with a 9 server network running Xeon dual core 2.53 Ghz CPUs and 6 GB of memory with 36 base short read lengths . While there were no specific results given, generalities that a single read was able to be done in less than a second on a non- congested system and congested systems were able to send a response in a several seconds indicates that the performance would not be able to provide results from a NGS machine as fast as the reads were generated. In addition a problem was discovered with latency issues with uploading and downloading data from the cloud. The time necessary for a genome’s short reads to be uploaded is not listed, but would add additional difficulties which prove to be a substantial setback for this type of technology. Until further improvements are made, cloud based short read mapping would not be competitive with current mapping technologies.
Ordered arrays of transition metal oxide nanoparticles with controlled size, spacing, and arrangement have recently received much attention due to their potential applications in high-density nanoelectronic technologies such as flash memory devices, magnetic data storage devices and catalyst sites for organized molecular wires. 1-3 These technologies utilize well-ordered metal particles at the nano-level. Current “top-down” lithographic practices, employed by the microelectronic industry, face the escalating production cost as a function of decreasing feature size. As a result of the limitations in current lithography, various “bottom-up” techniques are being developed to create well- defined nanostructures on the 5-50 nm level. 4 Block copolymer (BCP) nanolithography is of particular interest due to the ability of BCPs to spontaneously self-assembly into a variety of well-defined nanodomains including spheres, cylinders, lamellae, and bicontinuous gyroids in the bulk state. 5-11 The morphology of diblock copolymers is dictated by three parameters including the degree of polymerization (N), the volume fraction of each block (ƒ), and the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter (χ). 12-14
Electromagnetic induction heating applied technologies in home and business usages have been spotlighted in attractive induction heating appliances such as metal working process, heat treatment, dissolution process, induction heating soldering, and induction fusion of polyethylene pipe, induction heating IH rice cooker, IH boiler, and IH hot-water supplier. The developments on the modern electric kitchen systems with advantages as simple, reliability, safety, maintenance free, efficiency improvement of the food cooking and processing work, and reduction in total running cost have attracted special interest in modern society.
V. ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS (ANN) The rapid detection of the disturbance signal with high accuracy, fast processing of the reference signal, and high dynamic response of the controller are the prime requirements for desired compensation in case of converters. The conventional controller fails to perform satisfactorily under parameter variations nonlinearity load disturbance, etc. A recent study shows that NN-based controllers provide fast dynamic response while maintaining stability of the converter system over wide operating range . The ANN is made up of interconnecting artificial neurons. It is essentially a cluster of suitably interconnected nonlinear elements of very simple form that possess the ability to learn and adapt. It resembles the brain in two aspects: 1) the knowledge is acquired by the network through the learning process and 2) interneuron connection strengths are used to store the knowledge - . These networks are characterized by their topology, the way in which they communicate with their environment, the manner in which they are trained, and their ability to process information. ANN has gain a lot of interest over the last few years as a powerful technique to solve many real world problems.
countries and maximize the effectiveness of donor aid. The Paris Declaration is based on the recognition that partner country should take ownership of development strategies. A country partner has ownership when it takes the lead in determining the goals and priorities of its own development and set the agenda for how they are to be achieved. Strengthening the country's ownership represents a shift of power in the way aid relationship worked in the past, while underlining the need for mutual accountability (OECD, 2009). With strong ownership, the prospects for progress against other Paris Declaration principles improve. If partners “own” priorities, plans and programs, they are more likely to exercise effective leadership in getting donors to align to national
essentially ended the fiscal authority of local school boards by eliminating their power to raise funds through local property tax increases. This prevents a local school board from raising funds for local initiatives and needs. An extra sales tax was added in lieu of property taxes for public education funding. A property tax is a more stable form of revenue than a sales tax because sales tax revenue is dependent upon fluctuations in the economy. When there is a recession, such as the one the United States has experienced over the last several years, there is a decrease in sales which results in less tax revenue for school funding. As a result of the new funding model in South Carolina, there has been a dramatic decrease in overall funding for all public school districts in South Carolina. To complicate further the reduction in funding for school districts, the Upstate of South Carolina has experienced a negative impact of the funding model because most districts in the Upstate continue to experience rapid student population growth and the funding formula does not allow for an increase in funding for rapid student population growth. With tighter school budgets, districts are being forced to eliminate programs, especially those that do not directly impact the classroom teacher to student ratio. Districts have been forced to eliminate personnel as a solution to desperate economic times in an effort to keep student to teacher ratios at the lowest possible levels. Although instructional coaches have been a casualty of current desperate budget situations, some
namely the distributions of them and discovered that they have power-law tails. This phenomenon has later been observed in many naturally occurring networks, and a network with such a degree distribution is referred to as a “scale-free network.” In 1976, he published another paper which proposed an explanation for the existence of power-laws in certain networks. This explanation has been widely accepted and adopted and is known today as “preferential attachment” . The explanation claims that “citations receive further citations in proportion to the number they already have” , page 18. Thus vertices with a large degree are more likely to accumulate more neighbors. Preferential attachment and scale-free networks are notions of much interest in network science today , page 17-18.
In considering the question of “why voting on Indian issues adhered so closely to partisan lines” I have attempted to interpret it though several, feasible analytical queries: to what extent did Indian Removal debate, and the pro-Removal discourse it generated, furnish a platform for the articulation of a national identity, and a story, by Jackson and the Democratic party?—to what extent did this story help to distinguish them from their political opponents, who stood as antagonists in their story of the nation’s true destiny? Most basically, to what extent did the arguments constructed to support Removal aid in the conceptual seduction—for a political party is an engine of power whose fuel is popularity—that contributed to the growth and popularity of the story being created by the Democratic party? In short, why were Jackson and his party victorious, both in Indian Removal, and, really in reshaping the political landscape? Ultimately, I contend, the question of “how Indian Removal was justified” and why “Jacksonian populism succeeded so profoundly” are in fact the same question.