The development of social networks

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The role of the internet and social networks in the development of agrotourism

The role of the internet and social networks in the development of agrotourism

39 11. SUMMARY The term agrotourism came at the end of the twentieth century when the representatives of agricultural holdings introduced it as one of the forms of their tourist service. Agrotourism is considered part of rural tourism. The Internet and social networks are an integral part of agrotourism, whereby the internet has become an unavoidable part of media planning in recent years. The Internet provides current and always accessible information to potential clients from around the world and is a powerful communication channel that can effectively link the supply and demand of tourism stakeholders. The paper explores the role of the internet and social networks in the development of agrotourism. For research purposes, a survey was performed on randomly selected 101 respondents of all ages as potential users of agrotouristic offer. Research has shown that the internet and social networks affect better information on products and services of agrotourism although it is not sufficiently promoted via the Internet.
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Social networks and expertise development for Australian breast radiologists

Social networks and expertise development for Australian breast radiologists

Methods As this is a novel exploration of expertise development in radiology, a qualitative approach was considered best to document radiologists’ experiences, ideas and percep- tions. Qualitative research can provide researchers with rich, real world data which can be used to achieve new insights [34] from radiologists’ point of view about their performance constructs. The qualitative study sought to investigate the relative strengths and connections between expertise development and social learning. We designed a semi-structured interview study with radiolo- gists to cover three main topics: the influence of social networks in knowledge transfer and expertise sharing among the radiology workforce; radiologists’ individual work habits in reporting as well as knowledge acquisi- tion and expertise development contextualised to breast radiology; and the application of ICT in different aspects of their professional career. In addition to the semi- structured questions, prompts were used to elicit deeper
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Identifying Collaboration Patterns in Software Development Social Networks

Identifying Collaboration Patterns in Software Development Social Networks

This work suggests that the social network [20] achieved as a result of software development interactions can provide information about the collaboration existing therein. However, only the view of a social network topology using visualization tools [3] [19] may not be enough to help participants and project managers to understand and analyze the collaboration level of the team. This work proposes the possibility of identifying collaboration patterns through the analysis of social networks properties. According to the collaboration patterns and with the help of social network visualization tools, developers and project managers will be able to interfere, change, redistribute or reflect about the process and work being conducted.
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The Technology of Development of a Culture of Students Communication (Based on Social Networks)

The Technology of Development of a Culture of Students Communication (Based on Social Networks)

lecture, practical lesson, seminars, laboratory work, competitions, training, games, educational game classes. Therefore, in the process of developing a culture of student communication, it is advisable to actively and effectively use the above methods. Interactive methods are also considered effective in building a culture of student communication in English. Especially their use in small groups and the organization of active communication in society make it possible to develop skills. Moreover, interactive methods create the necessary conditions for the development of students' mental activity. An on-line environment has been created that enables the development of a culture of communication in English using the functionality of information and communication technologies. She is one of the active factors. The created page “The art of communication” and the electronic materials presented on the social networks Telegram, Facebook, quite well help to develop the culture of students' communication in English. This thought is confirmed by the results of a training experiment. The organization of experimental work in a certain order and on the basis of the developed program not only ensures the effectiveness of this process but at the same time helps to master theoretical knowledge, practical skills in mastering the culture of communication in English in the context of enhancing students' ethno-cultural relations. A specially recommended methodology for practicing makes it possible to find new approaches to actively mastering the language and to develop more deeply the skills of students while actively mastering the culture of communication in English.
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Young people with physical disabilities and online social networks: New opportunities for the development of social skills?

Young people with physical disabilities and online social networks: New opportunities for the development of social skills?

In this paper we have compared the range of social skills in young people with physical disabilities, users and non-users of online social networks, and their perception of how the social networks can enhance social skills. Finally, we ana- lyzed the relationship between the use of online social networks and the perception that said networks help improving social abilities. A total of 134 young people with motor disabilities participated, 89 social-networks users and 45 non-users, (M = 22.25; DT= 4.33), who completed the Social Skills Scale. The results indi- cated more developed social skills in young users of online networks. In addition, a positive relationship between the use of online social networks, the belief that their use increase social skills and the development of these skills was identified.
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The role of social networks in the development of overweight and obesity among adults: a scoping review.

The role of social networks in the development of overweight and obesity among adults: a scoping review.

A number of gaps in understanding are apparent from the review. There were few studies of interventions to ad- dress overweight and obesity by targeting social networks; those studies that have assessed the impact of such inter- ventions are largely inconclusive about the potential im- pact [66]. As obesity is more prevalent in deprived areas in high income countries, this study provides insight into how social networks may be influenced in these areas, and notably observes that there are clear differences within cultural groups. This evidence can be used locally and in areas with similar population groups to inform the development of innovative interventions that exploit social networks, and improve the quality and impact of public health interventions. There were few qualitative studies that sought to explain the pathways through which social networks influence the development of overweight and obesity. Further research is needed that seeks to under- stand the ways in which social networks are situated within particular political circumstances, physical places and food systems. As there is an indication that social net- works are important, we need to know more about the ways in which social networks might be effectively manip- ulated to improve diet, body weight and physical activity norms. Given that there is partial evidence that social net- works might be implicated in the spread of obesity and that they might impact on health behaviours, we need to know more about how social networks might be effect- ively manipulated to improve diet, body weight and phys- ical activity norms.
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Service-based Development of Mobile Real-time Collaboration Applications for Social Networks

Service-based Development of Mobile Real-time Collaboration Applications for Social Networks

E. Discussion We believe that the full potential of social networking can be exploited only in combination with collaboration features and vice versa. We have demonstrated the value of a service-based approach which allows the creation of MRTC applications by composing collaborative services. Our case studies illustrate the reusability of collaboration services in different applications. This avoids the re-implementation of functionality for shared editing, media sharing, dynamic grouping and location management from scratch and thus, increases the efficiency of application development. Partic- ularly important is the integration of existing web-based platforms which has been demonstrated with the provision- ing of the Social Network Integration Service implemented for Facebook. While it enables the integration of existing user communities further work is required to also integrate content data and platform functionality to overcome the isolation of mobile and web-based social networks.
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Employment and local development agencies and the use of social networks for the promotion of relational tourism

Employment and local development agencies and the use of social networks for the promotion of relational tourism

KEYWORDS: Local development, social networks, Facebook, Likealyzer, tourism, public relations. AS AGÊNCIAS DE EMPREGO E DESENVOLVIMENTO LOCAL, E O USO DAS REDES SOCIAIS NA PROMOÇÃO TURÍSTICA RELACIONAL RESUMO: O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar a análise sobre a utilização das redes sociais, centrando no uso do Facebook de uma amostra de Agên- cias de Emprego e Desenvolvimento Local ( aedl ) localizadas na província da Corunha (Espanha), com o propósito de determinar, segundo um ranking estabelecido pela ferramenta de análise de conteúdo LikeAlyzer, os aspectos positivos e negativos de sua aplicação. O uso do Facebook nas instituições políticas públicas parece ser uma técnica de comunicação relacional atual, empregada a partir da estratégia das relações públicas, necessária e geradora de novas oportunidades; no entanto, este estudo revela os acertos, carências e problemáticas derivados de uma gestão não isenta de dificuldades. A importância do tema reside no fato de que o contexto atual caracterizado pelo avanço das tecnologias —e com elas as redes sociais— propicia um panorama “glocal” para os gestores de desen- volvimento socioeconômico, como as aedl , o que motiva o estudo de seu uso na promoção turística como parte da estratégia de desenvolvimento local. Observa-se que algumas agências não usam as redes sociais como meio de comunicação, e as que o fazem não conseguem atingir um mínimo nível que lhes permita assegurar uma relação estável e eficaz com seus pú- blicos, bem como atingir uma imagem desejável e uma reputação institu- cional, sendo o motivo principal basicamente o desconhecimento de uma gestão adequada e dedicada que facilite a criação de interações estáveis e positivas com a comunidade local e os visitantes.
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Social Networks and Software Development

Social Networks and Software Development

Andriole (2010) describes research into how companies are using Web 2.0 technologies and how well those technologies were being used. Andriole interviewed “[a]pproximately 15 senior managers”[sic] (Andriole, 2010) from five different companies, including a big pharmaceutical company, a global chemicals company, a national real estate and mortgage company, a global IT company, and a large financial services company. On simple questions like “Which Web 2.0 technologies have you piloted?” answers differed little. All companies, for example, had piloted blogs and Wikis. For more complex questions like “How would you quantify the impact in knowledge management, rapid application development, customer relationship management, collaboration, communication, innovation and training?”, answers were longer and had more variation. One of the more important points learned through the interviews was “that Web 2.0 technologies, in spite of the hype, are entering the enterprise slowly but deliberately” (Andriole, 2010).
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Leveraging social networks for agricultural development in Africa

Leveraging social networks for agricultural development in Africa

The extent to which sanctioning can facilitate higher cooperation has been studied extensively within the public goods game literature (see Fehr and Fischbacher (2004) for a review) and extended to incorporate elements of social network theory. A second additional mechanism for enforcing higher cooperation that has ties to social network theory is that of an individual’s reputation as a form of social capital. Both institutions of punishment and reputation have provided insight into the complex relationships between external networks and internal preferences of cooperation using modified public good game experiments. For institutions of punishment, social sanctioning within public goods games is incorporated by allowing group members to pay a small fee to levy a larger fine on a group member for behavior that is thought to deviate from social norm. As sanctioning is at the discretion of participants, the opportunity arises for anti- social retaliation to occur which lowers the efficiency of costly punishment in facilitating greater public good provision (Boosey & Mark Isaac, 2016). When monitoring and punishment are limited to network links, network structures can be imposed exogenously on experimental groups to explore the relationship between punishment, network structures, and cooperation. Overall, more connected networks were found to outperform disconnected networks for level of contributions elicited (Carpenter, Kariv, & Schotter, 2012). The connectedness of networks was found to even be more important than the relative punishment capacity of participants for facilitating higher cooperation (Leibbrandt, Ramalingam, Sääksvuori, & Walker, 2015). Using individual level network metrics, a study by Apicelli et al. (2012) found no relationship between network in- or out-degree with cooperation. The study did find that co-operators were more likely to be connected to other co-operators and vice-versa for defectors. This separate clustering of co-operators and defectors is thought to demonstrate social sanctioning of defectors, allowing only co-operators to realize gains from public goods and thus facilitating further cooperation (Apicella et al., 2012).
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Social capital development of college students through online social networks

Social capital development of college students through online social networks

Análisis de datos. Para hacer el análisis de datos de la observación se siguió la secuencia para el desarrollo de investigaciones de Spradley (1980) que consiste en un procedimiento que conduce, a través de observaciones y análisis, al descubrimiento de temas culturales que sirvieron para escribir una etnografía. En total se observó un poco más de 7000 actividades entre mensajes enviados, mensajes recibidos, cambios de estatus, cargado de fotos, uso de aplicaciones y demás actividades propias de Facebook. El método que se siguió en la investigación que se presenta inició realizando observaciones descriptivas, estas observaciones permitieron conocer los espacios, actores, actividades, objetos, actos, eventos, tiempos, objetivos y sentimientos que tienen lugar en la ámbito que se estaba observando. Cada uno de estos elementos fue observado y relacionado a través del análisis de dominios. Dicho análisis permitió identificar las reglas básicas de la cultura a través de las relaciones semánticas. Una vez realizado el análisis de dominios, se seleccionaron algunos de éstos para realizar una observación enfocada. Para el caso de esta investigación la selección de dominios se realizó con base en un interés personal y teórico en los temas relacionados con desarrollo del capital social. La observación enfocada se realiza utilizando preguntas estructurales de forma repetitiva. Al dar respuesta a estas preguntas se fueron identificando las partes de una cultura, las relaciones entre las partes y sus relaciones con el todo. El resultado de esta observación enfocada fue el análisis taxonómico. Con base en el análisis taxonómico, se realizó una observación selectiva. En esta etapa fue muy importante complementar la observación con las entrevistas informales. Esta observación se realizó mediante la utilización de preguntas de contraste, que permitieron hacer un análisis componencial. Como resultado del análisis componencial se identificaron las diferencias entre las categorías culturales específicas. Al realizar un inventario con la información proveniente de los análisis realizados se identificaron los temas culturales o patrones que finalmente describieron la cultura que se había analizado. Es importante aclarar que aún cuando el método va de una observación descriptiva a una selectiva, pasando por una enfocada, nunca se dejó de hacer la observación en los tres niveles. Por lo tanto se siguió haciendo la observación en cada uno de los niveles mientras duraron las observaciones.
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Poverty, occupational choice and social networks: essays in development economics

Poverty, occupational choice and social networks: essays in development economics

the potential crowding out of existing transfer networks of the targeted poor households. In every village that the program operates, village-level poverty alleviation committees were established to bring together representatives of the local elites with representa- tives of the targeted poor households. The elites in these committees were instructed specifically to focus on the needs of the targeted poor households, to provide assistance to them, and in particular to help out those among the targeted poor who are most in need of such assistance. As these committees were established in every treated village, I cannot empirically identify the effect that the establishment of the committee has on informal transfers in isolation from the effect of the asset transfer and other compo- nents of the program. However, in order to shed some light on the potential mechanisms of program’s impact on informal transfers, I collected data on incidence and types of assistance offered by the elites who are members of the committee to households in treatment villages and I use this data to document how the member elite re-allocate their assistance towards the more vulnerable households among the targeted poor in treated villages.
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The political economy of Islamic business associations: social movement tactics, social networks, and regional development in Turkey

The political economy of Islamic business associations: social movement tactics, social networks, and regional development in Turkey

The broader purpose of conducting this analysis has been to examine the extent to which this tactic of framing, argued in the social movement literature to be a key source of power, differs significantly between these organisations. Frames that are resonant are viewed as a significant source of power in this literature. I studied frames’ resonance by analysing how complete, coherent and specific the three major framing processes are, and how well they are adapted to their political and cultural- ideological environment as well as to people’s everyday lives. Findings from my analysis show that the Islamic frame exhibits many of these characteristics – while the secular frame does not. These findings further contribute to my argument that to explain the growing political influence of Islamic BAs we need to conceptualise them as social movements. In transition environments where struggles revolve around broad cleavages, encompassing ideologies and cultural narratives based on religion, ethnicity, nationalism, etc., become important in mobilisation, especially when class-based mobilisation is not possible. Framing processes grounded in ideology are key for marginalised and resource-poor actors: in the face of state threats, bringing together marginalised actors’ networks and uniting them in a common cause that is worthy and relevant becomes crucial for mobilisation. Islamic BAs have integrated ideology in a way that is non-contentious to authority, but reaches actors’ hearts and provides legitimacy for marginalised actors. This
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RESOLVING COMMUNICATION CONCERNS AND EXPLORING THE EMERGENCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS IN COLLABORATIVE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

RESOLVING COMMUNICATION CONCERNS AND EXPLORING THE EMERGENCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS IN COLLABORATIVE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

work item owner, work item author and tag author. Each user has specific role to play in the application. All users can have collaborative communication with little effort. There will be no lengthy discussions required as the tags can carry sufficient meaning that can be understood by the team members. The communication concerns are taken care of by the tool that helps smooth communication among the team members. The proposed tool is also compared with other tools such as Jazz. The proposed application also supports limited social networking among the team members to have informal communications. Thus the tool proposed can support both formal and informal communications among the team members. Figure 1 shows the schematic overview of the proposed application.
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The Development Approach of Operational Performance for Ventures Funding System in Online Social Networks

The Development Approach of Operational Performance for Ventures Funding System in Online Social Networks

R. Poorvadevi 1 ,A. Hariharan 2 , N. Jothimeenakshi 3 1 Assistant Professor (CSE), 2,3 UG student (CSE) SCSVMV University, Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu, India Abstract: Crowd funding is an innovative and relatively new concept that connects investors to entrepreneurs, innovators and organizations. It is a new method to raise small amounts of money from individuals. The biggest aim of crowd funding website is to encourage innovative ideas by giving the innovators a huge platform to showcase their ideas and attract investors. Our Crowd funding website also encourages creativity by sharing its platform with creators in different fields. Our paper mainly focuses on the security, implementation of crowd funding in social networks, and benefits of the investor. This paper enhances the usage of crowd funding website by making it user-friendly. This paper also focuses on the administrative and accounting challenges, protection of ideas from being stolen and spams. This paper also incites cashless economy; all the transactions are securely done online. Appending social media to the crowd funding website gives a great strength. It allows the campaigners to share it over different available social Medias and make it cognitive among public.
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Social Network Analysis and Simulation of the Development of Adversarial Networks

Social Network Analysis and Simulation of the Development of Adversarial Networks

network visualization, social network, simulation, adversarial networks, development of networks ABSTRACT: We present a novel way to monitor and analyze the time course of adversarial networks through a simulation tool and supporting mathematical analysis. Recent work on social networks has been used in the analysis of adversarial networks and their underlying structure with hopes of detecting and preventing future activity. In this paper we consider an adversarial network to be a network subgroup that works against the interests of the group studying it. ANA, the software package presented here, can portray the structure of such networks and allow analysts to find patterns and key players in the network while watching the network evolve. Finally, this work uses output from ANA to study how a simulated adversarial scenario grows in structure and compares it to more traditional social networks on standard measures and also analyze the changes over time of this network on those same dimensions.
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Social Networks as a Learning and Teaching Environment and Security in Social Networks

Social Networks as a Learning and Teaching Environment and Security in Social Networks

Abstract Technology is in a constantly evolving and changing structure since the existence of mankind. Because of this dynamic structure, technology fulfills a number of functions such as facilitating people's lives, time, profit from work, profit from cost, making life more enjoyable. At the same time, technology is used in all areas of life, and it also causes changes and transformations in these areas. Education is one of these areas, perhaps the most important, that technology affects. The hunter society, written with nails, made an important step with the paper's invention, and the written documents were moved from the stones to the books. The invention of computers and the internet has also opened an important milestone in human history and education. In the beginning, the course contents loaded on storage units such as floppy disks, CDs, DVDs were used by the students and teachers, computers were included in the education systems. During periods when we have not yet met with the internet, computer-assisted education has found a large place in many educational institutions and in the curriculum of education level. The development of information Technologies led to widespread use of the internet over time, and shortly thereafter examples of use in education began to increase. Computer-assisted education has also led to the rapid transition of education through internet-supported education, along with the different demands of the network society's individuals. Users are not satisfied with the internet environments where only reading authority is available, and more and more active and interacting requests have come to the agenda. Beyond reading, social networks that make it possible to comment, create content, upload/share/view images, upload video/audio files, and make video, text and voice calls have become popular for users. Social networking platforms where users interact with the environment or with other users in the environment have been attracted by the diversity of user profiles, the usage rates and durations, and the easy and versatility of accessibility. Because of these features, studies on the use of social networks in the field of education to support learning and teaching have also been accelerated and diversified. Social networks can also contain some security issues because they are huge platforms where billions of users are together. Having information about security issues as little as possible, what to do when they are encountered is important for the continuity of learning and teaching. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the importance of social networks, education, learning and teaching influences, possible security threats to be encountered in social networks, and measures to be taken. It is hoped that working in this context will shed light on the work of learners, teachers and decision makers on the subject.
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The Economics of Social Networks

The Economics of Social Networks

– With regards to random networks, two things come to mind. First, it is clear that there is great need for more detailed structural …tting of the models and that this might help in the development of new models. For instance, as discussed above, “scale-free” networks are at best an idealization and benchmark and that only some observed degree distributions exhibit such features, and even then only approximately and in one tail. Second, social networks exhibit much richer het- erogeneity in the types of interactions and have correlation structures that are not adequately captured by existing models. In particular, things such as ethnic- ity, profession, and geography, produce neighborhood structures that are di¤erent from those predicted in existing models. For example, Adamic (2005) provides an interesting analysis of the cross-citation by political blogs. There are distinct sep- arations between di¤erent political ideologies, with inter-ideological linking arising on special occasions. Existing models have not really captured such features, and it is clear that such features should be very important in in‡uencing opinion. 95 Another area that is crying out for attention, and just beginning to receive it, is the modeling of the strength of ties. The idea that social relationships are not 0-1 in their nature is quite clear, and was the center piece of one of the most in‡uential social net- works papers - Granovetter’s (1973) article on the “strength of weak ties.” Granovetter 9 3
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Visualizing Social Networks

Visualizing Social Networks

There have been five fairly distinct phases in the development and use of point and line displays in social network analysis. First, beginning in the 1930s, graphic images were produced by hand. They were ad hoc and their success varied with the insight and artistic skill of their creator. Second, in the early 1950s, investigators began to turn to the use of standard computational procedures to produce images. Third, in the 1970s, computers became widely available and began to be used to produce machine drawn images automatically. Fourth, in the 1980s, the presence of personal computers encouraged investigators to develop images that could be displayed on monitors and in color. And fifth and finally, in the 1990s, the availability of browsers and the World Wide Web opened up all sorts of new possibilities for graphic display. I will review this history and the present state of the art in this paper.
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Social cooperatives, social welfare associations and social networks

Social cooperatives, social welfare associations and social networks

We use an original dataset to study how participation in two types of nonprofit organizations, i.e. social welfare associations and social cooperatives, affects individual social capital, intended as networks of cooperative relationships. Participation in both the types of organization allows members to start new social relations. However, social welfare associations seem to play a significantly greater role in the development of volunteers’ social capital, favouring the creation of weak ties that are used to exchange information and advice, and offering the opportunity to establish stronger ties entailing concrete mutual support. Within social cooperatives, workers appear to develop their individual social capital to a greater extent than volunteers. Our results suggest that the composition of the workforce, the depth of members’ involvement in the organization’s activities and human resources strategies adopted by the management influence the creation of cooperative relations through on-the-job interactions.
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