion graphics can achieve it. That is why I design this title sequence as my thesis project.
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The Evolution of Acceptance of a Non-Traditional University Program into University Mainstream Culture

The Evolution of Acceptance of a Non-Traditional University Program into University Mainstream Culture

Working many years to move OWLS to departmental status provided both positive and negative results. First, becoming a department provided a ‘seat at the table’ and options for more faculty and status both on and off campus. Yet, in the same breath, it must be noted that status, seats at the table, and more faculty are also requiring higher scholarship, more accountability, and more spotlights on productivity. Certainly, the days of being more isolated as a non-traditional and interdisciplinary program are in the past. Therefore, as programs move forward, it is not without seeing some collateral damage, so before moving we must count the costs.
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Challenging the traditional culture vulture: Experiential marketing in the cultural tourism sector

Challenging the traditional culture vulture: Experiential marketing in the cultural tourism sector

The roots of cultural tourism in the UK may be traced back as far as the eighteenth Century Grand Tour but rather than remaining the preserve of an affluent elite, cultural tourism has been increasingly popularised (Prentice 2001). This is generally attributed to factors such as increased incomes, leisure time and tourists seeking new experiences (Hughes and Allen 2005). Cultural tourism tends to be welcomed in the UK as the revenue earned helps to maintain historic sites and resources that would otherwise not be viable (Prentice 2001, Hughes 2000) and the cultural tourist is often seen as a more desirable visitor being’ typically well educated, affluent and broadly travelled’ (Holcomb 1999). This concurs with The Arts Council’s most recent typology of visitors to arts and cultural attractions (2009) which features the ’Traditional Culture Vulture’ as altruistic, discerning, comfortable, conventional, well informed and having accumulated wealth. Whilst only comprising 4% of the UK population they are nevertheless ‘heavily engaged’ in travel and visits to arts and cultural attractions.
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Studying on Inheriting and Innovation of Self-Identity Spirit to Chinese Traditional Culture

Studying on Inheriting and Innovation of Self-Identity Spirit to Chinese Traditional Culture

communicating with culturology. As a reply, some scholars present that “Chinese culture should insist on communicating with western culture, and it’s an advisable methods to develop Chinese culture.[18]” The first scholar who present the thought of interaction is Buber, and he insists the “relationship theory” in inter-subject to replace the “realism” in subject and object, what’s more, he presents that “I and he orientation” should be replaced by “I and you orientation”, Master - slave principle should be replaced by interactive principle, indirect relations should be replaced by direct relations. Therewith, the thought of interaction is wide spread and well developed, by the influence, Wi-ttgenstein put forward “theory of language games” to destroy “private language”, Arendt put forward “public sphere”, Rawls put forward “overlapping consensus”, Gadamer put forward “logic of question-answer” and “horizon blend”, Levyna put forward the theory “absolute otherness”, etc. Culture interaction means treat ego and alter ego equally, which is a kind of culture strategy that seek common points while reserving difference, and it’s goal is diminishing the bad consequences by cultural conflict, and it proves that it’s possible in values. Historically, each form of culture is the consequence of culture interaction. Western culture is the product of the interaction between ancient Greek and Hebrew; Chinese Zen thought is the consequence of the interaction between ancient Chinese and Indian culture; Song-Ming Neo-Confucianism is the product of the interaction between Zen thought and Confucianism. It is said that culture interaction is the power of the development of human beings’ culture, as well as the proper method that shapes it. The construction of culture interaction not only establishes the interaction paradigm in cultural theory, but also asks people to conduct criticism to power discourse in cultural and social practice. Habermas’ “public sphere” is the social room to realize this interaction. In his book <The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere>, he took “public sphere” as a historical category and he said: “‘public opinion’ existed in England till the century of 17 and it formed in France till the century of 18. Therefore ‘public sphere’ included in historical category. [19]” Whereas this category has the factors that maintaining “private life” and criticizing power discourse. The true goal of culture interaction is to construct a new culture phenomenon that factors communicating equally in different forms of culture, and to exploit the cultural public space that similar with “public sphere” in cultural and social practice.
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Research on the Development and Application of Kindergarten Curriculum Based on Traditional Chinese Culture

Research on the Development and Application of Kindergarten Curriculum Based on Traditional Chinese Culture

The classical recitation is the accumulation of the excellent traditional culture in China. To carry out a series of classical readings in the teaching process of children can help children learn to grow up. With the emphasis put on tradi- tional culture, traditional cultural classics have gradually entered into the class- room teaching of children. The development and utilization of education re- sources in traditional culture are also gradually enriched. Some children’s schools organize children to appreciate and read and gradually formed the cha- racteristics of the traditional Chinese children education system. For example, the national classics comprehensive theme curriculum “happy Chinese babies”, edited by Zhao Wuqian, is mainly based on classics such as the three words, the thousand words, the disciples’ rules and the ancient poems, skillfully integrated the culture, the word, language, history, art, performance and other elements in the order of shallow to deep learning, and realized the effective development of education resources (Wang, 2010).
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Mechanisms of normal and abnormal neurulation: evidence from embryo culture studies

Mechanisms of normal and abnormal neurulation: evidence from embryo culture studies

Int J Dt '\' Biol I1 199 2]2(1997) 199 Mechanisms of normal and abnormal neurulation evidence from embryo culture studies ANGELEEN FLEMING, DIANNE GERRELLI, NICHOLAS D E GREENE and ANDREW J COPP' Neur[.]

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Understanding Culture Through Traditional Chinese Fairy Tales: A Study on the effects of Chinese fairy tale characters on audience perception of culture

Understanding Culture Through Traditional Chinese Fairy Tales: A Study on the effects of Chinese fairy tale characters on audience perception of culture

This book contains rich legends and fairy tales, which are valuable for historical studies, especially for research on elements of primitive society in China, such as surnames, tribes, understandings of the universe, and nature. Since ancient times, this book has been seen as an encyclopedia. It illustrates beyond the limits of space and time and records the magical figures, local cultures and rituals, and all kinds of gardens and treasures. Moreover, among hundreds of mythical monsters that were described in the book Classic of Mountains and Seas, most of them are obscure in terms of location, attributes, and function.
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