Sustainable Natural Resource Management

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Participatory Environmental Communication for Sustainable Natural Resource Management in Ethiopia

Participatory Environmental Communication for Sustainable Natural Resource Management in Ethiopia

Lake Tana is the largest lake in Ethiopia which has multifaceted socio-economic function in the country’s development. However, the lake is infested by water hyacinth since 2011 and efforts have been exerted to control the weed. This study is meant to explore the perceptions and practice of ANRS Environment Forest Wildlife Protection and Development Authority development (EFWPDA) communication experts on Participatory environmental communication in eradicating water hyacinth from Lake Tana. The qualitative case study was conducted on the basis of the participatory development communication model which has been assumed to bring about sustainable natural resource management. The data were collected using in-depth interviews, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and document analysis. The collected data were organised and analysed in the form of content and thematic analysis. The finding revealed that participatory communication in EFWPDA is equated to a public relation activity of organising campaigns and the local people are urged to participate by providing labour contribution of harvesting and collecting the weed from the lake. The communication approach was found to be a one way top-down approach which does not facilitate a horizontal dialogue among stakeholders.
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Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainable Natural Resource Management

Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainable Natural Resource Management

With increasing challenges before India, the National Water Policy-2002 envisaged that establishment a well-developed information system for water related database at national and state level with a network of data banks by integrating and strengthening existing central and state level stakeholders. The information system should comprises standards for coding, classification, processing of data and methods or procedures for its collection and promoting free exchange of data among various agencies. Apart from data regarding water availability and actual water use, system should also include comprehensive and reliable projections of future demands of water for diverse purposes. With development of modern technologies, ICTs are of immense use in Sustainable Natural Resource Management. These technologies are time and money saving, accurate compared to conventional assessment. Products of these technologies help the scientists and policy makers for taking appropriate decision in agriculture production. Many industrially developed countries such as the U.S., Canada, Australia and New Zealand, have increasingly shifted the focus of their public extension systems away from technology transfer to training farmers how to use Sustainable Natural Resource Management practices.
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Smart Power as a Pathway for Employing Sustainable Human Resource Management

Smart Power as a Pathway for Employing Sustainable Human Resource Management

The idea of sustainability was known already in the time of Aristotle (Ehnert, 2009a), however until the late 1970s the notion was employed only occasionally (Leal Filho, 2000) and primarily used with reference to environmental politics. However, in the light of social inequity, unequal access for all people to resources and continuing large scale consumption of goods or services in industrialized countries (Zink, 2014; Ehnert et al., 2014), the concern of advancement of the societal and economic development without endangering natural living conditions becomes the main topic. A significant step forward towards acknowledgment of the importance of sustainability was done by World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), defining sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (WCED, 1987, 43).
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Land and Water Resource Management and Sustainable Development of Agriculture in India

Land and Water Resource Management and Sustainable Development of Agriculture in India

the production of food grain was 50 million tons in 1950-51, which has increased 213 million Tonnes in 2001-2002. With more intensive agriculture, there has been a rising stress on natural resources in the parts of the country. The major environmental problems of intensive agriculture include degradation of soils from over dose of chemical fertilizers, has given rise to residual effects on the soil in a gigantic ways. An extensive use of chemical based pesticides causing health hazards, declining in crop diversity, over exploitation has given rise to depletion of water, particularly in rise growing areas of north-eastern region of India. The other concerns which includes decreasing man-land ratio and conversion of agricultural lands for non- agricultural use. Keeping in view various agricultural and water parameters we can draw some of inferences from the tabulated data as follows:
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Development of Sustainable Renewable Resource Management Tool for Residential Townships

Development of Sustainable Renewable Resource Management Tool for Residential Townships

In the present study technically efficient, economically viable, locally available sustainable technologies were identified for the conservation of natural resources in residential buildings through extensive literature and market/web survey. Life cycle cost (LCC) analysis approach was used for the integration of sustainable technologies. A methodology was developed to design a software tool for Sustainable, Renewable Resource Management (SRRM). The tool has capabilities of estimating the total saving of natural resources, carbon emission and financial savings during the lifetime of sustainable technologies. It generates abstract of results for the individual apartment buildings and the cluster of apartment buildings. The developed SRRM tool also facilitates the sensitivity analysis of the system parameters to evaluate the alternative costs of sustainable technologies.
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3D Groundwater Modelling for Sustainable Resource Management – A Case Study

3D Groundwater Modelling for Sustainable Resource Management – A Case Study

Groundwater constitutes the most important natural water resources all over the world. The use of groundwater models is prevalent in the field of environmental hydrogeology. A simulation of groundwater flow that takes into consideration the parameters and properties variability of aquifer is only possible through mathematical modeling. Groundwater flow and fate and transport models have been applied to investigate a wide variety of hydrogeologic conditions.

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Property rights are an important factor in natural resource management.

Property rights are an important factor in natural resource management.

governments attempt to control the CPRs to make a more efficient use of them, the local users previous practices with the resources are often forgotten. In fact, governments from developing countries are usually more concerned with a rapid economic growth rather than an individual level development. Such centralized policies have often resulted in poorly designed regulations, a lack of buy-in by user groups, low levels of compliance, and ineffective controls on exploitation. These problems have shown that government control is often ineffective in promoting the long-term sustainability of the CPRs. As a response to that, “[t]he past decade has witnessed a major policy trend of devolving control over natural resources from government agencies to user groups” (Meinzen-Dick & Anna Knox, , p. 41). The move towards decentralization of resource control provides opportunity for more efficient, equitable and sustainable resource use.
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Exploring dynamic natural-resource-based capabilities for sustainable agri-food chains

Exploring dynamic natural-resource-based capabilities for sustainable agri-food chains

Employee training featured prominently in terms of pollution prevention seizing activities. 13 of the 14 companies suggested that all employees, regardless of their role, received basic training in the avoidance of waste. This encouraged employees to turn off all unused machinery and lighting, to avoid printing where possible, to segregate all waste at source from factory floor right up to staff cafeteria, and in two of the 14 companies to make use of electric vehicles, public transport or car-share for the commute to work. This was communicated via both training and internal signage. 11 of the 14 interviewed companies reinforced a link between environmental management systems and seizing pollution prevention, with ISO 14001, supermarket environmental accreditation schemes, NGO certification schemes and company own designed systems emerging with significance. Reinforcing the value of a lean approach, references were also made to Six Sigma. Again, machinery maintenance emerged with significance, but no references were made to advanced safety measures. Discussion of machinery maintenance, as well as carbon measurement and lean, often led to references for technological know-how.
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STUDY THE ROLE AND PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCE FOR SUSTAINABLE ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT

STUDY THE ROLE AND PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCE FOR SUSTAINABLE ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT

Two subjects are central in the discussion concerning sustainability where organizations are concerned. The first manages changes that companies need to make with the end goal to wind up specialists of reasonable development, or, in other words, the kind of development which addresses the issues of current ages without impeding future ages to meet their economic, social and natural requirements. It very well may be seen that the scope of factors engaged with this definition clouds its suggestions for organizational dynamics in companies. The second topic in the center of the
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Agent Based Modeling: An Application to Natural Resource Management

Agent Based Modeling: An Application to Natural Resource Management

A PBB farm considering investing in an anaerobic digester has the options of ei- ther investing in a diversified business or maintaining its current sustainable business. In order to identify the farm of interest profitability, we use the net present value or discounted cash flow approach. In fact, the net present value (NPV) is a formal approach that condenses ecological and economical evalua- tions of a managing process within a planning horizon predetermined in which every contribution (net revenues) throughout the time under consideration is discounted up to the present day given a certain interest rate [29]. The NPV would help us in evaluating the motivation behind venturing a diversified enter- prise or continue under a specialized pasture based beef business from a profita- bility standpoint. The following presents our profitability approach based on [12] [55] and programmed in NetLogo [34] [35], under the assumption that the farm of interest is faced with diminishing returns:
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The role of resource management and environmental factors in sustainable development

The role of resource management and environmental factors in sustainable development

1. since the competition-ability and its sustainable development has a beyond-field concept and bears social, economic and environmental aspects, it should be investigated from all of its three aspects and the required steps shall be taken to promote the social justice, living environment protection and preventing the overuse of the renewable natural resources because the role of the local and international cooperation of the governments and non-state organizations is of a huge significance.

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Tasmania's Resource Management and Planning System : towards sustainable development?

Tasmania's Resource Management and Planning System : towards sustainable development?

The objectives of the Tasmanian Resource Management and Planning System are: 1 a to promote the sustainable development of natural and physical resources and the maintenance of ecologica[r]

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Towards Sustainable Tourism Development in Zambia: Advancing Tourism Planning and Natural Resource Management in Livingstone (Mosi oa Tunya) Area

Towards Sustainable Tourism Development in Zambia: Advancing Tourism Planning and Natural Resource Management in Livingstone (Mosi oa Tunya) Area

As argued by [64] “policy at a national level that as- sists local areas in dealing with volumes and the distribu- tion of tourists in a more methodical manner”. With ref- erence to [80-84] by enabling more proactive public sec- tor approach to tourism planning, steps towards under- standing the dynamics of tourism in Zambia made by the Ministry of Tourism Environment Natural Resource un- der the Zambia Wildlife Authority by establishing a stra- tegic tourism development model. Given that local gov- ernment agencies are politically weak, of well-recorded and entrenched patterns of corruption and patronage built around land and planning decisions, this call by planners has a greater degree of cogency as observed by [60,80,85] argue that, “those destinations, localities and nations that prepare to put into practice good detailed policies and strategic plans will reap the benefits for sustaining their tourism products in the future”, a cornerstone of Zam- bia’s tourism strategy. Further research and steps would help local Zambian destinations to ensure ZAWA achieves the goals and principles enshrined in the origi- nal legislation. Without a more concerted attempt to challenge pro-development policy, Zambia is likely to lose pace in terms of competitive advantage as a clean, green and sustainable tourism destination.
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Resource Management As Panacea For Sustainable National Economic Development And National Unity

Resource Management As Panacea For Sustainable National Economic Development And National Unity

The word ―Resource Sustainability‖ has become a common word today in the face of political up-haven, poverty, diseases, overpopulation etc. Sustainable resource use is seen as the potential solution for many international, regional and local problems [10]. The Nigerian economy can develop if its resources is managed adequately to cater for the problems of over population, infrastructural decay, political/ethnic crisis, pollution and increasing urban growth without complimentary resources to meet with limited resources. The United Nation World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) 1987 defined sustainability as the ―development that meets the present generation without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet there own needs‖. Poor resource management is a problem in many countries of the world of which Nigeria is not an exception. The argument that the more resources a country has the more economic prosperity a country will experience in terms of economic growth and development does not hold true when one examines the country. Nigeria as the eight highest exporter of crude oil in the world with immense wealth coming from annual oil production and trade in other mineral resources continues to suffer poor resource management. This statement holds true in Niger Delta, according to [13] this problem manifest specifically in that area as the largest oil producing region in the country but the poorest because it does not benefit adequately from the wealth derived from oil production. Poverty which is defined by Wikipedia as the general dearth or state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possession or money can be noticed all over Nigeria. This issue is compounded by the fact that oil revenue is poorly distributed among the population with higher government spending in the urban areas than the rural areas; oil extraction has also resulted in pollution and civil unrest in regions where they are extracted. This paper presents the basic concepts of resource sustainability and management and it application in natural resource use and development. This paper also views resources management as an important factor that can be used to improve the economic well being and unity in the country. In addition, the paper also looks at the problems associated with resource use in the face of political upheavals, poverty, pollution, environmental degradation, etc and how adequate ________________________
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Geospatial Model of Regional Natural Resources as a Basis for Sustainable Environmental Management

Geospatial Model of Regional Natural Resources as a Basis for Sustainable Environmental Management

resource geospatial model (NRGM) of the region (digital representation of an ordered set of spatially distributed data on the region’s natural resources obtained from various sources) may become the most efficient tool. The list of these data should be sufficient to cover all needs aimed at sustainable management of natural resources in the region at present and in the future.

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Water Resource Management by Minimizing Urban Wastewater and Adopting Sustainable Techniques

Water Resource Management by Minimizing Urban Wastewater and Adopting Sustainable Techniques

There are no large natural surface water bodies in Chandigarh though small ponds do exist in the rural areas. The water requirement of the city for drinking and domestic purposes is 493 MLD (Million liters per day) water, whereas available supply is only 363 MLD. Thus there is a shortage of about 130 MLD. A major part of water requirement of the city is met by canal water. In Chandigarh, use of private tube wells has been banned and tube wells tapping shallow aquifers are facing contamination problem. Water shortage is likely to get worsen in the coming years as the population is already more than double the planned capacity for the city. The demand of water for the other purposes such as industrial and commercial will also increase concurrently with the demand for domestic water demand. In the rapidly urbanizing world, issues relating to the availability, accessibility, and security of drinking water have emerged as major obstacle for sustainable development globally [10;11].
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Sustainable management of water resource through people’s organization!! how it works?

Sustainable management of water resource through people’s organization!! how it works?

and natural resources (water, favorable climate and soil). East Showa zone in this respect is an important from the viewpoint of local and central markets. The Zone is endowed with several lakes and few rivers. There is also fluvisols of recent alluvial formation that suitable for farming in lakeshores of Lake Ziway to produce horticulture crops using irrigation. There is several small scale irrigation schemes developed in the East Showa Zone. To utilize the stated resources for the benefit of the local people, the government and NGO’s are organized farmers in to irrigation cooperatives; where farmers pool their resources for mutual economic benefit. With the intention of achieving food security among the cooperative members, increasing income through production of high value crops to get good income and to sell the product on aggregate in order to increase their bargaining power among the cooperative members (ATWCPDO, 2015). Farmer members of many Irrigation Cooperatives are cultivating more than two crops in a year. The Irrigation Cooperatives block and accumulate the stream water and pump for irrigation as per the pre- planned and accepted schedule. They share the fuel and motor operator’s expenses.
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Conflict Prevention through Natural Resource Management? A Comparative Study

Conflict Prevention through Natural Resource Management? A Comparative Study

When  the  results  of  the  countermeasures  related  to  the  motive  mechanisms  are  put  to‐ gether,  the  impact  of  the  initiatives  at  the  national  level may  be  classified as relatively  suc‐ cessful,  in the  short term. Due to the  low  level  of  risk  of  there  being protests  within the  re‐ source  regions,  there  are,  at  the  subnational  level,  only  very  few  identifiable  countermea‐ sures. There are no substantive regional socioeconomic development initiatives. The legisla‐ tion  concerning  environmental  policy  by  the  Chávez  government  can  be  considered  rela‐ tively advanced in comparison to the regional average. Projects such as the reforestation ini‐ tiative “Misión  Árbol”,  established in  2006, and the “Misión  Piar”, established since 2003 to  advocate for sustainable development in mining communities, have been compassed. More‐ over, new laws for the protection of indigenous territories, also in the oil producing  regions,  have been issued. There is, however, a significant mismatch between the articulated plans of  environmental  policy  and  their  actual  implementation.  Deforestation,  water  and  soil pollu‐ tion,  and  erosion  continue  to  be  key  environmental  problems  associated  with  the  exploita‐ tion  of  oil  (European  Commission  2007:  46),  so  that  in  Venezuela  environmental  policy  in  practice has had only very little success thus far. Still, regional protests or conflicts are at a ra‐ ther low  level.  This  is, on the  one hand, due  to  the geographical–demographical  conditions  mentioned  above; on the  other,  it can also partly  be attributed to the general  increase in so‐ cial spending by the government. 
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Governance standard and assessment framework for Australian Natural Resource Management

Governance standard and assessment framework for Australian Natural Resource Management

On the understanding that no one person, group, organization or sector has the solution to complex problems, there is growing acceptance that good practice in addressing complex environmental problems requires that plans and activities are developed with the input of different sources of knowledge. In turn, the progressive organization shares with other governing bodies the higher-order understandings developed through bringing such sources of knowledge together and the lessons so learned. The innovative organization is not content to undertake the minimum level of planning activity specified by statutory arrangements but understands the value of extending its repertoire of strategic planning tools to more effectively deliver on its responsibilities for sustainable resource use. A leading-edge organization would enjoy a fully integrated business system in order to more efficiently and effectively deliver on its responsibilities. Attaining certification of its business system will likely help build the confidence of investors and other stakeholders.
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Integrated Approach for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources for Rural Development

Integrated Approach for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources for Rural Development

The present study gives more emphasis on land and forest resources on sustainable basis. For this purpose in land resource category, along with cultivated and fallow lands, wasteland category is also studied. Forest classes of three categories, viz, moderately dense, open forest and scrub or degraded forest are considered. All the estimations about the land cover classes are derived using satellite data at 23.5 m ground resolution and have been summarized in Table 1. There might have been different or may be better estimations at more fine spatial resolution satellite data. An attempt has been made to identity relevant factors negatively impacting the quality of forest and land resources in the watershed. Highest rate of growth in the level of natural resources vulnerability was observed in the southernmost parts of watershed, where most of the area under moderately dense forest has been vanished.
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